Empire Building In Africa

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Africa Quizzes & Trivia

A quiz to help you with your Chapter 21 Section 2 Quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following European powers controlled the most territory in West Africa?  

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Belgium

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    B. France
    Explanation
    France controlled the most territory in West Africa. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, France established a vast colonial empire in Africa, known as French West Africa. This territory included present-day countries such as Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Niger, and Guinea. France's control over West Africa was characterized by economic exploitation, political domination, and cultural assimilation. The French implemented policies that aimed to extract resources, establish trade networks, and spread French language and culture. This significant colonial presence in West Africa lasted until the mid-20th century when many African countries gained their independence.

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  • 2. 

    Which European power established the colony of the Gold Coast?        

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Belgium

    Correct Answer
    A. Britain
    Explanation
    Britain established the colony of the Gold Coast. The Gold Coast was a British colony in West Africa, located in what is now modern-day Ghana. The British established the colony in the late 19th century and it remained under British control until it gained independence in 1957. The colony was named the Gold Coast due to the rich gold deposits found in the region, which attracted European powers to establish trade and colonial settlements.

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  • 3. 

    Which leader freed Egypt from the control of the Ottoman Empire?  

    • A.

      David Livingstone

    • B.

      Henry Stanley

    • C.

      Muhammad Ali

    • D.

      Ferdinand de Lesseps

    Correct Answer
    C. Muhammad Ali
    Explanation
    Muhammad Ali is the correct answer because he was a leader who played a significant role in freeing Egypt from the control of the Ottoman Empire. As the ruler of Egypt from 1805 to 1848, Muhammad Ali implemented various reforms and modernization efforts, including military campaigns against the Ottomans. Through his strategic actions, he gradually gained control over Egypt and reduced the influence of the Ottoman Empire, ultimately establishing Egypt as a semi-independent state.

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  • 4. 

    Who took the lead in colonizing Central Africa?

    • A.

      Great Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Belgium

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. Belgium
    Explanation
    Belgium took the lead in colonizing Central Africa. Belgium's colonization of Central Africa began in the late 19th century with the establishment of the Congo Free State, which later became the Belgian Congo. King Leopold II of Belgium played a significant role in the colonization of Central Africa, exploiting the region's resources and imposing harsh labor conditions on the local population. Belgium's colonization in Central Africa lasted until the mid-20th century, when the region gained independence.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following was built to connect the Mediterranean and Red Seas?     

    • A.

      The Panama Canal

    • B.

      The Suez Canal

    • C.

      The Chunnel

    • D.

      The Augusta Canal

    Correct Answer
    B. The Suez Canal
    Explanation
    The Suez Canal was built to connect the Mediterranean and Red Seas. It is an artificial waterway located in Egypt and provides a shortcut for ships traveling between Europe and Asia, avoiding the need to sail around the entire continent of Africa. The canal has played a significant role in facilitating global trade and transportation since its completion in 1869.

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  • 6. 

    When David Livingstone went missing, Henry Stanley was sent to by which paper to search for him?

    • A.

      The New York Herald

    • B.

      The New York Times

    • C.

      The London Herald

    • D.

      The Boston Globe

    Correct Answer
    A. The New York Herald
    Explanation
    Henry Stanley was sent to search for David Livingstone by the New York Herald.

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  • 7. 

    Henry Stanley encouraged the settlement of which area?     

    • A.

      West Africa

    • B.

      North Africa

    • C.

      South Africa

    • D.

      The Congo River Valley

    Correct Answer
    D. The Congo River Valley
    Explanation
    Henry Stanley encouraged the settlement of the Congo River Valley. This is evident from his famous exploration of the region in the late 19th century and his subsequent efforts to establish trading posts and colonial control in the area. Stanley's exploration and advocacy played a significant role in attracting European powers to the Congo region, leading to the establishment of the Congo Free State under Belgian rule.

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  • 8. 

    Which two powers were the chief rivals for control of East Africa?

    • A.

      Germany and France

    • B.

      France and Britain

    • C.

      Germany and Britain

    • D.

