# V. Medical Procedures B. Patient Examination & Clinical Skills Review Questions

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Review Questions for patient examination &clinical skills

• 1.

### How quickly will an electronic thermometer measure body temperature?

• A.

7 to 8 minutes

• B.

3 minutes

• C.

2 to 60 seconds

• D.

5 minutes

C. 2 to 60 seconds
Explanation
An electronic thermometer is designed to measure body temperature quickly and accurately. The range of 2 to 60 seconds suggests that the thermometer can provide a reading within this time frame. This range indicates that the measurement can be obtained in as little as 2 seconds or as long as 60 seconds, depending on factors such as the individual's body temperature and the specific model of the thermometer. Therefore, the correct answer is 2 to 60 seconds.

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• 2.

### Which of the following locations is usually used for taking a pulse?

• A.

Apical pulse

• B.

• C.

Brachial pulse

• D.

Explanation
The correct answer is "radical pulse." The radial pulse is usually taken at the wrist, specifically at the radial artery. This location is commonly used because the radial artery is easily accessible and can provide an accurate measurement of the pulse rate.

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• 3.

### What is considered a normal adult pulse rate?

• A.

70-170

• B.

90-130

• C.

70-80

• D.

60-100

D. 60-100
Explanation
A normal adult pulse rate is considered to be between 60 and 100 beats per minute. This range is based on the average pulse rates of healthy adults and is widely accepted as the normal range for resting heart rate. A pulse rate below 60 or above 100 may indicate an abnormality or underlying health condition. It is important to note that individual variations can occur, and factors such as age, fitness level, and overall health can influence a person's pulse rate.

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• 4.

### The radical pulse is located in the:

• A.

Chest

• B.

Neck

• C.

Wrist

• D.

C. Wrist
Explanation
The correct answer is wrist because the pulse can be easily felt in the radial artery, which is located in the wrist. This artery is close to the surface of the skin and can be easily accessed, making it a common site for checking the pulse rate.

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• 5.

### The least reliable measurement of body temperature is:

• A.

Rectal

• B.

Oral

• C.

Axillary

• D.

All are equally reliable

C. Axillary
Explanation
The axillary measurement of body temperature is considered the least reliable because it is taken in the armpit, which is not as accurate as other methods. The axillary method can be affected by external factors such as clothing or ambient temperature, leading to less accurate readings. Rectal and oral measurements are generally more reliable as they are taken internally, providing a closer reflection of core body temperature.

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• 6.

### The most accurate and reliable measurement of body temperature is:

• A.

Rectal

• B.

Oral

• C.

Axillary

• D.

Nasal

A. Rectal
Explanation
Rectal temperature measurement is considered the most accurate and reliable method for determining body temperature. This is because the rectum is close to the body's core, providing a more accurate reflection of internal temperature. Additionally, the rectal thermometer is inserted into the rectum, ensuring a direct and consistent measurement. Oral measurements can be affected by factors such as drinking hot or cold liquids, while axillary (underarm) measurements may not accurately reflect core temperature. Nasal measurements are not commonly used for measuring body temperature.

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• 7.

### What is considered a normal adult respiration per minute?

• A.

14-20

• B.

5-10

• C.

25-30

• D.

A. 14-20
Explanation
The normal adult respiration rate per minute is considered to be between 14 and 20 breaths. This range is based on the average respiratory rate of healthy adults at rest. It indicates the number of breaths taken in one minute, which is an important measurement for assessing respiratory health and function. A respiration rate below or above this range may indicate an underlying health condition or a need for medical attention.

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• 8.

### A respiratory rate greater than 24  per minute is called:

• A.

Apnea

• B.

Hypoventilation

• C.

Tachypnea

• D.

C. Tachypnea
Explanation
Tachypnea refers to a respiratory rate greater than 24 per minute. It is a condition characterized by rapid and shallow breathing. This can be caused by various factors such as anxiety, fever, lung diseases, or metabolic disorders. Tachypnea is the opposite of bradypnea, which is a slow respiratory rate. Apnea refers to the absence of breathing, and hypoventilation refers to inadequate ventilation.

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