Sun, Moon, And Earth Quiz

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Questions: 15 | Attempts: 709

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Fourth grade quiz

Questions and Answers
• 1.

What celestial objects would you NOTsee in the sky if you were viewing it at night from the earth?

• A.

The moon

• B.

Stars

• C.

Meteors

• D.

The sun

• E.

Planets

Correct Answer
D. The sun
Explanation
You would not see the sun in the night sky

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• 2.

What is the distance from Earth to the sun?

• A.

149 million feet

• B.

149 million kilometres or 92.58 million miles

• C.

92.58 million yards

• D.

149 million yards

• E.

350,000 miles

Correct Answer
B. 149 million kilometres or 92.58 million miles
Explanation
The sun is 149 million kilometers or 92.58 million miles from the earth.

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• 3.

What is the distance of the earth to the moon?

• A.

Approximately 350 km (250 miles)

• B.

Approximately 380,000 feet

• C.

Approximately 300 million miles

• D.

approximately 380,000 km (230,000 miles)

• E.

Approximately 700 million kilometers (530 million miles)

Correct Answer
D. approximately 380,000 km (230,000 miles)
Explanation
The correct answer is approximately 380,000 km (230,000 miles). This is the average distance between the Earth and the Moon. It is important to note that the distance can vary due to the Moon's elliptical orbit around the Earth.

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• 4.

How long does it take for the earth to rotate 360 degrees one time on its axis?

• A.

24 hours

• B.

365 1/4 days

• C.

28 days

• D.

12 hours

• E.

36 hours

Correct Answer
A. 24 hours
Explanation
The earth rotates on its axis, which gives us day and night. The rotation takes 24 hours.

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• 5.

How long does it take for the earth to complete its orbit around the sun?

• A.

24 hours

• B.

365 1/4 days

• C.

28 days

• D.

12 hours

• E.

36 hours

Correct Answer
B. 365 1/4 days
Explanation
It takes 365 1/4 days for the earth to orbit the sun

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• 6.

How long does it take for the moon to orbit Earth?

• A.

24 hours

• B.

12 hours

• C.

28 days

• D.

365 1/4 days

• E.

56 weeks

Correct Answer
C. 28 days
Explanation
It takes approximately 28 days for the moon to make a complete orbit around Earth.

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• 7.

The moon appears to grow larger after the new moon.  This is called

Correct Answer
waxing
waxxing
Explanation
the moon is waxing as it grows larger. Think of dipping a candle into wax-it grows larger with each dip.

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• 8.

After a full moon, the light reflected from the  moon grows smaller.  This is known as

Correct Answer
waning
waneing
Explanation
the moon is waning, or growing smaller

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• 9.

The sun is directly over the equator on which two days of the year?

• A.

First day of spring and first day of fall

• B.

First day of winter and first day of spring

• C.

First day of summer and first day of spring

• D.

First day of winter and first day of summer

• E.

First day of fall and first day of summer

Correct Answer
A. First day of spring and first day of fall
Explanation
the sun is directly over the equator on the first day of spring and the first day of fall

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• 10.

What invisible line divides the earth into the northern and southern hemispheres?

• A.

The international date line

• B.

The equator

• C.

The Earth's axis

• D.

The Tropic of Cancer

• E.

The Tropic of Capricorn

Correct Answer
B. The equator
Explanation
The equator is the correct answer because it is an imaginary line that divides the earth into the northern and southern hemispheres. It is located at 0 degrees latitude and is the widest part of the earth. The northern hemisphere is located above the equator, while the southern hemisphere is located below it. The equator also experiences the most direct sunlight throughout the year, resulting in a warm climate.

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• 11.

What is the name of the imaginary line that runs from the north to the south pole?

• A.

The equator

• B.

The Tropic of Capricorn

• C.

The Tropic of Cancer

• D.

The axis

• E.

The International Date Line

Correct Answer
D. The axis
Explanation
The axis refers to the imaginary line that runs from the north to the south pole. It is an important reference point for determining the rotation and tilt of the Earth. The equator is a different imaginary line that divides the Earth into the northern and southern hemispheres. The Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer are lines of latitude that mark the farthest points where the sun can be directly overhead. The International Date Line is an imaginary line that marks the change in date as one travels across it.

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• 12.

The earth is able to support life because we have a unique _____________________

Correct Answer
atmosphere
atmisphere
atmosfere
Explanation
the atmosphere of the earth protects us from radiation, making life possible

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• 13.

When the sun's rays are most direct over the northern hemisphere, it is what season?

• A.

Spring

• B.

Summer

• C.

Fall

• D.

Winter

• E.

Daytime

Correct Answer
B. Summer
Explanation
During the summer, the sun's rays are most direct over the northern hemisphere. This is because the Earth's axis is tilted towards the sun during this season. As a result, the sunlight hits the northern hemisphere more directly, leading to longer days, higher temperatures, and the characteristic warm weather associated with summer.

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• 14.

When the sun's rays are most direct over the southern hemisphere, the northern hemisphere is experiencing

• A.

Spring

• B.

Summer

• C.

Fall

• D.

Winter

• E.

Night

Correct Answer
D. Winter
Explanation
When the sun's rays are most direct over the southern hemisphere, the northern hemisphere is experiencing winter. This is because the Earth's axis is tilted, causing different parts of the planet to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year. When the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, it receives more direct sunlight and experiences summer, while the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, receiving less direct sunlight and experiencing winter.

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• 15.

The tilt of Earth on the axis allows for more direct sunlight on one hemisphere than another.  This allows for

• A.

Seasons

• B.

Day and Night

• C.

Christmas

• D.

Meteor Showers

• E.

Rainbows

Correct Answer
A. Seasons
Explanation
The tilt of Earth on its axis causes different parts of the planet to receive varying amounts of direct sunlight throughout the year. When one hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun, it experiences summer with longer days and more direct sunlight, while the other hemisphere is tilted away and experiences winter with shorter days and less direct sunlight. As Earth orbits the Sun, the tilt changes, leading to the transition of seasons. Therefore, the tilt of Earth on its axis is responsible for the occurrence of seasons.

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• Current Version
• Mar 15, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Mar 14, 2010
Quiz Created by
Plaintec

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