Wine Bar 101, Part I - Basics

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Wine Bar 101, Part I - Basics - Quiz

This quiz is an overview of wine basics and is considered to be the bare minimum of what one would need to know to work at a wine bar. Enjoy. . .


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Mosel, Saar and Ruwer rivers flow through some of the world’s steepest and most famous vineyards, all of which are planted with the_____________________ grape. 

    Explanation
    The Mosel, Saar, and Ruwer rivers are known for flowing through steep vineyards, and these vineyards are famous for growing Riesling grapes. Riesling is a white grape variety that is well-suited to cool climates and produces high-quality wines with distinct flavors and aromas. The mention of these rivers and their steep vineyards suggests a connection to the region's renowned Riesling production.

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  • 2. 

    The most planted varieties of Washington State are_______________ [Pick one red grape and one white grape.] 

    • A.

      Chardonnay

    • B.

      Sauvignon Blanc

    • C.

      Riesling

    • D.

      Cabernet Sauvignon

    • E.

      Merlot

    • F.

      Syrah

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Chardonnay
    D. Cabernet Sauvignon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay is a popular white grape variety that is widely planted in Washington State. It is known for producing crisp and refreshing white wines with flavors of citrus and tropical fruits. Cabernet Sauvignon, on the other hand, is a red grape variety that is also extensively grown in Washington State. It is a full-bodied and bold red wine with rich flavors of blackcurrant, blackberry, and spice. Both Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon are important and widely planted grape varieties in Washington State's wine industry.

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  • 3. 

    How many varietals are allowed in the blend of Chateauneuf-du-Pape? 

    Correct Answer(s)
    13
    Thirteen
    Up to Thirteen
    Explanation
    The answer is 13, Thirteen, Up to Thirteen because Chateauneuf-du-Pape, a wine region in France, allows up to thirteen different grape varietals to be blended together. This flexibility in blending allows winemakers to create complex and unique wines that showcase the diversity of the region's terroir.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following grapes are used to make Amarone della Valpolicella?

    • A.

      Corvina

    • B.

      Rondinella

    • C.

      Molinara

    • D.

      Sangiovese

    • E.

      Syrah

    • F.

      Colorino

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Corvina
    B. Rondinella
    C. Molinara
    Explanation
    Amarone della Valpolicella is a red wine produced in the Valpolicella region of Italy. It is made using a blend of grapes, with the primary varieties being Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara. These grapes are native to the region and are known for their ability to produce wines with rich flavors and high alcohol content. Other grapes such as Sangiovese, Syrah, and Colorino are not typically used in the production of Amarone della Valpolicella.

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  • 5. 

    What is Argentina's most famous grape? 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Malbec
    Explanation
    Malbec is Argentina's most famous grape. This grape variety is known for producing bold and full-bodied red wines with deep purple color and flavors of dark fruits, such as blackberry and plum. Argentina has become renowned for its Malbec wines, which are often characterized by their smooth tannins and vibrant acidity. The country's high altitude vineyards and dry climate provide ideal conditions for growing Malbec grapes, resulting in wines that showcase the unique terroir of the region.

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  • 6. 

    What is the grape in Chablis? 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Chardonnay
    Explanation
    Chablis is a region in France known for producing white wines, and the grape variety primarily used in Chablis is Chardonnay. Chardonnay grapes are known for their versatility and ability to express the terroir of the region. In Chablis, the Chardonnay grapes produce crisp, mineral-driven wines with flavors of green apple, lemon, and flint.

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  • 7. 

    New Zealand is best known for which grape? 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Sauvignon Blanc
    Explanation
    New Zealand is best known for Sauvignon Blanc grape. This grape variety has become synonymous with New Zealand's wine industry due to its distinct characteristics and high quality. Sauvignon Blanc from New Zealand is renowned for its intense aromas of tropical fruits, citrus, and grassy notes. The cool climate and fertile soils of New Zealand provide the perfect conditions for growing this grape, resulting in wines that are vibrant, refreshing, and full of flavor. Its popularity has made New Zealand one of the leading producers of Sauvignon Blanc in the world.

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  • 8. 

    What is the major difference between red wines from the Northern Rhone valley, and those of the Southern Rhone Valley? 

    • A.

      Northern Rhone reds are made from Syrah, Southern Rhone reds are blends based in Grenache

    • B.

      Northern Rhone reds are blends based in Grenache, Southern Rhone reds are made from Syrah.

    • C.

      Northern Rhone reds are based in Cabernet Sauvignon, Southern Rhone blends are based in Merlot and Cabernet Franc.

    • D.

      There is no difference.

    Correct Answer
    A. Northern Rhone reds are made from Syrah, Southern Rhone reds are blends based in Grenache
    Explanation
    The major difference between red wines from the Northern Rhone valley and those of the Southern Rhone Valley is the grape variety used. Northern Rhone red wines are made from the Syrah grape, while Southern Rhone red wines are blends based on Grenache.

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  • 9. 

    What is the grape of Rosso di Montalcino?

