Site Planning And Urban Design Part 3 Quiz

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Site Planning And Urban Design Part 3 Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    URBAN DESIGN CONTROLS Relaxes certain restrictions if builders and developers provide desirable public features and amenities such as plazas, arcades, and other open spaces.

    • A.

      Incentive Zoning

    • B.

      Cluster Zoning

    • C.

      Floor Area Ratio

    • D.

      Urban Design Guidelines

    • E.

      Environmental Impact Statement

    • F.

      Urban Redevelopment Strategies

    • G.

      Urban Ecological Processes

    Correct Answer
    A. Incentive Zoning
    Explanation
    Incentive Zoning is a policy that allows builders and developers to receive certain benefits or relaxations in zoning restrictions if they provide desirable public features and amenities. This means that if builders include plazas, arcades, and other open spaces in their developments, they may be granted additional floor area or other incentives. Incentive Zoning encourages the creation of public spaces and amenities, which can enhance the overall quality and livability of urban areas.

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  • 2. 

    URBAN DESIGN CONTROLS Creating special zoning policies and regulations for medium to large-sized controlled developments.

    • A.

      Incentive Zoning

    • B.

      Cluster Zoning

    • C.

      Floor Area Ratio

    • D.

      Urban Design Guidelines

    • E.

      Environmental Impact Statement

    • F.

      Urban Redevelopment Strategies

    • G.

      Urban Ecological Processes

    Correct Answer
    B. Cluster Zoning
    Explanation
    Cluster zoning is a type of urban design control that allows for the grouping or clustering of buildings or structures in certain areas within a development. This approach aims to promote a more efficient use of land by concentrating development in specific zones or clusters, while preserving open spaces and promoting a sense of community. Cluster zoning can also help to protect natural resources, enhance the visual character of an area, and encourage the creation of pedestrian-friendly neighborhoods.

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  • 3. 

    URBAN DESIGN CONTROLS The proportions between the built area of the building and the lot area. Also referred to as "Plot Ratio." It is used to limit heights and bulks, create setbacks and open spaces, and ultimately to generate a relatively uniform urban fabric.

    • A.

      Incentive Zoning

    • B.

      Cluster Zoning

    • C.

      Floor Area Ratio

    • D.

      Urban Design Guidelines

    • E.

      Environmental Impact Statement

    • F.

      Urban Redevelopment Strategies

    • G.

      Urban Ecological Processes

    Correct Answer
    C. Floor Area Ratio
    Explanation
    Floor Area Ratio (FAR) is a measure used in urban design to control the proportions between the built area of a building and the lot area. It is also known as "Plot Ratio." By setting limits on the FAR, urban planners can regulate the height and bulk of buildings, create setbacks and open spaces, and ensure a relatively uniform urban fabric. FAR is an important tool in shaping the density and character of urban areas, balancing the need for development with the preservation of open spaces and the overall aesthetic of the city.

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  • 4. 

    URBAN DESIGN CONTROLS Frequently used in smaller-sized urban developments such as residential villages, tourist zones, planned unit developments, historical districts, etc. The basic objective of these is to ensure a relatively uniform urban character in such localities, even if sections are designed separately by different architects and planners. These are also formulated for safety and security, to prevent overly contrasting structures adjacent to one another, to establish open spaces, to retain a certain feel or atmosphere associated with the area and so on.

    • A.

      Incentive Zoning

    • B.

      Cluster Zoning

    • C.

      Floor Area Ratio

    • D.

      Urban Design Guidelines

    • E.

      Environmental Impact Statement

    • F.

      Urban Redevelopment Strategies

    • G.

      Urban Ecological Processes

    Correct Answer
    D. Urban Design Guidelines
    Explanation
    Urban Design Guidelines are frequently used in smaller-sized urban developments to ensure a relatively uniform urban character. They provide a framework for architects and planners to design sections of the locality separately while maintaining a cohesive overall feel. These guidelines also address safety and security concerns, prevent contrasting structures from being built next to each other, establish open spaces, and retain the unique atmosphere of the area. They play a crucial role in shaping the physical and aesthetic aspects of the urban environment.

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  • 5. 

    URBAN DESIGN CONTROLS For large planning projects, developers are required to outline the possible effects of the project on the environment. The outline includes the ff:
    • project description
    • existing environment description (physical, social, economic, historical, and aesthetic)
    • impact on environment
    • adverse environmental effects
    • alternatives to proposed action taken
    • long-range impacts
    • irreversible and irretrievable communities of resources likely to result from implementation of proposed project.

    • A.

      Incentive Zoning

    • B.

      Cluster Zoning

    • C.

      Floor Area Ratio

    • D.

      Urban Design Guidelines

    • E.

      Environmental Impact Statement

    • F.

      Urban Redevelopment Strategies

    • G.

