Constitution Practice Test Questions & Answers

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Constitution Practice Test Questions & Answers - Quiz

The US constitution is vital to disperse the power of the state amongst its citizens. Knowledge of the constitution is necessary for everyone. How would you help a 8th grader learn about constitution. This quiz is perfect to help study for the U. S. Constitution test in 8th grade. Give it a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which amendment states that you don't have to quarter troops in your home?

    • A.

      2nd amendment

    • B.

      3rd amendment 

    Correct Answer
    B. 3rd amendment 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3. The Third Amendment to the United States Constitution states that individuals do not have to quarter troops in their homes during times of peace without their consent. This amendment was included in the Bill of Rights to protect citizens' privacy and prevent the government from forcing them to house soldiers against their will.

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  • 2. 

    Which amendment protects you from cruel and unusual punishment?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      8

    Correct Answer
    B. 8
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 8. The Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects individuals from cruel and unusual punishment. This amendment ensures that the government cannot impose excessive fines or inflict cruel and unusual punishments on individuals convicted of crimes. It is an essential protection of civil liberties and human rights, ensuring that punishment remains fair and proportionate to the offense committed.

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  • 3. 

    Which amendment abolished slavery?

    • A.

      13

    • B.

      14

    Correct Answer
    A. 13
    Explanation
    The 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States. This amendment was ratified in 1865, following the end of the Civil War. It states that "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States." This amendment was a significant milestone in American history, as it finally ended the institution of slavery and granted freedom to millions of enslaved individuals.

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  • 4. 

    What is the term of office for a U.S. President?

    • A.

      2 years

    • B.

      4 years

    Correct Answer
    B. 4 years
    Explanation
    The term of office for a U.S. President is 4 years. This is stated in the U.S. Constitution, which outlines the length of the President's term and the process for re-election. The 4-year term allows for stability and continuity in leadership, while also allowing for the possibility of change and new leadership if desired by the American people.

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  • 5. 

    What is the term of office for a Supreme Court Justice?

    • A.

      6 years

    • B.

      Life

    Correct Answer
    B. Life
    Explanation
    The term of office for a Supreme Court Justice is life. This means that once appointed to the Supreme Court, a Justice serves until they retire, resign, or are removed through the impeachment process. Unlike other government positions that have fixed terms, Supreme Court Justices have lifetime appointments to ensure their independence and insulate them from political pressures. This allows them to make impartial and objective decisions without fear of retribution or political influence.

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  • 6. 

    What is the term of office for a U.S. Representative?

    • A.

      2 years

    • B.

      4 years

    Correct Answer
    A. 2 years
    Explanation
    The term of office for a U.S. Representative is 2 years. This means that once elected, a U.S. Representative serves in office for a period of 2 years before they have to run for re-election. This shorter term is designed to ensure that Representatives remain accountable to their constituents and allows for more frequent opportunities for the public to have a say in who represents them in Congress.

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  • 7. 

    Which governmental body has the sole right to impeach?

    • A.

      House of Representatives

    • B.

      Supreme Court

    Correct Answer
    A. House of Representatives
    Explanation
    The House of Representatives has the sole right to impeach. In the United States, impeachment is the process by which a government official is accused of wrongdoing and potentially removed from office. The House of Representatives initiates this process by bringing charges against the official, while the Senate conducts the trial. Therefore, the House of Representatives holds the exclusive power to impeach, making it the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    How is the number of Senators per state for the U.S. Senate determined?

    • A.

      Each state has 2 Senators.

    • B.

      It is determined by population.

    Correct Answer
    A. Each state has 2 Senators.
    Explanation
    The number of Senators per state for the U.S. Senate is determined by the fact that each state is allocated two Senators. This is outlined in the U.S. Constitution, where it states that each state, regardless of its population size, is entitled to equal representation in the Senate. Therefore, regardless of the population of a state, it will always have two Senators representing it in the U.S. Senate.

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  • 9. 

    How is the number of Representatives per state for the U.S. House of Representatives determined?

    • A.

      Each state gets 2 Representatives.

    • B.

      It is determined by population.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is determined by population.
    Explanation
    The number of Representatives per state for the U.S. House of Representatives is determined by population. This means that states with larger populations have more Representatives, while states with smaller populations have fewer Representatives. This system ensures that each state is represented fairly based on its population size.

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  • 10. 

    What is the main idea of the Preamble?

