Trivia Quiz On Urban Designing And Site Planning

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Trivia Quiz On Urban Designing And Site Planning - Quiz

Trivia Quiz on Urban Designing and Site Planning. When it comes to building in the urban areas, most places have a rule about what should be included in all the buildings in the town or city and materials to be used. As an architect, how much do you know about building in urban areas? Take up this quiz to refresh your memory!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Natural factors that affect the development and growth of urban areas except one.

    • A.

      Flood prone area

    • B.

      River and canals

    • C.

      Skyscrapers

    • D.

      Mountains

    Correct Answer
    C. Skyscrapers
    Explanation
    Skyscrapers are not a natural factor that affects the development and growth of urban areas. Natural factors refer to elements that occur naturally in the environment, such as rivers, canals, mountains, and flood-prone areas. Skyscrapers, on the other hand, are man-made structures and are not influenced by natural processes. While skyscrapers may contribute to the development and growth of urban areas in terms of infrastructure and economic activity, they are not considered a natural factor.

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  • 2. 

    Innovations that influence the development of early cities. a. the plow and rectilinear farming b. divisions of rooms c. circular fencing d. radiocentric planning

    • A.

      A-b-c

    • B.

      A-b-d

    • C.

      B-c-d

    • D.

      A-c-d

    Correct Answer
    D. A-c-d
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a-c-d. The plow and rectilinear farming, circular fencing, and radiocentric planning were all innovations that influenced the development of early cities. The plow and rectilinear farming allowed for more efficient agriculture, leading to surplus food production and the ability to support larger populations. Circular fencing helped to protect settlements and control access. Radiocentric planning involved organizing the city around a central point, allowing for better organization and ease of movement.

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  • 3. 

    Known to be the first documented city with streets, located in Cyprus.

    • A.

      Chirokoitia

    • B.

      Khirokitia

    • C.

      Kharokitia

    • D.

      Chirokitia

    Correct Answer
    B. Khirokitia
    Explanation
    Khirokitia is known to be the first documented city with streets, located in Cyprus.

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  • 4. 

    What city that known to be existed in Israel at around 9000 BC and enclosed with circular stone wall.

    • A.

      Jericho

    • B.

      Jeremiah

    • C.

      Judea

    • D.

      Jerusalem

    Correct Answer
    A. Jericho
    Explanation
    Jericho is the correct answer because it is a city that is known to have existed in Israel around 9000 BC. It is also known for its circular stone wall, which is one of the oldest known fortifications in the world. Jericho's archaeological remains provide evidence of early human settlement and its strategic location made it an important city in ancient times.

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  • 5. 

    Catalhoyuk was situated at what country today?

    • A.

      Cyprus

    • B.

      Turkey

    • C.

      Syria

    • D.

      Israel

    Correct Answer
    B. Turkey
    Explanation
    Catalhoyuk was an ancient Neolithic settlement located in what is now modern-day Turkey. It was one of the largest and most important settlements of its time, dating back to around 7500 BCE. The site is known for its well-preserved houses and intricate wall paintings, providing valuable insights into the daily life and culture of the Neolithic period. The correct answer is Turkey.

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  • 6. 

    At 3000-4000BC, what is the oldest city?

    • A.

      City of Eridu

    • B.

      City of Damascus

    • C.

      Babylon

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. City of Eridu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the City of Eridu. Eridu is considered to be the oldest city in the world, with its origins dating back to around 5400 BC. It was located in ancient Mesopotamia, in what is now modern-day Iraq. Eridu was an important center of culture, religion, and trade in ancient times, and it is believed to have been the first city to have a temple dedicated to a deity. The city's longevity and significance in early human civilization make it the oldest city among the options listed.

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  • 7. 

    The oldest continually inhabited city and was recorded around 3000 - 4000 BC.

    • A.

      City of Damascus

    • B.

      City of Cebu

    • C.

      City of Jerusalem

    • D.

      City of Greece

    Correct Answer
    A. City of Damascus
    Explanation
    The city of Damascus is the correct answer because it is widely recognized as one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. It has a recorded history that dates back to around 3000 - 4000 BC, making it a city with a rich and ancient heritage.

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  • 8. 

    Babylon was located at?

    • A.

      Indus Valley

    • B.

      Mesopotamia

    • C.

      Mesoamerica

    • D.

