# Test Online Soal IPA Smp Bersama

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By 101salman
1
101salman
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 273,181
Questions: 40 | Attempts: 124,706

Settings

Test soal kemampuan IPA SMP....

• 1.

### Besaran di bawah ini yang termasuk besaran pokok adalah ........

• A.

Panjang, Gaya, Berat

• B.

Panjang, Luas, Volume

• C.

Panjang, Massa, Kecepatan

• D.

Panjang, Massa, Waktu

D. Panjang, Massa, Waktu
Explanation
The correct answer is "Panjang, Massa, Waktu". This is because panjang (length), massa (mass), and waktu (time) are fundamental or base quantities in physics. They are independent and cannot be derived from any other physical quantities.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### Alat untuk mengukur panjang adalah ........

• A.

Neraca

• B.

Mistar

• C.

Stopwatch

• D.

Timbangan

B. Mistar
Explanation
A mistar is a tool used to measure length or distance. It is a long, straight, and flat ruler-like instrument with markings or divisions on it. By aligning one end of the mistar with the starting point and measuring up to the desired point, one can accurately determine the length of an object or distance between two points. A mistar is commonly used in various fields such as construction, engineering, and design for precise measurements.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### Suatu logam aluminium mempunyai massa 120 gram dan volume 60 cm³ maka massa jenisnya adalah ........

• A.

2.000 gr/cm³

• B.

2 gr/cm³

• C.

20 gr/cm²

• D.

200 gr/cm³

B. 2 gr/cm³
Explanation
The density of a substance is calculated by dividing its mass by its volume. In this case, the mass of the aluminum is given as 120 grams and the volume is given as 60 cm³. Dividing the mass by the volume gives us a density of 2 grams per cm³. Therefore, the correct answer is 2 gr/cm³.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### Di bawah ini yang termasuk gerak lurus berubah beraturan adalah ........

• A.

Buah kelapa yang jatuh dari pohon

• B.

Mobil yang sedang parker

• C.

Orang yang berlari tetap

• D.

Kereta api yang sedang melaju

A. Buah kelapa yang jatuh dari pohon
Explanation
Gerak lurus berubah beraturan adalah gerakan dengan percepatan konstan. Dalam hal ini, buah kelapa yang jatuh dari pohon mengalami percepatan konstan karena ditarik ke bawah oleh gravitasi. Ketika buah kelapa jatuh, percepatannya tetap konstan karena gaya gravitasi yang bekerja pada buah kelapa tidak berubah sepanjang jatuh. Oleh karena itu, buah kelapa yang jatuh dari pohon termasuk gerak lurus berubah beraturan.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### Perhatikan gambar berikut! Umar dan Amir sedang tarik tambang dengan arah yang berlawanan. Jika gaya Umar 25 Ndan gaya Amir 20 N, maka resultan kedua gayanya adalah ........

• A.

5 N

• B.

20 N

• C.

25 N

• D.

45 N

A. 5 N
Explanation
The resultant of two forces acting in opposite directions can be found by subtracting the smaller force from the larger force. In this case, Umar's force is 25 N and Amir's force is 20 N. Subtracting 20 N from 25 N gives us a resultant of 5 N.

Rate this question:

• 6.

• A.

3 Joule

• B.

8 Joule

• C.

16 Joule

• D.

48 Joule

D. 48 Joule
Explanation
The correct answer is 48 Joule. From the given image, it can be observed that the force applied on the block is 12 Newtons and the distance over which the force is applied is 4 meters. The work done is calculated by multiplying the force applied by the distance traveled, which gives us 48 Joules.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### Tekanan yang terbesar ditunjukkan oleh gambar ........

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

A. A
Explanation

Rate this question:

• 8.

### Perhatikan pada gambar berikut! Jika luas penampang A1= 0,001 m dan A2= 0,1 m, maka besar gaya tekanan di  A2 adalah ........

• A.

100 N

• B.

1.000 N

• C.

10.000 N

• D.

