Vocabulary Quiz For Phlebotomy

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Questions: 45 | Attempts: 164

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Vocabulary Quiz For Phlebotomy - Quiz

English is a simple language but can also be a very hard language. Practice and test is what will make you the best at it. Take this quiz and see how prepared you are for exams.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Study of the digestive system

    Explanation
    Gastroenterology is the field of medicine that focuses on the study and treatment of the digestive system, including the organs such as the stomach, intestines, liver, and pancreas. It involves diagnosing and managing disorders and diseases related to the gastrointestinal tract, such as ulcers, acid reflux, irritable bowel syndrome, and liver diseases. Gastroenterologists are specialized doctors who have extensive knowledge and expertise in this area, and they use various diagnostic tools and procedures to assess and treat patients with digestive system issues.

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  • 2. 

    Pertaining to the stomach and intenstines

    Explanation
    The term "gastrointestinal" refers to anything related to the stomach and intestines. It is a medical term used to describe conditions, diseases, or procedures that affect the digestive system. This term encompasses a wide range of issues such as stomach ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, and colon cancer. By using the term "gastrointestinal," healthcare professionals can easily communicate and understand the specific area of the body that is being discussed or treated.

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  • 3. 

    An instrument which measures the size of the needle

    Explanation
    A gauge is an instrument used to measure the size of a needle. It is a tool that provides accurate measurements and allows for precise sizing. Gauges are commonly used in various industries such as sewing, knitting, and medical fields where needle sizes need to be determined. By using a gauge, one can ensure that the needle being used is the correct size for the task at hand, leading to better results and improved efficiency.

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  • 4. 

    Study of aging and the problem of the elderly

    Explanation
    Geriatrics is the medical specialty that focuses on the study of aging and the specific health issues and needs of elderly individuals. It involves the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and disorders that commonly affect older adults. Geriatricians are trained to address the complex physical, mental, and social aspects of aging, and they work to improve the overall quality of life for elderly patients. Therefore, the term "geriatrics" accurately describes the study of aging and the problem of the elderly.

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  • 5. 

    Study of geriatrics

    Explanation
    Geronterology is the study of geriatrics, which focuses on the medical care and treatment of elderly individuals. It involves understanding the unique medical conditions, diseases, and challenges that older adults face, as well as providing specialized care to meet their specific needs. Geronterology encompasses various aspects of healthcare for the elderly, including preventive care, management of chronic conditions, and promoting overall well-being in older adults.

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  • 6. 

    A sugar(dextrose) formed in the body during a metabolic process

    Explanation
    Glucose is a sugar (specifically dextrose) that is produced in the body during a metabolic process. It is an essential source of energy for cells and is commonly found in the bloodstream. Glucose is converted from carbohydrates in the diet and is utilized by the body to fuel various physiological processes. It is an important component in cellular respiration, providing energy for the synthesis of ATP, the molecule responsible for storing and transferring energy within cells. Overall, glucose plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's energy balance and is vital for normal bodily functions.

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  • 7. 

    Staining of bacteria for identification purposes

    Explanation
    Gram staining is a commonly used technique in microbiology to differentiate bacteria into two groups: gram-positive and gram-negative. This staining method involves the application of crystal violet, iodine, alcohol, and safranin to a bacterial sample. Gram-positive bacteria retain the crystal violet stain, appearing purple, while gram-negative bacteria lose the stain and appear pink after the safranin counterstain. This staining technique is essential for the identification and classification of bacteria, as it provides valuable information about their cell wall structure and helps in selecting appropriate antibiotics for treatment.

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  • 8. 

    The longest vein in the leg

    Explanation
    The Great Saphenous vein is the longest vein in the leg. It starts from the medial side of the foot, runs up the leg, and drains into the femoral vein in the groin area. This vein is responsible for carrying deoxygenated blood from the lower extremities back to the heart. It is a superficial vein that is commonly used for various medical procedures, such as vein stripping or grafting.

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  • 9. 