      Urban Ecological Processes

    Correct Answer
    E. Environmental Impact Statement
    Explanation
    The correct answer, Environmental Impact Statement, is a document that developers are required to provide for large planning projects. It outlines the possible effects of the project on the environment, including a project description, description of the existing environment, impact on the environment, adverse environmental effects, alternatives to the proposed action, long-range impacts, and irreversible and irretrievable consequences of the project. This statement helps to assess the potential environmental impacts of the project and identify ways to minimize or mitigate these effects.

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  • 6. 

    URBAN DESIGN CONTROLS Conservation, urban renewal, adaptive re-use, and rehabilitation.

    • A.

      Incentive Zoning

    • B.

      Cluster Zoning

    • C.

      Floor Area Ratio

    • D.

      Urban Design Guidelines

    • E.

      Environmental Impact Statement

    • F.

      Urban Redevelopment Strategies

    • G.

      Urban Ecological Processes

    Correct Answer
    F. Urban Redevelopment Strategies
    Explanation
    Urban redevelopment strategies refer to the various approaches and plans implemented to revitalize and improve urban areas that are experiencing decline or decay. These strategies aim to address issues such as deteriorating infrastructure, lack of amenities, and economic decline. They often involve the demolition or renovation of existing buildings, the creation of new public spaces, and the attraction of investment and development. Urban redevelopment strategies can include initiatives such as public-private partnerships, tax incentives, and community engagement to ensure the successful revitalization of urban areas.

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  • 7. 

    URBAN DESIGN CONTROLS Invasion, block boosting, centralization, and gentrification.

    • A.

      Incentive Zoning

    • B.

      Cluster Zoning

    • C.

      Floor Area Ratio

    • D.

      Urban Design Guidelines

    • E.

      Environmental Impact Statement

    • F.

      Urban Redevelopment Strategies

    • G.

      Urban Ecological Processes

    Correct Answer
    G. Urban Ecological Processes
  • 8. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES A term used interchangeably with preservation but having the rather more positive connotation of parts of the building (or the countryside) while retaining the essential spirit of the original.

    • A.

      Conservation

    • B.

      Conservation Area

    • C.

      Urban Renewal

    • D.

      Adaptive Reuse

    • E.

      Rehabilitation

    Correct Answer
    A. Conservation
    Explanation
    Conservation refers to the act of preserving and protecting parts of a building or the countryside while still maintaining the original essence. It involves maintaining the integrity and historical value of the structure or area. This term is often used interchangeably with preservation, but it carries a more positive connotation as it focuses on retaining the essential spirit of the original rather than just preventing deterioration.

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  • 9. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES An area containing a group of buildings of special architectural or historical significance, which a local authority may designate. Such designation does not preclude the redevelopment of buildings within, but it does not ensure a proper consideration of the desirability, form, and material of any proposed development.

    • A.

      Conservation

    • B.

      Conservation Area

    • C.

      Urban Renewal

    • D.

      Adaptive Reuse

    • E.

      Rehabilitation

    Correct Answer
    B. Conservation Area
    Explanation
    A conservation area is an area designated by a local authority that contains a group of buildings with special architectural or historical significance. This designation does not prevent the redevelopment of buildings within the area, but it does require proper consideration of the desirability, form, and material of any proposed development. In other words, it aims to protect and preserve the unique character and heritage of the buildings while allowing for some redevelopment if necessary.

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  • 10. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES A general term to describe the idea of consciously renewing the outworn areas of town and cities. Covers most aspects of renewal, including both re-development and rehabilitation. Process of cleaning slum areas which are economically and physically beyond repair, rehabilitation areas where houses and neighborhood facilities can be restored to come up to health, safety, and good living standards, and protective measures in order to prevent enrichment of undesirable influences.

    • A.

      Conservation

    • B.

      Conservation Area

    • C.

      Urban Renewal

    • D.

      Adaptive Reuse

    • E.

      Rehabilitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Urban Renewal
    Explanation
    Urban renewal refers to the process of consciously renewing the outworn areas of towns and cities. It involves both re-development and rehabilitation, including cleaning slum areas that are beyond repair and restoring houses and neighborhood facilities to meet health, safety, and living standards. Urban renewal also includes protective measures to prevent the enrichment of undesirable influences. This term encompasses various strategies such as conservation, conservation areas, adaptive reuse, and rehabilitation.

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  • 11. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Conversion of buildings into different uses without significantly altering the structure. Commonly performed in old warehouse districts, converting these structures to residential uses.

    • A.

      Conservation

    • B.

      Conservation Area

    • C.

      Urban Renewal

    • D.

      Adaptive Reuse

    • E.

      Rehabilitation

    Correct Answer
    D. Adaptive Reuse
    Explanation
    Adaptive reuse refers to the practice of converting existing buildings into different uses without making significant changes to the structure. This strategy is commonly employed in old warehouse districts, where the buildings are transformed into residential spaces. It allows for the preservation of historical and architectural elements while repurposing the building to meet modern needs. This approach is often seen as a sustainable and cost-effective way to revitalize urban areas and breathe new life into underutilized structures.

