Unit 8 Test (Spring 2017)

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 102

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Unit 8 Test (Spring 2017)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The prosperity of the United States in the mid-1920s resulted in part from...
    • A. 

      Increase demand for new consumer goods

    • B. 

      High-wage contracts negotiated by labor unions

    • C. 

      Record high farm prices

    • D. 

      Increased government regulations on the economy

  • 2. 
    One of the unintended effects of Prohibition was that it...
    • A. 

      Caused a national epidemic of alcohol withdrawl

    • B. 

      Brought about a decrease in alcoholism and an increase in worker productivity

    • C. 

      Resulted in substantial increase in abuse of hard drugs, particularity heroin

    • D. 

      Lowered the cost of law enforcement by decreasing the incidence of drunkenness

    • E. 

      Provided organized crime syndicates with a means to gain both wealth and power

  • 3. 
    What was one the features of the United States' economy during the 1920s that contributed to the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Increase in federal regulations

    • B. 

      Expansion of easy credit

    • C. 

      Growth of the trade deficit

    • D. 

      Influence of foreign corporations

  • 4. 
    Buying on margin contributed to the stock market crash of 1929 because it...
    • A. 

      Required investors to purchase only high risk stocks

    • B. 

      Imposed high interest rates that discouraged trading

    • C. 

      Prevented traders from learning the true financial state of the companies in which they invested

    • D. 

      Allowed trades to pay for stock with projected future profits

    • E. 

      Mandated that traders sell a stock as soon as it started to lose value

  • 5. 
    The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 sought to lessen the effects on the Great Depression by...
    • A. 

      Paying farmers to cut production and in some cases destroy crops

    • B. 

      Purchasing farms and turning them into government collectives

    • C. 

      Instituting an early retirement program for farmers over the age of 50

    • D. 

      Encouraging farmers to increase production

    • E. 

      Subsidizing food processing plants in order to lower food prices

  • 6. 
    As part the New Deal, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) were created to...
    • A. 

      Allow for quick recovery of stock prices

    • B. 

      Provided direct loans to business

    • C. 

      Protect individual investors from stock fraud and bank failure

    • D. 

      Allow banks and companies to invest in stock market

  • 7. 
    FDR's Fireside Chats were not a effective means of communicating and building trust from the American people.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The Great Migration resulted in the creation of the Harlem Renaissance and many other African American neighborhoods formation following World War I.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    President Hoover believed the best way to deal with the Great Depression was to create little government support but to encourage the American people to "...on the one hand maintain the spirit of charity and of mutual self-help through voluntary giving and responsibility of local government..."
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Zora Neal Hurston was not an African American poet during the Harlem Renaissance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    What is the main message of the cartoon?
    • A. 

      Ask a wise economist how to invest your money

    • B. 

      The man is a victim of bank failure

    • C. 

      To save money for the future

    • D. 

      The squirrel represents the US government

  • 12. 
    Which statement about the period from 1918 through 1929 is most clearly supported by information in the graph?
    • A. 

      The percentage of income controlled by the wealthiest Americans declined.

    • B. 

      The income gap between the wealthiest fifth and the rest of the population increased.

    • C. 

      The overall per capita income in the United States declined.

    • D. 

      The percentage of income controlled by the poor steadily increased.

  • 13. 
    The Great Migration of African Americans between 1915 and 1930 was mainly a movement from...
    • A. 

      Cities to suburban developments

    • B. 

      Northern farms to northern cities

    • C. 

      Souther cities to free land in the West

    • D. 

      The rural South to northern cities

  • 14. 
    Which New Deal agency had the creation of new jobs as its primary goal?
    • A. 

      Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

    • B. 

      Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

    • C. 

      Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

    • D. 

      Works Progress Administration (WPA)

  • 15. 
    The Wagner Act (NLRA) of 1935 helped organized labor by...
    • A. 

      Mandating government control over industry

    • B. 

      Guaranteeing workers the right to collective bargaining

    • C. 

      Banning the closed shop in the workplace

    • D. 

      Requiring all workers to join unions

  • 16. 
    Opponents of the New Deal criticized President Franklin D. Roosevelt for...
    • A. 

      Expanding the role and size of the federal government.

    • B. 

      Permitting banks to operate without government regulations.

    • C. 

      Weakening the executive branch.

    • D. 

      Reducing spending to balance the budget

  • 17. 
    What was the main reason for the emergence of "Hoovervilles" like the one shown in the photography?
    • A. 

      Many Americans had lost jobs during the Great Depression

    • B. 

      Thousands of homes had been destroyed by the effects of the Dust Bowl

    • C. 

      Housing projects could not keep up with the demand for homes needed by the poor

    • D. 

      Preparations for World War II had created a shortage of building materials

  • 18. 
    The term Harlem Renaissance best describes...
    • A. 

      States and federal laws passed to end racial discrimination

    • B. 

      Urban renewal efforts in New York City

    • C. 

      Government programs to promote African American bsinesses

    • D. 

      A period of African American cultural achievements

  • 19. 
    In the 1920s, controversies over Prohibition, the National Origins Acts and the Scopes Trial all reflected disagreements over the...
    • A. 

      Effects of demobilization

    • B. 

      Cultural values of the American people

    • C. 

      Role of the federal government in the economy

    • D. 

      Influence of labor unions on American life

  • 20. 
    Passage of the Social Security Act (1935) helped American workers by...
    • A. 

      Creating jobs for the unemployed

    • B. 

      Guaranteeing a minimum wage

    • C. 

      Legalizing the right to join labor unions

    • D. 

      Providing financial assistance after retirement

  • 21. 
    According to the chart, which year had the highest unemployment percentage in both presented categories? 
    • A. 

      1926

    • B. 

      1934

    • C. 

      1933

    • D. 

      1931

  • 22. 
    Check all of the following individuals who apart of the Harlem Renaissance
    • A. 

      Billy Holiday

    • B. 

      Langston Hughes

    • C. 

      Louis Armstrong

    • D. 

      Billy Sunday

  • 23. 
    The ___________ was a scandal concerning oil drilling rights on government land during the presidency of _____________?
    • A. 

      Warren Harding

    • B. 

      Teapot Dome

    • C. 

      Herbert Hoover

    • D. 

      FDR

    • E. 

      KKK

    • F. 

      Fundamentalist