US History Final Exam Study Practice 5/31/11 (Part 1)

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US History Final Exam Study Practice 5/31/11


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The "Fighting in the Street" events of 1968 had to do with  

    • A.

      Electricity generation from coal-fired plants, the primary source of CO2 emissions from ..... The largest reductions claimed for 1998 are from these major U.S.

    • B.

      Opposition to the Vietnam War dominated the protests (at least in the United States), they also protested for civil liberties, against racism, for feminism, and the beginnings of the ecological movement can be traced to the protests against biological and nuclear weapons during this year.

    • C.

      In the summer of 1968, Mick Jagger looked with envy across the English Channel, ... summer's here and the time is right for fighting in the street boy

    Correct Answer
    B. Opposition to the Vietnam War dominated the protests (at least in the United States), they also protested for civil liberties, against racism, for feminism, and the beginnings of the ecological movement can be traced to the protests against biological and nuclear weapons during this year.
    Explanation
    The "Fighting in the Street" events of 1968 were primarily driven by opposition to the Vietnam War. However, the protests also encompassed a range of other issues such as civil liberties, racism, feminism, and the ecological movement. The demonstrations against biological and nuclear weapons during this year played a significant role in the emergence of the ecological movement. Mick Jagger's envy of the protests in the United States suggests that the events had a significant impact and were widely recognized.

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  • 2. 

    ___________________ is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions.  

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide generation

    • B.

      Nitrous oxide generation

    • C.

      Electric power generation

    Correct Answer
    C. Electric power generation
    Explanation
    Electric power generation is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. This is because most electricity is generated by burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which release carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases contribute to climate change and global warming. Therefore, the generation of electric power is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions.

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  • 3. 

    _______________ was a major economic problem during the 1970's.  

    • A.

      Reflation

    • B.

      Deflation

    • C.

      Inflation

    Correct Answer
    C. Inflation
    Explanation
    Inflation was a major economic problem during the 1970s. Inflation refers to the general increase in prices of goods and services over time, which reduces the purchasing power of money. During the 1970s, there was a significant rise in inflation rates due to various factors such as increased oil prices, government spending, and wage increases. This led to a decrease in real wages, higher costs of living, and economic instability during that period.

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  • 4. 

     ________________________guarantees all American women the right to vote.    

    • A.

      The 19th Amendment.

    • B.

      The 18th Amendment.

    • C.

      The 15th Amendment.

    Correct Answer
    A. The 19th Amendment.
    Explanation
    The 19th Amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. This amendment, ratified in 1920, prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on sex. It was a significant milestone in the women's suffrage movement and played a crucial role in promoting gender equality and democracy in the United States.

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  • 5. 

    _______________ was hugely important, but it did not end the Great Depression. WW II did.  

    • A.

      The New Deal

    • B.

      Square Deal

    • C.

      Ratification

    Correct Answer
    A. The New Deal
    Explanation
    The New Deal was hugely important in addressing the economic and social challenges of the Great Depression. It implemented various programs and policies aimed at providing relief, recovery, and reform. However, while the New Deal helped to stabilize the economy and provide jobs, it did not fully end the Great Depression. It was ultimately World War II and the subsequent increase in government spending and industrial production that brought the United States out of the Depression.

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  • 6. 

    1950's_________________ rejected what they saw as the materialism of American mainstream society. So did the ______________ of the 1960's.  

    • A.

      Rich, poor

    • B.

      Civil rights ,Hobos

    • C.

      beatniks, hippies

    Correct Answer
    C. beatniks, hippies
    Explanation
    In the 1950s, beatniks rejected what they saw as the materialism of American mainstream society. Similarly, in the 1960s, hippies also rejected the materialistic values of society. Both groups sought to live alternative lifestyles and prioritize non-conformity and spiritual or cultural exploration over material possessions.

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  • 7. 