    Study of the females genital organs

    Explanation
    Gynecology is the medical field that focuses on the study and treatment of the female reproductive system, including the genital organs. It involves the diagnosis and management of various conditions and diseases related to the female reproductive organs, such as menstrual disorders, infertility, sexually transmitted infections, and gynecological cancers. Gynecologists are specialized doctors who provide care for women's reproductive health, perform screenings and examinations, and offer treatments and surgeries when necessary.

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  • 10. 

    The percentage of erythrocytes in the whole blood y volume

    Explanation
    Hematocrit refers to the percentage of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in the total volume of blood. It is a measure of the blood's ability to carry oxygen to the body's tissues. A higher hematocrit indicates a higher concentration of red blood cells, which can be beneficial in certain situations such as high-altitude environments. Conversely, a lower hematocrit may indicate anemia or other blood disorders. Therefore, hematocrit is an important parameter to assess the overall health and oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

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  • 11. 

    Study of the blood and tissues which form blood

    Explanation
    Hemotology is the study of the blood and the tissues that form blood. It focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and disorders related to blood and blood-forming tissues. This field of study involves analyzing blood samples, identifying blood disorders, and understanding the functions of different components of blood. Hemotology plays a crucial role in the medical field as it helps in the diagnosis and management of conditions such as anemia, leukemia, and clotting disorders.

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  • 12. 

    A localized collection of blood caused by a break in the wall of the blood vessel

    Explanation
    A hematoma refers to a localized collection of blood that occurs when there is a break in the wall of a blood vessel. This break allows blood to escape into the surrounding tissues, leading to the formation of a clot or bruise. Hematomas can vary in size and severity depending on the extent of the blood vessel damage. They commonly occur as a result of trauma or injury, but can also be caused by medical procedures or underlying medical conditions that affect blood clotting.

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  • 13. 

    Concentration or accumulation of large analytes in the blood increase concentration of red blood cells caused by a decrease in plasma volume

    Explanation
    Hemoconcentration refers to an increase in the concentration of red blood cells in the blood caused by a decrease in plasma volume. This can occur when large analytes accumulate or concentrate in the blood. When the plasma volume decreases, the red blood cells become more concentrated, leading to hemoconcentration.

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  • 14. 

    The rupture of red blood cells and releas of hemoglobin into the serum or plasma

    Explanation
    Hemolysis refers to the rupture of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin into the serum or plasma. This can occur due to various factors such as infection, autoimmune disorders, certain medications, or physical trauma. When red blood cells rupture, hemoglobin is released, leading to the characteristic symptoms of hemolysis, including anemia, jaundice, and the presence of free hemoglobin in the blood. Hemolysis can be detected through laboratory tests, such as a complete blood count or a direct Coombs test. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may involve addressing the underlying condition, blood transfusions, or medications to suppress the immune system.

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  • 15. 

    A blood disease which interferes with the normal clotting of the blood causing excessive bleeding

    Explanation
    Hemophilia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the body's ability to clot blood properly. This results in excessive bleeding, even from minor injuries or spontaneously. People with hemophilia lack certain clotting factors in their blood, which are essential for the formation of blood clots. As a result, they are at risk of prolonged bleeding, both internally and externally. Hemophilia is typically inherited and can vary in severity, with some individuals experiencing mild symptoms and others facing life-threatening complications.

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  • 16. 

    Discharge of an abnormally large amount of blood

    Explanation
    Hemorrhage refers to the discharge of an abnormally large amount of blood. It can occur internally or externally and can be caused by various factors such as trauma, injury, or underlying medical conditions. The excessive bleeding can lead to significant blood loss, which may be life-threatening if not promptly treated. Therefore, the term "hemorrhage" accurately describes the condition of discharging an abnormally large amount of blood.

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  • 17. 

    The production of cells within the bone marrow

    Explanation
    Hematopoiesis is the correct answer because it refers to the production of cells within the bone marrow. This process involves the formation and development of various types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Hematopoiesis is crucial for maintaining a healthy blood supply and ensuring proper functioning of the immune system.