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  • 12. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES A term used to describe the idea of repairing, redecorating, and in some cases converting, existing structurally sound property to a standard compatible with modern requirements of amenity and health. The term is frequently interchanged with renovation.

    • A.

      Conservation

    • B.

      Conservation Area

    • C.

      Urban Renewal

    • D.

      Adaptive Reuse

    • E.

      Rehabilitation

    Correct Answer
    E. Rehabilitation
    Explanation
    Rehabilitation refers to the process of repairing and renovating existing structurally sound property to meet modern standards of amenity and health. It involves making necessary repairs, redecorating, and sometimes converting the property. This term is often used interchangeably with renovation.

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  • 13. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES A type of urban ecological process is defined as the entrance of a new population and/or facilities in an already occupied area.

    • A.

      Invasion

    • B.

      Block-Boosting

    • C.

      Centralization

    • D.

      Gentrification

    Correct Answer
    A. Invasion
    Explanation
    Invasion refers to the entrance of a new population and/or facilities in an already occupied area. This process can lead to changes in the social, economic, and physical aspects of the urban environment. It often involves the displacement or marginalization of the existing population and can result in conflicts over resources and space. Invasion can be driven by various factors such as urbanization, economic development, or government policies.

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  • 14. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Forcing the old population out of the area because of social or racial differences.

    • A.

      Invasion

    • B.

      Block-Boosting

    • C.

      Centralization

    • D.

      Gentrification

    Correct Answer
    B. Block-Boosting
    Explanation
    Block-boosting refers to the practice of forcing the old population out of an area due to social or racial differences. This strategy involves intentionally increasing property values and making the area less affordable for the existing residents, thereby pushing them out of the neighborhood. This can be done through various means such as renovating buildings, attracting higher-income residents, or implementing policies that favor gentrification. By doing so, the area undergoes a transformation, often leading to displacement of the original population.

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  • 15. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES An urban ecological process in city land-use patterning referring to an increase in population at a certain geographic center.

    • A.

      Invasion

    • B.

      Block-Boosting

    • C.

      Centralization

    • D.

      Gentrification

    Correct Answer
    C. Centralization
    Explanation
    Centralization refers to the process of concentrating people, resources, and activities in a specific geographic center within a city. This can result in an increase in population and the development of a central hub for economic, social, and cultural activities. Centralization is often a deliberate urban development strategy aimed at promoting efficiency, connectivity, and economic growth. It involves the establishment of a central business district or downtown area where commercial, residential, and recreational activities are concentrated. This approach can help to maximize land use, infrastructure, and services, and create a vibrant and dynamic urban environment.

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  • 16. 

    URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Improving the physical setup and consequently affecting the market for previously run-down areas.

    • A.

      Invasion

    • B.

      Block-Boosting

    • C.

      Centralization

    • D.

      Gentrification

    Correct Answer
    D. Gentrification
    Explanation
    Gentrification refers to the process of revitalizing and improving previously run-down urban areas, typically through the influx of wealthier residents and businesses. This leads to an increase in property values, the development of new infrastructure, and a shift in the socio-economic makeup of the neighborhood. Gentrification often results in the displacement of lower-income residents and can have both positive and negative impacts on the community, such as increased economic opportunities but also increased inequality.

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  • 17. 

    Concept coined by Jean Gottmann for urban complexes in the Northeastern United States. The term means "great city" in greek. Used to refer to massive urban concentrations created from strong physical linkages between three or more large cities:
    • Boston - New York - Philadelphia - Washington (UNITED STATES)
    • San Diego - Los Angeles - San Francisco
    • Dortmund - Essen - Dusseldorf (Germany)
    • The Hague - Rotterdam - Amsterdam (Netherlands)
    • Tokyo - Yokohama - Nagoya - Osaka - Kobe (Japan)

    • A.

      Megalopolis

    • B.

      Metropolis

    • C.

      Conurbation

    • D.

      City

    Correct Answer
    A. Megalopolis
    Explanation
    A megalopolis is a term coined by Jean Gottmann to describe urban complexes in the Northeastern United States. It refers to massive urban concentrations that are formed from strong physical linkages between three or more large cities. The term "megalopolis" comes from the Greek words "mega" meaning great and "polis" meaning city. This term is used to describe urban areas such as Boston - New York - Philadelphia - Washington in the United States, San Diego - Los Angeles - San Francisco, Dortmund - Essen - Dusseldorf in Germany, The Hague - Rotterdam - Amsterdam in the Netherlands, and Tokyo - Yokohama - Nagoya - Osaka - Kobe in Japan.

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  • 18. 

    PLANNING TRENDS Mid-sized developments built with the intention of self-sustainability. Used in areas that are being intensively developed for the first time. With mixed uses often the primary land use, it is sometimes referred to as cluster zoning. Ordinary zoning regulations can be suspended for this particular property.

    • A.

      Planned Unit Development (PUD)

    • B.

      Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)

    • C.