100.000 N

C. 10.000 N
Explanation
The pressure exerted on a surface is given by the formula P = F/A, where P is the pressure, F is the force, and A is the area. In this question, the area of A1 is given as 0.001 m and the area of A2 is given as 0.1 m. The force exerted on A2 can be calculated by rearranging the formula as F = P * A. Since the pressure is not given, we cannot calculate the exact force. Therefore, an explanation for the given answer is not available.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### Air massanya 5 g dipanaskan dari 10°C sampai 40°C. Jika kalor jenis air 1 Kal/ gr°C,banyaknya kalor yang diperlukan untuk suhu air adalah ........

• A.

100 Kalori

• B.

150 Kalori

• C.

200 Kalori

• D.

400 Kalori

B. 150 Kalori
Explanation
The specific heat capacity of water is 1 Kal/ gr°C, which means that it takes 1 calorie of heat energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1°C. In this case, the mass of water is 5 grams and the temperature change is from 10°C to 40°C. Therefore, the total heat energy required can be calculated as follows:

Q = m * c * ΔT
Q = 5g * 1 Kal/gr°C * (40°C - 10°C)
Q = 5g * 1 Kal/gr°C * 30°C
Q = 150 Kalori

Hence, the correct answer is 150 Kalori.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### Bahan penghantar yang paling baik adalah ........

• A.

Alumunium

• B.

Raksa

• C.

Besi

• D.

Kaca

A. Alumunium
Explanation
Aluminum is the best conductor among the given options. It has high electrical conductivity, making it efficient in transmitting electrical signals or current. Aluminum is widely used in electrical wiring, power transmission lines, and various electronic devices due to its excellent conductivity and cost-effectiveness.

Rate this question:

• 11.

### Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini! Satu getaran penuh adalah .......

• A.

G - H - I - G – H

• B.

H - G - I - H – G

• C.

H - I - H - G – H

• D.

I - G - H - I – H

C. H - I - H - G – H
Explanation
The correct answer is H - I - H - G - H because it follows the pattern of the given sequence. The sequence starts with H, then goes to I, then back to H, then to G, and finally back to H again. This pattern repeats itself throughout the sequence.

Rate this question:

• 12.

### Perhatikan gambar berikut! Satuan panjang gelombang adalah ........

• A.

A - g

• B.

A – d

• C.

c – g

• D.

c – f

C. c – g
Explanation
The correct answer is c - g. In the given image, there are two points labeled as c and g. The question asks for the unit of wavelength, and the unit is usually measured as the distance between two consecutive points on a wave. Therefore, the correct answer is c - g, as it represents the distance between these two points on the wave.

Rate this question:

• 13.

### Bunyi yang frekuensinya teratur disebut ........

• A.

Desah

• B.

Dentum

• C.

• D.

gaung

Explanation
The correct answer is "nada". "Nada" refers to a sound or tone that has a regular frequency. The other options, "desah", "dentum", and "gaung", do not specifically refer to sounds with regular frequencies.

Rate this question:

• 14.

### Sifat bayangan yang dibentuk oleh cermin datar adalah .........

• A.

tegak, sama besar

• B.

tegak, diperkecil

• C.

tegak, diperbesar

• D.

Terbalik, diperbesar

A. tegak, sama besar
Explanation
The correct answer is "tegak, sama besar". When an object is placed in front of a flat mirror, the image formed is virtual, upright, and of the same size as the object. This means that the image appears to be standing straight and has the same dimensions as the object.

Rate this question:

• 15.

### Gerhana bulan terjadi ketika ........

• A.

bulan berada di antara bumi dan matahari

• B.

Matahari berada di antara bumi dan bulan

• C.

Posisi bulan, matahari, dan bumi membentuk sudut 90 derajat

• D.

Posisi bumi berada di antara matahari dan bulan pada satu garis lurus

D. Posisi bumi berada di antara matahari dan bulan pada satu garis lurus
Explanation
During a lunar eclipse, the Earth is positioned between the Sun and the Moon in a straight line. This alignment causes the Earth's shadow to fall on the Moon, resulting in the lunar eclipse.

Rate this question:

• 16.

