Trivia Quiz On Weather Elements And Instruments!

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Trivia Quiz On Weather Elements And Instruments! - Quiz


Do you know anything about weather elements and instruments? Precipitation is measured with a rain gauge, and there are two significant types of rain gauges used in weather observations. These include a tipping bucket, a weighing rain gauge, and a thermometer to measure temperature. Atmospheric pressure is measured with a barometer. Humidity is measured with a hygrometer. If you want to understand further about weather elements and instruments, try this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    To find out wind speed, meteorologist used __________.

    Explanation
    An anemometer is a device used by meteorologists to measure wind speed. It consists of cups that rotate when the wind blows, and the rotation speed is directly proportional to the wind speed. By measuring the rotation speed, meteorologists can accurately determine the wind speed. The correct answer is "anemometer" because it is the correct spelling of the device used for this purpose.

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  • 2. 

    What weather instrument tells wind direction?

    • A.

      Rain gauge

    • B.

      Barometer

    • C.

      Wind vane

    • D.

      Anemometer

    Correct Answer
    C. Wind vane
    Explanation
    A wind vane is a weather instrument specifically designed to measure and indicate the direction of the wind. It consists of a freely rotating arrow or pointer that aligns itself with the direction of the wind. By observing the position of the arrow, meteorologists and weather enthusiasts can determine the wind direction accurately. Unlike other instruments mentioned, such as a rain gauge or barometer, which measure different weather parameters, the primary purpose of a wind vane is to provide information about wind direction.

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  • 3. 

    This is the study of the atmosphere, including weather over such time.

    • A.

      Astronomy

    • B.

      Astrology

    • C.

      Meteorology

    Correct Answer
    C. Meteorology
    Explanation
    Meteorology is the correct answer because it is the scientific study of the atmosphere, including weather patterns and phenomena over a certain period of time. It involves the analysis and prediction of weather conditions, climate patterns, and atmospheric phenomena such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and thunderstorms. Astronomy is the study of celestial objects and phenomena in outer space, while astrology is a pseudoscience that claims to interpret the influence of celestial bodies on human affairs. Therefore, meteorology is the most appropriate choice for the given explanation.

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  • 4. 

    Which navigational instrument is used to find direction?

    • A.

      Hygrometer

    • B.

      Barometer

    • C.

      Compass

    • D.

      Psychrometer

    Correct Answer
    C. Compass
    Explanation
    A compass is a navigational instrument used to find direction. It consists of a magnetic needle that aligns itself with the Earth's magnetic field, pointing towards the magnetic North Pole. By using a compass, individuals can determine their orientation and navigate accurately. The hygrometer measures humidity, the barometer measures atmospheric pressure, and the psychrometer measures relative humidity and temperature. However, none of these instruments are specifically designed for finding direction, unlike the compass.

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  • 5. 

    What weather instrument measures humidity?

    • A.

      Barometer

    • B.

      Thermometer

    • C.

      Hygrometer

    • D.

      Anemometer

    Correct Answer
    C. Hygrometer
    Explanation
    A hygrometer is a weather instrument specifically designed to measure humidity. It is used to determine the amount of water vapor present in the air. By measuring humidity, a hygrometer helps in understanding and predicting weather conditions as well as assessing comfort levels. It is an essential tool for meteorologists and is commonly used in weather stations, laboratories, and even in some household devices like humidifiers and dehumidifiers.

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  • 6. 

    A meteorologist would use a ___________ to determine air pressure

    Correct Answer
    barometer
    Barometer
    BAROMETER
    Explanation
    A meteorologist would use a barometer to determine air pressure. A barometer is a scientific instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. It consists of a glass tube filled with mercury or other liquid, with one end sealed and the other open to the atmosphere. The difference in height between the mercury column in the tube and the external air pressure indicates the atmospheric pressure. By using a barometer, a meteorologist can accurately measure and monitor changes in air pressure, which is crucial for weather forecasting and understanding weather patterns.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these is not a weather instrument?

    • A.

      Barometer

    • B.

      Geiger counter

    • C.

      Hygrometer

    • D.