      Traditional Neighborhood Developments (TND)

    Correct Answer
    A. Planned Unit Development (PUD)
  • 19. 

    PLANNING TRENDS Officially defined as a mixed-use community with an average distance of 670 meters from a transit stop and commercial core area. This trend mixes residential, retail, office, open space, and public uses in a walkable environment, making it convenient for residents and employees to travel by transit, bicycle, foot, or car. It can be developed throughout a metropolitan region. The main proponent of the concept is Peter Calthorpe and other members of the Congress for New Urbanism (CNU)

    • A.

      Planned Unit Development (PUD)

    • B.

      Transit Oriented Development (TOD)

    • C.

      Traditional Neighborhood Developments (TND)

    Correct Answer
    B. Transit Oriented Development (TOD)
    Explanation
    Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is the correct answer because it aligns with the description provided in the question. TOD refers to a mixed-use community that is located within a short distance from transit stops and commercial areas. It integrates various types of spaces, such as residential, retail, office, open space, and public uses, in a walkable environment. This promotes convenience for residents and employees to travel using different modes of transportation, including transit, bicycle, foot, or car. TOD can be implemented in metropolitan regions and is advocated by Peter Calthorpe and the Congress for New Urbanism (CNU).

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  • 20. 

    PLANNING TRENDS Developments that take the form of traditional neighborhoods, while still accommodating the automobile and other modern amenities. These are finely integrated, walkable communities with a strong local identity and with convivial public places. 

    • A.

      Planned Unit Development (PUD)

    • B.

      Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)

    • C.

      Traditional Neighborhood Developments (TND)

    Correct Answer
    C. Traditional Neighborhood Developments (TND)
    Explanation
    Traditional Neighborhood Developments (TND) are developments that are designed to resemble traditional neighborhoods, while still catering to modern amenities and the use of automobiles. These developments prioritize walkability and integration, creating a strong local identity and fostering convivial public spaces. Unlike Planned Unit Developments (PUD) and Transit-Oriented Developments (TOD), TNDs aim to create a sense of community and a more traditional neighborhood feel.

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  • 21. 

    The physical expansion of a town, city, or metropolitan area is a result of a continually increasing number of new developments in the outlying areas. Results to a waste of energy, resources, time, and money, and blight in the central city. Fragments the region and creates a series of unrelated developments that consequently creates a weak urban fabric. Also creates unpleasant environments at the street level. Initiated by the automobile, greedy developers, and the "America Dream."

    • A.

      Sprawl

    • B.

      Creep

    • C.

      Slums

    • D.

      Gentrification

    Correct Answer
    A. Sprawl
    Explanation
    Sprawl refers to the physical expansion of a town, city, or metropolitan area due to the increasing number of new developments in outlying areas. This expansion leads to various negative consequences such as a waste of energy, resources, time, and money, as well as blight in the central city. It fragments the region and creates a series of unrelated developments, resulting in a weak urban fabric. Additionally, sprawl creates unpleasant environments at the street level. The factors that initiate sprawl include the automobile, greedy developers, and the aspiration for the "American Dream."

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  • 22. 

    Urbanized areas with a balanced mix of human activity.

    • A.

      Neighborhoods

    • B.

      Districts

    • C.

      Corridors

    • D.

      Streets

    • E.

      Blocks

    • F.

      Buildings

    Correct Answer
    A. Neighborhoods
    Explanation
    Neighborhoods are urbanized areas that have a balanced mix of human activity. They are typically smaller than districts and corridors, and are made up of streets, blocks, and buildings. Neighborhoods are characterized by their sense of community and often have their own distinct identity and culture. They provide a localized environment for residents to live, work, and interact with each other, creating a sense of belonging and social cohesion.

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  • 23. 

    Areas dominated by a single activity.

    • A.

      Neighborhoods

    • B.

      Districts

    • C.

      Corridors

    • D.

      Streets

    • E.

      Blocks

    • F.

      Buildings

    Correct Answer
    B. Districts
    Explanation
    Districts refer to specific areas that are dominated by a single activity. Unlike neighborhoods, which are generally smaller and more residential in nature, districts are larger and often have a more specific focus or purpose. They can be characterized by a concentration of businesses, industries, or cultural institutions that define the overall character and function of the area. Districts are typically larger than streets, blocks, or buildings, and they often encompass multiple neighborhoods or corridors.

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  • 24. 

    Connectors and separators of neighborhoods and districts.

    • A.

      Neighborhoods

    • B.

      Districts

    • C.

      Corridors

    • D.

      Streets

    • E.

      Blocks

    • F.

      Buildings

    Correct Answer
    C. Corridors
    Explanation
    Corridors are the connectors and separators of neighborhoods and districts. They serve as pathways that link different areas together and can also act as boundaries between them. Corridors can be roads, walkways, or any other means of transportation that facilitate movement between neighborhoods and districts. They play a crucial role in establishing connectivity and accessibility within a city or urban area.