    By the late 1960's the many people in the African-American civil rights movement had moved away from _________________and adopted a more aggressive attitude.  

    • A.

      Intergration

    • B.

      Violence

    • C.

      Non-violence

    Correct Answer
    C. Non-violence
    Explanation
    By the late 1960s, many people in the African-American civil rights movement had shifted away from non-violence and adopted a more aggressive attitude. This change in approach can be attributed to several factors, including frustration with the slow progress of the movement, the continued prevalence of systemic racism and discrimination, and the influence of more radical leaders like Malcolm X. The shift towards a more confrontational and militant stance was seen as a necessary response to the ongoing injustices faced by African Americans, and a way to demand immediate and tangible change.

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  • 8. 

    _______________ became a major influence on American life during the 1920's.  

    • A.

      TV

    • B.

      Radio

    • C.

      Computers

    Correct Answer
    B. Radio
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the radio became a major influence on American life. Radio broadcasting allowed for the widespread dissemination of news, entertainment, and cultural content, connecting people across the country. It provided a platform for politicians, musicians, and other public figures to reach a large audience and shape public opinion. The radio also played a significant role in advertising, as businesses recognized its potential to reach consumers. Overall, the radio revolutionized communication and entertainment during this time period, making it a major influence on American life.

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  • 9. 

     ___________________lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 ..

    • A.

      The 18th Amendment

    • B.

      The 20th Amendment

    • C.

      The 26th Amendment

    Correct Answer
    C. The 26th Amendment
    Explanation
    The 26th Amendment is the correct answer because it lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. This amendment was ratified in 1971 in response to the Vietnam War, as many argued that if 18-year-olds were old enough to fight and die for their country, they should also have the right to vote. The 26th Amendment was a significant milestone in expanding voting rights and ensuring that more Americans had the opportunity to participate in the democratic process.

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  • 10. 

    _____________________________________(1973), was a landmark controversial decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. ...

    • A.

      Plessy v.Wade Court decision

    • B.

      Brown v. Board of Education Court decision.

    • C.

      The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision. This landmark decision, made in 1973, was highly controversial and addressed the issue of abortion. It established a woman's constitutional right to have an abortion, while also recognizing the state's interest in protecting prenatal life. The ruling has had a significant impact on reproductive rights and has been both praised and criticized since its inception.

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  • 11. 

    ________________ became a major influence on American life during the 1950's.  

    • A.

      Computers

    • B.

      Television

    • C.

      Radios

    Correct Answer
    B. Television
    Explanation
    During the 1950s, television became a major influence on American life. It revolutionized the way people received information and entertainment, providing a visual and audio medium that was easily accessible to households across the country. Television quickly became a central part of American culture, shaping popular trends, influencing consumer behavior, and even impacting political campaigns. The introduction of television brought a new level of connectivity and shared experiences, making it a significant force in shaping American society during that time.

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  • 12. 

    U.S. involvement in __________________ began in the 1940's, was at its peak in the late 1960's, and ended in the 1970's.  

    • A.

      Cuba

    • B.

      Soviet Union

    • C.

      Vietnam

    Correct Answer
    C. Vietnam
    Explanation
    U.S. involvement in Vietnam began in the 1940's, escalated in the late 1960's, and finally ended in the 1970's. This refers to the Vietnam War, where the United States intervened to support South Vietnam against the communist forces of North Vietnam. The U.S. involvement started with providing military advisors and escalated to a full-scale war with ground troops and bombings. However, due to increasing opposition and protests domestically, as well as the failure to achieve military objectives, the U.S. eventually withdrew its forces from Vietnam in the 1970's.

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  • 13. 

    ______________ was a propaganda/ publicity campaign created by the U.S. government. This campaign was created because when men left for war, there were many jobs that needed to be filled. There were also many jobs being created due to increased demand for such products as food, clothing, and ammunition.  

    • A.

      Rosie the Riveter

    • B.