      Germany and Belgium

    Correct Answer
    C. Germany and Britain
    Explanation
    Germany and Britain were the chief rivals for control of East Africa. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, both Germany and Britain sought to expand their colonial empires and establish control over various regions around the world. East Africa, with its strategic location and valuable resources, became a contested area between these two powers. Germany established colonies in present-day Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi, while Britain sought to protect its interests in Kenya and Uganda. This rivalry eventually led to conflicts such as the East African Campaign during World War I.

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  • 9. 

    What was Otto von Bismarck's view on colonization?     

    • A.

      It was crucial to German power

    • B.

      It was a necessary evil for the economy of Germany

    • C.

      It was a "sham, but needed for elections"

    • D.

      It was not moral

    Correct Answer
    C. It was a "sham, but needed for elections"
    Explanation
    Otto von Bismarck's view on colonization was that it was a "sham, but needed for elections". This suggests that Bismarck saw colonization as a political strategy rather than a genuine belief in its benefits. He likely recognized that advocating for colonization would gain popular support and help him win elections, but he may not have truly believed in the moral or economic justifications for colonization. This view implies that Bismarck was willing to use colonization as a means to achieve his political goals, even if he did not personally endorse it.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following indigenous people battled both the Boers and the British?     

    • A.

      The Tutsie

    • B.

      The Zulu

    • C.

      The Hutu

    • D.

      The Shakas

    Correct Answer
    B. The Zulu
    Explanation
    The Zulu people battled both the Boers and the British. The Zulu Kingdom, under the leadership of King Shaka, resisted the encroachment of the Boers and later clashed with the British during the Anglo-Zulu War in the late 19th century. The Zulu warriors, known for their military prowess, fought fiercely against both colonial powers in defense of their land and independence.

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  • 11. 

    What action led to the Boer War?

    • A.

      Cecil Rhodes was elected President of Rhodesia

    • B.

      The Zulu attacked a Boer village

    • C.

      Cecil Rhodes was caught planning an overthrow of the Boer government of the South African Republic

    • D.

      The British declared an independent union of South Africa in 1910

    Correct Answer
    C. Cecil Rhodes was caught planning an overthrow of the Boer government of the South African Republic
    Explanation
    The Boer War was caused by Cecil Rhodes being caught planning an overthrow of the Boer government of the South African Republic. This event led to tensions between the British and the Boers, ultimately resulting in the war.

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  • 12. 

    What unintended consequence did Indirect rule have in Africa?

    • A.

      The standard of living rose for the African people

    • B.

      Germany declared war on Spain

    • C.

      African art flourished

    • D.

      The best and brightest Africans were provided few opportunities

    Correct Answer
    D. The best and brightest Africans were provided few opportunities
    Explanation
    The unintended consequence of Indirect rule in Africa was that the best and brightest Africans were provided with few opportunities. This means that despite their intelligence and capabilities, these individuals were not given the chance to excel or contribute to their societies. Instead, power and decision-making remained in the hands of colonial rulers, resulting in limited avenues for advancement for talented Africans. This hindered the development and progress of African societies, as their most capable individuals were unable to make significant contributions.

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  • 13. 

    Which European power most often used indirect rule?

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      Belgium

    Correct Answer
    A. Britain
    Explanation
    Britain most often used indirect rule as a method of governing its colonies. Indirect rule involved using local leaders or traditional institutions to govern on behalf of the colonial power. This approach allowed Britain to maintain control and influence over its colonies while minimizing direct intervention. It was used extensively in British colonies such as India, Nigeria, and Malaya. France, Spain, and Belgium also had colonies and used different methods of governance, but Britain was known for its widespread use of indirect rule.

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  • 14. 

    Most European powers used which of the following in Africa?

    • A.

      Indirect Rule

    • B.

      Direct Rule

    Correct Answer
    B. Direct Rule
    Explanation
    Most European powers used direct rule in Africa. Direct rule refers to a system where the colonial power exercises direct control and administration over the colony. Under direct rule, European officials and administrators were sent to govern the colonies, imposing the laws and regulations of the colonial power on the local population. This approach aimed to assimilate the local population into European culture and institutions, often leading to the suppression of indigenous customs and traditions. Direct rule was implemented by countries such as France and Germany in their African colonies during the period of European imperialism.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is evidence of racism?