      Nile Valley

    Correct Answer
    B. Mesopotamia
    Explanation
    Babylon was located in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia, also known as the "land between the rivers," was a historical region located in the eastern Mediterranean, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Babylon, one of the most famous cities in ancient Mesopotamia, was the capital of the Babylonian Empire and a major cultural and political center in the region. It was known for its advanced civilization, impressive architecture, and the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon.

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  • 9. 

    What civilization who had the following: - no need for defensive walls due to its geographical location. - no zoning, no defined blocks for housing. - dependence on Nile river - fascinated with after life.

    • A.

      Roman Civilization

    • B.

      Egyptian Civilization

    • C.

      Greek Civilization

    • D.

      Aegean Civilization

    Correct Answer
    B. Egyptian Civilization
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Egyptian Civilization. The Egyptian civilization did not need defensive walls because its geographical location provided natural barriers like deserts and the Nile River. They did not have zoning or defined blocks for housing as their cities were more organic in nature. The Nile River was crucial for their agriculture and overall survival. The Egyptians were known for their fascination with the afterlife, as seen in their elaborate burial practices and the construction of pyramids and tombs.

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  • 10. 

    Egyptian Civilization was found to be around?

    • A.

      1000 BC

    • B.

      5000 BC

    • C.

      3000 BC

    • D.

      4500 BC

    Correct Answer
    C. 3000 BC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3000 BC. This is because archaeological evidence suggests that the Egyptian civilization emerged around this time. The ancient Egyptians developed a sophisticated culture, including hieroglyphic writing, complex religious beliefs, and monumental architecture such as the pyramids. The period from 3000 BC onwards is known as the Early Dynastic Period, when the first pharaohs ruled over a united Egypt.

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  • 11. 

    Thebes and Memphis were Jordan cities characterized by monumental architecture popularly symbolized by the pyramids.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Egyptian CIties

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  • 12. 

    Way back 2500 BC, Pakistan was known as Indus Valley.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Pakistan was indeed known as the Indus Valley during 2500 BC. The Indus Valley Civilization, one of the oldest urban civilizations in history, flourished in the region that is now modern-day Pakistan. The civilization was named after the Indus River, which flows through the area. The Indus Valley Civilization was known for its advanced urban planning, sophisticated drainage systems, and intricate pottery and jewelry. Archaeological excavations have provided evidence of the existence of this ancient civilization, further confirming the accuracy of the statement.

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  • 13. 

    Mohenjo-Daro was administrative religious center with 40,000 inhabitants.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mohenjo-Daro was indeed an administrative and religious center with a population of around 40,000 inhabitants. This ancient city, located in present-day Pakistan, was one of the largest settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization. The layout of the city, with its well-planned streets, advanced drainage system, and numerous public buildings, suggests a centralized authority and administrative organization. Additionally, the presence of large structures like the Great Bath and the Great Granary indicates the city's significance as a religious center. Therefore, the statement "Mohenjo-Daro was an administrative religious center with 40,000 inhabitants" is true.

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  • 14. 

    Early settlement in Cyprus at around 5,500 BC. 

    • A.

      Jericho

    • B.

      Khirokitia

    • C.

      Catalhoyuk

    • D.

      Damascus

    Correct Answer
    B. Khirokitia
    Explanation
    Khirokitia is the correct answer because it is an early settlement in Cyprus that dates back to around 5,500 BC. This archaeological site is known for its well-preserved stone houses and evidence of a complex social structure. The other options, Jericho, Catalhoyuk, and Damascus, are also ancient settlements but they are not located in Cyprus and therefore not relevant to the given information.

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  • 15. 

    Catalhuyok was an early settlement at around 7,000 BC. It was situated in what country today?  

    • A.

      Turkey

    • B.

      Pakistan

    • C.

      Cyprus

    • D.

      Germany

    Correct Answer
    A. Turkey
    Explanation
    Catalhuyok was an early settlement that existed around 7,000 BC. Based on this information, we can determine that it was situated in what is now Turkey.

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  • 16. 

    Catalhoyuk was the largest Neolithic city with how many hectare of land and population.

    • A.

      10 hectares - 5,000 population

    • B.

      13 hectares - 10,000 population

    • C.

      12 hectares - 10,000 population

    • D.

      15 hectares - 13,000 population

    Correct Answer
    B. 13 hectares - 10,000 population
    Explanation
    Catalhoyuk was the largest Neolithic city with 13 hectares of land and a population of 10,000.

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  • 17. 

    Indus Valley (present day Pakistan) and Mohenjo-Daro were present at this period.

    • A.

      3000 BC

    • B.

      3000 AD

    • C.

      2000 BC

    • D.