      John Wyane the Cowboy

    • C.

      Flappers in the Roaring 20's

    Correct Answer
    A. Rosie the Riveter
    Explanation
    Rosie the Riveter was a propaganda/publicity campaign created by the U.S. government during World War II. The campaign aimed to encourage women to join the workforce and take on jobs traditionally held by men who had left for war. Rosie the Riveter became a symbol of female empowerment and represented the millions of women who stepped up to fill the labor shortage. The campaign was necessary because there was a high demand for workers in industries such as manufacturing, where products like food, clothing, and ammunition were being produced to support the war effort.

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  • 14. 

    __________ in the 1920s was a term applied to a "new breed" of young Western women who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. Flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sex in a casual manner, smoking, driving automobiles and otherwise flouting social and sexual norms.[1] 

    • A.

      Flopper

    • B.

      Flipper

    • C.

      Flapper

    Correct Answer
    C. Flapper
    Explanation
    In the 1920s, the term "flapper" was applied to a "new breed" of young Western women who defied societal norms. They wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and engaged in behaviors that were considered unacceptable at the time. Flappers were seen as bold and unconventional for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sex casually, smoking, driving automobiles, and generally disregarding social and sexual norms.

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  • 15. 

    ____________________ refers to policies that take factors including "race, color, religion, gender , or national origin"[1] into consideration in order to benefit an underrepresented group, usually as a means to counter the effects of a history of discrimination. The focus of such policies ranges from employment and education to public contracting and health programs. 

    • A.

      Affirmative action

    • B.

      Civil Rights

    • C.

      Fragmentation

    Correct Answer
    A. Affirmative action
    Explanation
    Affirmative action refers to policies that aim to address historical discrimination by considering factors such as race, color, religion, gender, or national origin. These policies are implemented to benefit underrepresented groups and can be applied in various areas such as employment, education, public contracting, and health programs. The purpose of affirmative action is to provide equal opportunities and promote diversity in society.

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  • 16. 

    The _____________ is an unspecified large majority of people in a country or group who do not express their opinions publicly.[1] The term was popularized (though not first used) by U.S. President Richard Nixon in a November 3, 1969, speech in which he said, "And so tonight—to you, the great silent majority of my fellow Americans—I ask for your support."[2] In this usage it referred to those Americans who did not join in the large demonstrations against the Vietnam War at the time, who did not join in the counterculture, and who did not participate in public discourse. Nixon along with many others saw this group of Middle Americans as being overshadowed in the media by the more vocal minority. 

    • A.

      Vocal minority

    • B.

      Silent manority

    • C.

      Silent majority

    Correct Answer
    C. Silent majority
    Explanation
    The term "silent majority" refers to an unspecified large majority of people in a country or group who do not express their opinions publicly. It was popularized by U.S. President Richard Nixon in a speech where he asked for support from the "great silent majority" of his fellow Americans. Nixon used this term to describe those who did not participate in the large demonstrations against the Vietnam War or the counterculture movement and were not actively engaged in public discourse. He believed that this group of Middle Americans was being overshadowed by the more vocal minority in the media.

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  • 17. 

    In 1945 ___________________, Communist leader of Vietnam, asked the U.S. for support in establishing an independent country. (The nerve of that guy!!)  

    • A.

      Chen Jian

    • B.

      Ho Chi Minh

    • C.

      Hoang Van Chi

    Correct Answer
    B. Ho Chi Minh
    Explanation
    Ho Chi Minh was the Communist leader of Vietnam in 1945 who sought support from the U.S. to establish an independent country.

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  • 18. 

    In 1965 a new U.S. _________________ removed many of the restrictions that had been in place since the 1920's.  

    • A.

      Civil law

    • B.

      Immigration law

    • C.

      State law

    Correct Answer
    B. Immigration law
    Explanation
    In 1965, a new U.S. immigration law was introduced, which removed many of the restrictions that had been in place since the 1920s. This suggests that the correct answer is immigration law.