    • A.

      It is the conclusion of the U.S. Constitution.

    • B.

      It introduces and sets the purpose of the U.S. Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    B. It introduces and sets the purpose of the U.S. Constitution.
    Explanation
    The main idea of the Preamble is to introduce and establish the purpose of the U.S. Constitution. It serves as an introductory statement that outlines the goals and intentions of the Constitution, such as establishing justice, ensuring domestic tranquility, providing for the common defense, promoting the general welfare, and securing the blessings of liberty. It sets the tone for the rest of the Constitution and provides a framework for the principles and values that the document embodies.

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  • 11. 

    Who elects the President?

    • A.

      The Electoral College.

    • B.

      The U.S. Congress.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Electoral College.
    Explanation
    The Electoral College elects the President in the United States. This system consists of electors who are chosen by each state, and their votes determine the outcome of the presidential election. The number of electors for each state is based on its representation in Congress. The candidate who receives a majority of electoral votes (at least 270 out of 538) becomes the President. The U.S. Congress does not directly elect the President, but it does have a role in the process by certifying the electoral results.

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  • 12. 

    What is checks and balances?

    • A.

      Division of the operations of the government into three branches, each with its own powers and responsiblities.

    • B.

      Means by which each branch of the government is able to check, or control, the power of the other two branches.

    Correct Answer
    B. Means by which each branch of the government is able to check, or control, the power of the other two branches.
    Explanation
    Checks and balances refer to the system in which each branch of the government has the ability to oversee and limit the powers of the other two branches. This ensures that no single branch becomes too powerful and prevents any branch from abusing its authority. Through checks and balances, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches can monitor and restrain one another, promoting accountability and preventing tyranny.

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  • 13. 

    What is federalism?

    • A.

      Division of power between the National, State, and Local governments.

    • B.

      Money raised by the government through taxes.

    Correct Answer
    A. Division of power between the National, State, and Local governments.
    Explanation
    Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority (National government) and regional authorities (State and Local governments). This division of power allows each level of government to have its own specific responsibilities and areas of jurisdiction, while also sharing some powers and responsibilities. This system is often used in countries with large territories or diverse populations to ensure that the needs and interests of different regions are represented and addressed effectively.

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  • 14. 

    Which branch of the government deals with the court system?

    • A.

      Judicial

    • B.

      Executive

    Correct Answer
    A. Judicial
    Explanation
    The branch of the government that deals with the court system is the judicial branch. This branch is responsible for interpreting and applying the law, resolving disputes, and administering justice. It includes the Supreme Court and other federal and state courts. The judicial branch ensures that laws are fairly enforced and that individuals receive a fair trial. The executive branch, on the other hand, is responsible for enforcing laws and implementing policies.

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  • 15. 

    Which amendment guarantees you the right to an attorney and a speedy trial with an impartial jury?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      6

    Correct Answer
    B. 6
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 6. The Sixth Amendment guarantees the right to an attorney and a speedy trial with an impartial jury. This amendment ensures that individuals accused of a crime have the right to legal representation and a fair trial process. It is an essential protection of the rights of the accused and helps to ensure justice and due process in the legal system.

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  • 16. 

    Which amendment gave 18 year olds the right to vote?

    • A.

      26

    • B.

      25

    Correct Answer
    A. 26
    Explanation
    The 26th amendment gave 18 year olds the right to vote. This amendment was ratified in 1971 and lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. It was a response to the Vietnam War, as many argued that if 18 year olds were old enough to fight in the war, they should also be old enough to vote. This amendment aimed to ensure equal voting rights for all adults, regardless of their age.

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  • 17. 

    Which amendment gave women the right to vote?

    • A.

      15

    • B.

      19

    Correct Answer
    B. 19
    Explanation
    The 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote. This amendment, ratified in 1920, prohibited the denial of the right to vote based on gender. It was a significant milestone in the women's suffrage movement and marked a major step towards gender equality in the United States.

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  • 18. 

    Which amendment states that you have the right to bear arms?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    Correct Answer
    A. 2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 2nd amendment. The 2nd amendment to the United States Constitution gives citizens the right to bear arms. This amendment was adopted in 1791 and is an important part of American history and culture. It has been the subject of much debate and interpretation over the years, with proponents arguing for the importance of individual gun ownership for self-defense and protection of liberties, while opponents argue for stricter regulations to prevent gun violence.

