The Elements Of The Short Story And Genres Of Literature ~~ 6th Grade Pretest #1

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| By Michelle BYRD
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Michelle BYRD
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Short Story Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz will test students' knowledge of the basic elements of a short story and the 4 genres of literature.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In the space below, type 3 of the ELEMENTS of a SHORT STORY (or novel) ---then tell why each element is important in/to a story: 

  • 2. 

    Kelvin found a wallet on the ground. He opened up the wallet and saw an old woman's ID card. Kelvin took the ID out of the wallet, walked to the woman's house, and returned the wallet to her. What character trait does Kelvin demonstrate AND in what way?  

  • 3. 

    This term refers to the message about life that the readers learn.

    • A.

      Sermon

    • B.

      Topic

    • C.

      Conflict

    • D.

      Theme

    Correct Answer
    D. Theme
    Explanation
    The term that refers to the message about life that the readers learn is the theme. The theme is the central idea or underlying message in a literary work. It is the deeper meaning or moral that the author wants to convey to the readers. The theme can be inferred through the events, characters, and symbols in the story. It helps the readers to gain a better understanding of the story and its significance.

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  • 4. 

    Setting may include the following:

    • A.

      The time, place, weather, social and moral beliefs

    • B.

      The time, weather, characters and moral beliefs

    • C.

      The time, place, characters and social beliefs

    • D.

      The time, place, plot, characters and social beliefs

    Correct Answer
    A. The time, place, weather, social and moral beliefs
    Explanation
    The setting of a story refers to the time and place in which it takes place, as well as other elements such as weather, social and moral beliefs. These elements help to create the backdrop and atmosphere of the story, and can greatly influence the actions and motivations of the characters. By including these elements in the setting, the author can provide a more immersive and realistic experience for the reader.

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  • 5. 

    This is the introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.

    • A.

      Rising Action

    • B.

      Falling Action

    • C.

      Exposition

    • D.

      Beginning

    Correct Answer
    C. Exposition
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Exposition." The exposition is the introductory material in a story that sets the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and provides other necessary facts to understand the story. It helps to establish the foundation of the narrative and provides essential background information for the reader.

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  • 6. 

    The main character in the story is called the:

    • A.

      Antagonist

    • B.

      Narrator

    • C.

      Protagonist

    • D.

      Foil Character

    Correct Answer
    C. Protagonist
    Explanation
    The main character in a story is referred to as the protagonist. This character is usually the central focus of the narrative and is typically involved in the main conflict or struggle of the story. The protagonist's actions and decisions drive the plot forward and their development is often a key element in the story's progression.

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  • 7. 

    This part of the story is the result of the crisis. It is the high point of the story for the reader. Frequently, it is the moment of the highest interest and greatest emotion. The point at which the outcome of the conflict can be predicted.

    • A.

      Problem

    • B.

      Falling action

    • C.

      Crisis

    • D.

      Climax

    Correct Answer
    D. Climax
    Explanation
    The climax is the part of the story where the highest interest and greatest emotion are experienced by the reader. It is the result of the crisis and often the moment where the outcome of the conflict can be predicted.

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  • 8. 

    Which  is another word for the  literary term  CONFLICT  that starts the action in a story?  

    • A.

      Drama

    • B.

      Problem

    • C.

      Rising Action

    • D.

      Exposition

    Correct Answer
    B. Problem
    Explanation
    The word "problem" is another term for the literary term "conflict" that starts the action in a story. Conflict refers to the struggle or issue that drives the plot forward and creates tension or obstacles for the characters. It is the central element that propels the story and sets it in motion. Therefore, "problem" is the correct answer as it accurately represents the concept of conflict as the catalyst for the story's action.

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  • 9. 

    Which literary term refers to the people  or main animals/things  in a story?  

    • A.

      Characters

    • B.

      Antagonist

    • C.

      Persona

    • D.

      Narrator

    Correct Answer
    A. Characters
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Characters." In literature, characters are the individuals or main animals/things that play a role in the story. They are the ones who drive the plot forward and are essential for developing the narrative. Characters can be protagonists, antagonists, or supporting characters, and they often have distinct personalities, motivations, and relationships with other characters. They are crucial for creating a compelling and engaging story.

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  • 10. 

    This term refers to the part of the story where the conflict is resolved. 

    • A.

      Climax

    • B.

      Resolution

    • C.

      Finale

    • D.

      Falling Action

    Correct Answer
    B. Resolution
    Explanation
    Rounds out and concludes the action of a story.

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  • 11. 

    This narrator  is a character in the story who can reveal only personal thoughts and feelings and what he or she sees and is told by other characters. He can’t tell us thoughts of other characters.  As a reader, you would see the word "I" a bunch in this story as it's told from the narrator's point of view! 

    • A.

      Third Person Objective

    • B.

      Third Person Limited

    • C.

      Third Person Omniscient

    • D.

      First Person

    Correct Answer
    D. First Person
    Explanation
    The correct answer is First Person. This is because the narrator is a character in the story and can only reveal their own thoughts and feelings. The story is told from the narrator's point of view, which is indicated by the frequent use of the word "I".

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  • 12. 

    This narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of ONE of the characters. 

    • A.

