He was a powerless, but revered, figurehead.
He was the commander of the military.
He was the commander of the whole nation.
He was the commander of the aristocratic class.
The Mongols stopped trade of all kinds with Europe.
The Mongols based their government on Islamic law.
The Mongols stabilized China and increased trade.
The Mongols executed Chinese artists and scholars.
The spiritual aspects of the natural world.
The brutality and cruelty of warfare.
The chaos of modern life in cities.
Philosophical questions of human existence.
They gave the daimyo lands to artisans and peasants.
They required the daimyo to live in Edo every other year.
They banished the daimyo to distant islands in South Asia.
They forbade contact between the daimyo and samurai.
Stone figures dedicated to nature spirits
A huge statue of the sun god Amaterasu
Amazing dome-shaped shrines to Buddha
Carved figures that show Hindu myths
Confucian scholars wanted to protect China's traditions.
The Chinese were afraid of conflict with Spain and Portugal.
China did not have the necessary technology to continue.
Zheng He couldn't get the support of the local rulers.
They were put on a pedestal due to a code of honor.
They were expected to learn to speak Chinese.
They created many important literary works.
The practice of binding girls' feet
The ban on Chinese language
Noblewomen trained as soldiers
Acceptance of matrilineal descent
They shot burning arrows.
They used boiling oil.
They developed guns.
They used cannons.
The seas have both protected and isolated Japan.
People didn't live on the coast because of tsunamis.
The islands are mostly fertile plains for farming.
Japan's extensive coast made it vulnerable to invasion.