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  • 19. 

    During the Iran / Iraq War of the 1980's, the U.S. gave assistance to Iraq, whose President was  ___________________. (What were we thinking?!?)  

    • A.

      Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat

    • B.

      Ahmed Hassan

    • C.

      Saddam Hussein

    Correct Answer
    C. Saddam Hussein
    Explanation
    During the Iran/Iraq War of the 1980s, the U.S. provided assistance to Iraq, which was led by Saddam Hussein. This decision was made based on geopolitical considerations and the desire to counter the influence of Iran, which was seen as a regional threat. The U.S. believed that supporting Iraq would help maintain stability in the region and prevent Iran from gaining further power. However, this decision later proved to be controversial and led to negative consequences, such as the arming of Iraq and the eventual Gulf War.

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  • 20. 

    The __________________ was a major cause of U.S. economic trouble in the 1970's.  

    • A.

      OPEC oil embargo of 1973

    • B.

      OTEG oil embargo of 1973

    • C.

      CEPO oil embargo of 1973

    Correct Answer
    A. OPEC oil embargo of 1973
    Explanation
    The OPEC oil embargo of 1973 caused major economic trouble in the United States in the 1970s. The embargo was a decision made by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to stop exporting oil to countries that supported Israel during the Yom Kippur War. This led to a significant increase in oil prices and a shortage of oil in the United States. The embargo resulted in high inflation, unemployment, and a recession in the U.S. economy.

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  • 21. 

    During the 1980's the percentage of Americans in the middle class _________________.  

    • A.

      Stayed the same

    • B.

      Fell

    • C.

      Rose

    Correct Answer
    B. Fell
    Explanation
    During the 1980s, the percentage of Americans in the middle class fell. This means that there was a decrease in the proportion of Americans who were considered to be in the middle class during that time period.

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  • 22. 

    During the 1980's the total debt of the U.S. Government rose by over ________________.  

    • A.

      Dropped by over 300%

    • B.

      Rose by over 300%

    • C.

      Stayed constant

    Correct Answer
    B. Rose by over 300%
    Explanation
    During the 1980's, the total debt of the U.S. Government increased by over 300%. This means that the debt level more than tripled during that decade.

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  • 23. 

    Increasing use of computers in the 1980's_________________business productivity.  

    • A.

      Increased

    • B.

      Decreased

    • C.

      Made it constant

    Correct Answer
    A. Increased
    Explanation
    The increasing use of computers in the 1980s had a positive impact on business productivity. This suggests that the use of computers resulted in an improvement in the efficiency and effectiveness of business operations during this time period.

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  • 24. 

    One of the trends in popular culture since the 1970's has been___________________ into different segments (niches) such as rap, country, rock, disco, etc.  

    • A.

      Internal fragmentation

    • B.

      Fragmentation

    • C.

      Data fragmentation

    Correct Answer
    B. Fragmentation
    Explanation
    The term "fragmentation" refers to the process of dividing or breaking something into smaller parts or segments. In the context of the question, it is referring to the trend in popular culture since the 1970s where different genres of music, such as rap, country, rock, disco, etc., have emerged and gained popularity. This fragmentation of music into different segments or niches has been a notable trend in popular culture.

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  • 25. 

    While _________________ was President, U.S. involvement in Vietnam increased significantly.  

    • A.

      George W. Bush

    • B.

      Bill Clinton

    • C.

      John F. Kennedy

    Correct Answer
    C. John F. Kennedy
    Explanation
    During John F. Kennedy's presidency, U.S. involvement in Vietnam escalated. Kennedy increased the number of military advisors in Vietnam and authorized covert operations against the communist forces. He also supported the overthrow of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem, which further deepened U.S. involvement in the conflict. Kennedy's policies laid the groundwork for the full-scale American military intervention in Vietnam that would occur under his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson.

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  • 26. 