      Third Person Objective

    • B.

      Third Person Limited

    • C.

      Third Person Omniscient

    • D.

      First Person

    Correct Answer
    B. Third Person Limited
    Explanation
    In a third person limited point of view, the narrator is an outsider who has access to the thoughts and feelings of only one character. This means that the narrator can provide insight into the mind of a specific character, but not others. The narrator remains objective and does not have access to the thoughts and feelings of all the characters in the story, unlike in a third person omniscient point of view.

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  • 13. 

    The point of view in the following extract is ________________:"Mrs. Gage almost fell into the fire with joy. She had not seen her brother for many years, and, as he did not even acknowledge the Christmas card which she sent him every year, she thought that his miserly habits, well known to her from childhood, made him grudge even a penny stamp for a reply." from The Widow and the Parrot by Virginia Woolf

    • A.

      1st Person Point of View

    • B.

      2nd Person Point of View

    • C.

      3rd Person Point of View

    • D.

      The point of view is unknown!

    Correct Answer
    C. 3rd Person Point of View
    Explanation
    The given extract is written in the third person point of view. This is evident from the use of pronouns like "she" and "her" to refer to the protagonist, Mrs. Gage. The narrator is an observer who is not directly involved in the story but provides an external perspective on the events and thoughts of the characters.

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  • 14. 

     What are the methods of characterization?  (Choose as many as apply)

    • A.

      Thoughts

    • B.

      Smiles

    • C.

      Actions

    • D.

      Metaphors

    • E.

      Physical traits or description

    • F.

      Words

    • G.

      Reaction of other characters

    • H.

      Plot

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Thoughts
    C. Actions
    E. Physical traits or description
    F. Words
    G. Reaction of other characters
    Explanation
    The methods of characterization include thoughts, actions, physical traits or description, words, and the reaction of other characters. These methods are used by authors to develop and reveal the personalities and traits of their characters. Thoughts provide insight into a character's inner world and motivations. Actions show how a character behaves and responds to different situations. Physical traits or descriptions give readers a visual image of the character. Words spoken by a character can reveal their personality and attitudes. The reaction of other characters towards a character can also provide valuable information about their traits and qualities.

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  • 15. 

    A plot that goes back in time to a memory uses which literary term?

    • A.

      Once upon a time

    • B.

      Flashback

    • C.

      A memory

    • D.

      Inference

    Correct Answer
    B. Flashback
    Explanation
    A plot that goes back in time to a memory is referred to as a flashback. This literary term is used to provide background information or to reveal past events that are relevant to the current narrative. Flashbacks help to enrich the story by giving readers a deeper understanding of the characters or the plot. They are commonly used in literature and film to create suspense, add complexity to the narrative, or to explore the motivations and emotions of the characters.

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  • 16. 

     The order that events occur in a story is called what?

    • A.

      Plot

    • B.

      Setting

    • C.

      Theme

    • D.

      Point of view

    Correct Answer
    A. Plot
    Explanation
    The order that events occur in a story is referred to as the plot. The plot encompasses the sequence of events, including the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. It is the structure and organization of these events that drive the narrative and create tension, conflict, and resolution within the story. The plot is crucial in engaging the reader and moving the story forward.

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  • 17. 

    A genre that tells about real events, characters, maps, diagrams, and people is called

    • A.

      Fiction

    • B.

      Non-Fiction

    • C.

      Reality

    • D.

      Realistic fiction

    Correct Answer
    B. Non-Fiction
    Explanation
    Non-Fiction is the correct answer because it is a genre that focuses on real events, characters, maps, diagrams, and people. Unlike fiction, which is based on imaginary elements, non-fiction presents information and facts about the real world. It includes genres such as biographies, autobiographies, history, science, and journalism, among others. Non-fiction works provide readers with knowledge and insights into real-life experiences and events, making it a reliable source of information.

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  • 18. 

    What is the genre name that is made up of facts that can be proven and checked and is true?

    • A.

      Fiction

    • B.

      Non-Fiction

    • C.

      Realistic Fiction

    • D.

      Drama

    Correct Answer
    A. Fiction
    Explanation
    Fiction is the correct answer because it is a genre that consists of stories that are not based on real events or facts. Fictional stories are created by the author's imagination and can include elements that are not true or cannot be proven. Therefore, fiction is the opposite of non-fiction, which is based on factual information that can be proven and checked. Realistic fiction is a subgenre of fiction that portrays events and characters that could potentially happen in real life, but it is still not based on actual facts. Drama is a separate genre that focuses on the performance of plays.

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  • 19. 

     "Don't judge a book by its cover" is an example of a(n)…..

    • A.

      Mood

    • B.

      Style

    • C.

      Conflict and struggle

    • D.

      Universal Theme

    Correct Answer
    D. Universal Theme
    Explanation
    "Don't judge a book by its cover" is a well-known saying that advises against making assumptions based solely on appearances. This statement reflects a universal theme, as it is applicable to various situations and cultures. The theme of not judging others based on their outward appearance or initial impressions is a common and timeless concept that can be found in literature, movies, and everyday life. It teaches us the importance of looking beyond surface-level characteristics and considering the true nature of a person or situation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 30, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 28, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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