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  • 18. 

    The process by which the body stops the leakage of blood after injury

    Explanation
    Hemostasis refers to the process by which the body stops the leakage of blood after an injury. It involves several steps, including vasoconstriction, platelet plug formation, and blood clotting. Vasoconstriction narrows the blood vessels to reduce blood flow to the site of injury. Platelet plug formation occurs when platelets adhere to the damaged blood vessel walls and aggregate to form a plug. Finally, blood clotting, or coagulation, involves the conversion of fibrinogen into fibrin, which forms a mesh-like structure to seal the wound and stop bleeding. Hemostasis is essential for maintaining blood circulation and preventing excessive blood loss.

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  • 19. 

    Pertainig to the liver

    Explanation
    The term "hepatic" refers to anything related to the liver. It is commonly used in medical terminology to describe conditions, diseases, or functions that involve the liver. For example, hepatic enzymes are enzymes produced by the liver, and hepatic cirrhosis is a condition where the liver becomes scarred and damaged. Therefore, "hepatic" is the correct answer because it directly relates to the liver.

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  • 20. 

    An inflammation of the liver

  • 21. 

    Balanced or steady state of equilibrium

    Explanation
    Homeostasis refers to the balanced or steady state of equilibrium in the body's internal environment. It involves the regulation and maintenance of various physiological processes such as body temperature, blood pressure, and pH levels within a narrow range. The body constantly monitors and adjusts these variables to ensure optimal functioning. Homeostasis is essential for the body to maintain stability and adapt to changes in the external environment, allowing cells and organs to function properly.

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  • 22. 

    A chemical substance which is manufactured in a organ gland or body part and is transported the blood stream to another part of the blood and used there to stimulate a chemical action or increased body function

    Explanation
    A hormone is a chemical substance that is produced in an organ gland or body part and is transported through the bloodstream to another part of the body. Once it reaches its target location, it stimulates a chemical action or increases the functioning of the body. Hormones play a crucial role in regulating various bodily processes, such as growth, metabolism, reproduction, and mood. They act as messengers, transmitting signals between different cells and organs to maintain homeostasis and ensure proper functioning of the body.

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  • 23. 

    That upon which a parasite of microorganism feeds

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "host" because a host is an organism that provides nourishment and shelter to a parasite or microorganism. In this context, the host is the entity on which the parasite feeds, utilizing its resources for survival and reproduction. The relationship between a host and a parasite is symbiotic, with the parasite benefiting from the host while potentially causing harm or disease.

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  • 24. 

    An unusually low level of blood sugar

    Explanation
    Hypoglycemia refers to an unusually low level of blood sugar. This condition occurs when the glucose levels in the blood drop below normal levels, leading to symptoms such as dizziness, confusion, sweating, and weakness. Hypoglycemia can be caused by various factors, including excessive insulin production, certain medications, alcohol consumption, and certain medical conditions. It is important to treat hypoglycemia promptly by consuming foods or beverages high in sugar to raise blood sugar levels back to normal. If left untreated, severe hypoglycemia can lead to seizures, loss of consciousness, and other serious complications.

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  • 25. 

    The presense of an abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood

    Explanation
    Hyperglycemia refers to the condition where there is an abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood. This can occur when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the body is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces. Hyperglycemia is commonly associated with diabetes and can lead to various symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision. If left untreated, it can cause serious complications such as damage to the blood vessels, nerves, and organs. Therefore, it is important to manage and control blood sugar levels to prevent hyperglycemia.

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  • 26. 

    The surgical removal of the uterus through walls of the abdomen or vagina

    Explanation
    A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the uterus. This can be done either through the walls of the abdomen or through the vagina. It is commonly performed to treat various gynecological conditions such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and certain types of cancer. The procedure can be performed using different techniques, including laparoscopic or robotic-assisted methods. Hysterectomy is a major surgery that can have significant implications for a woman's reproductive health and should be carefully considered and discussed with a healthcare professional.

