Diaz-westward Expansion And Industrialization

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Diaz-westward Expansion And Industrialization - Quiz

Ch. 5 and 6 (sections 2 and 3)
You may use notes for a maximum score of a C


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The belief that Americans had been given a god-given right to expand westward is called

    • A.

      Homesteader belief

    • B.

      Manifest Destiny

    • C.

      Horizontal integration

    • D.

      Populism

    Correct Answer
    B. Manifest Destiny
    Explanation
    Manifest Destiny refers to the belief held by many Americans in the 19th century that it was their divine mission to expand and settle westward across the North American continent. This belief was rooted in the idea of American exceptionalism and the belief in the superiority of American culture and institutions. It justified the annexation of new territories, the displacement of Native American tribes, and the acquisition of land through war and diplomacy. Manifest Destiny played a significant role in shaping American expansionism and the westward movement during this period.

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  • 2. 

    The relocation of Cherokee Indians from Georgia to Oklahoma by the US government in which more than 2000 people died is known as

    • A.

      Trail of Tears

    • B.

      Battle of Wounded Knee

    • C.

      Creek War

    • D.

      Ghost movement

    Correct Answer
    A. Trail of Tears
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Trail of Tears. The Trail of Tears refers to the forced removal of the Cherokee Indians from their ancestral lands in Georgia to Oklahoma by the US government in the 1830s. This relocation resulted in the deaths of more than 2000 Cherokee people due to harsh conditions, disease, and starvation along the journey. The Trail of Tears is a tragic event in American history that represents the systematic removal and mistreatment of Native American tribes by the US government.

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  • 3. 

    A political movement of the late 1800's that joined the farmers of the United States against what they saw as the wealthy elite. 

    • A.

      Social Darwinism

    • B.

      Populism

    • C.

      Ghost dance

    • D.

      Bimetallism

    • E.

      Gold Standard

    • F.

      Interstate Commerce Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Populism
    Explanation
    Populism is the correct answer because it refers to a political movement in the late 1800s that aimed to represent the interests of the common people, particularly farmers, against the perceived dominance of the wealthy elite. Populists advocated for policies such as bimetallism, which would increase the money supply and help alleviate the economic struggles faced by farmers. They also called for government regulation of big businesses and the implementation of progressive income taxes. Overall, populism aimed to address the grievances of the working class and promote economic and political equality.

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  • 4. 

    What did those that favor bimetallism believe in?

    • A.

      That immigration from Eastern Europe needed to be reduced

    • B.

      That money should be backed by crops

    • C.

      That money should be backed by gold and greenbacks

    • D.

      That money should be backed by gold and silver

    Correct Answer
    D. That money should be backed by gold and silver
    Explanation
    Those that favor bimetallism believed that money should be backed by both gold and silver. Bimetallism is an economic system where a country uses both gold and silver as a standard for currency. This means that the value of money is determined by the amount of gold and silver reserves held by the government. Supporters of bimetallism believed that using both metals would provide stability to the currency and prevent inflation or deflation. They argued that this system would allow for a more flexible monetary policy and promote economic growth.

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  • 5. 

    This cartoonist is most likely in favor of which of the following?

    • A.

      Popoulism

    • B.

      Gold Standard

    • C.

      Dawes Act

    • D.

      Horizontal integration

    Correct Answer
    A. Popoulism
    Explanation
    The cartoonist is most likely in favor of populism because it is the only option related to political ideology or movement. Populism is a belief in the rights and power of the common people, often associated with policies that aim to protect their interests against the elite or establishment. The other options, such as the Gold Standard, Dawes Act, and Horizontal integration, are not related to political ideologies but instead refer to specific economic or legislative concepts.

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  • 6. 

    The battle that brought the Indian Wars to an end was

    • A.

      Custer's last stand

    • B.

      Trail of Tears

    • C.

      Battle of Wounded Knee

    • D.

      Battle of Sand Creek

    Correct Answer
    C. Battle of Wounded Knee
    Explanation
    The Battle of Wounded Knee is the correct answer because it was the final major confrontation between Native American tribes and the U.S. government, effectively ending the Indian Wars. This battle took place in 1890 and resulted in the death of hundreds of Lakota Sioux men, women, and children. It is considered a tragic event that symbolizes the injustices and violence inflicted upon Native Americans during the westward expansion of the United States.

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  • 7. 

    The main reason for the rapid settlement of the Great Plains was

    • A.

      Free land

    • B.

      Cash given to settlers

    • C.

      Agricultural inventions

    • D.

      The buffalo slaughter

    Correct Answer
    A. Free land
    Explanation
    The main reason for the rapid settlement of the Great Plains was the availability of free land. This attracted many settlers who were looking for opportunities to own and cultivate their own land. The Homestead Act of 1862 provided individuals with 160 acres of land for a small fee and the requirement to improve the land over a period of time. This incentive, coupled with the promise of a better life and economic opportunities, led to a surge in settlers moving to the Great Plains in search of land and a chance to build a new life for themselves.