### Plastik yang digosokkan pada rambut akan bermuatan negatif karena ........

• A.

elektron pindah dari plastik ke rambut

• B.

proton pindah dari plastik ke rambut

• C.

Elektron pindah dari rambut ke plastic

• D.

proton pindah dari rambut ke plastik

C. Elektron pindah dari rambut ke plastic
Explanation
When plastic is rubbed against hair, electrons are transferred from the hair to the plastic. This causes the plastic to become negatively charged, as it gains extra electrons. Therefore, the correct answer is "elektron pindah dari rambut ke plastik" which means "electrons move from hair to plastic" in English.

Rate this question:

• 17.

### Sebuah alat mempunyai hambatan 150 Ohm dilalui arus listrik 2 A maka beda potensialnyaadalah ........

• A.

3,0 Volt

• B.

7,5 Volt

• C.

75 Volt

• D.

300 Volt

D. 300 Volt
Explanation
The correct answer is 300 Volt. This can be calculated using Ohm's Law, which states that the voltage across a resistor is equal to the current flowing through it multiplied by the resistance. In this case, the current is 2 A and the resistance is 150 Ohm. Therefore, the voltage across the resistor is 2 A * 150 Ohm = 300 Volt.

Rate this question:

• 18.

### Perhatikan arus listrik berikut ini! Besarnya  I1  adalah .......

• A.

2 A

• B.

3 A

• C.

4 A

• D.

5 A

C. 4 A
Explanation
The given question asks for the magnitude of current I1. The correct answer is 4 A. This means that the current flowing through the circuit is 4 Amperes.

Rate this question:

• 19.

### Jika dalam 5 menit mengalir 60 Coulomb muatan listrik melalui sepotong kawatpenghantar, maka kuat arus listriknya adalah ........

• A.

0,2 Ampere

• B.

0,5 Ampere

• C.

3 Ampere

• D.

6 Ampere

A. 0,2 Ampere
Explanation
Dalam soal ini, diketahui bahwa dalam waktu 5 menit (atau 300 detik), muatan listrik yang mengalir melalui kawat penghantar adalah 60 Coulomb. Kuat arus listrik dapat dihitung dengan rumus Q/t, dimana Q adalah muatan listrik dan t adalah waktu. Dengan menggantikan nilai yang diketahui, maka kuat arus listriknya adalah 60 Coulomb / 300 detik = 0,2 Ampere.

Rate this question:

• 20.

### Bila magnet yang digantung didekati magnet lainnya, manakah gambar yang paling benar........

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

B. B
Explanation
Based on the given question, it is asking which image is the most accurate representation when a hanging magnet is approached by another magnet. Without the actual images provided, it is not possible to provide a specific explanation for why option B is the correct answer.

Rate this question:

• 21.

### Arah garis gaya magnet antara dua kutub magnet adalah ......

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

A. A
Explanation
The correct answer is A. The explanation for this is that the direction of the magnetic field lines between two magnetic poles is from the north pole to the south pole. This is based on the convention that the magnetic field lines are considered to originate from the north pole and terminate at the south pole. Therefore, option A is the correct answer as it represents the direction of the magnetic field lines between two magnetic poles.

Rate this question:

• 22.

### Beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi besarnya ggl induksi elektromagnetik : Jumlah lilitan kawat pada kumparan Arah garis gaya magnet dalam kumparan Kecepatan gerak magnet atau kumparan Arah lilitan kawat pada kumparan Pernyataan yang benar adalah nomor ........

• A.

1 dan 3

• B.

1 dan 4

• C.

2 dan 4

• D.

2 dan 3

A. 1 dan 3
Explanation
The correct answer is 1 and 3 because the number of wire turns in a coil and the speed of motion of the magnet or coil are factors that affect the magnitude of electromagnetic induction.

Rate this question:

• 23.

### Ciri dari trafo step-up adalah ........

• A.

Tegangan primer lebih besar daripada tegangan sekunder

• B.

Lilitan primer lebih banyak daripada lilitan sekunder

• C.