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  • 19. 

    Which amendment states that the President can only serve two terms?

    • A.

      22

    • B.

      24

    Correct Answer
    A. 22
    Explanation
    The 22nd amendment states that the President can only serve two terms. This amendment was ratified in 1951, after President Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected for four terms. The purpose of this amendment is to prevent any individual from holding the office of the President for an extended period of time, thus ensuring a rotation of power and preventing the possibility of a dictatorship or monarchy.

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  • 20. 

    Which amendment repealed Prohibition?

    • A.

      21

    • B.

      22

    Correct Answer
    A. 21
    Explanation
    The 21st amendment repealed Prohibition, which was the 18th amendment. Prohibition was a nationwide ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. The 21st amendment, ratified in 1933, ended this era of prohibition by repealing the 18th amendment. This amendment gave states the power to regulate the production and sale of alcohol, effectively ending the nationwide ban and allowing the legal consumption of alcoholic beverages once again.

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  • 21. 

    Which amendment makes people of all ethnic groups citizens of the U.S.?

    • A.

      13

    • B.

      14

    Correct Answer
    B. 14
    Explanation
    The 14th Amendment makes people of all ethnic groups citizens of the U.S. This amendment, ratified in 1868, grants citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, including former slaves. It also guarantees equal protection under the law and prohibits states from denying any person within their jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. This amendment was a significant step towards ensuring equal rights and citizenship for all individuals, regardless of their ethnic background.

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  • 22. 

    Which amendment gave African-Americans the right to vote?

    • A.

      13

    • B.

      15

    Correct Answer
    B. 15
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 15. The 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1870, granted African-American men the right to vote. This amendment aimed to protect the voting rights of African-Americans and ensure that they were not denied the right to vote based on their race or previous condition of servitude. The 15th Amendment was a significant milestone in the ongoing struggle for civil rights and equality for African-Americans.

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  • 23. 

    Which amendment protects your from unreasonable searches and seizures?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      5

    Correct Answer
    A. 4
    Explanation
    The Fourth Amendment protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures. This means that law enforcement officials cannot search a person's property or seize their belongings without a valid reason or a warrant. The amendment ensures that people have a right to privacy and that their personal property cannot be violated without proper justification.

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  • 24. 

    Which amendment banned the sale, use, and distribution of alcoholic beverages?

    • A.

      18

    • B.

      19

    Correct Answer
    A. 18
    Explanation
    The 18th amendment to the United States Constitution banned the sale, use, and distribution of alcoholic beverages. This amendment, also known as the Prohibition amendment, was ratified in 1919 and went into effect in 1920. It was a result of the temperance movement and the belief that alcohol consumption was detrimental to society. The 18th amendment was later repealed by the 21st amendment in 1933, ending the era of Prohibition.

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  • 25. 

    After a bill in introduced in the House of Representatives, where does it go?

    • A.

      It goes the Conference Committee.

    • B.

      It goes to the House Committee.

    Correct Answer
    B. It goes to the House Committee.
    Explanation
    After a bill is introduced in the House of Representatives, it goes to the House Committee. This committee is responsible for reviewing and analyzing the bill, conducting hearings, and making amendments if necessary. The committee members discuss and debate the bill before deciding whether to recommend it for further consideration by the full House. The committee may also hold public hearings to gather input from experts and stakeholders. Once the committee has completed its review, it presents the bill with its recommendations to the full House for a vote.

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  • 26. 

    If the President vetoes a House of Representatives Bill, where does it go?

    • A.

      It goes back to the House of Representatives.

    • B.

      It goes back to the Senate.

    Correct Answer
    A. It goes back to the House of Representatives.
    Explanation
    If the President vetoes a House of Representatives Bill, it goes back to the House of Representatives. This is because the veto power allows the President to reject a bill passed by Congress. However, the bill can still become law if it is overridden by a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Therefore, the bill is sent back to the House of Representatives for further consideration and potential override of the veto.

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  • 27. 

    After an amended House of Representatives bill has passed the Senate floor, where does it go?

    • A.

      It goes to the President.

    • B.

      It goes to the Conference Committee.

    Correct Answer
    B. It goes to the Conference Committee.
    Explanation
    After an amended House of Representatives bill has passed the Senate floor, it goes to the Conference Committee. The Conference Committee is responsible for resolving any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill. Members from both chambers come together to negotiate and reconcile the differences, and they produce a final version of the bill. This final version is then sent back to both the House and Senate for a final vote before it can be sent to the President for approval.

