Both houses of Congress
The Senate only
The House of Representatives only
The chief justice of the Supreme Court only
The Senate and the Supreme Court
With the ratification of the fifteenth Amendment in 1870
With the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920
With the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
When the first Black woman was elected to Congress
When the Three-Fifths Compromise was repealed
Deny citizens access to competitive factions
Abolish most competitive factions
Limit the number of political factions
Regulate factions through taxation
Permit many factions to compete
Politics is best understood as the competition among groups of people with shared interests.
Politics is best understood as the study of individuals rather than groups.
Interest groups are too closely controlled by their leaders to be representative of the public at large.
Courts should play almost no role in the political process because judges are almost never elected.
Political leaders are motivated more by their values or visions than by their desire to be reelected.
Made states sovereign over the national government, while the Articles were based on national sovereignty
Was difficult to amend, while the Articles included an easier process requiring approval by a simple majority of states
Provided for a presidential system of government, while the Articles provided for a parliamentary system of government
Created a dominant national executive, while the Articles established a dominant national legislature
Provided for a strong national government with many powers, while the Articles created a weak central government with few independent powers
Most of the amendments introduced in Congress eventually have been ratified
The required ratification by three-fourths of the states is cumbersome and time-consuming
Amendments may be proposed and ratified by the same legislative body
Amendments may alter the election processes or the federal government structure
The process results in dangerous ideological swings due to the ease of ratification
Elected to ten-year terms
Elected directly by the people
Chosen only from the House of Representatives
Appointed by the President
Chosen by members of state legislatures
The right of defense attorneys to exclude or omit from their arguments any evidence that might damage their client's case
The right of HIV-positive citizens to exclude their health status from job applications
The rule that prohibits the use of illegally seized evidence in criminal prosecutions
The rule that excludes illegal activity from prosecution if the activity was legal at the time it was committed.
The precedent that forbids private men's clubs from excluding women
Establishing a state religion
Abridging the free exercise of religion
Passing bills of attainder or ex post facto laws
Abridging the right of freedom of speech or of the press
Abridging the right of the people to assemble peaceably