Wampold's Contextual Model Of Psychotherapy

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Psychotherapy Quizzes & Trivia

Bruce E. Wampold is the Patricia L. Wolleat Professor of Counselling Psychology and the clinical professor of psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is known for developing the contextual model of psychotherapy. What do you know about it?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Psychotherapy has be found to be:

    • A.

      Remarkably effective

    • B.

      Somewhat effective

    • C.

      Hardly effective

    • D.

      None of he above

    Correct Answer
    A. Remarkably effective
    Explanation
    Psychotherapy has been found to be remarkably effective in treating various mental health conditions. Numerous studies have shown that psychotherapy can significantly reduce symptoms of depression, anxiety, and other psychological disorders. It helps individuals gain insight into their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, leading to positive changes and improved overall well-being. The effectiveness of psychotherapy can vary depending on the individual and the specific treatment approach used, but overall, it is considered a valuable and evidence-based treatment option for mental health concerns.

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  • 2. 

    Despite the demonstrable effectiveness, mechanisms of change are:

    • A.

      Well understood

    • B.

      Not well understood

    • C.

      Somewhat understood

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Not well understood
    Explanation
    The given answer states that mechanisms of change are not well understood. This implies that despite the effectiveness of these mechanisms, there is still a lack of comprehensive understanding about how they work. This could be due to various reasons such as limited research, complex nature of the mechanisms, or the presence of multiple factors influencing the process of change. The answer suggests that there is a need for further investigation and study to gain a better understanding of these mechanisms.

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  • 3. 

    Wampold's theory

    • A.

      Presents a radically different view, but very scientific, logical, thorough, and systematic

    • B.

      Presents a somewhat different view, that is not very scientific, illogical, and unorganized

    • C.

      Presents a different view, that is somewhat scientific, logical, thorough, and systematic

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Presents a radically different view, but very scientific, logical, thorough, and systematic
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that Wampold's theory presents a view that is radically different from others, but it is also very scientific, logical, thorough, and systematic. This implies that Wampold's theory is unique and innovative, while still being grounded in scientific principles and rigorous analysis.

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  • 4. 

    Wampold contends that most Tx offered over the centuries were:

    • A.

      Probably as effective as medication

    • B.

      Surely more effective than placebos

    • C.

      Probably no more effective than placebos

    • D.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    C. Probably no more effective than placebos
    Explanation
    According to Wampold, most treatments offered over the centuries were probably no more effective than placebos. This suggests that the effectiveness of these treatments was likely not significantly greater than the effectiveness of a placebo.

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  • 5. 

    "Remoralization" refers to:

    • A.

      Healers must be trusted and credible, accepted by clients, and problems viewed as resolvable

    • B.

      Healers should be trusted and credible, accepted by clients, and problems could be viewed as resolvable

    • C.

      Healers need not be trusted but instead credible, accepted by clients, and problems could be viewed as resolvable

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Healers must be trusted and credible, accepted by clients, and problems viewed as resolvable
    Explanation
    "Remoralization" refers to the process of restoring trust and credibility in healers, where healers must be trusted and credible, accepted by clients, and problems must be viewed as resolvable. This implies that the healers need to have the trust of their clients and be seen as capable of resolving the problems they are facing. The answer choice that accurately reflects this explanation is "Healers must be trusted and credible, accepted by clients, and problems viewed as resolvable."

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  • 6. 

    Jerome Frank proposed that psychotherapy is:

    • A.

      Not a cultural healing practice but a medical one

    • B.

      Is a cultural healing practice not really a medical one

    • C.

      Neither cultural or medical

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Is a cultural healing practice not really a medical one
    Explanation
    Jerome Frank proposed that psychotherapy is primarily a cultural healing practice rather than a medical one. This suggests that the main focus of psychotherapy is on understanding and addressing the cultural factors that contribute to mental health issues, rather than solely relying on medical interventions. This perspective emphasizes the importance of considering social, environmental, and cultural influences on mental well-being and highlights the need for culturally sensitive approaches in psychotherapy.

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  • 7. 

    Psychotherapy is not a healing practice that can be used with nonhumans, the way modern medicine can as in veterinary medicine

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Psychotherapy is a form of therapy that specifically targets human mental health issues. It involves talking and discussing emotions, thoughts, and behaviors with a trained therapist. Since nonhumans, such as animals, do not possess the same cognitive abilities and language skills as humans, psychotherapy cannot be effectively applied to them. On the other hand, veterinary medicine focuses on diagnosing and treating physical ailments in animals. Therefore, psychotherapy cannot be used with nonhumans, making the statement "Psychotherapy is not a healing practice that can be used with nonhumans" true.

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  • 8. 

    From a cultural, humanistic context, change is:

    • A.

      Explained to the client by the therapist/healer

    • B.

      Explained to the therapist by the client

    • C.

      Not explained at all

    • D.