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  • 25. 

    Are not the dividing lines within a city, bur are to be the communal rooms and passages.

    • A.

      Neighborhoods

    • B.

      Districts

    • C.

      Corridors

    • D.

      Streets

    • E.

      Blocks

    • F.

      Buildings

    Correct Answer
    D. Streets
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the dividing lines within a city are not the options provided (neighborhoods, districts, corridors, blocks, or buildings), but rather the communal rooms and passages. Therefore, the correct answer is streets, as they are the pathways that divide different areas within a city and provide access to communal spaces.

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  • 26. 

    Are the field on which unfolds both the building fabric and the public realm of the city.

    • A.

      Neighborhoods

    • B.

      Districts

    • C.

      Corridors

    • D.

      Streets

    • E.

      Blocks

    • F.

      Buildings

    Correct Answer
    E. Blocks
    Explanation
    Blocks are the field on which both the building fabric and the public realm of the city unfold. Blocks refer to the designated areas or parcels of land within a city that are surrounded by streets or other boundaries. They are the fundamental units of urban planning and development, providing the framework for the arrangement of buildings, streets, and public spaces. Blocks play a crucial role in shaping the overall form and character of a neighborhood or district, as they determine the layout and organization of the built environment and the spaces in between.

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  • 27. 

    Smallest increment of growth in the city.

    • A.

      Neighborhoods

    • B.

      Districts

    • C.

      Corridors

    • D.

      Streets

    • E.

      Blocks

    • F.

      Buildings

    Correct Answer
    F. Buildings
    Explanation
    The given options are listed in ascending order of size, starting from neighborhoods and ending with buildings. The question asks for the smallest increment of growth in the city, which would be the smallest unit within the city. Since buildings are the smallest unit listed, they can be considered as the correct answer.

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  • 28. 

    NEW URBANISM STRATEGIES Mostly for blighted areas, particularly those in the inner city. Design adheres to the applicable principles formulated by the congress for new urbanism. Such projects increase land values, revitalize the areas, and encourages people to move back to the city core, while discouraging further suburbanization.

    • A.

      Redevelopment

    • B.

      Infill

    • C.

      New Towns

    Correct Answer
    A. Redevelopment
    Explanation
    Redevelopment refers to the process of revitalizing and improving blighted areas, especially those in the inner city. It involves implementing strategies and principles formulated by the congress for new urbanism to increase land values and attract people back to the city core. Redevelopment projects aim to revitalize the areas and discourage further suburbanization. This answer aligns with the given information about new urbanism strategies and their goals for blighted areas.

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  • 29. 

    NEW URBANISM STRATEGIES Strategy used when redevelopment is no longer an option while still avoiding further physical suspension. Best utilization of existing infrastructure comes from this strategy. Always be a central part of a region's growth policy. Sites can vary in size and shape, ranging from surface parking lots to large open spaces between built up areas.

    • A.

      Redevelopment

    • B.

      Infill

    • C.

      New Towns

    Correct Answer
    B. Infill
    Explanation
    Infill is the correct answer because it refers to the strategy used when redevelopment is no longer an option, but further physical suspension is still avoided. Infill focuses on the best utilization of existing infrastructure and is always a central part of a region's growth policy. Infill sites can vary in size and shape, ranging from surface parking lots to large open spaces between built-up areas.

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  • 30. 

    NEW URBANISM STRATEGIES When urban and suburban infill cannot accommodate the quantity or rate of growth of a region, new growth areas or satellite towns may be considered. New growth areas are easiest to develop with transit and pedestrian oriented patterns. May however spread the city's size. Satellite towns are typically larger than new growth areas and provide a complete spectrum of shopping, jobs, and civic facilities. If well planned and transit oriented, can compliment infill and help to structure and revitalize the metropolitan region.

    • A.

      Redevelopment

    • B.

      Infill

    • C.

      New Towns

    Correct Answer
    C. New Towns
    Explanation
    New towns are considered as a strategy for accommodating growth when urban and suburban infill is not sufficient. They are typically larger than new growth areas and offer a wide range of amenities such as shopping, jobs, and civic facilities. If well-planned and transit-oriented, new towns can complement infill development and contribute to the revitalization of the metropolitan region. However, it should be noted that new towns may also contribute to the spread of the city's size.

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  • 31. 

    FAMOUS CASE STUDIES FOR NEW URBANISM Designed by Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk. Walton County, Florida 1981. Fosters a strong sense of community with a variety of dwelling units built close to each other, complete neighborhood amenities, open spaces, terminating vistas, etc. Built by the sea the plan was designed to optimize waterfront access and views for all the town's residents, not just those with beachfront homesites.

    • A.

      Seaside

    • B.

      Jackson Taylor

    • C.

      Laguna West

    • D.

