Utis And Antibiotic Therapy

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 57

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Antibiotics Quizzes & Trivia

UTIs and antibiotic therapy


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are complicated UTIs?
    • A. 

      Mainly occur in adult non-pregnant women, cleared up with antibiotics

    • B. 

      Associated with anatomical / functional abnormalities which predispose patient to UTIs. Can be difficult to clear up with antibiotics.

    • C. 

      Associated with anatomical / functional abnormalities which predispose patient to UTIs. Are cleared up with antibiotics

    • D. 

      Have a high risk of serious complications and treatment failure

    • E. 

      Usually acute

  • 2. 
    Which virulence factors are associated with more severe infection?
    • A. 

      Type 1 Pilli in E. coli

    • B. 

      Type 2 Pilli in E.coli

    • C. 

      Pyelonephritis associated pilli in E.coli

    • D. 

      Type 1 pilli in coagulase negative staphylococci

    • E. 

      Pyelonephritis associated pilli in enterococci

  • 3. 
    80% of UTIs are caused by?
  • 4. 
    What causes ten percent of Community-acquired UTIs?
    • A. 

      E.coli

    • B. 

      Coagulase negative staphylococci

    • C. 

      Enterococci

    • D. 

      Other gram negative organisms

  • 5. 
    Which of these antibiotics can't be used in pregnant women?
    • A. 

      Cephalexin

    • B. 

      Trimethoprim

    • C. 

      Amoxycillin + clavulanate

    • D. 

      Nitrofurantoin

  • 6. 
    What are amoxycilin and clavulanate?
    • A. 

      A suicide inhibiter which breaks down beta lactam rings and a compound that inhibits protein synthesis

    • B. 

      Two compounds that inhibit nucleic acid synthesis

    • C. 

      Penicillin and a suicide inhibitor which breaks down penicillinase

    • D. 

      A compound to inhibit cell wall synthesis and another to competitively inhibit the PABA protein

  • 7. 
    How do Beta lactam antibiotics work?
    • A. 

      Bind to an inhibit enzymes that catalyse the linkage of peptidoglycan cell walls

    • B. 

      Bind to an inhibit enzymes that catalyse the linkage of lipopolysaccharide cell walls

    • C. 

      Disrupt cell membrane function

    • D. 

      Inhibit protein synthesis

    • E. 

      Competitively inhibit PABA enzymes

  • 8. 
    Which of these antibiotics can be used for treatment of acute cystitis in pregnant women?
    • A. 

      Trimethoprim

    • B. 

      Nitrofurantoin

    • C. 

      Amoxycillin and clavulanate

    • D. 

      Cephalexin

    • E. 

      Streptomycin

  • 9. 
    Where can Beta lactam antibiotics be used?
    • A. 

      Gram positive bacteria, where bacteriostatic drugs have been used.

    • B. 

      Gram positive bacteria, where bacteriostatic drugs are not in use.

    • C. 

      Gram negative bacteria, where bacteriostatic drugs have been used

    • D. 

      Gram positive bacteria, where bacteriostatic drugs are not in use.

    • E. 

      Sensitive bacteria (depending on certain drug), where bacteriostatic drugs are not in use.

  • 10. 
    Which of these antibiotics are Beta Lactam antibiotics?
    • A. 

      Penicillins

    • B. 

      Cephalosporins

    • C. 

      Cephamycins

    • D. 

      Carbapenems

    • E. 

      Monobactams

  • 11. 
    How were extended spectrum penicillins produced?
    • A. 

      Smaller side chains created to allow drugs to pass through the porins in the peptidoglycan layer.

    • B. 

      Altered structure to allow penicillins to attack lipopolysaccharides

    • C. 

      Added compound to attack Beta lactamase enzymes

    • D. 

      Added compound to block cell wall formation

  • 12. 
    Which enzyme conferred resistance against penicillin?
  • 13. 
    Which of these are extended spectrum penicillin?
    • A. 

      Penicillin

    • B. 

      Ampicillin

    • C. 

      Amoxicillin

    • D. 

      Carbonicillin

    • E. 

      Benzyl penicillin

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