    The trend toward ________________________ in the U.S. began in the 1950's.  

    • A.

      Suburbanization

    • B.

      Rural living

    • C.

      Farming

    Correct Answer
    A. Suburbanization
    Explanation
    The trend toward suburbanization in the U.S. began in the 1950s. This refers to the movement of people from urban areas to the suburbs, which are typically residential areas located on the outskirts of cities. This trend was driven by factors such as increased car ownership, the availability of affordable housing, and the desire for a quieter and more spacious lifestyle. Suburbanization had a significant impact on the development of American cities and led to the growth of suburban communities and the expansion of infrastructure to support them.

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  • 27. 

    When supply-side economic policies were started under President Reagan, income inequality in the U.S. __________________.  

    • A.

      Stayed the same

    • B.

      Increased

    • C.

      Decreased

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased
    Explanation
    The correct answer is increased. When supply-side economic policies were started under President Reagan, income inequality in the U.S. increased. These policies, also known as "Reaganomics," aimed to stimulate economic growth by reducing taxes and regulations on businesses. However, the benefits of these policies primarily went to the wealthy, leading to a widening wealth gap and increased income inequality.

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  • 28. 

    _____________________ of the 1930's was the most serious economic trouble in U.S. history. 

    • A.

      Consumerism

    • B.

      The Great Depression

    • C.

      Economic stimulus

    Correct Answer
    B. The Great Depression
    Explanation
    The Great Depression of the 1930s refers to a severe worldwide economic downturn that began in the United States and had a significant impact on various countries. It was characterized by high unemployment rates, a decline in production and trade, and a general decrease in economic activity. The Great Depression is considered the most serious economic trouble in U.S. history due to its long-lasting and widespread effects on the economy, society, and individuals.

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  • 29. 

    ______________________________ is an intense ongoing debate  

    • A.

      Judicial activism

    • B.

      Constitutional violation

    • C.

      Public policy

    Correct Answer
    A. Judicial activism
    Explanation
    Judicial activism refers to the tendency of judges to interpret the law in a way that promotes social change and addresses societal issues. It involves judges taking an active role in shaping public policy and making decisions that go beyond the strict interpretation of the constitution. This concept has sparked an ongoing debate as some argue that it allows judges to overstep their boundaries and infringe upon the powers of the legislative and executive branches, while others believe it is necessary for the judiciary to play a proactive role in safeguarding individual rights and promoting justice.

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  • 30. 

    ____________________ is also called the European Recovery Plan. It was enacted by the US in 1947 as a way to help rebuild Europe after World War II.   

    • A.

      The Bush Plan

    • B.

      The Sidney Plan

    • C.

      The Marshall Plan

    Correct Answer
    C. The Marshall Plan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan was enacted by the US in 1947 as a way to help rebuild Europe after World War II. It provided financial aid and resources to European countries to assist in their recovery and promote economic stability. The plan was named after US Secretary of State George C. Marshall, who proposed the initiative.

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  • 31. 

    One of ____________________ big achievements as president was to reassure the American people that we could get through the Great Depression.  

    • A.

      Harry S. Truman

    • B.

      Herbert Hoover

    • C.

      Franklin Roosevelt's

    Correct Answer
    C. Franklin Roosevelt's
    Explanation
    Franklin Roosevelt's big achievement as president was to reassure the American people that we could get through the Great Depression.

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  • 32. 

    Richard Nixon resigned because of the Watergate scandal.  

    • A.

      Richard Nixon

    • B.

      Bill Clinton

    • C.

      Ronald Reagan

    Correct Answer
    A. Richard Nixon
    Explanation
    Richard Nixon resigned because of the Watergate scandal. The Watergate scandal was a political scandal in the United States during the early 1970s. It involved a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters and subsequent cover-up attempts by the Nixon administration. The scandal led to widespread public distrust in the government and calls for Nixon's impeachment. Faced with the threat of impeachment, Nixon chose to resign from the presidency in 1974.