      2500 BC

    Correct Answer
    D. 2500 BC
    Explanation
    Indus Valley and Mohenjo-Daro were both ancient civilizations that existed during the Bronze Age. They were located in present-day Pakistan and are known for their advanced urban planning, sophisticated drainage systems, and well-organized cities. The period in which these civilizations flourished is estimated to be around 2500 BC, making it the most logical answer. The other options either fall outside of this time frame or are too far in the future.

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  • 18. 

    In 1900 BC Yellow River Valley was the precursor of Linear City of what country today?

    • A.

      Iraq (Mesopotamia - fertile crescent in the past)

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      Egypt

    • D.

      Turkey

    Correct Answer
    B. China
    Explanation
    The correct answer is China because the Yellow River Valley, which existed in 1900 BC, is located in China. The Yellow River Valley is considered to be the birthplace of Chinese civilization and was the precursor to the development of the Linear City in China.

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  • 19. 

    Largest City of the Yellow River Valley.

    • A.

      Anyang

    • B.

      Yenyang

    • C.

      Longyang

    • D.

      Qingtong

    Correct Answer
    A. Anyang
    Explanation
    Anyang is the correct answer because it is the largest city in the Yellow River Valley. The Yellow River Valley is an important region in China, known for its rich history and cultural significance. Anyang, located in the Henan province, is home to numerous historical sites and artifacts, including the ruins of the ancient city of Yin, which was the capital of the Shang Dynasty. Its size and historical importance make Anyang the largest city in the Yellow River Valley.

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  • 20. 

    This city was founded 800BC in approximately same location as it is in today.

    • A.

      Beijing

    • B.

      Shanghai

    • C.

      Cairo

    • D.

      Intanbul

    Correct Answer
    A. Beijing
    Explanation
    Beijing is the correct answer because it was founded in 800 BC and is still located in approximately the same location as it was then. This suggests that the city has a long history and has remained in the same general area for centuries.

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  • 21. 

    Greek first cities were created at this period.

    • A.

      700BC

    • B.

      500BC

    • C.

      10 AD

    • D.

      400 BC

    Correct Answer
    A. 700BC
    Explanation
    Sparta and Athens were the largest cities at that time.

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  • 22. 

    Polis defined as?

    • A.

      Country-state

    • B.

      County-state

    • C.

      City-state

    • D.

      Provincial-state

    Correct Answer
    C. City-state
    Explanation
    most famous was the Acropolis - a religious and defensive structure up on the hills, with no definite geometric plan.

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  • 23. 

    Neopolis means?

    • A.

      Last city

    • B.

      Great city

    • C.

      New city

    • D.

      Ruined city

    Correct Answer
    C. New city
    Explanation
    Neopolis means "new city". This is derived from the Greek words "neo" meaning new and "polis" meaning city. Neopolis refers to a newly established or recently built city.

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  • 24. 

    Paleopolis means?

    • A.

      Old city

    • B.

      Great city

    • C.

      Growing city

    • D.

      Abandoned city

    Correct Answer
    A. Old city
    Explanation
    A Neopolis (new city) become a Paleopolis once another new city was built.

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  • 25. 

    The City of Miletus 450-400BC, regarded as the first_______city.

    • A.

      Abandoned city

    • B.

      Ruined city

    • C.

      Planned city

    • D.

      Created city

    Correct Answer
    C. Planned city
    Explanation
    3 section of Miletus - for artisans, farmers, and the military.

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  • 26. 

    The first noted urban planner. Introduced the grid system and the Agora (public market place).

    • A.

      Julius

    • B.

      Hippodamus

    • C.

      Amenhotep

    • D.

      Burnham

    Correct Answer
    B. Hippodamus
    Explanation
    Hippodamus is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the first noted urban planner. He is known for introducing the grid system, which became a fundamental principle in urban planning. Additionally, he is credited with designing the Agora, a public market place that served as a central gathering space in ancient Greek cities.

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  • 27. 

    Adopted Greek forms but with different scale - monumental and had a social hierarchy.

    • A.

      Egyptian Cities

    • B.

      European Cities

    • C.

      Roman Cities

    • D.

      Mesopotamian Cities

    Correct Answer
    C. Roman Cities
    Explanation
    Roman cities adopted Greek forms of architecture and urban planning, but they had their own unique characteristics. One of the key differences was the scale of Roman cities, which were often much larger and more monumental than their Greek counterparts. Roman cities also had a well-defined social hierarchy, with distinct areas for different classes of people. This can be seen in the layout of Roman cities, with grand public buildings and temples at the center, surrounded by residential areas and commercial districts. Overall, Roman cities combined elements of Greek architecture with their own innovations to create a distinct urban landscape.