    Correct Answer
    Sangiovese
    Explanation
    The grape variety used in Rosso di Montalcino is Sangiovese. This grape is the dominant variety in Tuscany and is known for producing wines with high acidity, moderate tannins, and flavors of cherry, plum, and herbs. Sangiovese is also the main grape used in the production of Brunello di Montalcino, a prestigious wine from the same region.

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  • 10. 

    What is the grape of Brunello di Montalcino? 

    Correct Answer
    Sangiovese
    Explanation
    The grape variety used to make Brunello di Montalcino is Sangiovese. This grape is native to Italy and is known for its high acidity, moderate tannins, and flavors of red fruit. Sangiovese is the primary grape variety used in many Italian wines, including Chianti and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano. In the case of Brunello di Montalcino, the Sangiovese grapes are grown in the Montalcino region of Tuscany and undergo a specific aging process that results in a complex and full-bodied wine.

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  • 11. 

    What is the grape of Barolo? 

    Correct Answer
    Nebbiolo
    Explanation
    Nebbiolo is the grape variety used to make Barolo wine. Barolo is a red wine produced in the Piedmont region of Italy. Nebbiolo grapes have high tannins and acidity, which give Barolo its characteristic bold and complex flavors. The grape is known for its ability to age well, developing more nuanced flavors and softer tannins over time. Nebbiolo is also used to make other famous Italian wines such as Barbaresco and Roero.

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  • 12. 

    What is the grape of Barbaresco? 

    Correct Answer
    Nebbiolo
    Explanation
    Nebbiolo is the grape variety used to make Barbaresco wine. Barbaresco is a red wine produced in the Piedmont region of Italy. Nebbiolo is known for its high acidity, tannins, and complex flavors of cherry, raspberry, and floral notes. It is a key grape variety in the production of several renowned Italian wines, including Barolo and Barbaresco. The Nebbiolo grape thrives in the cool climate and limestone-rich soils of the Barbaresco region, resulting in elegant and age-worthy wines.

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  • 13. 

    What is the grape of Beaujolais? 

    Correct Answer
    Gamay Noir
    Gamay
    Explanation
    The grape of Beaujolais is Gamay Noir, also known simply as Gamay. This grape is the primary variety used in the production of red wines in the Beaujolais region of France. It is known for its light to medium body, high acidity, and fruity flavors, often exhibiting notes of red berries and cherries. Gamay wines are typically low in tannins and are meant to be consumed young and fresh.

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  • 14. 

    What is the primary grape in Chinati? 

    Correct Answer
    Sangiovese
    Explanation
    Sangiovese is the primary grape in Chinati. This means that it is the main grape variety used in the production of wine in Chinati. It is a red grape variety that is primarily grown in Italy and is known for producing wines with high acidity and moderate tannins. Sangiovese is commonly used in the production of Chianti wines, which are popular in the Tuscany region of Italy.

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  • 15. 

    What is the general difference in blend between Left Bank and Right Bank Bordeaux?

    • A.

      Left Bank Bordeaux are based in Cabernet Sauvignon, Right Bank Bordeaux are based in Merlot and Cabernet Franc.

    • B.

      Left Bank Bordeaux are based in Merlot and Cabernet Franc, Right Bank Bordeaux are based in Cabernet Sauvignon.

    • C.

      Left Bank Bordeaux is based in malbec, right bank bordeaux is based in Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.

    • D.

      There is no difference.

    Correct Answer
    A. Left Bank Bordeaux are based in Cabernet Sauvignon, Right Bank Bordeaux are based in Merlot and Cabernet Franc.
    Explanation
    Left Bank Bordeaux wines are known for their dominant use of Cabernet Sauvignon grapes, while Right Bank Bordeaux wines are characterized by their higher proportion of Merlot and Cabernet Franc grapes. This difference in grape varietals used contributes to variations in the flavor profile and structure of the wines produced on each bank of the Gironde River.

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  • 16. 

    What is the main grape of red wine from Rioja? 

    Correct Answer
    Tempranillo
    Explanation
    Tempranillo is the main grape of red wine from Rioja. This grape variety is indigenous to Spain and is known for producing wines with rich flavors of red fruit, earthy undertones, and a smooth, velvety texture. It is the most widely planted grape in Rioja and is highly regarded for its ability to age well. The Tempranillo grape is responsible for the distinctive character and quality of red wines from the Rioja region.

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  • 17. 

    Which grapes are allowed in red Bordeaux? [Choose 6] 

    • A.

      Cabernet Sauvignon

    • B.

      Merlot

    • C.

      Cabernet Franc

    • D.

      Malbec

    • E.

      Petit Verdot

    • F.

      Carmenere

    • G.

      Syrah

    • H.

      Grenache

    • I.

      Gamay noir

    • J.

      Pinot Noir

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cabernet Sauvignon
    B. Merlot
    C. Cabernet Franc
    D. Malbec
    E. Petit Verdot
    F. Carmenere
    Explanation
    The grapes allowed in red Bordeaux are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Petit Verdot, and Carmenere. These grape varieties are traditionally used in Bordeaux blends to create complex and balanced red wines. Each grape contributes its own unique characteristics, such as Cabernet Sauvignon's structure and tannins, Merlot's softness and fruitiness, and Cabernet Franc's herbaceousness. Malbec, Petit Verdot, and Carmenere are also used in smaller quantities to add depth and complexity to the blend.

