Stars And Galaxies II

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Stars And Galaxies II - Quiz

This quiz evaluates each student's level of comprehension following a lesson on stars and galaxies.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This is a ___________.

    • A.

      Galaxy

    • B.

      Bright star

    • C.

      Rainbow

    • D.

      Universe

    Correct Answer
    A. Galaxy
    Explanation
    A galaxy is a vast system of stars, gas, dust, and other celestial objects bound together by gravity. It is a collection of billions or even trillions of stars, along with planets, asteroids, and other cosmic bodies. Galaxies come in various shapes and sizes, and they can contain different types of stars and nebulae. They are fundamental building blocks of the universe and play a crucial role in the formation and evolution of celestial objects.

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  • 2. 

    A White Star is the hottest star.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Blue starts are the hottest.

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  • 3. 

    The ____________ marks the beginning of the Universe.

    • A.

      Banana

    • B.

      Big bang

    • C.

      Explosion

    • D.

      Galaxy

    Correct Answer
    B. Big bang
    Explanation
    The big bang marks the beginning of the Universe. This is a widely accepted scientific theory that suggests the Universe originated from a singularity and has been expanding ever since. The big bang theory explains the formation of galaxies, stars, and all matter in the Universe. It is supported by various pieces of evidence, such as the observed cosmic microwave background radiation and the redshift of distant galaxies.

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  • 4. 

    This is a __________ galaxy.

    • A.

      Young

    • B.

      Spiral

    • C.

      Irregular

    • D.

      Elliptical

    • E.

      A and D

    Correct Answer
    B. Spiral
    Explanation
    The correct answer is spiral because spiral galaxies are characterized by their spiral arms that extend outwards from a central bulge. These arms are formed by the concentration of stars, gas, and dust, creating a distinctive spiral pattern. Spiral galaxies also tend to have a flattened disk shape. This classification is based on the appearance and structure of the galaxy, and spiral galaxies are one of the most common types observed in the universe.

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  • 5. 

     In this picture I see an explosion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In this picture I see gas.

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  • 6. 

    __________ help make stars.

    • A.

      Heat and squirrels

    • B.

      Gravity and brightness

    • C.

      Heat and gravity

    • D.

      Ice and gravity

    Correct Answer
    C. Heat and gravity
    Explanation
    Stars are formed through a process called stellar nucleosynthesis, where hydrogen atoms are fused together to form helium atoms, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the form of heat. This heat provides the necessary conditions for nuclear fusion to occur, causing the star to emit light and heat. Gravity plays a crucial role in star formation as well, as it pulls together the gas and dust in a nebula, compressing it until the pressure and temperature are high enough for nuclear fusion to begin. Therefore, both heat and gravity are essential factors in the formation and sustenance of stars.

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  • 7. 

    The universe was formed ____________.

    • A.

      Yesterday

    • B.

      Last September

    • C.

      1 billion years ago

    • D.

      15 billion years ago

    • E.

      10 trillion years ago

    Correct Answer
    D. 15 billion years ago
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 15 billion years ago. This is because scientific evidence, such as the observation of the cosmic microwave background radiation and the expansion of the universe, supports the theory of the Big Bang, which is estimated to have occurred approximately 13.8 billion years ago. Therefore, it can be inferred that the universe was formed around 15 billion years ago.

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  • 8. 

    This galaxy is our neighbor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This is the Milky Way, OUR galaxy.

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  • 9. 

    ______________ help us learn about outer space.

    • A.

      Firefighters

    • B.

      Kangaroos

    • C.

      Scientists

    • D.

      Doctors

    Correct Answer
    C. Scientists
    Explanation
    Scientists help us learn about outer space through their research, experiments, and observations. They study celestial bodies such as planets, stars, and galaxies, and explore the mysteries of the universe. They use telescopes, satellites, and spacecraft to gather data and analyze it to gain a better understanding of outer space. Scientists also develop theories and models to explain phenomena like black holes, dark matter, and the origins of the universe. Their discoveries and advancements in space exploration contribute to our knowledge and expand our understanding of the vastness and complexity of outer space.

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  • 10. 

    In the Local group there are _____________.

    • A.

      2 spiral galaxies.

    • B.

      3 spiral galaxies.

    • C.

      4 spiral galaxies.

    • D.

      Paint cans.

    • E.

      B and D

    Correct Answer
    E. B and D
    Explanation
    In the Local group, there are both 2 spiral galaxies and paint cans. This means that option B and D are correct.

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