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  • 33. 

    One of the major goals of the conservative movement that got started in the late 1960's was to reduce the size of_____________.  

    • A.

      Unemployment

    • B.

      School classes

    • C.

      Government

    Correct Answer
    C. Government
    Explanation
    The conservative movement that emerged in the late 1960s aimed to decrease the size of the government. This goal was driven by a belief in limited government intervention and a preference for individual freedoms and free markets. Conservatives sought to reduce government control and regulations in various sectors, including the economy, education, and social policies. By advocating for smaller government, conservatives aimed to empower individuals and promote personal responsibility and self-reliance.

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  • 34. 

    The period between the end of World War II and the early 1970's was a period of phenomenal,  _________________ growth for the U.S. economy.  

    • A.

      High-inflation

    • B.

      Low-inflation

    • C.

      No-inflation

    Correct Answer
    B. Low-inflation
    Explanation
    During the period between the end of World War II and the early 1970s, the U.S. economy experienced a period of phenomenal growth. This growth was characterized by low inflation, meaning that there was a relatively stable and controlled increase in prices during this time. Low inflation allowed for increased consumer purchasing power and investment, which contributed to the overall economic expansion.

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  • 35. 

    During World War II the U.S. and the Soviet Union were ________________.  

    • A.

      Allies

    • B.

      Enemies

    • C.

      Neutral

    Correct Answer
    A. Allies
    Explanation
    During World War II, the U.S. and the Soviet Union were allies. This means that they were on the same side and worked together to fight against a common enemy. Despite their ideological differences, they formed a strategic alliance in order to defeat the Axis powers. This alliance was crucial in shaping the outcome of the war and ultimately led to the defeat of Nazi Germany and its allies.

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  • 36. 

    Japanese-Americans were sent to ____________________during World War II. 

    • A.

      Japan

    • B.

      Internment camps

    • C.

      College for free

    Correct Answer
    B. Internment camps
    Explanation
    During World War II, Japanese-Americans were sent to internment camps. This was a result of the fear and prejudice towards individuals of Japanese descent following the attack on Pearl Harbor. The internment camps were established by the U.S. government and were meant to isolate and control the Japanese-American population, despite the fact that the majority of them were American citizens. This action was widely criticized as a violation of civil liberties and a reflection of racial discrimination.

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  • 37. 

    During the 1970's, a population shift began in the U.S. with moving people moving from the  _________________________________________________________________.  

    • A.

      North and East (the so-called Rust Belt) to the South and West (the so-called Sun Belt).

    • B.

      North and South (the so-called Moon Belt) to theEast and West (the so-called Earth Belt).

    • C.

      North and West (the so-called Iron Belt) to the South and East (the so-called Jupiter Belt).

    Correct Answer
    A. North and East (the so-called Rust Belt) to the South and West (the so-called Sun Belt).
    Explanation
    During the 1970s, there was a population shift in the U.S. where people started moving from the North and East (known as the Rust Belt) to the South and West (known as the Sun Belt). This shift was likely due to various factors such as job opportunities, better weather conditions, and a lower cost of living in the Sun Belt region. The Rust Belt, which was traditionally known for its manufacturing industries, experienced economic decline during this time, leading people to seek better prospects in the Sun Belt.

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  • 38. 

    Major Cold War events during Kennedy's presidency.  

    • A.

      Peace Corps

    • B.

      Cuban Missile Crisis or the Bay of Pigs

    • C.

      "The Fog of War"

    Correct Answer
    B. Cuban Missile Crisis or the Bay of Pigs
    Explanation
    During Kennedy's presidency, two major Cold War events occurred: the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Bay of Pigs. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a tense standoff between the United States and the Soviet Union, as the Soviets attempted to place nuclear missiles in Cuba. This event brought the world to the brink of nuclear war. The Bay of Pigs was a failed attempt by the United States to overthrow the Cuban government led by Fidel Castro. Both events were significant in shaping the Cold War dynamics and had a lasting impact on international relations.