      Anemometer

    Correct Answer
    B. Geiger counter
    Explanation
    A geiger counter is not a weather instrument. It is a device used to measure radioactivity levels in the environment. Weather instruments such as the barometer, hygrometer, and anemometer are used to measure atmospheric pressure, humidity, and wind speed respectively. The geiger counter, on the other hand, detects and measures ionizing radiation, making it unrelated to weather conditions.

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  • 8. 

    The movement of air is called ______

    • A.

      High pressure

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Troposphere

    • D.

      Humidity

    Correct Answer
    B. Wind
    Explanation
    The movement of air is called wind. Wind is the horizontal movement of air from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. It is caused by the uneven heating of the Earth's surface by the sun, which creates differences in air pressure. These pressure differences result in the movement of air, creating wind. Wind plays a crucial role in weather patterns and can have significant effects on climate, agriculture, and various human activities.

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  • 9. 

    Weather and climate both mean the same thing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Weather and climate do not mean the same thing. Weather refers to the short-term conditions of the atmosphere, such as temperature, precipitation, and wind, that can change from day to day or even hour to hour. Climate, on the other hand, refers to the long-term average weather patterns in a particular region. Climate takes into account factors such as temperature, precipitation, and wind patterns over a period of many years. While weather can change quickly, climate represents the overall trends and patterns that are characteristic of a specific area. Therefore, the statement that weather and climate mean the same thing is false.

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  • 10. 

    Lines that separate areas of high and low pressure on a weather map are

    • A.

      Isobars

    • B.

      Latitude

    • C.

      Longitude

    Correct Answer
    A. Isobars
    Explanation
    Isobars are lines on a weather map that connect areas of equal atmospheric pressure. These lines help to identify areas of high and low pressure, which are important for understanding weather patterns and forecasting. By observing the spacing and shape of isobars, meteorologists can determine the strength and movement of weather systems. Therefore, isobars are the correct answer as they are directly related to the separation of high and low pressure areas on a weather map.

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  • 11. 

    Which of these is not shown on a weather map?

    • A.

      Isobars

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Population

    Correct Answer
    C. Population
    Explanation
    A weather map typically displays information related to weather conditions such as temperature, pressure, wind patterns, and precipitation. Isobars are lines that connect points of equal atmospheric pressure, and precipitation refers to any form of water that falls from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface. However, population data is not typically shown on a weather map as it is unrelated to weather conditions.

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  • 12. 

    The constant recording of weather information helps to determine the climate of an area.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The constant recording of weather information helps to determine the climate of an area because weather data collected over a long period of time provides valuable insights into the typical weather patterns, temperature ranges, precipitation levels, and other atmospheric conditions that prevail in that particular area. By analyzing this historical weather data, scientists can identify and understand the long-term climate trends and variations, which helps in predicting future climate changes and developing climate models. Therefore, the continuous recording of weather information is crucial for studying and determining the climate of an area.

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  • 13. 

    In what ways does the Sun influence weather?

    • A.

      The Sun heats water on Earth.

    • B.

      The Sun heats air in the atmosphere.

    • C.

      The Sun evaporates water in the atmosphere to create clouds.

    • D.

      All answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All answers are correct
    Explanation
    The Sun influences weather in multiple ways. Firstly, it heats water on Earth, causing it to evaporate and form clouds. The Sun also heats the air in the atmosphere, leading to changes in air pressure and the formation of weather systems. Additionally, the Sun's energy drives the water cycle, as it evaporates water in the atmosphere, which eventually condenses and falls back to Earth as precipitation. Thus, all of the given answers are correct in describing the various ways in which the Sun influences weather.

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  • 14. 

    What are scientist who study weather called?

    • A.

      Rainologists

    • B.

      Meteorologists

    • C.

      Biologists

    Correct Answer
    B. Meteorologists
    Explanation
    Meteorologists are scientists who study weather patterns and phenomena. They analyze atmospheric conditions, such as temperature, humidity, wind speed, and air pressure, to understand and predict weather patterns. They use various instruments and techniques to collect data and analyze it to make weather forecasts and predictions. Meteorologists play a crucial role in providing accurate weather information that helps in planning and decision-making for various industries, including agriculture, transportation, and emergency management.