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  • 8. 

    The title of the political cartoon is "The Protectors of our Industries".  Who does the cartoonist think is the protectors according to this cartoon?

    • A.

      Andrew Carnegie

    • B.

      The workers

    • C.

      Gould, Vanderbilt, Fields, and Sage (industrialists)

    • D.

      The businessess who employ the workers

    Correct Answer
    B. The workers
    Explanation
    The cartoonist believes that the workers are the protectors according to this cartoon. The title of the political cartoon suggests that the workers are the ones safeguarding the industries.

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  • 9. 

    What are greenbacks?

    • A.

      Money backed by crops

    • B.

      Money backed by gold and silver

    • C.

      Money backed by gold

    • D.

      Money backed by the government's promise

    Correct Answer
    D. Money backed by the government's promise
    Explanation
    Greenbacks are a form of currency that is not backed by any physical commodity like gold or silver, but rather by the government's promise to honor its value. This means that the value of greenbacks is solely based on the trust and confidence that people have in the government's ability to maintain its value. Unlike money backed by crops or precious metals, greenbacks derive their value from the faith in the government's stability and ability to fulfill its financial obligations.

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  • 10. 

    His defeat in the Presidential election brought an end to the populist movement of the late 1800's

    • A.

      William Jennings Bryan

    • B.

      William McKinley

    • C.

      Andrew Carnegie

    • D.

      John Morrill

    Correct Answer
    A. William Jennings Bryan
    Explanation
    William Jennings Bryan's defeat in the Presidential election brought an end to the populist movement of the late 1800s. Bryan was a prominent figure in the populist movement and ran as the Democratic candidate in the 1896 Presidential election. His campaign focused on issues such as the free coinage of silver and the regulation of big business, which were central to the populist movement. However, Bryan lost the election to William McKinley, a Republican who represented more conservative interests. With Bryan's defeat, the populist movement lost its momentum and gradually faded away.

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  • 11. 

    The Railroad Industry accomplished all of the following except:

    • A.

      It shortened the journey from East to West from several months to a matter of days

    • B.

      It led to the standard time zones used in the country today

    • C.

      It led to the near extinction of the buffalo herds

    • D.

      It allowed for Native Americans to be moved to reservations safely

    Correct Answer
    D. It allowed for Native Americans to be moved to reservations safely
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because the railroad industry did not contribute to the safe movement of Native Americans to reservations. While the railroad did have a significant impact on the development of the American West, it was primarily used for transportation of goods, mail, and passengers, rather than specifically for relocating Native Americans. The movement of Native Americans to reservations was primarily driven by government policies and military actions, such as the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the Indian Wars.

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  • 12. 

    The U.S. government passed the ________________, which called for states to open agricultural colleges in exchange for free land.

    • A.

      Dawes Act

    • B.

      Interstate commerce act

    • C.

      Morrill Land grant act

    • D.

      Homestead act

    Correct Answer
    C. Morrill Land grant act
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Morrill Land grant act. This act was passed by the U.S. government and it called for states to open agricultural colleges in exchange for free land. The act aimed to promote higher education in agriculture and mechanical arts, and it led to the establishment of many land-grant universities across the United States.

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  • 13. 

    A legacy left by the populist movement of the late 1800's was the idea that regular Americans could unite together to have a major political impact.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The legacy left by the populist movement of the late 1800s was the belief that ordinary Americans could come together and have a significant political influence. This movement, which emerged as a response to the economic challenges faced by farmers and workers, sought to empower the common people and challenge the influence of big businesses and political elites. Through grassroots organizing and advocacy, the populists aimed to address issues such as income inequality, unfair labor practices, and the concentration of wealth. Their efforts laid the foundation for future social and political movements that aimed to amplify the voices of ordinary citizens and promote democratic participation.

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  • 14. 

    This spiritual movement led to the arrest and murder of Sitting Bull, which in turn, led to the Massacre at Wounded Knee

    • A.

      Dawes movement

    • B.

      Ghost dance

    • C.

      Trancontinental act

    • D.

      Populism

    Correct Answer
    B. Ghost dance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ghost dance. The Ghost Dance was a spiritual movement that originated among Native American tribes in the late 19th century. It was believed that by performing the Ghost Dance, Native Americans would be able to restore their traditional way of life and bring back their deceased ancestors. The movement gained popularity among various tribes, including the Sioux, and this led to tensions with the US government. The arrest and murder of Sitting Bull, a prominent Sioux leader, was a direct result of his involvement in the Ghost Dance movement. The subsequent Massacre at Wounded Knee was a violent confrontation between the US Army and the Sioux, marking the end of the Ghost Dance movement.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following did the populist believe in?