      Kentlands

    Correct Answer
    A. Seaside
    Explanation
    Seaside is a famous case study for New Urbanism because it was designed by Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk in Walton County, Florida in 1981. The design of Seaside fosters a strong sense of community by having a variety of dwelling units built close to each other, complete with neighborhood amenities, open spaces, and terminating vistas. Additionally, Seaside was built by the sea and the plan was specifically designed to optimize waterfront access and views for all the town's residents, not just those with beachfront homesites.

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  • 32. 

    FAMOUS CASE STUDIES FOR NEW URBANISM A 75 acre redevelopment in San Jose, California by Peter Calthorpe and Associates in 1991. Originally an industrial town, redeveloped with new housing and commercial uses. Includes edges of two ethnic neighborhoods, one Japanese and the other predominantly Hispanic. Also includes a historic district with the city's largest concentration of Victorian homes. A major element that weaves the neighborhood together is an underutilized rail line that was converted to commuter use.

    • A.

      Seaside

    • B.

      Jackson Taylor

    • C.

      Laguna West

    • D.

      Kentlands

    Correct Answer
    B. Jackson Taylor
  • 33. 

    FAMOUS CASE STUDIES FOR NEW URBANISM A 1045 acre new development in Sacramento County, California, also designed by peter Calthorpe and Associates and developed by Phil Angelides in 1990. Plan puts emphasis on well defined public spaces and amenities. Focal point is a 100 acre tower center that includes civic and commercial uses with high and medium density housing. System of public spaces is the organizing structure of the community. Town center is located at the terminus of radial boulevards, which originate in neighborhood parks.

    • A.

      Seaside

    • B.

      Jackson Taylor

    • C.

      Laguna West

    • D.

      Kentlands

    Correct Answer
    C. Laguna West
    Explanation
    Laguna West is a famous case study for New Urbanism because it is a 1045 acre development in Sacramento County, California, designed by Peter Calthorpe and Associates and developed by Phil Angelides in 1990. The plan for Laguna West emphasizes well-defined public spaces and amenities, with a focal point being a 100 acre tower center that includes civic and commercial uses along with high and medium density housing. The community is organized around a system of public spaces, and the town center is strategically located at the end of radial boulevards that originate in neighborhood parks.

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  • 34. 

    FAMOUS CASE STUDIES FOR NEW URBANISM A 355 acre new development in Gaithersburg Maryland. Designed by Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk. Master plan includes six neighborhoods, each combining elements of residential, office, civic, cultural, and retail usage. Also includes a variety of civic facilities and public open spaces. A lake, greenbelts, and several small squares help to define individual neighborhoods.

    • A.

      Seaside

    • B.

      Jackson Taylor

    • C.

      Laguna West

    • D.

      Kentlands

    Correct Answer
    D. Kentlands
    Explanation
    Kentlands is a famous case study for New Urbanism because it is a 355 acre new development in Gaithersburg, Maryland. It was designed by Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk and features a master plan that includes six neighborhoods. Each neighborhood combines elements of residential, office, civic, cultural, and retail usage. The development also includes a variety of civic facilities and public open spaces, such as a lake, greenbelts, and several small squares. Kentlands exemplifies the principles of New Urbanism by promoting mixed-use development, walkability, and the creation of a sense of community.

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  • 35. 

    URBAN MODELS Attributed to the research work of the geographer E.W. Burgess and his students at the University of Chicago in the early 1900's. It is derived from a central business district at the center, around which all other uses formed. It includes transition zone for eventual CBD expansion, where factories, slums, or ethnic villagers existed.

    • A.

      Concentric Zone Theory

    • B.

      Sector Model

    • C.

      Multiple Nuclei Model

    • D.

      Urban Realms

    Correct Answer
    A. Concentric Zone Theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Concentric Zone Theory. This theory, developed by E.W. Burgess and his students at the University of Chicago, suggests that urban areas are organized into a series of concentric rings or zones. The central business district (CBD) is located in the center, surrounded by a transition zone where industrial and residential areas mix. Further out, there are zones characterized by different types of housing and land use, such as working-class residential areas, middle-class residential areas, and suburbs. This theory helps explain the spatial organization and growth of cities.

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  • 36. 

    URBAN MODELS Formulated by the economist Homer Hoyt in 1939. Developed under the premise that other uses grow with the CBD in specific directions, often following rail or highway arteries, high or low ground, or simply clustering on the same side of the city. It is consistent with the observation that most cities grow in the direction of higher income.

    • A.

      Concentric Zone Theory

    • B.

      Sector Model

    • C.

      Multiple Nuclei Model

    • D.

      Urban Realms

    Correct Answer
    B. Sector Model
    Explanation
    The Sector Model, formulated by economist Homer Hoyt in 1939, is an urban model that suggests that cities grow in sectors or wedges along transportation routes and corridors. This model is based on the idea that different land uses develop in specific directions from the central business district (CBD), often following transportation arteries such as rail or highways. It also takes into account the clustering of similar land uses on the same side of the city. The Sector Model is consistent with the observation that cities tend to grow in the direction of higher income.

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  • 37. 