    • A.

      Segregated clubs, schools, and churches

    • B.

      Use of the term "boy"

    • C.

      Exclusion of African delegates at the Berlin Conference in 1884

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above". This is because all the options mentioned - segregated clubs, schools, and churches, use of the term "boy", and exclusion of African delegates at the Berlin Conference in 1884 - are examples of evidence of racism. Segregation and exclusion based on race, as well as the use of derogatory terms, are all indications of discriminatory practices rooted in racism.

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  • 16. 

    How was the new class of African leaders that emerged at the beginning of the twentieth century unique?

    • A.

      They were uneducated leaders

    • B.

      The favored westernization, but at the same time hated foreign control

    • C.

      They were not very knowledgeable about the west

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The favored westernization, but at the same time hated foreign control
    Explanation
    The new class of African leaders that emerged at the beginning of the twentieth century was unique because they favored westernization, which means they embraced Western ideas and practices. However, they also harbored a strong dislike for foreign control, indicating a desire for independence and self-governance. This combination of embracing Western influence while rejecting foreign domination set them apart from previous leaders and demonstrated their distinct approach to leadership and governance.

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  • 17. 

    The first quarter of the 20th century was marked by

    • A.

      No resistance to European domination of Africa

    • B.

      The rise of African Nationalism

    • C.

      Cooperation between Africa and the European powers

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The rise of African Nationalism
    Explanation
    The first quarter of the 20th century was marked by the rise of African Nationalism. During this time, African countries and their people began to assert their own identities and fight for independence from European domination. This period saw the emergence of influential African leaders and movements advocating for self-determination and an end to colonial rule. The rise of African Nationalism was a significant development in the history of Africa, as it laid the foundation for the decolonization movements that would follow later in the century.

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  • 18. 

    What was the goal of French colonial policy in Africa?

    • A.

      Segregation via reservations

    • B.

      African removal and relocation

    • C.

      Assimilation of Africans into French culture

    • D.

      Total domination of South Africa

    Correct Answer
    C. Assimilation of Africans into French culture
    Explanation
    The goal of French colonial policy in Africa was to assimilate Africans into French culture. This means that the French aimed to impose their language, customs, and values on the African population, with the intention of creating a society that closely resembled French society. The French believed that by assimilating Africans, they would be able to maintain control over the colonies and integrate them into the French Empire. This policy often involved promoting French education, religion, and legal systems in the colonies.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following European powers allowed Africans to run for office?

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      Italy

    • C.

      Belgium

    • D.

      France

    Correct Answer
    D. France
    Explanation
    France allowed Africans to run for office. This was evident during the colonial period when France implemented a policy known as "assimilation." Under this policy, France aimed to assimilate the indigenous populations into French culture and society, including granting them certain rights and allowing them to participate in political processes. This approach differed from the policies of other European powers, such as Britain, Italy, and Belgium, which generally had more restrictive policies towards African political participation.

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  • 20. 

    What led to the decline of the slave trade?

    • A.

      The Treaty of Tordesillas

    • B.

      The Berlin Conference

    • C.

      The gradual abolition of slavery in most of the world

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The gradual abolition of slavery in most of the world
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the gradual abolition of slavery in most of the world. The decline of the slave trade was primarily due to the growing movement against slavery and the eventual abolition of the institution in many countries. This was driven by various factors such as moral and humanitarian arguments, economic changes, and political pressure. The abolitionist movement gained momentum in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, leading to the eventual end of the transatlantic slave trade and the emancipation of enslaved individuals in many parts of the world.

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  • 21. 

    Descendants of the original Dutch settlers in South Africa were called

    Correct Answer
    Boers
    boers
    Explanation
    The descendants of the original Dutch settlers in South Africa were known as Boers or boers. This term refers to the Afrikaans-speaking farmers who established the first European settlements in the region during the 17th century. They played a significant role in the history of South Africa, particularly during the period of British colonial rule and the subsequent conflicts such as the Boer Wars. The term "Boers" is used to specifically identify this group of people and their cultural and historical significance in the country.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 26, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kevhugh
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