Sped 304 Midterm Quiz

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Sped 304 Midterm Quiz - Quiz

Are you a teacher who teaches Special ED students or are you a Special ED student out there seeking to gauge and advance your knowledge? If the answer is yes then take this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All of the following are duties of a special education teacher except?

    • A.

      Helping student become member of a school club

    • B.

      Giving student with special needs after school jobs

    • C.

      Helping to improve out-of-school services

    • D.

      Learning about new assistive technology devices

    Correct Answer
    B. Giving student with special needs after school jobs
    Explanation
    A special education teacher is responsible for providing support and assistance to students with special needs in an educational setting. This includes helping students become a member of a school club, as it promotes social inclusion and participation. They also play a role in improving out-of-school services by collaborating with parents, therapists, and other professionals to ensure that students receive appropriate support outside of the classroom. Additionally, special education teachers are expected to stay updated on new assistive technology devices, as these tools can enhance the learning experience for students with special needs. However, it is not their duty to provide students with special needs after school jobs, as their primary focus is on educational support and development.

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  • 2. 

    High-incidence disabilities include which of the following?

    • A.

      Learning Disabilities

    • B.

      Deaf-blindness

    • C.

      Multiple disabilities

    • D.

      Sensory impairments

    Correct Answer
    A. Learning Disabilities
    Explanation
    High-incidence disabilities are disabilities that occur more frequently in the population. Learning disabilities are considered high-incidence disabilities because they are the most common type of disability among students. This means that a larger number of individuals are affected by learning disabilities compared to other disabilities such as deaf-blindness, multiple disabilities, and sensory impairments.

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  • 3. 

    Low-incidence disabilities include which of the following?

    • A.

      Learning disabilities

    • B.

      Emotional disturbances

    • C.

      Behavioral disorders

    • D.

      Traumatic brain injury

    Correct Answer
    D. Traumatic brain injury
    Explanation
    Low-incidence disabilities refer to disabilities that occur less frequently in the population. Learning disabilities, emotional disturbances, and behavioral disorders are considered high-incidence disabilities as they are more common. On the other hand, traumatic brain injury is a low-incidence disability because it occurs less frequently, typically resulting from an external force or injury to the brain.

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  • 4. 

    A classroom that provides intensive, small-group instruction on topics that students with special needs find difficult is called:

    • A.

      General education classroom

    • B.

      Co-teaching classroom

    • C.

      Self contained classroom

    • D.

      Resource room

    Correct Answer
    D. Resource room
    Explanation
    A resource room is a classroom that offers intensive, small-group instruction specifically designed to address the needs of students with special needs. This classroom provides additional support and resources to help students overcome difficulties they may encounter in their general education classroom. It is a separate setting where students can receive individualized attention and targeted instruction to help them succeed academically.

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  • 5. 

    Classes held in separate rooms or schools for students with more severe disabilities are called:

    • A.

      General Education Classrooms

    • B.

      Co-teaching classrooms

    • C.

      Self-contained classrooms

    • D.

      Resource rooms

    Correct Answer
    C. Self-contained classrooms
    Explanation
    Self-contained classrooms are specifically designed for students with more severe disabilities. These classrooms provide a structured and supportive environment where students can receive specialized instruction and support tailored to their individual needs. In self-contained classrooms, students often have access to additional resources such as assistive technology, adapted materials, and individualized support from special education teachers or paraprofessionals. This setting allows for a more focused and intensive approach to address the unique learning challenges of students with severe disabilities.

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  • 6. 

    Caring, Fairness, and               are essential qualities for teachers and will provide a positive impact on students.

    • A.

      Experience

    • B.

      Education

    • C.

      Organization skills

    • D.

      Respect

    Correct Answer
    D. Respect
    Explanation
    Respect is an essential quality for teachers as it creates a positive and supportive environment in the classroom. When teachers respect their students, it fosters trust and open communication, allowing students to feel valued and heard. Respect also sets an example for students to treat others with kindness and empathy. By showing respect, teachers can build strong relationships with their students, which leads to increased engagement and motivation to learn. Overall, respect plays a crucial role in creating a positive impact on students' academic and personal development.

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  • 7. 

    Methods that are supported by scientific research and that have been shown to demonstrate a relatively high degree of success in terms of learner outcomes are called:

    • A.

      Personal teacher efficacy

    • B.

      Evidence-based approaches

    • C.

      Effective teacher practices

    • D.

      Direct instruction

    Correct Answer
    B. Evidence-based approaches
    Explanation
    Evidence-based approaches are methods that are supported by scientific research and have been shown to demonstrate a relatively high degree of success in terms of learner outcomes. These approaches rely on empirical evidence and data to inform instructional practices and decision-making. They prioritize using strategies and interventions that have been proven effective through rigorous research and evaluation. By utilizing evidence-based approaches, educators can ensure that their teaching methods are grounded in research and have a strong likelihood of positively impacting student learning.

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  • 8. 

    Which disability causes least inclusion in general education for students?

    • A.

      Learning disabilities

    • B.

      Emotional disabilities

    • C.

      Mental retardation/intellectual disabilities

    • D.