    URBAN MODELS Developed by the geographer Chauncy Harris & Edward Pullman. Provides an alternative conceptualization of urban form, one based on the premise that uses do not evolve around a single core but at several nodes or focal points. Recognizes that different activities have varying accessibility requirements. (i.e. a commercial area could develop around a government complex, a cultural center, or at major transportation intersections.)

    • A.

      Concentric Zone Theory

    • B.

      Sector Model

    • C.

      Multiple Nuclei Model

    • D.

      Urban Realms

    Correct Answer
    C. Multiple Nuclei Model
    Explanation
    The Multiple Nuclei Model, developed by Chauncy Harris and Edward Pullman, is an urban model that suggests that urban activities do not revolve around a single core but instead develop at multiple nodes or focal points. This model recognizes that different activities have varying accessibility requirements, meaning that different areas within a city may attract different types of activities based on their proximity to certain amenities or transportation intersections. For example, a commercial area could develop around a government complex, a cultural center, or major transportation intersections. This model provides an alternative conceptualization of urban form that takes into account the diverse needs and preferences of different activities within a city.

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  • 38. 

    URBAN MODELS Developed by the sociologist James Vance under the observation that cities tended to identify with each of the three previous conceptualizations, rather than one exclusively. This model presents the emergence of large self-sufficient suburban sectors, each focused on a downtown independent of the central city. This conceptualization represents the culmination of the impact of the automobile on urban form. The best application of this concept is Metropolitan Los Angeles, U.S.A.

    • A.

      Concentric Zone Theory

    • B.

      Sector Model

    • C.

      Multiple Nuclei Model

    • D.

      Urban Realms

    Correct Answer
    D. Urban Realms
    Explanation
    The Urban Realms model, developed by sociologist James Vance, recognizes that cities often exhibit characteristics of multiple urban models rather than fitting into just one category. This model describes the emergence of large, self-sufficient suburban sectors, each with its own downtown area that is independent of the central city. It is seen as the result of the impact of the automobile on urban form. The best example of this model is Metropolitan Los Angeles, where distinct suburban areas with their own centers have developed around the central city.

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  • 39. 

    Like other cities in the world the earliest Filipino communities developed out of the need for their inhabitants to band together. They were formed for security, or to be close to critical resources like food and water. Most of the earliest towns were by the coast for the fisher folk or were where there was abundant agricultural land for the farmers. The community unit was the _________, consisting of 30, to 100 families.

    • A.

      Barangay

    • B.

      Balangay

    • C.

      Datu

    • D.

      Kulangkot

    Correct Answer
    A. Barangay
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Barangay". In Filipino culture, a barangay refers to the smallest administrative division in the Philippines. It is a community unit that consists of 30 to 100 families. This explanation is supported by the context provided in the passage, which states that the earliest Filipino communities were formed for security and to be close to critical resources. The term "barangay" accurately represents the community unit described in the passage.

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  • 40. 

    Intramuros was also known as the?

    • A.

      Walled City of Manila

    • B.

      Fortified City of Manila

    • C.

      Castle City of Manila

    • D.

      Shielded City of Manila

    Correct Answer
    A. Walled City of Manila
    Explanation
    Intramuros was a historical walled area located in Manila, Philippines. It was constructed by the Spanish colonial government in the 16th century to protect the city from foreign invasions. The term "intramuros" itself means "within the walls," indicating the fortified nature of the area. Therefore, the answer "Walled City of Manila" accurately describes Intramuros and its purpose as a fortified city within Manila.

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  • 41. 

    What was Burnham's concept for the city of Manila?

    • A.

      Garden Cities

    • B.

      City Beautiful

    • C.

      Concentric

    • D.

      Radial - Transportation Oriented

    Correct Answer
    B. City Beautiful
    Explanation
    Burnham's concept for the city of Manila was the City Beautiful movement. The City Beautiful movement aimed to create urban environments that were aesthetically pleasing and emphasized grand architecture, spacious parks, and well-designed public spaces. Burnham's plan for Manila focused on creating a city that showcased beauty, order, and civic pride. This included wide boulevards, monumental buildings, and carefully planned green spaces, all aimed at improving the overall quality of life for its residents.

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  • 42. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA The illustrado territory; the enclave of the rich and powerful.

    • A.

      Quiapo

    • B.

      Tondo

    • C.

      Binondo

    • D.

      Sta. Cruz

    • E.

      San Nicolas

    • F.

      Sampaloc

    Correct Answer
    A. Quiapo
    Explanation
    Quiapo is the correct answer because it is one of the districts in Manila that is known for its rich history and cultural significance. It is home to the iconic Quiapo Church, which attracts thousands of devotees every year. Quiapo is also famous for its bustling marketplace, where one can find a wide variety of goods, including religious items, herbal medicines, and local delicacies. Additionally, Quiapo is a melting pot of different cultures and religions, making it a vibrant and diverse neighborhood in Manila.

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  • 43. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA Coastal city adjacent to Manila.

    • A.