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  • 27. 

    Resistance to a disease brought about by the development of antibodies

    Explanation
    The term "immune" refers to the state of having resistance to a disease due to the development of antibodies. When a person's immune system is functioning properly, it is able to recognize and attack foreign substances, such as viruses or bacteria, preventing or minimizing the impact of the disease. This resistance is achieved through the production of specific antibodies that target and neutralize the pathogens. Therefore, the correct answer is "immune."

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  • 28. 

    The inability to make oneself understood by another

  • 29. 

    The loss of sphineter muscle control leading to the inability to retain urine semen or feces

    Explanation
    Incontinence refers to the loss of sphincter muscle control, which leads to the inability to retain urine, semen, or feces. This condition can occur due to various reasons such as weak pelvic floor muscles, nerve damage, or hormonal imbalances. Incontinence can cause significant discomfort and embarrassment for individuals, affecting their quality of life. Treatment options for incontinence may include lifestyle modifications, pelvic floor exercises, medications, or surgical interventions, depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.

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  • 30. 

    The growing of microorganisms in a temperature controlled environment

    Explanation
    Incubation refers to the process of growing microorganisms in a temperature-controlled environment. This controlled environment provides optimal conditions for the microorganisms to multiply and thrive. Incubation is commonly used in various fields such as microbiology, biotechnology, and clinical laboratories to culture and study microorganisms. By maintaining a specific temperature, typically around 37 degrees Celsius for most human pathogens, incubation facilitates the growth of microorganisms for different purposes like identification, testing, or research.

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  • 31. 

    A pathological condition caused by the growth of microorganisms in a host

    Explanation
    Infection refers to a pathological condition caused by the growth of microorganisms in a host. It occurs when harmful microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites invade the body and multiply, leading to various symptoms and health complications. Infections can affect different parts of the body and can range from mild to severe. They can be transmitted through direct contact with an infected person, contaminated objects, or through the air. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to control and manage infections effectively.

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  • 32. 

    The principle vein draining the lower part of the body

    Explanation
    The principle vein draining the lower part of the body is called the Inferior Vena Cava. This large vein carries deoxygenated blood from the lower body back to the heart. It is located on the right side of the body and runs parallel to the spine. The Inferior Vena Cava plays a crucial role in the circulatory system by returning blood to the heart for oxygenation and distribution to the rest of the body.

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  • 33. 

    To introduce microorganisms into a culture medium

    Explanation
    Inoculate refers to the process of introducing microorganisms into a culture medium. This is typically done in a laboratory setting, where a small amount of the desired microorganisms are transferred into a sterile medium to promote their growth and study their characteristics. Inoculation is an important step in microbiology and other scientific fields that involve the cultivation and study of microorganisms.

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  • 34. 

    A hormone used to control blood sugar levels

    Explanation
    Insulin is a hormone that is used to regulate and control blood sugar levels in the body. It is produced by the pancreas and helps to transport glucose from the bloodstream into the cells, where it is used for energy. Insulin also plays a crucial role in storing excess glucose in the liver for later use. Without insulin, blood sugar levels can become dangerously high, leading to a condition called diabetes. Therefore, insulin is essential for maintaining proper blood sugar levels and overall metabolic function.

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  • 35. 

    The fluid found between tissue cells as plasma filters out of the capillaries into microscopic spaces

    Explanation
    The fluid found between tissue cells is called interstitial fluid. It is formed when plasma filters out of the capillaries into microscopic spaces. Interstitial fluid plays a crucial role in supplying nutrients and oxygen to the cells, as well as removing waste products. It also helps maintain the balance of electrolytes and pH levels in the body. Overall, interstitial fluid is essential for the proper functioning of cells and tissues in the body.

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  • 36. 