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  • 18. 

    What are the two allowable red grapes in Burgundy? 

    • A.

      Pinot Noir

    • B.

      Gamay Noir

    • C.

      Merlot

    • D.

      Syrah

    • E.

      Baco Noir

    • F.

      Sangiovese

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pinot Noir
    B. Gamay Noir
    Explanation
    The two allowable red grapes in Burgundy are Pinot Noir and Gamay Noir. These two grape varieties are traditionally grown and used in the production of red wines in the Burgundy region of France. Pinot Noir is known for its light to medium body, delicate flavors, and ability to express terroir, while Gamay Noir is known for its fruity and vibrant character. These grapes are highly regarded in Burgundy and are essential in producing the region's renowned red wines.

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  • 19. 

    What is the most planted grape of Austria? 

    • A.

      Gruner Veltliner

    • B.

      Gewurtztraminer

    • C.

      Zweigelt

    • D.

      Riesling

    Correct Answer
    A. Gruner Veltliner
    Explanation
    Gruner Veltliner is the most planted grape of Austria. This grape variety is known for producing dry white wines with high acidity and flavors of green apple, citrus, and white pepper. It is well-suited to the cool climate of Austria and has become the country's signature grape. Gruner Veltliner wines are often crisp, refreshing, and versatile, pairing well with a variety of foods.

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  • 20. 

    What area of France grows Riesling? 

    Correct Answer
    Alsace
    Explanation
    The area of Alsace in France is known for growing Riesling grapes. Riesling is a white grape variety that is particularly well-suited to the cool climate and mineral-rich soils of Alsace. The region's unique terroir contributes to the distinct flavors and characteristics of the Riesling wines produced there.

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  • 21. 

    What are the white grapes of the Northern Rhone Valley? [Pick 3] 

    • A.

      Viognier

    • B.

      Marsanne

    • C.

      Roussanne

    • D.

      Sauvignon Blanc

    • E.

      Semillon

    • F.

      Muscadelle

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Viognier
    B. Marsanne
    C. Roussanne
    Explanation
    The white grapes of the Northern Rhone Valley are Viognier, Marsanne, and Roussanne. These three grape varieties are well-suited to the cool climate and terroir of the region, producing distinctive and high-quality white wines. Viognier is known for its aromatic and floral characteristics, while Marsanne and Roussanne contribute to the body, texture, and complexity of the wines. These grapes are key players in the production of white wines from the Northern Rhone Valley.

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  • 22. 

    What is the grape of Pouilly Fumé?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Sauvignon Blanc
    Explanation
    Pouilly Fumé is a wine region in the Loire Valley of France known for producing white wines. The grape variety commonly used in this region is Sauvignon Blanc. Sauvignon Blanc is known for its crisp acidity, citrus flavors, and herbaceous notes, which are characteristic of the wines from Pouilly Fumé. Therefore, Sauvignon Blanc is the correct grape variety for Pouilly Fumé.

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  • 23. 

    What are the three white grapes of Bordeaux? 

    • A.

      Sauvignon Blanc

    • B.

      Sémillon

    • C.

      Muscadelle

    • D.

      Viognier

    • E.

      Marsanne

    • F.

      Roussanne

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sauvignon Blanc
    B. Sémillon
    C. Muscadelle
    Explanation
    The three white grapes of Bordeaux are Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle. These grape varieties are commonly used in the production of Bordeaux white wines. Sauvignon Blanc adds freshness and acidity to the blend, Sémillon contributes richness and body, while Muscadelle brings floral and aromatic qualities. These three grapes are often blended together to create a balanced and complex white wine.

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  • 24. 

    What is the grape of Vouvray? 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Chenin Blanc
    Explanation
    Chenin Blanc is the correct answer for the grape of Vouvray. Vouvray is a wine region located in the Loire Valley of France, known for producing white wines made from the Chenin Blanc grape. Chenin Blanc is a versatile grape variety that can produce a range of styles, from dry to sweet, and is particularly well-suited to the cool climate and limestone-rich soils of Vouvray. The wines from Vouvray are often characterized by their high acidity, floral aromas, and flavors of honey, apple, and pear.

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  • 25. 

    Pick the three major grapes of Champagne. 

    • A.

      Chardonnay

    • B.

      Pinot Noir

    • C.

      Pinot Meunier

    • D.

      Sauvignon Blanc

    • E.

      Chenin Blanc

    • F.

      Marsanne

    • G.

      Cabernet Franc

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Chardonnay
    B. Pinot Noir
    C. Pinot Meunier
    Explanation
    The three major grapes of Champagne are Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier. These grape varieties are traditionally used in the production of Champagne and are known for their unique characteristics that contribute to the flavor profile of the wine. Chardonnay adds elegance and finesse, Pinot Noir brings structure and depth, while Pinot Meunier adds fruitiness and roundness. Together, they create a harmonious blend that is characteristic of Champagne.

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