The Periodic Table Unit 4 - Test

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The Periodic Table Unit 4 - Test - Quiz

What defines and differentiates solids from liquids or gases? Periodic table groups elements according to their atomic volumes. For instance oxygen is a gas and its atomic size is 8. Are you interested in this study of elements and their properties? Try this test on unit 4 to jog your memory.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Each energy level of an atom has a maximum number of ____ it can hold.

    • A.

      Neutrons

    • B.

      Quarks

    • C.

      Protons

    • D.

      Electrons

    Correct Answer
    D. Electrons
    Explanation
    Each energy level of an atom has a maximum number of electrons it can hold. This is because electrons are negatively charged particles that orbit around the nucleus in specific energy levels or shells. The maximum number of electrons that can occupy each energy level is determined by the formula 2n^2, where n represents the energy level. This rule is known as the Aufbau principle and helps to explain the organization of electrons in an atom's electron configuration.

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  • 2. 

    Dot diagrams are used to represent _______.

    • A.

      The structure of the nucleus

    • B.

      Atomic number

    • C.

      Isotopes

    • D.

      Outer electrons

    Correct Answer
    D. Outer electrons
    Explanation
    Dot diagrams are used to represent outer electrons. Dot diagrams, also known as Lewis dot diagrams, show the valence electrons of an atom or ion. These diagrams use dots to represent the outermost electrons of an atom, which are the electrons involved in chemical bonding. By representing the outer electrons, dot diagrams provide a visual representation of the electron configuration and help understand the bonding behavior and chemical properties of an element.

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  • 3. 

    Particles of matter that make up protons and neutrons are _____.

    • A.

      Electrons

    • B.

      Isotopes

    • C.

      Atoms

    • D.

      Quarks

    Correct Answer
    D. Quarks
    Explanation
    Quarks are the particles of matter that make up protons and neutrons. Protons and neutrons are composed of three quarks each, with different combinations of quarks determining their properties. Electrons are negatively charged particles that orbit the nucleus of an atom, while isotopes are atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons. Therefore, the correct answer is quarks.

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  • 4. 

    A chemical symbol represents the ____ of an element.

    • A.

      Name

    • B.

      Structure

    • C.

      Reaction

    • D.

      Type

    Correct Answer
    A. Name
    Explanation
    A chemical symbol represents the name of an element. Each element is assigned a unique symbol, usually consisting of one or two letters, which is used to identify and represent the element in chemical formulas and equations. These symbols are derived from the name of the element, often using the first letter or first two letters of the element's name. Therefore, the correct answer is "name".

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  • 5. 

    Horizontal rows of the periodic table are called _____.

    • A.

      Groups

    • B.

      Families

    • C.

      Clusters

    • D.

      Periods

    Correct Answer
    D. Periods
    Explanation
    Horizontal rows of the periodic table are called periods. Each period represents a different energy level or shell in which the elements' electrons are arranged. The elements within a period have the same number of electron shells. As you move from left to right across a period, the number of protons and electrons increases by one, resulting in a gradual change in the properties of the elements. Therefore, the correct answer is periods.

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  • 6. 

    Atoms with the same element with different numbers of neutrons are called ____.

    • A.

      Metalloids

    • B.

      Radioactive

    • C.

      Transition elements

    • D.

      Isotopes

    Correct Answer
    D. Isotopes
    Explanation
    Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons. Neutrons are subatomic particles that have no charge, and they can vary in number within atoms of the same element. This variation in the number of neutrons results in different isotopes of an element. Isotopes can have different physical and chemical properties due to the difference in their atomic mass. They can also have different levels of stability, with some isotopes being radioactive and others being stable.

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  • 7. 

    A particle that moves around the nucleus is a(n) _____.

    • A.

      Proton

    • B.

      Ion

    • C.

      Neutron

    • D.

      Electron

    Correct Answer
    D. Electron
    Explanation
    An electron is a particle that moves around the nucleus. It has a negative charge and is much smaller than protons and neutrons. Electrons are found in specific energy levels or orbitals around the nucleus of an atom. They play a crucial role in chemical bonding and determining the properties of elements.

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  • 8. 

    Elements in groups 3 through 12 are called _______.

    • A.

      Metalloids

    • B.

      Transition elements

    • C.

      Noble gases

    • D.

      Isotopes

    Correct Answer
    B. Transition elements
    Explanation
    The correct answer is transition elements. Transition elements are the elements found in groups 3 through 12 of the periodic table. They are characterized by their ability to form stable ions with different charges and their typical metallic properties. These elements have partially filled d orbitals and exhibit a wide range of oxidation states. They are also known for their colorful compounds and their important roles in catalysis.

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  • 9. 

    A certain atom has 26 protons, 26 electrons, and 30 neutrons. Its mass number is _____.

    • A.

      26

    • B.

      30

    • C.

      52

    • D.

      56

    Correct Answer
    D. 56
    Explanation
    The mass number of an atom is the sum of its protons and neutrons. In this case, the atom has 26 protons and 30 neutrons, so the mass number would be 26 + 30 = 56.

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  • 10. 

    The chart showing the classifications of elements according to their properties and increasing atomic numbers is called the periodic table.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the periodic table is indeed a chart that organizes elements based on their properties and increasing atomic numbers. It provides a systematic way to understand and study the elements, their characteristics, and their relationships with one another. Therefore, it is true that the chart showing the classifications of elements according to their properties and increasing atomic numbers is called the periodic table.

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  • 11. 

    Elements arranged in vertical columns in the periodic table are called periods.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Elements arranged in vertical columns in the periodic table are called groups or families, not periods. Periods are the horizontal rows in the periodic table.

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  • 12. 

    Two isotopes of carbon are carbon-12 and carbon-14. These isotopes differ from one another by two electrons.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Isotopes of an element have the same number of protons and electrons, but differ in the number of neutrons. Carbon-12 and carbon-14 are isotopes of carbon, but they differ by two neutrons, not electrons. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 13. 

    Nonmetals are poor conductors of heat and electricity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nonmetals are poor conductors of heat and electricity because their atoms have tightly bound electrons in their outermost energy levels. This makes it difficult for the electrons to move freely and carry electric charge, resulting in nonmetals being insulators. Additionally, nonmetals have a high electronegativity, meaning they attract electrons strongly, which further hinders the flow of electric current. Similarly, nonmetals do not have free electrons that can transfer thermal energy easily, making them inefficient conductors of heat. Therefore, the statement "Nonmetals are poor conductors of heat and electricity" is true.

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  • 14. 

    The sum of the number of protons and the number of neutrons in an atom is the mass number.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the mass number of an atom is determined by the sum of its protons and neutrons. Protons have a positive charge and are found in the nucleus of an atom, while neutrons have no charge and are also found in the nucleus. The mass number represents the total number of particles in the nucleus, which includes both protons and neutrons. Therefore, the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in an atom is indeed the mass number.

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  • 15. 

    A diagram showing only outer energy level electrons is called a(n) periodic table.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. A diagram showing only outer energy level electrons is called an electron dot diagram or Lewis dot diagram, not a periodic table. A periodic table is a tabular arrangement of chemical elements that displays their atomic number, symbol, and atomic mass.

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  • 16. 

    As you move from left to right in a row of the periodic table, metallic properties increase.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because as you move from left to right in a row of the periodic table, metallic properties actually decrease. This is because elements on the left side of the periodic table tend to have metallic properties, while elements on the right side tend to have non-metallic properties. The trend is due to the increasing electronegativity and decreasing atomic radius as you move across a period.

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