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  • 15. 

    Which pressure system brings rain/stormy weather?

    • A.

      High pressure

    • B.

      Low pressure

    Correct Answer
    B. Low pressure
    Explanation
    Low pressure systems typically bring rain and stormy weather. This is because as air rises in a low-pressure system, it cools and condenses, forming clouds and precipitation. The low pressure also creates instability in the atmosphere, leading to the formation of thunderstorms and other severe weather conditions. In contrast, high-pressure systems are associated with clear skies and calm weather, as the sinking air inhibits cloud formation and precipitation.

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  • 16. 

    __________ is used to photograph and track large scale air movements such as typhoons etc.

    Correct Answer
    weather satellite
    Weather Satellite
    Weather satellite
    WEATHER SATELLITE
    Explanation
    A weather satellite is used to photograph and track large scale air movements such as typhoons. These satellites are equipped with various instruments and sensors that capture images and collect data about the Earth's atmosphere and weather patterns. By analyzing these images and data, meteorologists can monitor and predict the movement and intensity of weather systems like typhoons. The use of weather satellites has greatly improved our understanding and ability to forecast severe weather events, providing valuable information for disaster preparedness and response.

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  • 17. 

    The process in which liquid water changes into a gas or water vapor

    • A.

      Transpiration

    • B.

      Evaporation

    • C.

      Condensation

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    B. Evaporation
    Explanation
    Evaporation is the correct answer because it refers to the process in which liquid water changes into a gas or water vapor. During evaporation, water molecules gain enough energy to break free from the liquid phase and enter the atmosphere as vapor. This process occurs naturally when water is heated, exposed to sunlight, or when there is a significant difference in vapor pressure between the liquid and the surrounding air. Evaporation plays a crucial role in the water cycle, as it is responsible for transferring water from the Earth's surface back into the atmosphere.

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  • 18. 

     __________ indicate atmospheric conditions above a large portion of the Earth's surface.

    Correct Answer
    weather map
    Weather map
    Weather Map
    WEATHER MAP
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "weather map" or any variation of it. Weather maps are used to indicate atmospheric conditions above a large portion of the Earth's surface. They display various weather phenomena such as temperature, precipitation, wind speed, and pressure patterns. These maps are essential tools for meteorologists and help in predicting and analyzing weather patterns.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following does not affect climate?

    • A.

      Cars

    • B.

      Oceans

    • C.

      Wearing a raincoat

    Correct Answer
    C. Wearing a raincoat
    Explanation
    Wearing a raincoat does not affect climate because it is a personal choice that individuals make to protect themselves from rain. Climate refers to the long-term patterns of weather in a particular region, which is influenced by factors such as the atmosphere, oceans, and land. Cars, for example, emit greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change, while oceans play a crucial role in regulating temperature and distributing heat around the globe. However, wearing a raincoat is a personal action that does not have any direct impact on the climate.

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  • 20. 

    A place that doesn’t get much rain over many years would have a cold climate.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that a place that doesn't receive much rain over many years would have a cold climate. However, the amount of rainfall does not determine the temperature of a place. Climate is influenced by various factors such as latitude, altitude, ocean currents, and prevailing winds. Therefore, it is incorrect to assume that a lack of rainfall automatically results in a cold climate.

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  • 21. 

    Stratus clouds form _______________

    • A.

      Fibrous or curly clouds

    • B.

      Layers of even sheets clouds

    • C.

      Puffy white clouds

    • D.

      Fog

    Correct Answer
    B. Layers of even sheets clouds
    Explanation
    Stratus clouds form as layers of even sheets of clouds. These clouds typically cover large areas of the sky and have a uniform, flat appearance. They are often gray or white in color and can sometimes be associated with light precipitation or drizzle. Unlike puffy white clouds, which are cumulus clouds, stratus clouds have a more uniform and smooth appearance, resembling a blanket covering the sky.

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  • 22. 

    Cumulus cloud are associated with ________________

    • A.

      Fair weather and rainstorms

    • B.

      Fog

    • C.

      Sunny weather

    • D.