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  • 39. 

    ___________________________________________, case decided in 1978 by the U.S. Supreme Court. The Court held in a closely divided decision that race could be one of the factors considered in choosing a diverse student body in university admissions decisions. The Court also held, however, that the use of quotas in such affirmative action programs was not permissible; thus the Univ. of California, Davis, medical school had, by maintaining a 16% minority quota, discriminated againsta white applicant. The legal implications of the decision were clouded by the Court's division. Bakke had twice been rejected by the medical school, even though he had a higher grade point average than a number of minority candidates who were admitted. As a result of the decision, the white student was admitted to the medical school and graduated in 1982.    

    • A.

      Plessy v.Wade Court decision

    • B.

      Brown v. Board of Education Court decision

    • C.

      Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

    Correct Answer
    C. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. This case, decided in 1978 by the U.S. Supreme Court, established that race could be considered as a factor in university admissions decisions to promote diversity. However, the Court also ruled that the use of quotas in affirmative action programs was not permissible. In this specific case, the University of California, Davis, medical school had a 16% minority quota, which was deemed discriminatory against a white applicant, Allan Bakke. As a result of the decision, Bakke was admitted to the medical school and graduated in 1982.

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  • 40. 

    President Carter's biggest problems during the 1980 election campaign was the ________________.  

    • A.

      Economy

    • B.

      Education

    • C.

      Race relations

    Correct Answer
    A. Economy
    Explanation
    President Carter's biggest problems during the 1980 election campaign was the economy. This means that the state of the economy was a major concern or issue for President Carter during his campaign. It suggests that the economy was a significant factor that influenced the public's perception of his presidency and may have contributed to his electoral defeat.

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  • 41. 

    In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the U.S. Supreme Court decided that a Louisiana law mandating separate but equal accommodations for blacks and whites on intrastate railroads was constitutional.  

    • A.

      Plessy v.Wade Court 1788

    • B.

      Brown v. Board of Education1954

    • C.

      Plessy v. Ferguson (1896),

    Correct Answer
    C. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896),
    Explanation
    In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the U.S. Supreme Court determined that a Louisiana law requiring racial segregation on intrastate railroads was constitutional as long as the accommodations provided for both races were equal. This decision established the "separate but equal" doctrine, which allowed for racial segregation in various public facilities and institutions. This ruling had significant implications for the civil rights movement and was later overturned by the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.

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  • 42. 

    __________________the relaxation of strained relations or tensions (as between nations) .

    • A.

      Fragmentation

    • B.

      Allies

    • C.

      Detente

    Correct Answer
    C. Detente
    Explanation
    Detente refers to the relaxation of strained relations or tensions between nations. It is a term commonly used in international relations to describe a period of reduced hostility and improved diplomatic relations. During detente, countries may engage in negotiations, sign treaties, and cooperate on various issues, leading to a more peaceful and stable international environment. This term is often used to describe specific historical periods, such as the detente between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

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  • 43. 

    Nixon tried to attract Southern conservative Democrats by appealing to their unhappiness with federal desegregation policies and a liberal Supreme Court.  

    • A.

      Nixon's "Southern Strategy"

    • B.

      Nixon's "Northern Strategy"

    • C.

      Nixon's "Election Strategy"

    Correct Answer
    A. Nixon's "Southern Strategy"
    Explanation
    During his campaign, Nixon implemented a strategy known as the "Southern Strategy" to gain support from conservative Democrats in the South. He recognized the unhappiness of these voters with federal desegregation policies and a liberal Supreme Court, and he strategically appealed to their concerns. By doing so, Nixon aimed to secure their votes and strengthen his chances of winning the election. This strategy played a significant role in Nixon's electoral success and helped him establish a strong base of support in the South.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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    Verdun
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