    The fluid within the cells consisting mostly of water

    Explanation
    Intracellular fluid refers to the fluid that is present inside the cells of the body. It is primarily composed of water, making up a significant portion of the total body water. This fluid is essential for various cellular processes, including the transport of nutrients and waste products within the cell. It also helps maintain cell shape and provides a medium for chemical reactions to occur. Therefore, the given answer correctly describes the fluid within the cells as consisting mostly of water.

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  • 37. 

    An element used in the development and function of the thyroid gland, tincture of iodine, used as a disinfectant and as a germicide

    Explanation
    Iodine is an element that plays a crucial role in the development and function of the thyroid gland. It is also commonly used as a disinfectant and germicide in the form of tincture of iodine. This solution is effective in killing bacteria, viruses, and fungi, making it an important tool in preventing infections. Additionally, iodine deficiency can lead to thyroid disorders and other health problems, highlighting the significance of this element in maintaining overall health.

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  • 38. 

    Seperation; confining a patient to a specified area

    Explanation
    Isolation refers to the act of confining a patient to a specified area, typically to prevent the spread of infectious diseases or to protect the patient from external factors. This involves keeping the patient separate from others to minimize the risk of transmission. Therefore, isolation is the correct answer for the given description.

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  • 39. 

    A condition or drowsiness or indifference

    Explanation
    Lethargic is the correct answer because it accurately describes a condition of drowsiness or indifference. When someone is lethargic, they lack energy and motivation, often feeling sluggish and uninterested in their surroundings or activities. This term is commonly used to describe a state of extreme tiredness or apathy.

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  • 40. 

    A blood tissue disease marked by the excessive production of white blood cells

    Explanation
    Leukemia is a blood tissue disease characterized by the abnormal and excessive production of white blood cells. In this condition, the bone marrow produces too many immature or abnormal white blood cells, which eventually crowd out the healthy blood cells. This leads to a weakened immune system and a reduced ability to fight infections. Leukemia can be acute or chronic, and it can affect both children and adults. Treatment options for leukemia include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and stem cell transplantation.

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  • 41. 

    White blood cell

    Explanation
    Leukocytes are also known as white blood cells. They are a crucial part of the immune system and play a vital role in defending the body against infections and diseases. Leukocytes are responsible for identifying and destroying harmful pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses, as well as removing dead cells and debris from the body. Therefore, the answer "Leukocytes" accurately represents the term "white blood cell".

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  • 42. 

    A marked increase in the Leukocytes in the blood

    Explanation
    Leukocytosis refers to a marked increase in the number of leukocytes (white blood cells) in the blood. This condition can be caused by various factors such as infections, inflammation, stress, or certain medications. It is a normal response of the body to fight off infections or other harmful substances. Leukocytosis can also occur in certain diseases like leukemia. Therefore, the given answer "Leukocytosis" accurately describes the condition of a marked increase in leukocytes in the blood.

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  • 43. 

    A marked decrease in the Leukocytes in the blood

    Explanation
    Leukopenia refers to a marked decrease in the number of leukocytes (white blood cells) in the blood. This condition can be caused by various factors such as viral infections, autoimmune disorders, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or certain medications. Leukocytes play a crucial role in fighting off infections, so a decrease in their numbers can weaken the immune system and make individuals more susceptible to infections. Therefore, the given answer "Leukopenia" accurately describes the condition of a marked decrease in leukocytes in the blood.

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  • 44. 

    An abnormal amount of fat in the blood causing the serum to appear milky and cloudy

    Explanation
    Lipemia refers to an abnormal amount of fat in the blood, which leads to the serum appearing milky and cloudy. This condition can occur due to various reasons, such as excessive fat intake, certain medical conditions like hyperlipidemia or pancreatitis, or as a side effect of certain medications. Lipemia can interfere with the accurate measurement of blood components and may indicate an underlying health issue that needs to be addressed.

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  • 45. 

    The metric fluids measure equivalent to 1000milliliters(ml)

    Explanation
    The metric unit of measurement that is equivalent to 1000 milliliters (ml) is a liter.

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