Berkaitan Erat Dengan Virus

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| By Fiska
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Fiska
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Berkaitan Erat Dengan Virus - Quiz

Latihan menjawab soal-soal yang berkaitan erat dengan virus. Pilih jawaban yang paling tepat!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Saintis yang pertama kali melakukan penelitian tentang virus adalah.....

    • A.

      Dimitri Ivanowsky

    • B.

      Martinus Beijerinck

    • C.

      Wendell M Stanley

    • D.

      Adolf Mayer

    • E.

      Karl Johnson

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Adolf Mayer
    E. Karl Johnson
    Explanation
    Adolf Mayer and Karl Johnson were the first scientists to conduct research on viruses. Adolf Mayer, a German scientist, first observed and described the tobacco mosaic disease caused by a virus in 1886. Karl Johnson, an American scientist, independently discovered the virus causing yellow fever in 1901. Their contributions were significant in laying the foundation for the field of virology and understanding the nature of viral infections.

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  • 2. 

    Virus dianggap bukan makhluk hidup, dikarenakan...

    • A.

      Virus merupakan non seluler

    • B.

      Asam nukleat virus tidak dapat mensinteis protein

    • C.

      Virus tidak dapat bereproduksi sendiri

    • D.

      Virus tidak bergerak

    • E.

      Benar semua

    Correct Answer
    E. Benar semua
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Benar semua" which means "All are correct" in English. The question asks for an explanation for this answer. The given options state that viruses are non-cellular, cannot synthesize proteins, cannot reproduce on their own, and do not move. All of these statements are true and provide valid reasons for considering viruses as non-living entities. Therefore, the answer "Benar semua" is correct.

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  • 3. 

    Bagian-bagian berikut yang ditemukan pada semua virus...

    • A.

      DNA, RNA dan protein

    • B.

      Sampul, asam nukleat, dan protein

    • C.

      Protein dan asam nukleat

    • D.

      Lipid, protein, karbohidrat dan asam nukleat

    • E.

      Serat ekor, duri dan sampul

    Correct Answer
    C. Protein dan asam nukleat
    Explanation
    All viruses contain protein and nucleic acid (either DNA or RNA) as their basic components. Protein is essential for the structure and function of the virus, while nucleic acid carries the genetic information of the virus. Other components mentioned in the options, such as lipid, carbohydrate, and tail fiber, may be present in some viruses but are not found in all viruses. Therefore, the correct answer is protein and nucleic acid.

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  • 4. 

    Dibawah ini adalah gambar HIV, bagian a, b,c secara berurutan adalah....

    • A.

      Sampul, kapsid, materi genetik

    • B.

      Sampul, materi genetik, reseptor virus,

    • C.

      Materi genetik, kapsid, reseptor virus

    • D.

      Materi genetik, sampul, kapsid

    • E.

      Materi genetik, kapsid, sampul

    Correct Answer
    E. Materi genetik, kapsid, sampul
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Materi genetik, kapsid, sampul." This is because the genetic material of the HIV virus is located inside the virus particle, followed by a protein coat called the capsid, and finally, an outer envelope or "sampul" that surrounds the virus.

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  • 5. 

    Kalsifikasi virus berdasarkan sel inangKlasifikasi yang benar adalah...

    • A.

      1,2.5

    • B.

      2,3,5

    • C.

      2, 4,5

    • D.

      3, 4, 5

    • E.

      1, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    C. 2, 4,5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2, 4, 5. This is because classification of viruses based on host cells is a common method used in virology. In this classification, viruses are categorized based on the type of host cell they infect. Option 2 includes the numbers 2, 4, and 5, which suggests that the correct answer is 2, 4, 5.

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  • 6. 

    Tahap genom mengambil alih mesin metabolisme ditunjukkan nomor...

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    • E.

      5

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3 because it is indicated that the stage of the genome takes over the metabolic machine.

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  • 7. 

    Tahapan penetrasi ditunjukkan oleh nomor....

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    • E.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 because tahapan penetrasi refers to the stages of penetration, indicating the level of penetration or the progress made in a process. In this case, the number 2 represents a specific stage or level of penetration in the process being discussed.

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  • 8. 

    Yang dimaksud tahap abdsorbsi adalah...

    • A.

      Tahap fage merakit partikel virus

    • B.

      Tahapan fage melepaskan enzim pada dinding sel

    • C.

      Tahapan fage menempel pada dinding sel

    • D.

      Tahapan mengambil alih mesin metabolisme sel

    • E.

      Tahapan partikel virus meninggalkan sel

    Correct Answer
    C. Tahapan fage menempel pada dinding sel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tahapan fage menempel pada dinding sel." This is because the word "menempel" means "to attach" or "to adhere," indicating that the fage stage involves the virus particles attaching themselves to the cell wall. This is a crucial step in the viral life cycle as it allows the virus to gain entry into the host cell and initiate infection.

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  • 9. 

    Urutan replikasi litik bakteriofage yang benar adalah...

    • A.

      Adsorbsi,adsorbsi, pematangan, sintesis, pelepasan

    • B.

      Adsorbsi, penetrasi, pematangan, sintesis, pelepasan

    • C.

      Penetrasi, sintesis, pematangan, adsorbsi, pelepasan

    • D.

