Criminology Theories Exam: Quiz!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 3821

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Criminology Theories Exam: Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Criminology is the scientific study of:
    • A. 

      The making of laws.

    • B. 

      The breaking of laws.

    • C. 

      Society’s reaction to the breaking of laws.

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 2. 
    The conflict model of law assumes that:
    • A. 

      Certain acts are deemed so threatening to the society’s survival that they are designated crimes.

    • B. 

      The criminal law expresses the values of the ruling class within a society.

    • C. 

      Members of a society by and large agree on what is right.

    • D. 

      Society is a stable entity in which laws are created for the general good.

  • 3. 
    Conflict theorists view society as a stable entity in which laws are created for the general good.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Crime has become globalized.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    What are some of the limitations of self-report surveys?
    • A. 

      They represent a wide range of criminal acts.

    • B. 

      Respondents may not tell the truth.

    • C. 

      The samples are never biased.

    • D. 

      The information they yield applies to individuals of many age ranges

  • 6. 
    The life-course perspective argues that
    • A. 

      Factors that lead to onset of offending do not vary.

    • B. 

      The number and type of offenses committed do not vary.

    • C. 

      The frequency of offending may go down for most offenders, but some chronic offenders commit the same amount of crime over time.

    • D. 

      The factors that lead to desistance from offending do not vary.

  • 7. 
    Males traditionally commit more of which of the following crimes than females?
    • A. 

      Prostitution

    • B. 

      Shoplifting

    • C. 

      Welfare fraud

    • D. 

      Aggravated assault

  • 8. 
    The positivist school of criminology posits that: ​​​​​​​
    • A. 

      Human behavior is determined by forces beyond individual control.

    • B. 

      individuals choose to commit crimes after weighing the consequences of their actions.

    • C. 

      All human actions are determined in accordance with the felicific calculus.

    • D. 

      Anomie is a breakdown of social order, which causes people to commit crimes.

  • 9. 
    The classical school of criminology is based on the assumption that individuals choose to commit crimes after weighing the consequences of their actions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    In the United States, explanations of criminal behavior have been dominated by what type of theories?  
    • A. 

      Psychological

    • B. 

      Biological

    • C. 

      Sociological

    • D. 

      philosophical

  • 11. 
    Freud proposed that the __________ acts as a moral code or conscience.  
    • A. 

      Id

    • B. 

      ego

    • C. 

      Supraego

    • D. 

      Superego

  • 12. 
    According to studies of twins:    
    • A. 

      There is no evidence that genetic factors explain criminality.

    • B. 

      There is some support for the hypothesis that some genetic influences increase the risk of criminality.

    • C. 

      There is a strong causal relationship between genetics and crime.

    • D. 

      There has not been enough research comparing monozygotic twins to dizygotic twins to make any conclusions.

  • 13. 
    Social learning theory maintains that delinquent behavior is learned through the same psychological processes as any other behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Cultural deviance theorists argue that:  
    • A. 

      Crime is most likely to occur among the lower social classes.

    • B. 

      American society is made up of various groups and subgroups, each with its own standards of right and wrong.

    • C. 

      People learn to commit crime as a result of contact with antisocial values, attitudes, and criminal behavior patterns.

    • D. 

      Crime is the result of social disorganization.

  • 15. 
    Psychological theories seek to uncover the reasons for differences in crime rates in the social environment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Social control theories are based on the assumption that the motivation to commit a crime is a part of human nature.  As such, social control theorists seek to understand why people do not offend.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    When Messner and Rosenfeld refer to the "American Dream," they are referring to the American culture's relentless push toward:
    • A. 

      Sexual success

    • B. 

      Job success

    • C. 

      Material success

    • D. 

      Family success

  • 18. 
    Criminologists tend to believe that the only real cause of crime is capitalism.
    • A. 

      Marxist

    • B. 

      Positivist

    • C. 

      Atavism

  • 19. 
    Victimology is a subfield of criminology that specializes in studying the victims of crime.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    According to the tenets of institutional anomie theory, which of the following would be useful a  policy goal?
    • A. 

      Address negative emotions through coping strategies

    • B. 

      Increase collective efficiency at the neighborhood level.

    • C. 

      Increase legitimate economic opportunities in society

    • D. 

      Reduce the role if economic factor in other social institutions such as the family

  • 21. 
    Shaw and McKay's social disorganzation theory is part of the Human Ecology theoretical tradition.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    The social bond theory argues that individuals who have invested time and effort into legitimate endeavors have a stake in conformity, and will therefore be less likely to engage in crime.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The ____ perspective of criminology encompasses Marxism, conflict, and feminist theories.
    • A. 

      Peacemaking

    • B. 

      Critical

    • C. 

      Alienation

  • 24. 
    Victimology seeks to answer why some individuals, households, groups, and other entities are targeted and others are not.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Conflict theory shares with labeling theory the idea that crime is a social construct with no intrinsic meaning.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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