Theories And Classroom Application

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 819

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which theory ascribes to the belief that children learn by imitation?
    • A. 

      Critical-age Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Innateness Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Cognitive Theory

    • D. 

      Behaviorist Theory

  • 2. 
    L2s develop language skills regardless of the quantity or quality of adult intervention.  _________ and ___________ also contribute to language acquisition.
  • 3. 
    Piaget's Cognitive Theory is based on the belief
    • A. 

      That there is a LAD used by all children that helps them master the language in 5-6 years

    • B. 

      That there is a critical age between birth and puberty when a language must be learned

    • C. 

      That children become aware of a concept before they have the words to describe it.

  • 4. 
    Who is responsible for the Critical-age Theory?
    • A. 

      Lennerberg

    • B. 

      Piaget

    • C. 

      Chomsky

  • 5. 
    Who is responsible for the Innateness Hypothesis and LAD theory?
    • A. 

      Piaget

    • B. 

      Lennerberg

    • C. 

      Chomsky

  • 6. 
    Krashen has 5 hypotheses of language acuqisition.  Which one focuses on emotions?
    • A. 

      Acquisition vs. learning hypothesis

    • B. 

      Monitor hypothesis

    • C. 

      Natural Order hypothesis

    • D. 

      Comprehensible input hypothesis

    • E. 

      Affective Filter hypothesis

  • 7. 
    Which of Krashen's hypotheses focus on how grammatical structures are learned in a natural order and emphasizes that language programs should not focus on grammar by acquiring the language?
    • A. 

      Acquisition vs. learning hypothesis

    • B. 

      Monitor hypothesis

    • C. 

      Natural Order hypothesis

    • D. 

      Comprehensible input hypothesis

    • E. 

      Affective Filter hypothesis

  • 8. 
    How are Bruner and Chomsky's theories similar?
    • A. 

      They both think L2 should be learned in a natural environment.

    • B. 

      Both believe that programs should focus on grammatical structures.

    • C. 

      That children are 'hard-wired' to learn a second language, but may need LASS. (Language Acquisition Support System)

    • D. 

      That 2nd language learners will understand the language before being able to speak it proficiently.

  • 9. 
    Who believed that skills, ideas, and concepts students know in their first language will be transferred to their second language? (CUP)
    • A. 

      Piaget

    • B. 

      Bruner

    • C. 

      Chomsky

    • D. 

      Cummins

    • E. 

      Krashen

  • 10. 
    What stage is the first language learner in if they say "baby sleep"?
    • A. 

      Pre speech

    • B. 

      Babbbling

    • C. 

      One word/holophrastic

    • D. 

      Two word stage

    • E. 

      Telegraphic

  • 11. 
    What stage is the first language learner in if he responds to speech, recognizes sounds and patterns?
    • A. 

      Pre speech

    • B. 

      Babbling

    • C. 

      One word/holophrastic

    • D. 

      Two word stage

    • E. 

      Telegraphic

  • 12. 
    What stage is a second language learner in if they have expanded their receptive language and their production is emerging?
    • A. 

      Pre production

    • B. 

      Early production

    • C. 

      Speech emergence

    • D. 

      Intermediate fluency

    • E. 

      Advance fluency

  • 13. 
    According to Jim Cummins "playground language" is called
    • A. 

      BICS

    • B. 

      CALP

  • 14. 
    How many years may it take for a second language learner to have CALP?
    • A. 

      1-3 years

    • B. 

      3-5 years

    • C. 

      5-10 years

    • D. 

      10-15 years

  • 15. 
    What is a common mistake that L2 learners make?
    • A. 

      Pronouncing words incorrectly

    • B. 

      Using the structure of their L1 in the L2

    • C. 

      Using incorrect vocabulary based on their schema

  • 16. 
    It emerges in 6 months to 2 yearsIt is not cognitively demandingIt is for social situations
    • A. 

      CALLA

    • B. 

      CALP

    • C. 

      BICS

  • 17. 
    It is an instructional modelIntegrates academic language developmentContent Area instructionExplicit instruction in learning strategies for content
    • A. 

      CALLA

    • B. 

      CALP

    • C. 

      BICS

  • 18. 
    Requires students to listenspeakreadwrite with a content materialcompareclassifysynthesizeevaluateinfer
    • A. 

      CALLA

    • B. 

      CALP

    • C. 

      BICCS

  • 19. 
    What do researchers agree will produce the best language acquisition results?
    • A. 

      Incorporating L1 into the classroom

    • B. 

      Focusing on grammar

    • C. 

      Introducing young children both languages at once

    • D. 

      Encouraging proficiency in L1 before starting the L2

  • 20. 
    When did Piaget believe children are able to learn another language more proficiently, but not focus on the rules of that language?
    • A. 

      During the concrete operational stage

    • B. 

      During the preoperational stage

    • C. 

      At the same time they are speaking in monologues without thought to who is listening

    • D. 

      At the formal operational stage

  • 21. 
    Cummins believed the benefit of a student schooled in their native language for a few years will
    • A. 

      Help students label objects

    • B. 

      Share information in a predictable order

    • C. 

      Follow oral directions

    • D. 

      Maintain social interactions

    • E. 

      All

  • 22. 
    Name three social factors that influence L2 acquisition
  • 23. 
    What is one of the most important social influences on L2 acquisition?
    • A. 

      Home support

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      Fossilization

    • D. 

      Ethnic retention

    • E. 

      Generaliziation

  • 24. 
    A child from the US moves to China.  He starts learning Chinese, celebrating Chinese holidays, reading/writing in Chinese, etc. He rarely speaks English or celebrates any American customs he once did. This child has most likely:
    • A. 

      Been marginalized

    • B. 

      Assimilated

    • C. 

      Acquired language transfer

  • 25. 
    A child's tendency to continue making the same errors despite repeated exposure to correct forms and parent correction is best explained by:
    • A. 

      The child's need to assert individuality

    • B. 

      Habit formation

    • C. 

      Zone of proximal development

    • D. 

      Natural development processess

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