States Of Consciousness Multiple Choice

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 2956

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States Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nightmares occur in _______ and night terrors occur in _______.
    • A. 

      NREM stage 1; NREM stage 2

    • B. 

      NREM stage 2; NREM stage 1

    • C. 

      NREM stage 3; NREM stage 4

    • D. 

      REM; NREM stage 4

    • E. 

      NREM stage 4; REM

  • 2. 
    Who stated that consciousness could be described as a "stream, although always changing it is percieved as unified and unbroken."
    • A. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • B. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • C. 

      Jean Piaget

    • D. 

      Max Wertheimer

    • E. 

      William James

  • 3. 
    Sleep spindles occur in which step stage?
    • A. 

      NREM stage 1

    • B. 

      NREM stage 2

    • C. 

      NREM stage 3

    • D. 

      NREM stage 4

    • E. 

      REM

  • 4. 
    REM sleep is described as
    • A. 

      Total delta waves

    • B. 

      When night terrors heightening

    • C. 

      Paradoxical sleep, where the brain is awake, but the body is asleep

    • D. 

      Non-dreaming sleep

    • E. 

      Quiet sleep

  • 5. 
    A person who is awake, but very drowsy and ready to fall asleep would show _______waves on an EEG.
    • A. 

      Beta

    • B. 

      Alpha

    • C. 

      Theta

    • D. 

      Delta

    • E. 

      Simple

  • 6. 
    Fluctuation of body temperature within a day would be an axample of
    • A. 

      Delta waves

    • B. 

      Circadian rhythms

    • C. 

      Cyclic rhythms

    • D. 

      Bipolar

    • E. 

      Alpha waves

  • 7. 
    Ernest Hilgrad in his Divided Consciousness theory, that the hidden observer refers to
    • A. 

      As an altered state of consciousness that the person being hypnotized is unaware of

    • B. 

      As an altered state of consciousness that the person being hypnotized is fully aware of

    • C. 

      As a suggestion to be carried out after hypnosis

    • D. 

      As a heightened state of memory awareness

    • E. 

      As a bad dream not remembered

  • 8. 
    Jimmy feels pressure to act a certain way during hypnosis. He starts to act the way he thinks he should behave based on what the hypnotist has told him he may experience, and what others have stated about their experience. Which theory of hypnosis would account for Jimmy's behavior?
    • A. 

      Divided Consciousness theory

    • B. 

      State theory

    • C. 

      Role/ Social influence theory

    • D. 

      Altered consciousness theory

    • E. 

      Posthypnotic suggestions

  • 9. 
    Depressants like acohol increase ______ the neurotransmitter designed to inhibit brain activity.
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      Serotonin

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine

    • D. 

      GABA

    • E. 

      Endorphins

  • 10. 
    REM rebound occurs when
    • A. 

      A person does not get enough that enters right into REM sleep instead of the normal sleep cycle

    • B. 

      A person does not dream

    • C. 

      A person has often terrifiying dreams that can't be remembered

    • D. 

      A person walks in his or her sleep

    • E. 

      A person wets the bed

  • 11. 
    If a person flew to California, who lived in Michigan, he or she may have problems adjusting to the new time zone. In this example a person's _______, would not match the new enviromental cues.
    • A. 

      Circadian rhythms

    • B. 

      Belta waves

    • C. 

      Delta waves

    • D. 

      State of consciousness

    • E. 

      Hormone production

  • 12. 
    If a drug is to have an effect on the brain and alter function and perception then that drug passed through the
    • A. 

      Barrier of no return

    • B. 

      Blood-brain barrier

    • C. 

      Brain defense system

    • D. 

      Brain semiperable coating

    • E. 

      Grey matter

  • 13. 
    Stage 4 NREM is characterized by 100% ______ waves as indicated on an EEG
    • A. 

      Beta

    • B. 

      Alpha

    • C. 

      Delta

    • D. 

      Theta

    • E. 

      Reada

  • 14. 
    According to Sigmund Freud, the ______ content represents the symbolic ortion of a dream often indicated unconscious conflicts.
    • A. 

      Manifest

    • B. 

      Dark

    • C. 

      Light

    • D. 

      Latent

    • E. 

      Potent

  • 15. 
    According to the restorative theory of sleep, REM sleep restores
    • A. 

      Hunger

    • B. 

      Thirst

    • C. 

      Functioning of the brain

    • D. 

      Functioning of the body

    • E. 

      Repair of hormonal damage

  • 16. 
    The ______located in the hypothalamus recieves information from the retinas concerning changes in light.
    • A. 

      Tranduction nucleus

    • B. 

      Supracharismatic nucleus

    • C. 

      Midcluster nucleus

    • D. 

      Ultradian nucleus

    • E. 

      Hippocampus

  • 17. 
    Which theory of sleep suggest that dreams are nothing more than neural bursts and our brain's attempt to make sense of these bursts through a type of story or dream?
    • A. 

      Physiological function

    • B. 

      Lucid dreaming

    • C. 

      Latent material

    • D. 

      Activation-synthesis

    • E. 

      Restorative

  • 18. 
    When the hormone _____________ increases a peron would become ________________ .
    • A. 

      Melatonin: tired

    • B. 

      Insulin; tired

    • C. 

      Adrenaline; awake

    • D. 

      Melatonin: awake

    • E. 

      Insulin: awake

  • 19. 
    Opiate are agonists for the neurotransmitter ____________, which provides pleasure through pain relief.
    • A. 

      Dopampine

    • B. 

      Serotonin

    • C. 

      GABA

    • D. 

      Endorphins

    • E. 

      Norepinephirne

  • 20. 
    The neurotransmitter, dopamine, is increased by taking
    • A. 

      Depressants

    • B. 

      Alcohol

    • C. 

      Stimulants

    • D. 

      Opiates

    • E. 

      Morphine

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