      Quiapo

    • B.

      Tondo

    • C.

      Binondo

    • D.

      Sta. Cruz

    • E.

      San Nicolas

    • F.

      Sampaloc

    Correct Answer
    B. Tondo
    Explanation
    Tondo is a coastal city adjacent to Manila. It is one of the districts in Manila and is known for its rich history and cultural heritage. Tondo is located along the coast of Manila Bay, making it a coastal city. It is also one of the oldest districts in Manila and has played a significant role in the growth and development of the city. Tondo is known for its vibrant community, historical landmarks, and bustling markets, making it an important part of the growth of Manila.

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  • 44. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA Trading port developed by the Chinese and Arabs.

    • A.

      Quiapo

    • B.

      Tondo

    • C.

      Binondo

    • D.

      Sta. Cruz

    • E.

      San Nicolas

    • F.

      Sampaloc

    Correct Answer
    C. Binondo
    Explanation
    Binondo is the correct answer because it is known as the oldest Chinatown in the world. It was established by the Spanish colonial government in the 16th century as a settlement for Chinese immigrants. Binondo became a thriving trading port and commercial center, attracting not only Chinese merchants but also Arab traders. The Chinese and Arabs played a significant role in the growth and development of Manila as a trading port, making Binondo an important part of Manila's history.

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  • 45. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA The main commercial district with swirls of shops, movie houses, restaurants, etc.

    • A.

      Quiapo

    • B.

      Tondo

    • C.

      Binondo

    • D.

      Sta. Cruz

    • E.

      San Nicolas

    • F.

      Sampaloc

    Correct Answer
    D. Sta. Cruz
    Explanation
    Sta. Cruz is the correct answer because it is mentioned as one of the districts in Manila that is part of the city's growth. It is described as a main commercial district with various establishments such as shops, movie houses, and restaurants. Therefore, Sta. Cruz is the most suitable choice among the given options.

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  • 46. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA Commercial town built by the spanish with streets of specialized categories (ceramics, soaps, etc.)

    • A.

      Quiapo

    • B.

      Tondo

    • C.

      Binondo

    • D.

      Sta. Cruz

    • E.

      San Nicolas

    • F.

      Sampaloc

    Correct Answer
    E. San Nicolas
    Explanation
    San Nicolas is one of the districts in Manila that was built by the Spanish. It was a commercial town with streets specializing in different categories such as ceramics, soaps, etc. This suggests that San Nicolas played a significant role in the growth and development of Manila as a commercial center during the Spanish colonial period.

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  • 47. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA Centered on two churches (Our Lady of Loreto and Saint Anthony of Padua.) Also known as the first "University Town."

    • A.

      Quiapo

    • B.

      Tondo

    • C.

      Binondo

    • D.

      Sta. Cruz

    • E.

      San Nicolas

    • F.

      Sampaloc

    Correct Answer
    F. Sampaloc
    Explanation
    Sampaloc is the correct answer because it is one of the districts in Manila that is known for its historical and cultural significance. It is home to two churches, Our Lady of Loreto and Saint Anthony of Padua, which have played a central role in the growth of Manila. Additionally, Sampaloc is recognized as the first "University Town," as it is the location of several prestigious universities and educational institutions.

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  • 48. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA Where rest houses were built for the Spanish government.

    • A.

      San Miguel (Malacañang)

    • B.

      Malate

    • C.

      Ermita

    • D.

      Paco

    • E.

      Pandacan

    Correct Answer
    A. San Miguel (Malacañang)
    Explanation
    San Miguel (Malacañang) is the correct answer because it is where the rest houses were built for the Spanish government. The rest houses were specifically built for the Spanish government officials to use when they needed a place to stay in Manila.

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  • 49. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA The early summer resort of wealthy and cultured Filipinos. Then became the first fishing and salt making town.

    • A.

      San Miguel (Malacañang)

    • B.

      Malate

    • C.

      Ermita

    • D.

      Paco

    • E.

      Pandacan

    Correct Answer
    B. Malate
    Explanation
    Malate is the correct answer because it was the early summer resort of wealthy and cultured Filipinos in Manila. This suggests that Malate was a popular destination for the upper class to escape the city and enjoy the summer months. Additionally, the fact that Malate is listed before the other options indicates that it was the earliest location in Manila to serve as a summer resort.

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  • 50. 

    GROWTH OF MANILA Early tourist belt (Red-light district)

    • A.

      San Miguel (Malacañang)

    • B.

      Malate

    • C.

      Ermita

    • D.

      Paco

    • E.

      Pandacan

    Correct Answer
    C. Ermita
    Explanation
    Ermita is the correct answer because it is one of the early tourist belts in Manila. It is known for its historical landmarks, cultural attractions, and vibrant nightlife. Ermita is located near Malate and Paco, which are also popular tourist destinations in Manila. Additionally, Ermita is close to San Miguel, where Malacañang Palace is situated, making it an important area in terms of government and political activities.

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