Tegangan primer lebih kecil daripada tegangan sekunder

• D.

lilitan primer sama dengan lilitan sekunder

C. Tegangan primer lebih kecil daripada tegangan sekunder
Explanation
The correct answer is "tegangan primer lebih kecil daripada tegangan sekunder". This is because a step-up transformer is designed to increase the voltage from the primary side to the secondary side. In a step-up transformer, the number of turns in the secondary coil is greater than the number of turns in the primary coil, resulting in a higher voltage in the secondary coil compared to the primary coil. Therefore, the voltage in the primary coil is smaller than the voltage in the secondary coil.

Rate this question:

• 24.

### Salah satu ciri makhluk hidup yang berfungsi untuk mencegah kepunahan adalah ........

• A.

Bernafas

• B.

Tumbuh

• C.

Bergerak

• D.

Berkembang biak

D. Berkembang biak
Explanation
Berkembang biak adalah salah satu ciri makhluk hidup yang berfungsi untuk mencegah kepunahan. Dengan berkembang biak, makhluk hidup dapat menghasilkan keturunan baru dan memperluas populasi mereka. Hal ini penting untuk menjaga kelangsungan hidup suatu spesies, karena jika suatu spesies tidak mampu berkembang biak, populasi mereka dapat menurun secara drastis dan mengarah pada kepunahan.

Rate this question:

• 25.

### Kumpulan dari jaringan yang mempunyai fungsi yang sama akan membentuk ........

• A.

Sel

• B.

Organ

• C.

Sistem organ

• D.

Organisme

B. Organ
Explanation
A group of interconnected structures that perform a specific function in an organism is called an organ. In this context, the question is asking about a collection of networks that have the same function, which would form an organ. The other options, such as "sel" (cell), "sistem organ" (organ system), and "organisme" (organism), do not accurately describe a group of interconnected structures with the same function.

Rate this question:

• 26.

### Tumbuhan yang mempunyai bunga dan biji adalah ........

• A.

Spermatophyte

• B.

Pteridophyta

• C.

Bryophyte

• D.

Tallophyta

A. Spermatophyte
Explanation
The correct answer is spermatophyte because spermatophytes are plants that have flowers and seeds. This group of plants includes angiosperms (flowering plants) and gymnosperms (non-flowering plants). The other options, pteridophyta, bryophyte, and tallophyta, do not have flowers and seeds. Pteridophyta refers to ferns and their allies, which reproduce using spores. Bryophytes include mosses, liverworts, and hornworts, which also reproduce using spores. Tallophyta is a term used to refer to algae and fungi, which do not have flowers or seeds.

Rate this question:

• 27.

### Ikan remora yang menempel pada ikan hiu merupakan contoh simbiosis ........

• A.

Komensalisme

• B.

Mutualisme

• C.

Parasitisme

• D.

Kompetisi

A. Komensalisme
Explanation
Ikan remora yang menempel pada ikan hiu merupakan contoh simbiosis komensalisme. Dalam simbiosis komensalisme, satu spesies mendapatkan manfaat tanpa memberikan manfaat atau merugikan spesies lainnya. Dalam hal ini, ikan remora mendapatkan perlindungan dan makanan yang tersedia karena menempel pada ikan hiu, sementara ikan hiu tidak mendapatkan manfaat atau kerugian dari keberadaan ikan remora.

Rate this question:

• 28.

### Jaringan tumbuhan yang berfungsi mengangkut air dan garam mineral dari akar ke daunadalah ........

• A.

• B.

parenkim

• C.

floem

• D.

xylem

D. xylem
Explanation
The correct answer is xylem. Xylem is the plant tissue responsible for transporting water and minerals from the roots to the leaves. It consists of specialized cells called tracheids and vessel elements that form a network of tubes. These tubes allow for the upward movement of water through capillary action and transpiration pull. Xylem also provides structural support to the plant.

Rate this question:

• 29.

### Perhatikan bagan jaring-jaring makanan berikut ini! Sesuai bagan, label nomor 1 dan 2 adalah ........

• A.

tikus dan burung kecil

• B.

musang dan serigala

• C.