      Approaching storm

    Correct Answer
    A. Fair weather and rainstorms
    Explanation
    Cumulus clouds are associated with fair weather and rainstorms because they are typically fluffy and white in appearance. These clouds form when warm air rises and cools, causing water vapor to condense into visible droplets. In fair weather, cumulus clouds indicate that the atmosphere is stable and there is little chance of precipitation. However, when cumulus clouds become larger and darker, they can develop into cumulonimbus clouds, which are associated with rainstorms and thunderstorms. Therefore, cumulus clouds can be a sign of both fair weather and the potential for rainstorms.

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  • 23. 

    The process by which water returns to the earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, etc.

    • A.

      Condensation

    • B.

      Precipiation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipiation
    Explanation
    Precipitation refers to the process by which water returns to the earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, etc. It occurs when water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into liquid or solid form and falls to the ground. This can happen due to cooling of the air, which causes the water vapor to condense and form clouds. Eventually, the condensed water droplets or ice crystals become heavy enough to fall as precipitation, providing a vital source of water for plants, animals, and human beings.

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  • 24. 

    The continuous process of precipitation and evaporation is called weather.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. The continuous process of precipitation and evaporation is not called weather. Weather refers to the day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind. The continuous process of precipitation and evaporation is part of the water cycle, which is responsible for the distribution of water on Earth.

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  • 25. 

    Pressure is _______________.

    • A.

      Higher on top of mountain

    • B.

      Higher at sea level

    • C.

      Lower at sea level

    • D.

      Always the same

    Correct Answer
    B. Higher at sea level
    Explanation
    Pressure is higher at sea level because as altitude increases, the weight of the atmosphere above decreases. This leads to a decrease in the number of air molecules above, resulting in lower pressure. At sea level, the weight of the entire column of air above is maximum, leading to higher pressure compared to higher altitudes.

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  • 26. 

    A barometer measures ________________.

    • A.

      Humidity

    • B.

      Pressure

    • C.

      Wind direction

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Pressure
    Explanation
    A barometer is an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. It is commonly used in weather forecasting as changes in pressure can indicate upcoming weather conditions. By measuring the pressure, a barometer provides information about the weight of the air above it, which can help in predicting changes in the weather. Therefore, the correct answer is pressure.

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  • 27. 

    Areas with low pressure generally have

    • A.

      Sunny weather

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Dry weather

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipitation
    Explanation
    Areas with low pressure generally have precipitation because low pressure systems are associated with rising air, which leads to the formation of clouds and the condensation of water vapor. As the air rises, it cools and the water vapor in it condenses, forming clouds. Eventually, the condensed water droplets become heavy enough to fall as precipitation, such as rain, snow, or sleet. Therefore, areas with low pressure typically experience precipitation rather than sunny or dry weather.

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  • 28. 

    It is a place where all the data about the weather are being gathered and evaluated.

    • A.

      Philippines

    • B.

      Weather station

    • C.

      Television

    • D.

      Radio

    Correct Answer
    B. Weather station
    Explanation
    A weather station is a facility where meteorological data is collected and analyzed. It serves as a central hub for gathering information about the weather, such as temperature, humidity, wind speed, and precipitation. This data is then used to generate weather forecasts and provide updates to the public through various mediums like television and radio. In the context of the given options, a weather station is the most suitable choice as it aligns with the purpose of gathering and evaluating weather data.

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  • 29. 

    In the Philippines, PAGASA gives the weather report to the Filipinos.  What does the second A in the acronym PAGASA stands for?

    • A.

      Association

    • B.

      Administration

    • C.

      Astronomical

    • D.

      Atmospheric

    Correct Answer
    C. Astronomical
  • 30. 

    Last Saturday, Violeta saw the sky is blue, the sun shines brightly and there is no rain.  She visited her friends and played outdoor games.  What kind of weather was Saturday morning?

    • A.

      Fair weather

    • B.

      Stormy weather

    • C.

      Cloudy weather

    • D.

      Fine weather

    Correct Answer
    D. Fine weather
    Explanation
    Based on the information given, Violeta saw that the sky was blue, the sun was shining brightly, and there was no rain. These are all characteristics of good weather, indicating that Saturday morning had fine weather.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 06, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Cs9chuck
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