    • A.

      Bimetallism

    • B.

      Gold Standard

    • C.

      Dawes Act

    • D.

      Assimilation

    Correct Answer
    A. Bimetallism
    Explanation
    The populist believed in bimetallism, which is the use of both gold and silver as a standard for currency. This belief was based on the idea that it would increase the money supply and help farmers and debtors by allowing for inflation. The populists argued that bimetallism would counter the power of the wealthy elite who controlled the gold supply and would create a more equitable economic system. They saw it as a way to alleviate the financial hardships faced by farmers and working-class Americans.

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  • 16. 

    This law called for citizens of age and with a family to receive up to 160 acres of free land.

    • A.

      Homestead act

    • B.

      Dawes Act

    • C.

      Interstate Commerce Act

    • D.

      Morrill Land grant act

    Correct Answer
    A. Homestead act
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Homestead Act. This act provided an opportunity for citizens who met certain criteria, such as being of age and having a family, to claim up to 160 acres of land for free. This was a way to encourage settlement and development of the western territories in the United States. By granting land to individuals, the government hoped to stimulate agricultural production and economic growth in these areas.

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  • 17. 

    One of the most famous industrialist of his time, he turned to philanthropy near the end of his life and supported libraries, hospitals, and the arts. 

    • A.

      Andrew Carnegie

    • B.

      William Jennings Bryan

    • C.

      William McKinley

    • D.

      George Custer

    Correct Answer
    A. Andrew Carnegie
    Explanation
    Andrew Carnegie is the correct answer because he was a renowned industrialist who became one of the wealthiest men in the world during the late 19th century. Towards the end of his life, he shifted his focus towards philanthropy and donated a significant portion of his wealth to various causes such as libraries, hospitals, and the arts. This transition from being a successful businessman to a generous philanthropist is well-known and distinguishes Carnegie from the other options provided.

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  • 18. 

    Which statement is closest to the philosophy of Social Darwinism? Statement A: "The best way to economic recovery is to subsidize industry so that it will hire more workers and expand production." Statement B: "If jobs are not available, the government must create jobs for those who are unemployed." Statement C: "According to human nature, the most talented people will always come out on top." Statement D: "Our government is responsible for the nation’s economic well-being."

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Statement C: "According to human nature, the most talented people will always come out on top." This statement aligns with the philosophy of Social Darwinism, which is based on the idea that competition and survival of the fittest are natural and necessary for societal progress. Social Darwinism suggests that the most talented and capable individuals will naturally rise to the top of society, while those who are less capable will struggle and potentially fail. This philosophy advocates for limited government intervention and supports the idea of individual success being determined by personal abilities and qualities.

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  • 19. 

    Which two speakers would most likely label late 19th-century industrialists as robber barons? Speaker A: “When demand ran high, and markets were scarce, he showed little mercy, broke his contracts for delivery and raised prices.” Speaker B: “The man of wealth must hold his fortune ‘in trust’ for the community and use it for philanthropic and charitable purposes.” Speaker C: “It is cruel to slander the rich because they have been successful. They have gone into great enterprises that have enriched the nation and the nation has enriched them.” Speaker D: “The fruits of the toil of millions are boldly stolen to build up colossal fortunes for the few, unprecedented in the history of mankind.”

    • A.

      A and B

    • B.

      A and D

    • C.

      B and C

    • D.

      C and D

    Correct Answer
    B. A and D
    Explanation
    Speaker A describes the actions of late 19th-century industrialists as being ruthless and exploitative, showing little regard for contracts or fair pricing. This aligns with the concept of robber barons, who were wealthy business leaders known for their unethical practices in acquiring wealth. Speaker D further supports this view by stating that the industrialists have stolen the fruits of labor from millions of people to amass their fortunes, emphasizing the unjust nature of their actions. Therefore, speakers A and D would most likely label late 19th-century industrialists as robber barons.

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  • 20. 

    The term robber baron was used to criticize the

    • A.

      Big businesses and their monopolistic tactics

    • B.

      Corruption of government officials

    • C.

      Dishonesty of native americans

    • D.

      Unskilled workers

    Correct Answer
    A. Big businesses and their monopolistic tactics
    Explanation
    The term "robber baron" was used to criticize big businesses and their monopolistic tactics. This term refers to wealthy industrialists and entrepreneurs who gained immense wealth and power through unethical practices such as forming monopolies, exploiting workers, and manipulating markets. These individuals were seen as ruthless and greedy, using their wealth and influence to control industries and stifle competition. The term "robber baron" implies that these business leaders were akin to medieval feudal lords who exploited the masses for personal gain.

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    Historyperryhs

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