Anjing dan ayam

• D.

Burung hantu dan katak

A. tikus dan burung kecil
Explanation
Based on the given food web, label number 1 represents the mouse and label number 2 represents the small bird. This is evident from the arrows showing the flow of energy, where the arrow from number 1 (mouse) points towards number 2 (small bird), indicating that the small bird preys on the mouse. Therefore, the correct answer is "tikus dan burung kecil" (mouse and small bird).

Rate this question:

• 30.

• A.

Artikulasi

• B.

Lordosis

• C.

Kifosis

• D.

Scoliosis

C. Kifosis
Explanation
Kifosis adalah kelainan pada tulang belakang yang menyebabkan punggung melengkung ke depan. Kondisi ini dapat terjadi akibat kebiasaan menulis pada meja yang terlalu pendek, di mana posisi tubuh yang tidak tepat dapat mempengaruhi postur tulang belakang.

Rate this question:

• 31.

### Proses perubahan makanan dari ukuran besar menjadi ukuran kecil dengan bantuan gigi disebut pencernaan secara ........

• A.

Mekanisme

• B.

Kimiawi

• C.

Intrasel

• D.

Ekstrasel

A. Mekanisme
Explanation
The process of breaking down food into smaller pieces with the help of teeth is known as mechanical digestion. This process involves the physical action of chewing and grinding food, which helps to increase its surface area for further digestion. Chemical digestion, on the other hand, involves the breakdown of food molecules through the action of enzymes and other chemicals. Intrasel and ekstrasel are not relevant to the process of food digestion.

Rate this question:

• 32.

### Perhatikan gambar paru-paru di bawah ini! Bagian yang disebut bronkus ditandai oleh nomor ........

• A.

1

• B.

2

• C.

3

• D.

4

C. 3
Explanation
In the given image, the bronchus is labeled with the number 3. The bronchus is a passage that connects the trachea to the lungs and allows the passage of air.

Rate this question:

• 33.

### Alat ekskresi yang berfungsi untuk menyaring darah dan mengeluarkan zat sisametabolisme dalam bentuk urine adalah ........

• A.

Ginjal

• B.

uretra

• C.

hati

• D.

Ureter

A. Ginjal
Explanation
The correct answer is "ginjal" because the kidneys are the excretory organs responsible for filtering the blood and removing waste products in the form of urine. The kidneys play a vital role in maintaining the body's fluid balance, regulating blood pressure, and eliminating toxins from the body.

Rate this question:

• 34.

### Perhatikan data berikut ini ! syaraf sensoris efektor (otot dan kelenjar) syaraf pusat syaraf motoris sumsum tulang belakang reseptor (alat indera) Urutan jalannya impuls (rangsang) pada gerak biasa adalah ........

• A.

1 - 2 - 3 - 4 – 5

• B.

3 - 4 - 2 - 6 – 1

• C.

6 - 1 - 3 - 4 – 2

• D.

6 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4

C. 6 - 1 - 3 - 4 – 2
Explanation
The correct order of the passage of impulses in normal movement is from the receptor (6) to the effector (1), then to the central nervous system (3), followed by the motor nerves (4), and finally to the sensory nerves (2).

Rate this question:

• 35.

### Pengertian adaptasi fisiologi adalah ........ A . B . * C . D .

• A.

Penyesuaian cara berkembang biak makhluk hidup terhadap lingkungan

• B.

penyesuaian fungsi alat tubuh makhluk hidup terhadap lingkungannya

• C.

Penyesuaian tingkah laku makhluk hidup terhadap lingkungannya

• D.

Penyesuaian bentuk-bentuk alat-alat tubuh makhluk hidup terhadap lingkungan

B. penyesuaian fungsi alat tubuh makhluk hidup terhadap lingkungannya
Explanation
The correct answer is "penyesuaian fungsi alat tubuh makhluk hidup terhadap lingkungannya". This option states that physiological adaptation refers to the adjustment of the body's organs and functions in response to the environment. It implies that living organisms modify their bodily functions to better suit their surroundings.