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  • 28. 

    Focal point of Roman city planning.

    • A.

      Temples

    • B.

      Forums

    • C.

      Statues

    • D.

      Church

    Correct Answer
    B. Forums
    Explanation
    In Roman city planning, forums were the focal point. Forums were open public spaces that served as the center of civic life, where people gathered for social, political, and commercial activities. They were typically surrounded by important buildings like temples, government buildings, and markets. While temples were significant structures within Roman cities, they were just one component of the larger forum complex. Statues and churches were not typically central to Roman city planning.

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  • 29. 

    Romans known as _________________ because they built aqueducts, public baths, utility systems, fountains, etc.

    • A.

      Artist

    • B.

      Architect

    • C.

      Sculptor

    • D.

      Engineers

    Correct Answer
    D. Engineers
    Explanation
    The Romans are known as engineers because they were skilled in designing and constructing various structures and systems such as aqueducts, public baths, utility systems, and fountains. Their expertise in engineering allowed them to create impressive and functional infrastructure that still stands today as a testament to their ingenuity and advanced engineering techniques.

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  • 30. 

    In Roman Classical cities - it was a covered markets; law courts

    • A.

      Basilica

    • B.

      Curia

    • C.

      Domus

    • D.

      Insulae

    Correct Answer
    A. Basilica
    Explanation
    Curia - local meeting hall; capitol
    Domus - traditional Roman house
    Insulae - 3-6 storey apartments

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  • 31. 

    In Roman Classical cities - the local meeting hall; the capitol

    • A.

      Basilica

    • B.

      Curia

    • C.

      Domus

    • D.

      Insulae

    Correct Answer
    B. Curia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Curia. In Roman Classical cities, the Curia was the local meeting hall and also served as the capitol. It was a place where the city council would meet and make decisions regarding the governance of the city. The Curia was an important political and administrative building in ancient Rome, and its design and architecture varied across different cities.

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  • 32. 

    In Roman Classical cities - traditional Roman house; with central atrium

    • A.

      Basilica

    • B.

      Curia

    • C.

      Domus

    • D.

      Insulae

    Correct Answer
    C. Domus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Domus." In Roman Classical cities, a domus refers to a traditional Roman house with a central atrium. This type of house was typically owned by the upper class and consisted of multiple rooms surrounding the central courtyard. The atrium served as a focal point for social gatherings and provided natural light and ventilation to the interior of the house. The domus was a symbol of wealth and status in ancient Rome.

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  • 33. 

    In Roman Classical cities - 3 to 6 storey apartments with storefronts.

    • A.

      Basilica

    • B.

      Curia

    • C.

      Domus

    • D.

      Insulae

    Correct Answer
    D. Insulae
    Explanation
    Insulae is the correct answer because in Roman Classical cities, Insulae refers to the multi-storey apartment buildings with storefronts on the ground floor. These buildings were typically occupied by lower-class residents and had shops or businesses on the lower levels while the upper levels served as residential spaces. The term "Insulae" literally means "island" in Latin, indicating the isolated nature of these buildings within the cityscape.

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  • 34. 

    What period does Feudalism, Mechantilist cities and the rise of church as a main urban design component.

    • A.

      Roman Classical Period

    • B.

      Medieval Period

    • C.

      Greek Period

    • D.

      Renaissance Period

    Correct Answer
    B. Medieval Period
    Explanation
    During the Medieval Period, Feudalism was the dominant social and economic system, characterized by the exchange of land for loyalty and military service. Merchantilist cities began to emerge as centers of trade and commerce, contributing to the growth of urban areas. Additionally, the Church gained significant influence during this time, becoming a central component in urban design with the construction of grand cathedrals and religious buildings. Therefore, the correct answer is the Medieval Period.

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  • 35. 

    Renaissance and Baroque periods was present during on what century?

    • A.

      15th

    • B.

      12th

    • C.

      17th

    • D.

      10th

    Correct Answer
    A. 15th
    Explanation
    The Renaissance and Baroque periods were present during the 15th century. These periods were characterized by a revival of interest in classical art, literature, and learning, as well as a focus on humanism and individualism. The 15th century saw the rise of influential artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who made significant contributions to the artistic and cultural movements of the time. The Baroque period, which followed the Renaissance, was known for its elaborate and ornamental style in art and music.

