Stearns Ch 18 Rise Of Russia

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 374

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Stearns Ch 18 Rise Of Russia - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was the state of the Russian economy immediately after the expulsion of the Mongols in the 15th century?
    • A. 

      Russia was already a dependent region within the global economy dominated by the West.

    • B. 

      Fueled by the establishment of the Tatar trade routes with the East, Russia had developed a significant export trade and merchant class.

    • C. 

      Russia had become a more purely agricultural economy, dependent on peasant labor.

    • D. 

      Russia's economic ties were almost exclusively with the Ottoman Empire and hence with Africa.

    • E. 

      Russia was following the West into an economy dominated by merchants and capitalists.

  • 2. 
    What government did Ivan the Great claim to have succeeded as the "third Rome"?
    • A. 

      The Byzantine Empire

    • B. 

      The Abbasid Empire

    • C. 

      The Ottoman Empire

    • D. 

      The Umayyad Empire

    • E. 

      Holy Roman Empire

  • 3. 
    Why did the Russian expansion policy focus particularly on central Asia?
    • A. 

      The Russians wished to seize control of the trade routes with China.

    • B. 

      Most of the Russian population remained ethnically Mongol with clear cultural ties to central Asia.

    • C. 

      There were natural barriers to westward expansion.

    • D. 

      The Russians were motivated by a desire to push the former Mongol overlords farther back to prevent revewed invasion.

    • E. 

      Russians wanted to control the lucrative fur trade in Siberia.

  • 4. 
    Following the death of Ivan IV, Russian boyars attempted to limit tsarist autocracy and gain governing rights for themselves during the
    • A. 

      Russian civil war.

    • B. 

      Boyar War.

    • C. 

      Time of Troubles.

    • D. 

      Great Schism.

    • E. 

      Era of Division.

  • 5. 
    What family was selected in 1613 to establish a new ruling dynasty in Russia?
    • A. 

      Romanov

    • B. 

      Radishev

    • C. 

      Molotov

    • D. 

      Habsburg

    • E. 

      Esterhazy

  • 6. 
    What tsar was responsible for the abolition of the assemblies of the nobles and reform of the Orthodox church?
    • A. 

      Ivan III

    • B. 

      Ivan IV

    • C. 

      Michael

    • D. 

      Alexis

    • E. 

      Peter I

  • 7. 
    Politically, what aspects of Western culture did Peter the Great emulate in Russia?
    • A. 

      Parliamentary government

    • B. 

      Aristocratic control of the bureaucracy

    • C. 

      Royal control over the bureaucracy and reorganized military

    • D. 

      Republicanism

    • E. 

      Separation of church and state

  • 8. 
    In what way did Peter the Great shift the foreign policy interests of Russia?
    • A. 

      Peter the Great initiated the Russian invasion of China.

    • B. 

      Peter abandoned the Russian policies of expansion in favor of consolidation at the center.

    • C. 

      Peter allied himself with the traditional Russian enemy, the Ottoman Empire.

    • D. 

      Peter's wars with the Ottoman Empire and Sweden indicated a westward shift in Russian expansion.

    • E. 

      Peter began Russian expansion into North America and Japan.

  • 9. 
    Peter the Great established a new capital for Russia at
    • A. 

      Kiev.

    • B. 

      Moscow.

    • C. 

      Novgorod.

    • D. 

      St. Petersburg.

    • E. 

      Ekaterinburg.

  • 10. 
    What was Catherine the Great's attitude toward the program of Westernization?
    • A. 

      Catherine flirted vigorously with the ideas of the French Enlightenment, but failed to take steps to abolish serfdom.

    • B. 

      Catherine rejected the concepts of Westernization in favor of a distinctive Russian culture.

    • C. 

      Catherine was eager to continue the policy of Westernization, but was unable to attract Western philosophers to backward Russia.

    • D. 

      She was more interested in the process of Asianization and reforming the aristocracy.

  • 11. 
    What was one of the primary differences between the social organization of the West and Russia in the 17th and 18th centuries?
    • A. 

      Russia's merchant class was more fully developed than that of the West.

    • B. 

      The West had no formal aristocracy by the 18th century, but in Russia the nobility retained their political and social function.

    • C. 

      Russia saw a progressive intensification of sefdom while the West was relaxing this institution in favor of other labor systems.

    • D. 

      The agricultural labor of the West was subject to a more restrictive form of serfdom than that of Russia.

    • E. 

      There was much more forced labor in Western Europe than in Russia due to the needs of the growing industrial base.

  • 12. 
    What eastern European nation declined most dramatically after 1500?
    • A. 

      Poland

    • B. 

      Hungary

    • C. 

      Austria

    • D. 

      Prussia

    • E. 

      Lithuania

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