      Both A and B

    Correct Answer
    A. Explained to the client by the therapist/healer
    Explanation
    In a cultural and humanistic context, change is typically explained to the client by the therapist or healer. This approach emphasizes the importance of the therapist or healer guiding and facilitating the process of change for the client. By explaining the process and providing support, the therapist or healer helps the client understand and navigate the changes they are experiencing. This collaborative approach promotes client empowerment and autonomy in the therapeutic or healing process.

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  • 9. 

    Found psychotherapy empirically to be:

    • A.

      Very effective; .80

    • B.

      Not effective; .20

    • C.

      Somewhat effective; .60

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Very effective; .80
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that psychotherapy has been found to be highly effective, with an effectiveness rate of 80%. This implies that a significant majority of individuals who undergo psychotherapy experience positive outcomes and improvements in their mental health. It is important to note that this answer is based on empirical evidence, indicating that it is supported by research and scientific data.

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  • 10. 

    Number Needed to Treat (NNT) is defined in the Contextual Model as:

    • A.

      The number who need to receive the Tx to achieve a success relative to treated patients

    • B.

      The number who need to receive the Tx to achieve a success relative to untreated patients

    • C.

      The number of individuals needed to Tx to reach effectiveness of a particular Tx

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The number who need to receive the Tx to achieve a success relative to untreated patients
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The number who need to receive the Tx to achieve a success relative to untreated patients." Number Needed to Treat (NNT) is a measure used in clinical research to determine the effectiveness of a treatment. It represents the number of patients who need to receive the treatment in order for one additional patient to benefit compared to if they were left untreated. Therefore, the NNT is a measure of the effectiveness of a treatment relative to untreated patients.

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  • 11. 

    ES of .80 is equivalent to NNT of (and is the NNT of psychotherapy):

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      3

    Correct Answer
    D. 3
    Explanation
    An ES of .80 indicates a large effect size, which means that psychotherapy has a significant impact on the outcome being measured. The NNT (Number Needed to Treat) represents the number of patients who need to receive the treatment in order for one additional patient to benefit. In this case, an NNT of 3 suggests that for every three patients who receive psychotherapy, one additional patient will experience a positive outcome. This indicates that psychotherapy is highly effective in producing positive results.

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  • 12. 

    The effectiveness of psychotherapy compared to almost all interventions in cardiology are:

    • A.

      More effective

    • B.

      Less effective

    • C.

      Equally effective

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. More effective
    Explanation
    Psychotherapy is more effective compared to almost all interventions in cardiology. This suggests that therapy has a higher success rate and positive outcomes in treating mental health issues than medical interventions have in treating cardiovascular conditions. It highlights the importance of psychological interventions in promoting mental well-being and addressing psychological disorders.

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  • 13. 

    Therapy compared to psychopharmacological Txs and the "dodo bird conjecture (for any 1 diagnosis decades of research has not found 1 Tx superior to another)" for mental disorders are:

    • A.

      As effective and more enduring

    • B.

      Less effective and less enduring

    • C.

      More effective and more enduring

    • D.

      Equally effective and equally enduring

    Correct Answer
    A. As effective and more enduring
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that therapy is as effective as psychopharmacological treatments for mental disorders, but it is also more enduring. This implies that therapy not only provides similar benefits as medication but also has longer-lasting effects. This could be because therapy addresses the underlying causes of the disorder and helps individuals develop coping mechanisms and skills to manage their symptoms in the long term.

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  • 14. 

    Therapist qualities such as ability to form a working alliance and to be trustworthy and credible are found to be

    • A.

      Important to the effectiveness of psychotherapy, outcomes at least 1 order of magnitude (10xs) greater than differences in Txs

    • B.

      Not important to the effectiveness of psychotherapy, outcomes do not effect the magnitude of differences in Txs

    • C.

      Somewhat important

    Correct Answer
    A. Important to the effectiveness of psychotherapy, outcomes at least 1 order of magnitude (10xs) greater than differences in Txs
    Explanation
    The therapist qualities such as the ability to form a working alliance and to be trustworthy and credible are considered important to the effectiveness of psychotherapy. These qualities have a significant impact on the outcomes of therapy, which are found to be at least 10 times greater in magnitude than the differences in treatment approaches. In other words, the therapeutic relationship and the trustworthiness of the therapist play a crucial role in determining the success of psychotherapy, surpassing the influence of specific treatment techniques.

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  • 15. 

    Placebo response is uniquely human in that:

    • A.

      Opiods are really released when expectation is created; subject develops an expectation created by someone with expertise

    • B.

      Opiods are not really released; subjects simply develop and expectation created by someone with expertise

    • C.

      Opiods are irrelevant

    • D.

      Both B and C

    Correct Answer
    A. Opiods are really released when expectation is created; subject develops an expectation created by someone with expertise
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that opioids are really released when an expectation is created and the subject develops an expectation created by someone with expertise. This means that when a person believes that they are receiving a treatment or medication that will help them, their body may actually release opioids, which can lead to a placebo response. This response is unique to humans and can have a significant impact on their perception of pain and overall well-being.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 04, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Ljstubbs
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