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  • 28. 

    Besides removal from office, what other penalties could someone face if convicted at an impeachment trial?

    • A.

      They could go to jail and not be allowed to run for public office again.

    • B.

      They could have to pay extra taxes and go to jail.

    Correct Answer
    A. They could go to jail and not be allowed to run for public office again.
    Explanation
    If someone is convicted at an impeachment trial, besides removal from office, they could face the penalty of going to jail and being permanently barred from running for public office again. This means that they would not only lose their current position but also their freedom and future political aspirations. This punishment serves as a deterrent and ensures accountability for any wrongdoing committed by individuals in positions of power.

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  • 29. 

    What are the three qualifications to be U.S. Representatives?

    • A.

      25 years old, be a U.S. citizen for 7 years, and live in the state you represent

    • B.

      30 years old, be a U.S. citizen for 9 years, and live in the state you represent.

    Correct Answer
    A. 25 years old, be a U.S. citizen for 7 years, and live in the state you represent
    Explanation
    To be a U.S. Representative, an individual must meet three qualifications. Firstly, they must be at least 25 years old. Secondly, they must be a U.S. citizen for at least 7 years. Lastly, they must reside in the state they wish to represent. These qualifications ensure that U.S. Representatives have a certain level of maturity, experience, and connection to the state they are representing.

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  • 30. 

    What are the three qualifications to be a U.S. Senator?

    • A.

      25 years old, be a U.S. citizen for 7 years, and live in the state you represent

    • B.

      30 years old, be a U.S. citizen for 9 years, and live in the state you represent.

    Correct Answer
    B. 30 years old, be a U.S. citizen for 9 years, and live in the state you represent.
    Explanation
    To be a U.S. Senator, one must meet three qualifications: being 30 years old, being a U.S. citizen for 9 years, and living in the state they represent. These qualifications ensure that Senators have the necessary maturity, experience, and commitment to serve in the legislative branch of the U.S. government. By setting these requirements, the Constitution aims to ensure that Senators have a deep understanding of the country, its laws, and the needs of their respective states.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following is a right guaranteed by the 5th amendment?

    • A.

      To have a judge or jury settle a dispute between two parties.

    • B.

      Do not have to speak against self in court.

    Correct Answer
    B. Do not have to speak against self in court.
    Explanation
    The 5th amendment guarantees the right of an individual to not be compelled to incriminate themselves in court. This means that a person cannot be forced to testify against themselves or provide evidence that could potentially be self-incriminating. This protection is commonly known as the right to remain silent and is a fundamental aspect of the legal system to ensure fair trials and protect individuals from self-incrimination.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following is a right guaranteed by the 5th amendment?

    • A.

      The right to face witnesses in court.

    • B.

      No double jeopardy, can not be tried for the same crime twice.

    Correct Answer
    B. No double jeopardy, can not be tried for the same crime twice.
    Explanation
    The 5th amendment guarantees the right to not be subjected to double jeopardy, meaning that a person cannot be tried for the same crime more than once. This protection ensures that individuals are not unfairly subjected to multiple trials for the same offense, preventing potential abuse of the legal system and protecting against harassment by the government.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following is a right guaranteed by the 5th amendment?

    • A.

      Eminent Domain, Government can take property with just compensation.

    • B.

      Protects you far excessive bail and punishment.

    Correct Answer
    A. Eminent Domain, Government can take property with just compensation.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Eminent Domain, Government can take property with just compensation. The 5th amendment of the United States Constitution protects individuals from having their private property taken by the government without fair compensation. This concept, known as eminent domain, allows the government to take private property for public use, such as building roads or schools, but they must provide just compensation to the property owner. This ensures that individuals are not unfairly deprived of their property rights by the government.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following is a power of the President according to the U.S. Constitution?

    • A.

      Declare war.

    • B.

      Commander-in-Chief of the military.

    Correct Answer
    B. Commander-in-Chief of the military.
    Explanation
    According to the U.S. Constitution, one of the powers granted to the President is being the Commander-in-Chief of the military. This means that the President has the authority to make decisions and give orders regarding the nation's armed forces. This power allows the President to have control over military operations and to make strategic decisions in times of peace and war.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following are powers of Congress according to the U.S. Constitution?

    • A.

      Declare war and print money.

