Test 3: Running Water, Plate Tectonics, And The Earth's Interior

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 39

SettingsSettingsSettings
Plate Tectonics Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is a preparatory study guide for the Earth Science I Test 3. The topics covered include running water, plate tectonics, the earth's interior, deformation, continental evolution, and mountain building.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What 3 things determine the velocity of a stream?
    • A. 

      Gradient, sediment capacity, competence

    • B. 

      Channel shape, size, discharge, flood plain size

    • C. 

      Gradient, channel shape/size, discharge

    • D. 

      Discharge, stream age, drainage pattern

  • 2. 
    A stream that flows slowly and all together is said to have _________.
    • A. 

      Turbulent flow

    • B. 

      Laminar flow

    • C. 

      Sheet flow

    • D. 

      Channel flow

  • 3. 
    The river with the biggest discharge in the world is the __________.
    • A. 

      Yangtze River

    • B. 

      Nile River

    • C. 

      Mississippi River

    • D. 

      Amazon River

  • 4. 
    The Mississippi River discharges enough water in one day to supply all of New York City's water needs for how many years?
    • A. 

      10 years

    • B. 

      1 year

    • C. 

      2 years

    • D. 

      5 years

  • 5. 
    A youth-age stream can erode its channel past the temporary base level.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    What is the most common way that streams can move sediments?
    • A. 

      Along the bottom

    • B. 

      In suspension

    • C. 

      Floating on the top

    • D. 

      In solution

  • 7. 
    Of the 750 million tons of sediments carried by the Mississippi River annually, how much of this is in solution?
    • A. 

      500 million tons

    • B. 

      50 million tons

    • C. 

      200 million tons

    • D. 

      100 million tons

  • 8. 
    The three forms of bed load found when streams carry sediments are rolling, sliding, and ________.
    • A. 

      Dendritic

    • B. 

      Floating

    • C. 

      Settling

    • D. 

      Saltation

  • 9. 
    A stream that meanders typically has a faster velocity than a straight stream.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The maximum amount of solid particles a stream can transport is called its _________.
    • A. 

      Capacity

    • B. 

      Competence

    • C. 

      Discharge

    • D. 

      Base level

  • 11. 
    What sediment is typically deposited last in a stream?
    • A. 

      Silt

    • B. 

      Sand

    • C. 

      Clay

    • D. 

      Quartz

  • 12. 
    The well-sorted materials deposited by a stream are called what?
    • A. 

      Detritus

    • B. 

      Alluvium

    • C. 

      Bars

    • D. 

      Bottom-set beds

  • 13. 
    A _________ is found when bars deposited in a stream cause multiple channels to form.
    • A. 

      Yazoo tributary

    • B. 

      Braided pattern

    • C. 

      Natural levee

    • D. 

      Transgression

  • 14. 
    A sharp, angular drainage pattern formed by broken underlying rock is called what?
    • A. 

      Dendritic pattern

    • B. 

      Trellis pattern

    • C. 

      Deranged pattern

    • D. 

      Rectangular pattern

  • 15. 
    A stream that has become wider than its meander belt, developed natural levees, and ceases to enlarge its flood plain is in its _________ stage.
    • A. 

      Youth

    • B. 

      Adolescent

    • C. 

      Mature

    • D. 

      Old age

  • 16. 
    The earth's crust is thought to be made up ___% basalt and ___% granite.
    • A. 

      66, 34

    • B. 

      50, 50

    • C. 

      85, 15

    • D. 

      40, 60

  • 17. 
    The middle layer within the mantle is called the __________.
    • A. 

      Lithosphere

    • B. 

      Asthenosphere

    • C. 

      Isostatic layer

    • D. 

      Epicenter

  • 18. 
    Diamonds are generally found deep in the earth's mantle alongside what mineral?
    • A. 

      Quartz

    • B. 

      Myotite

    • C. 

      Kimberlite

    • D. 

      Olivene

  • 19. 
    What was the area of the super-continent Pangaea that formed the lower hemisphere called?
    • A. 

      Laurasia

    • B. 

      Gondwana

    • C. 

      Eurasia

    • D. 

      Marianas

  • 20. 
    What is the plate on the earth that is NOT shifting, but rotating?
    • A. 

      Antarctic plate

    • B. 

      Eurasian plate

    • C. 

      Pacific plate

    • D. 

      Nazca plate

  • 21. 
    Most mountain ranges are formed by which force?
    • A. 

      Subduction

    • B. 

      Continental upwarp

    • C. 

      Diastrophism

    • D. 

      Sea floor spreading

  • 22. 
    What evidence do we have that the continents ARE actually moving?
    • A. 

      The formation of the Hawaiian islands

    • B. 

      The presence of the mid-Atlantic ridge

    • C. 

      None of the above

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 23. 
    What direction is the pacific plate moving?
    • A. 

      Northeast

    • B. 

      Northwest

    • C. 

      West

    • D. 

      Southeast

  • 24. 
    All faults ARE plate boundaries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The area along the continents where sediments are deposited from rivers is called the _______.
    • A. 

      Continental rise

    • B. 

      Continental slope

    • C. 

      Continental shelf

    • D. 

      Abyssal plane

Back to Top Back to top