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  • 36. 

    This was the ideal city planning on what period. 

    • A.

      Medieval Period

    • B.

      Renaissance and Baroque Periods

    • C.

      Industrial Revolution Period

    • D.

      Contemporary Period

    Correct Answer
    B. Renaissance and Baroque Periods
    Explanation
    This was also the Rebirth of classical towns; piazza planning in Venice; grandeur in civic structure and public spaces; streets were wide regular and circumferential with the piazza at the center, as in Italy.

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  • 37. 

    These cities was taken after the military town(boug) and citizen's town(fauborg) of the medieval ages. The towns did not have any regular street form.

    • A.

      Medieval rectilinear City

    • B.

      Medieval radial City

    • C.

      Medieval organic City

    • D.

      Medieval irregular City

    Correct Answer
    C. Medieval organic City
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Medieval organic City. This is because the given information states that the towns did not have any regular street form, suggesting that the layout of the cities was more organic and irregular in nature.

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  • 38. 

    These were new towns placed in previously unsettled areas. Most of it injoyed locations in river valleys and were built in regular grid like or radial form around them.

    • A.

      Medieval Bastide

    • B.

      Medieval Organic City

    • C.

      Rectilinear City

    • D.

      Radiating Towns

    Correct Answer
    A. Medieval Bastide
    Explanation
    Bastides are fortified new towns.

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  • 39. 

    Built from King Philip II's city guidelines that produced 3 types of towns.

    • A.

      The Spanish Beautiful Town

    • B.

      Spanish-American Town

    • C.

      Spanish Law of Indies Town

    • D.

      The Indu-Spanish Town

    Correct Answer
    C. Spanish Law of Indies Town
    Explanation
    3 types of Town: the Pueblo (civil), the presidio (military), and the mission (religious)

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  • 40. 

    The English Renaissance "the European Planned City" Charleston in South Carolina adn Savannah in Georgia that became ports of the Southeast coast was designed by?

    • A.

      King Philip II

    • B.

      James Oglethorpe

    • C.

      Daniel Burnham

    • D.

      Gov. Col. Francis Nicholson

    Correct Answer
    B. James Oglethorpe
    Explanation
    James Oglethorpe is the correct answer because he was the founder of the colony of Georgia, which included the planned city of Savannah. Oglethorpe envisioned Georgia as a utopian society and planned the city with a grid pattern and public squares. He wanted it to be a haven for debtors and a buffer between the Spanish colonies in Florida and the British colonies further north. Oglethorpe's design for Savannah influenced future city planning in the region and is considered an important example of the European planned city in the English Renaissance.

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  • 41. 

    Annapolis and Williamburg were the European Planned City during the English Renaissance designed by territorial Governor Col. Francis Nicholson.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Annapolis and Williamsburg were indeed European Planned Cities during the English Renaissance. They were designed by territorial Governor Col. Francis Nicholson, who played a significant role in their development. These cities were carefully planned and designed with a focus on aesthetics, functionality, and urban organization. Their architectural styles and layout were influenced by European design principles, making them unique and significant examples of planned cities during that time period.

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  • 42. 

    Drawn by Gov. Col. Francis Nicholson,"The European Planned City",  what city? 

    • A.

      Williamsburg

    • B.

      Savannah

    • C.

      Philadelphia

    • D.

      Annapolis

    Correct Answer
    D. Annapolis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Annapolis because Gov. Col. Francis Nicholson is known for designing and planning the city of Annapolis, which is often referred to as "The European Planned City".

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  • 43. 

    Savannah in Georgia designed by James Oglethorpe, what kind of city planning he did?

    • A.

      Western Planned city

    • B.

      Italian Planned city

    • C.

      European Planned city

    • D.

      American Planned city

    Correct Answer
    C. European Planned city
    Explanation
    James Oglethorpe designed Savannah in Georgia as a European Planned city. This means that he followed the principles and layout commonly found in European cities during that time. European planned cities typically have a grid-like street pattern, with a central square or plaza, and a mix of residential, commercial, and public spaces. Oglethorpe's design for Savannah included wide streets, public squares, and a hierarchical street system, which aligns with the characteristics of a European planned city.

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  • 44. 

    Developments were driven by speculation with emphasis on equality designed by William Penn. What City today?

    • A.

      Philadephia

    • B.

      Chicago

    • C.

      New York

    • D.