    • B.

      Make foreign treaties and appoint foreign ambassadors.

    Correct Answer
    A. Declare war and print money.
    Explanation
    According to the U.S. Constitution, Congress has the power to declare war and print money. These powers are explicitly stated in the Constitution as part of the authority granted to Congress. The power to declare war ensures that Congress has the ability to make the decision to engage in armed conflict, while the power to print money allows Congress to control the nation's currency and regulate the economy. These powers demonstrate the significant role that Congress plays in shaping the country's foreign policy and financial system.

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  • 36. 

    What is popular sovereignty?

    • A.

      Principle of government in which the people hold the final authority or power.

    • B.

      Principle that the government is not all powerful but can only do what the people say

    Correct Answer
    A. Principle of government in which the people hold the final authority or power.
    Explanation
    Popular sovereignty is the principle of government in which the people hold the final authority or power. This means that the ultimate power lies with the people, who have the right to make decisions and determine the course of their government. It emphasizes the idea that the government is created and sustained by the consent of the governed, and that the government's authority is derived from the people. This principle is a fundamental aspect of democratic systems, where the people have the ability to elect representatives and participate in decision-making processes.

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  • 37. 

    What is limited government?

    • A.

      Principle that the government is not all powerful but can do only what the people say it can do.

    • B.

      The right a court to hear a case.

    Correct Answer
    A. Principle that the government is not all powerful but can do only what the people say it can do.
    Explanation
    Limited government refers to the principle that the government's power is not absolute and is constrained by the will of the people. It means that the government can only exercise authority and take actions that have been explicitly granted to it by the people. This principle serves as a safeguard against tyranny and ensures that the government does not have unchecked power over its citizens. By adhering to limited government, the rights and freedoms of individuals are protected, and the government's actions are accountable to the people it serves.

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  • 38. 

    What is a bill?

    • A.

      Publication of all the business transactions of the U.S. Congress.

    • B.

      A proposed law.

    Correct Answer
    B. A proposed law.
    Explanation
    A bill is a proposed law that is introduced in the legislative branch of the government. It is a formal document that outlines the specific details and provisions of the proposed law, including its purpose and potential impact. Bills go through a series of steps and scrutiny before they can become law, including committee review, debate, and voting. The answer "A proposed law" accurately describes the nature and purpose of a bill in the legislative process.

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  • 39. 

    What is separation of powers?

    • A.

      Division of the operations of the government into three branches, each with its own powers and responsiblities.

    • B.

      The smallest number of members who must be present for Congress to do business.

    Correct Answer
    A. Division of the operations of the government into three branches, each with its own powers and responsiblities.
    Explanation
    Separation of powers refers to the division of the operations of the government into three branches, namely the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Each branch has its own distinct powers and responsibilities to ensure a system of checks and balances, preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful. This principle is a fundamental aspect of democratic governance and helps to protect against abuses of power.

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  • 40. 

    What is revenue?

    • A.

      To be called as a witness.

    • B.

      Money raised by the government through taxes.

    Correct Answer
    B. Money raised by the government through taxes.
    Explanation
    Revenue refers to the funds generated by the government through the collection of taxes. It is the total income received by the government from various sources, including income tax, sales tax, property tax, and other forms of taxation. This revenue is crucial for the government to finance its operations, provide public services, and meet its financial obligations. Therefore, the correct answer is "Money raised by the government through taxes."

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  • 41. 

    What is limited government?

    • A.

      Principle that the government is not all powerful but can do only what the people say it can do.

    • B.

      The right a court to hear a case.

    Correct Answer
    A. Principle that the government is not all powerful but can do only what the people say it can do.
    Explanation
    Limited government is the principle that the government's power is not absolute, but rather restricted by the will of the people. It means that the government can only exercise authority and take actions that are explicitly granted to it by the people. This concept ensures that the government does not have unchecked power and that individual rights and freedoms are protected. It establishes a system of checks and balances, where the government's actions are subject to scrutiny and accountability.

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  • 42. 

    What is a Bill of Attainder?

    • A.

      Punishing someone without a trial.

    • B.

      The right of a court to hear a case.

    Correct Answer
    A. Punishing someone without a trial.
    Explanation
    A Bill of Attainder refers to the act of punishing someone without a trial. It is a legislative act that declares a person or a group guilty of a crime and imposes punishment without the benefit of a judicial process. This practice is considered unconstitutional in many countries, including the United States, as it violates the principle of due process and the right to a fair trial.

