World History Quiz: Colonial Times

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World History Quiz: Colonial Times - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Imperialism is:

    • A. 

      A forcible overthrow of a government or social order for a new system

    • B. 

      When the people turn against their leader

    • C. 

      When a more powerful country bullies a weaker one

    • D. 

      The belief that one race is superior to another

    Correct Answer
    C. When a more powerful country bullies a weaker one
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "When a more powerful country bullies a weaker one." Imperialism refers to the policy or practice of extending a nation's power and influence over other countries, often by force or coercion. In this context, it specifically refers to a situation where a stronger nation dominates and exploits a weaker nation for its own benefit. This can involve economic, political, or military control and often leads to the subjugation and oppression of the weaker country.

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  • 2. 

    Before the Age of Imperialism, Europeans only controlled 2% of all the land in Africa, and most of this land was near the coast.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Before the Age of Imperialism, Europeans did not control any land in Africa. Europeans began to colonize Africa during the Age of Imperialism, which started in the late 19th century. Therefore, the statement that Europeans controlled 2% of all the land in Africa before the Age of Imperialism is false.

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  • 3. 

    _________ (last name only) was the man who traveled to Africa as a missionary and decided to never return to Europe.

    Correct Answer
    Livingstone
    Dr. Livingstone
    Dr Livingstone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Livingstone, Dr. Livingstone, Dr Livingstone". This is because the question asks for the last name of the man who traveled to Africa as a missionary and decided to never return to Europe. Livingstone is the correct last name, and "Dr. Livingstone" and "Dr Livingstone" are variations of the same name.

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  • 4. 

    ____________ __________ (first and last name) was a reporter who went on a search for the missionary in Africa, and soon became very popular in Europe. His experiences sparked the Europeans' interest in Africa.

    Correct Answer
    Henry Stanley
    Explanation
    Henry Stanley was a reporter who embarked on a search for a missionary in Africa. During his journey, he became widely known and admired in Europe. His captivating experiences and encounters in Africa ignited a strong fascination among Europeans, sparking their interest in the continent.

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  • 5. 

    The reporter was soon approached by King Leopold II, who was very interested in Africa's natural resources. He was the king of what country?

    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      The Netherlands

    • C. 

      Belgium

    • D. 

      Scotland

    Correct Answer
    C. Belgium
    Explanation
    King Leopold II's interest in Africa's natural resources suggests that he was the king of Belgium. Belgium had a significant colonial presence in Africa during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, particularly in the Congo region, which was personally owned and exploited by Leopold II. This historical context aligns with the information provided in the question, making Belgium the correct answer.

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  • 6. 

    "____________ ___________" is the belief that the strongest or fittest should survive and flourish in society, while the weak and unfit should be allowed to die.

    Correct Answer
    Social Darwinism
    "Social Darwinism"
    Explanation
    Social Darwinism is the belief that the strongest or fittest individuals should survive and thrive in society, while the weak and unfit should be left to perish. This concept draws inspiration from Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection, applying it to human society. It suggests that competition and survival of the fittest are natural and necessary for progress. Social Darwinism has been used to justify various social and economic policies, often leading to the neglect or mistreatment of vulnerable groups.

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  • 7. 

    What are some of the European Motives for Colonization?

    • A. 

      Source for raw materials

    • B. 

      Market for finished goods

    • C. 

      Racism

    • D. 

      To complete destroy the weaker nation

    • E. 

      Economic opportunities

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Source for raw materials
    B. Market for finished goods
    C. Racism
    E. Economic opportunities
    Explanation
    The European motives for colonization included the need for a source of raw materials to support their growing industries and the desire to establish new markets for their finished goods. Additionally, racism played a role as Europeans believed in their own superiority and saw colonization as a way to spread their culture and civilization. Lastly, economic opportunities were a driving force as Europeans sought to expand their wealth and power through trade and exploitation of new territories.

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  • 8. 

    14 nations met at the _________ ________ and claimed various parts of Africa without the African nations' permission. 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Berlin Conference
    Explanation
    The Berlin Conference was a meeting where 14 nations gathered to discuss and divide Africa among themselves without the consent of African nations. This conference took place in Berlin and resulted in the colonization of Africa by European powers.

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  • 9. 

    What were the two methods of management?

    • A. 

      Extreme

    • B. 

      Indirect

    • C. 

      Mild

    • D. 

      Imperialism

    • E. 

      Direct

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Indirect
    E. Direct
    Explanation
    The two methods of management mentioned in the question are indirect and direct. Indirect management refers to a style where the manager delegates tasks and responsibilities to subordinates, allowing them to make decisions and take ownership. On the other hand, direct management involves a more hands-on approach, where the manager closely supervises and controls the work of subordinates. These two methods represent different approaches to managing and leading a team or organization, with indirect management emphasizing autonomy and empowerment, while direct management focuses on control and oversight.

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  • 10. 

    In the ____ ____ Rebellion, the Africans thought that holy water would protect them from the bullets, so they openly defied the British.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Maji Maji
    Explanation
    During the Maji Maji Rebellion, the Africans believed that holy water, known as "maji," would provide them with protection against bullets. This belief led them to openly defy the British, as they felt invincible. However, this belief proved to be ineffective, as the rebellion was eventually suppressed by the British forces.

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  • 11. 

    _______ was the only African country successful at beating the Europeans. This was mainly due to King Menelik II, the Emperor. He had a huge stockpile of modern weapons, and used them to defend their land.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Ethiopia
    Explanation
    Ethiopia was the only African country successful at beating the Europeans because of King Menelik II's leadership and the country's possession of a large arsenal of modern weapons. This allowed Ethiopia to effectively defend its land against European colonization and maintain its independence.

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  • 12. 

    What form of control did the East India Company wield over the Indians?

    • A. 

      Sphere of Influence

    • B. 

      Colony

    • C. 

      Economic Imperialism

    • D. 

      Protectorate

    Correct Answer
    C. Economic Imperialism
    Explanation
    The East India Company wielded control over the Indians through economic imperialism. This refers to the company's domination of India's economy, particularly through the establishment of trade monopolies, control over resources and markets, and the exploitation of Indian labor and resources for their own profit. By controlling the economic activities and resources of India, the East India Company was able to exert significant influence and control over the Indian population.

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  • 13. 

    ________ were Indian soldiers that were hired by the British.

    Correct Answer
    Sepoy
    Explanation
    Sepoys were Indian soldiers who were recruited and employed by the British during the colonial period. They played a crucial role in the British Indian Army and were primarily used for maintaining law and order, as well as for military campaigns. The recruitment of sepoys by the British was based on a system of caste and regional quotas, and they were often given lower ranks compared to British soldiers. The term "sepoy" is derived from the Persian word "sipahi," meaning soldier, and it became commonly used to refer to Indian soldiers in the British Army.

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  • 14. 

    Describe the Sepoy Mutiny and the effect it had on the control that the British wielded over the Indians. Please answer to the best of your ability.

  • 15. 

    ______ - the part of India under direct British rule.

    Correct Answer
    British Raj
    Explanation
    The term "British Raj" refers to the period of British colonial rule in India from 1858 to 1947. During this time, India was directly governed by the British government, with the British monarch as the ultimate authority. The term "Raj" means "rule" or "reign" in Hindi, and it signifies the British control and dominance over India during this period. The British Raj had a significant impact on India's political, economic, and social landscape, and it played a crucial role in shaping the country's history.

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