      Pelepasan, adsorbsi, penetrasi, sintesis, pematangan

    • E.

      Adsorbsi, penetrasi, sintesis, pematangan, pelepasan

    Correct Answer
    E. Adsorbsi, penetrasi, sintesis, pematangan, pelepasan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Adsorbsi, penetrasi, sintesis, pematangan, pelepasan". This is the correct order of events in the lytic replication cycle of a bacteriophage. Adsorbsi refers to the attachment of the bacteriophage to the host cell. Penetrasi is the entry of the viral genetic material into the host cell. Sintesis involves the replication of the viral genetic material and the production of viral proteins. Pematangan is the assembly of new viral particles. Pelepasan is the release of the newly formed viral particles from the host cell, allowing them to infect other cells.

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  • 10. 

    Pada replikasi bakteriofage, tujuan memasukkan DNA ke dalam sel inang adalah...

    • A.

      Mengeluarkan protoplasma sel inang untuk tempat reproduksi

    • B.

      Mengaktifkan enzim nukleus sel inang

    • C.

      Melumpuhkan sel inang agar tidak bisa bereproduksi

    • D.

      Mengendalikan sintesis protein dan membentuk bagian-bagian tubuhnya

    • E.

      Memacu produksi enzim untuk melisiskan sel inangnya

    Correct Answer
    D. Mengendalikan sintesis protein dan membentuk bagian-bagian tubuhnya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mengendalikan sintesis protein dan membentuk bagian-bagian tubuhnya". In the replication process of bacteriophages, the goal is to control the synthesis of proteins and form the different parts of their bodies. This allows the bacteriophages to reproduce and continue their life cycle.

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  • 11. 

    HIV merupakan salah satu virus yang termasuk retrovirus, dengan bantuan  enzim transkriptase balik dapat mengubah...

    • A.

      RNA-->RNA

    • B.

      DNA -->RNA

    • C.

      RNA -->DNA

    • D.

      Protein-->DNA

    • E.

      RNA--> protein

    Correct Answer
    C. RNA -->DNA
    Explanation
    HIV is a retrovirus that uses the enzyme reverse transcriptase to convert its RNA genome into DNA. This DNA can then be integrated into the host cell's genome, allowing the virus to replicate and produce more viral RNA. Therefore, the correct answer is RNA --> DNA.

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  • 12. 

    Pasangan penyakit dan virus penyebab penyakit yang benar dibawah ini adalah...

    • A.

      Tetelo-RSV

    • B.

      Rabies-Rhabdovirus

    • C.

      Tungro-CPVD

    • D.

      Herpes-varicella zooter virus

    • E.

      Gondong-coronavirus

    Correct Answer
    B. Rabies-Rhabdovirus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rabies-Rhabdovirus. Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system and is caused by the Rhabdovirus. The virus is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals, usually through bites. It affects the brain and spinal cord, leading to symptoms such as fever, headache, and difficulty swallowing. If left untreated, rabies can be fatal.

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  • 13. 

    CPVD adalah penyakit yang biasa terjadi pada tanaman..

    • A.

      Pisang

    • B.

      Tembakau

    • C.

      Padi

    • D.

      Jeruk

    • E.

      Apel

    Correct Answer
    B. Tembakau
    Explanation
    CPVD stands for Cekaman Penyakit Virus Daun, which translates to Leaf Virus Disease Stress in English. CPVD is a common disease that affects tobacco plants. This disease is caused by viral infections and can lead to stunted growth, yellowing of leaves, and reduced yield. It is important for tobacco farmers to be aware of CPVD and take necessary measures to prevent and control the spread of this disease in order to ensure healthy crop production.

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  • 14. 

    Tindakan yang biasa dilakukan untuk mencegah serangan virus adalah....

    • A.

      Gerakan 3M (mengubur, Menguras, Menutup)

    • B.

      Vaksinasi

    • C.

      Pemberian antibioti

    • D.

      Evakuasi

    • E.

      Pengobatan simptomatik

    Correct Answer
    B. Vaksinasi
    Explanation
    Vaksinasi adalah tindakan yang biasa dilakukan untuk mencegah serangan virus. Dengan memberikan vaksin kepada individu, sistem kekebalan tubuh akan mengembangkan kekebalan terhadap virus tertentu, sehingga jika terpapar virus tersebut, individu tersebut akan memiliki perlindungan yang lebih baik dan kemungkinan terkena penyakit akan berkurang. Vaksinasi telah terbukti efektif dalam mencegah penyebaran virus dan mengurangi angka kesakitan dan kematian akibat penyakit yang disebabkan oleh virus tersebut.

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  • 15. 

    Penyakit flu babi disebabkan oleh virus tipe:

    • A.

      H1N1

    • B.

      H3N2

    • C.

      H5N1

    • D.

      H9N2

    • E.

      H5N2

    Correct Answer
    A. H1N1
    Explanation
    The correct answer is H1N1 because the question asks for the type of virus that causes swine flu. H1N1 is a subtype of the influenza A virus that primarily affects pigs but can also infect humans. It caused a global pandemic in 2009, commonly known as the swine flu pandemic. H3N2, H5N1, H9N2, and H5N2 are also subtypes of influenza A virus, but they are not specifically associated with swine flu.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 08, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Fiska
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