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  • 43. 

    What is a reprieve?

    • A.

      Postpones or cancels the punishment of someone.

    • B.

      Punishing an act that wasn't illegal when it was committed.

    Correct Answer
    A. Postpones or cancels the punishment of someone.
    Explanation
    A reprieve refers to the action of postponing or canceling the punishment of someone. This means that the person who was supposed to be punished will have their punishment delayed or completely eliminated. It does not involve punishing an act that wasn't illegal when it was committed, as stated in the second option.

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  • 44. 

    What is the Congressional Record?

    • A.

      Publication of all the business transactions of the U.S. Congress.

    • B.

      The smallest number of members who must be present for Congress to do business.

    Correct Answer
    A. Publication of all the business transactions of the U.S. Congress.
    Explanation
    The Congressional Record refers to the publication of all the business transactions of the U.S. Congress. It is a comprehensive record that includes the debates, speeches, and votes of both the House of Representatives and the Senate. This publication serves as an official record of the proceedings and actions taken by Congress, providing transparency and accountability to the legislative process. It allows the public, researchers, and historians to access and review the actions and decisions made by Congress, ensuring a record of the nation's legislative history.

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  • 45. 

    What is a pardon?

    • A.

      To exempt a convicted person from their punishment.

    • B.

      A proposed treaty.

    Correct Answer
    A. To exempt a convicted person from their punishment.
    Explanation
    A pardon refers to the act of exempting a convicted person from their punishment. It is a legal action that can be taken by a governing authority to forgive or release an individual from the consequences of their crime. This can include the reduction or elimination of fines, imprisonment, or other penalties associated with the conviction. A pardon is typically granted after a person has been convicted and sentenced, and it is considered a form of clemency or leniency towards the offender.

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  • 46. 

    What is an ex post facto law?

    • A.

      Punishing an act that wasn't illlegal when it was committed.

    • B.

      A proposed law.

    Correct Answer
    A. Punishing an act that wasn't illlegal when it was committed.
    Explanation
    An ex post facto law refers to a law that retroactively criminalizes an act or increases the punishment for an act that was not illegal when it was committed. This means that individuals can be punished for actions that were considered legal at the time they were performed. The concept of ex post facto laws is generally considered unfair and a violation of the principle that individuals should not be held accountable for actions that were not against the law when they occurred.

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  • 47. 

    What is a quorum?

    • A.

      The smallest number of members who must be present for Congress to do business.

    • B.

      The maximum number of vote for a bill to pass into law.

    Correct Answer
    A. The smallest number of members who must be present for Congress to do business.
    Explanation
    A quorum refers to the minimum number of members that need to be present in order for a legislative body, such as Congress, to conduct official business. It ensures that there is a sufficient number of representatives present to make decisions and pass legislation. Without a quorum, Congress would not be able to proceed with its activities.

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  • 48. 

    Define impeach.

    • A.

      To rule a law unconstitutional.

    • B.

      Bring a federal official to trial for misconduct while in office.

    Correct Answer
    B. Bring a federal official to trial for misconduct while in office.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Bring a federal official to trial for misconduct while in office." Impeachment refers to the process of accusing and bringing charges against a federal official, such as the President, Vice President, or federal judges, for misconduct committed while in office. It is a legal mechanism to hold these officials accountable for their actions and protect the integrity of the government. Impeachment does not involve ruling a law unconstitutional, as that falls under the jurisdiction of the judicial branch.

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  • 49. 

    What is jurisdiction?

    • A.

      Punishing someone without a trial.

    • B.

      The right of a court to hear a case.

    Correct Answer
    B. The right of a court to hear a case.
    Explanation
    Jurisdiction refers to the legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. It determines whether a court has the power to make decisions and enforce them. The correct answer states that jurisdiction is the right of a court to hear a case, which accurately describes the concept.

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  • 50. 

    What is a subpeona?

    • A.

      The right a speedy trial with an impartial jury.

    • B.

      To be called to court was a witness.

    Correct Answer
    B. To be called to court was a witness.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To be called to court was a witness." This answer accurately defines a subpoena, which is a legal document that requires a person to appear in court as a witness. It is not related to the right to a speedy trial or an impartial jury, as mentioned in the other options.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Nov 09, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 28, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Jennifer Schmidt
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