Rate this question:

• 36.

• A.

Burung elang berparuh tajam

• B.

Kaki itik berselaput

• C.

rayap memiliki enzim selulosa untuk mencerna kayu

• D.

Paus sering muncul di permukaan laut untuk bernafas

D. Paus sering muncul di permukaan laut untuk bernafas
Explanation
The given answer states that whales often come to the surface of the ocean to breathe. This behavior is an adaptation because whales are mammals and need to breathe air, unlike fish that extract oxygen from the water through their gills. By coming to the surface, whales can inhale fresh air into their lungs and exhale the carbon dioxide. This adaptation allows them to survive in their aquatic environment.

Rate this question:

• 37.

### Perhatikan pernyataan berikut ini : Belalang yang hidup di rumput berwarna hijau dapat bertahan hidup, sedangkanbelalang yang berwarna kuning akan punah dimakan oleh pemangsanya. Daun suatu tumbuhan seluruhnya berwarna hijau karena daun yang berwarna kuningtelah gugur ditiup angin . Kupu-kupu Biston betularia yang hidup di Inggris setelah revolusi industri lebih banyak berwarna hitam karena polusi asap menyamarkan pandangan pemangsanya. Rumput dapat ditemui di mana-mana karena tumbuhan ini mudah menyesuaikan diridengan lingkungannya. Pernyataan yang sesuai dengan proses seleksi alam adalah ........

• A.

1 dan 2

• B.

1 dan 3

• C.

2 dan 3

• D.

2 dan 4

B. 1 dan 3
Explanation
Pernyataan 1 dan 3 sesuai dengan proses seleksi alam. Pernyataan 1 menjelaskan bahwa belalang yang berwarna hijau dapat bertahan hidup karena dapat menyamar dengan lingkungan rumput yang juga berwarna hijau, sedangkan belalang yang berwarna kuning akan mudah terlihat oleh pemangsanya dan punah. Pernyataan 3 menjelaskan bahwa kupu-kupu Biston betularia yang hidup di Inggris setelah revolusi industri lebih banyak berwarna hitam karena polusi asap menyamarkan pandangan pemangsanya, sehingga kupu-kupu berwarna hitam memiliki keuntungan dalam bertahan hidup.

Rate this question:

• 38.

### Pada gambar bunga di atas, bagian yang berfungsi sebagai alat kelamin jantan adalahnomor .......

• A.

1

• B.

2

• C.

3

• D.

4

B. 2
Explanation
In the given image, number 2 represents the male reproductive organ of the flower. This organ, known as the stamen, consists of the filament and the anther. The filament supports the anther, which contains the pollen grains. The stamen is responsible for producing and releasing the male gametes (pollen) for fertilization. Therefore, it functions as the male reproductive organ of the flower.

Rate this question:

• 39.

### Berikut ini usaha-usaha dalam bidang pertanian : Pemberantasan hama dan penyakit2  Pengolahan lahan gambut Pemupukan Penebangan hutan Teknik tumpang sari Usaha-usaha di atas yang termasuk intensifikasi pertanian adalah ........

• A.

1, 2, dan 3

• B.

1, 3, dan 5

• C.

2, 3, dan 4

• D.

2, 4, dan 5

B. 1, 3, dan 5
Explanation
The correct answer is 1, 3, and 5. These options are the only ones that include efforts related to agricultural intensification. Pemberantasan hama dan penyakit (eradication of pests and diseases) is a form of intensification as it aims to increase crop productivity by reducing the negative impact of pests and diseases. Pemupukan (fertilization) is also a form of intensification as it involves adding nutrients to the soil to enhance plant growth and productivity. Teknik tumpang sari (intercropping) is another form of intensification as it involves growing multiple crops in the same area to maximize land use and increase overall yield.

Rate this question:

• 40.

### Pemupukan akan meningkatkan hasil panen jika ........

• A.

Penggunaannya dalam jumlah yang banyak

• B.

Penggunaannya sedikit saja

• C.

Penggunaannya dalam waktu tertentu

• D.

Dalam dosis yang tepat