      Charleston

    Correct Answer
    A. Philadephia
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is Philadelphia. This is because the question states that the developments were driven by speculation with an emphasis on equality, which aligns with the principles and vision of William Penn, the founder of Philadelphia. Penn designed the city with a grid plan, public parks, and a focus on religious tolerance and equal rights for all residents.

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  • 45. 

    Signified the change from manpower to assembly lines

    • A.

      Medieval Age

    • B.

      Machine Age

    • C.

      Industrial Age

    • D.

      Bronze Age

    Correct Answer
    B. Machine Age
    Explanation
    The term "Machine Age" refers to a period in history when machines and automation began to play a significant role in production and manufacturing processes. This era marked a shift from relying solely on manpower to the introduction of assembly lines and machinery. The Industrial Revolution, which took place during the 18th and 19th centuries, is often associated with the Machine Age as it brought about significant advancements in technology and led to the mass production of goods. Therefore, "Machine Age" is the correct answer as it accurately signifies the transition from manpower to assembly lines and the rise of machines in industrial processes.

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  • 46. 

    Proposed his ideal city meant for 800 to 1200 persons on at least 600 to 1800 acres fo land. Founder of Reform Movement. He constructed ans Industrial Village at New Lanark Mills in Manschester that was self-sufficient and complete with agricultural, light industrial, educational, and recreational facilities.

    • A.

      Cabet

    • B.

      William Penn

    • C.

      Robert Owens

    • D.

      Daniel Burnham

    Correct Answer
    C. Robert Owens
    Explanation
    Robert Owens is the correct answer because he proposed his ideal city for a specific number of people and on a specific amount of land. He is also known for founding the Reform Movement and for constructing an Industrial Village at New Lanark Mills, which was self-sufficient and had various facilities. This aligns with the information provided in the question.

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  • 47. 

    Tony Garnier desgined a hypothetical industrial town with an imaginary site consisting of a high plateau and level valley, all alongside a river. The plateau would be used for the residential component and the valley for factories, and other specialized spaces in areas where they develop a good relationship with complementary uses - these ideas may have been a precursor to modern zoning. What is the name of his designed town.

    • A.

      Ciudad de Garnier

    • B.

      Industrial City

    • C.

      Une Cite Industrielle

    • D.

      Une Cite

    Correct Answer
    C. Une Cite Industrielle
    Explanation
    Tony Garnier designed a hypothetical industrial town called "Une Cite Industrielle." In this town, Garnier proposed using a high plateau for residential purposes and a level valley for factories and other specialized spaces. This design concept, which emphasized the development of a good relationship between complementary uses, may have been a precursor to modern zoning.

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  • 48. 

    Author of "Tomorrow: A Peacful Path To Social Reform", first conceptualized the "Garden Cites". 

    • A.

      Tony Garnier

    • B.

      Ebenezer Howard

    • C.

      Howard Taft

    • D.

      Daniel Burnham

    Correct Answer
    B. Ebenezer Howard
    Explanation
    These were new cities built in the countryside with rail access to the original city. Garden cities would have a central city with an optimum size of 58,000 to 65,000 in 6,000 acres of land, with satellite cities, also connected by rail, with an optimum size of 30,000 to 32,000 persons. The cities would all be surrounded by large greenbelts of agricultural land.

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  • 49. 

    It was the first developed Garden City designed by Raymond Unwin and Barry Parker. The plan was a combination of landscaping, informal street layouts, and a main axis focusing on a town center. It was built in an area of 4,500 acres; 3000 for agricultural uses and 1500 for the city proper. What city is this?

    • A.

      Letchworth

    • B.

      Hogwarts

    • C.

      Welwyn

    • D.

      Damascus

    Correct Answer
    A. Letchworth
    Explanation
    Welwyn - the second Garden City, built in 1920 and designed by Louis de Soisson.

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  • 50. 

    Who spearheaded the City Beautiful Movement?  He designed Chicago, Cleveland, San Francisco, Manila and Baguio

    • A.

      William Howard Taft

    • B.

      Juan Nakpil

    • C.

      Daniel Burnham

    • D.

      Baron Hausmann

    Correct Answer
    C. Daniel Burnham
    Explanation
    Daniel Burnham spearheaded the City Beautiful Movement. He was an American architect and urban planner who designed several cities including Chicago, Cleveland, San Francisco, Manila, and Baguio. The City Beautiful Movement aimed to improve the aesthetics and functionality of cities by incorporating grand boulevards, parks, and monumental buildings. Burnham's designs emphasized order, symmetry, and beauty, and his work had a significant impact on urban planning and architecture in the early 20th century.

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