      Speech or language impairment

    Correct Answer
    D. Speech or language impairment
    Explanation
    Speech or language impairment causes the least inclusion in general education for students because it directly affects their ability to communicate effectively. This can make it difficult for them to participate fully in classroom activities, engage in discussions, and understand and follow instructions. As a result, they may require specialized support and accommodations, such as speech therapy or assistive technology, which can limit their inclusion in mainstream educational settings. In contrast, students with learning disabilities, emotional disabilities, or intellectual disabilities can often receive appropriate accommodations and support to participate more fully in general education.

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  • 9. 

    IEP stands for?

    • A.

      Ideal Education Plan

    • B.

      Individualized education program/plan

    • C.

      Individualized early program

    Correct Answer
    B. Individualized education program/plan
    Explanation
    IEP stands for Individualized Education Program/Plan. This is a legally mandated document that outlines the specific educational goals and services for students with disabilities. It is designed to ensure that these students receive an individualized and tailored education that meets their unique needs. The IEP includes information about the student's current academic performance, goals, accommodations, modifications, and related services such as speech therapy or occupational therapy. The purpose of an IEP is to provide a roadmap for educators, parents, and other professionals involved in the student's education to collaborate and support their academic success.

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  • 10. 

    Strong accountability, increased flexibility and local control of schools, research-based teaching methods, options for parents, and highly qualified teachers are components of which federal law?

    • A.

      Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    • B.

      No Child Left Behind (NCLB)

    • C.

      Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

    • D.

      Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

    Correct Answer
    B. No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is No Child Left Behind (NCLB). This federal law includes components such as strong accountability, increased flexibility and local control of schools, research-based teaching methods, options for parents, and highly qualified teachers. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) focuses on providing special education services to students with disabilities. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in programs receiving federal funding. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in various areas of public life.

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  • 11. 

    Nondiscriminatory identification, assessment, and evaluation; least restrictive environment; individual education plans; and procedural safeguards are components of which federal law?

    • A.

      Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    • B.

      No Child Left Behind

    • C.

      Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

    • D.

      Americans with Disabilities Act

    Correct Answer
    A. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
    Explanation
    The components mentioned in the question, such as nondiscriminatory identification, assessment, and evaluation; least restrictive environment; individual education plans; and procedural safeguards, are all key provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This federal law ensures that students with disabilities receive a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment possible. It mandates the development of individualized education plans (IEPs) for students with disabilities and provides procedural safeguards to protect their rights and ensure fair and equitable treatment in the education system.

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  • 12. 

    Having a higher number of students identified in certain disability categories in special education is considered the key issue in which of the following?

    • A.

      Inclusion

    • B.

      Overrepresentation

    • C.

      Accountability

    • D.

      Parent rights

    Correct Answer
    B. Overrepresentation
    Explanation
    Overrepresentation refers to the situation where certain disability categories are disproportionately represented in special education. This means that a higher number of students from these categories are identified and placed in special education compared to their representation in the general student population. This is considered a key issue because it raises concerns about equity and fairness in the education system. It suggests that some students may be wrongly identified or labeled as having disabilities, leading to potential negative consequences such as limited access to general education curriculum and opportunities for social integration.

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  • 13. 

    All children regardless of severity of the disability, can learn and are entitled to                 according to the IDEA.

    • A.

      A free appropriate public education (FAPE)

    • B.

      Procedural safeguards

    • C.

      Parent participation

    • D.

      An individualized education program

    Correct Answer
    A. A free appropriate public education (FAPE)
    Explanation
    All children, regardless of the severity of their disability, have the right to receive a free appropriate public education (FAPE) according to the IDEA. This means that schools are required to provide educational services and supports that are tailored to meet the unique needs of each child with a disability. FAPE ensures that children with disabilities have access to the same educational opportunities as their peers without disabilities, allowing them to learn and make progress in their education. This principle is a fundamental aspect of inclusive education and promotes equal opportunities for all students.

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  • 14. 

    Testing to identify and assess students with disabilities that is not racially or culturally discriminatory and testing students in their native language are components of which of the following?

    • A.

      A free appropriate public education (FAPE)

    • B.

      Procedural safeguards

    • C.

      A nondiscriminatory evaluation

    • D.

      An individualized education program/plan (IEP)

    Correct Answer
    C. A nondiscriminatory evaluation
    Explanation
    A nondiscriminatory evaluation refers to the process of testing and assessing students with disabilities in a fair and unbiased manner, without any discrimination based on race or culture. This evaluation also includes testing students in their native language to ensure that their abilities and needs are accurately assessed. By conducting a nondiscriminatory evaluation, educational professionals can gather comprehensive information about a student's strengths, weaknesses, and individual needs, which is essential for developing appropriate educational programs and plans, such as an individualized education program (IEP).

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  • 15. 

    Individual students must be provided with a full range of appropriate direct and related education services at no cost to the student or families, and this is part of which policy?

    • A.

      The least restrictive environment

    • B.

      Equal protection

    • C.

      Zero reject

    • D.

      A free appropriate public education (FAPE)

    Correct Answer
    D. A free appropriate public education (FAPE)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a free appropriate public education (FAPE)". This policy ensures that individual students receive all the necessary education services, both direct and related, without any cost to them or their families. It emphasizes the provision of an education that is suitable for the student's needs and is accessible to all, regardless of their abilities or disabilities.

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  • 16. 

    Services are to be delivered in settings that best meet the needs of the student and are closest to the typical general education setting. This is the premise of which?

    • A.

      Least restrictive environment

    • B.

      Equal protection

    • C.

      Nondiscriminatory assessment

    • D.

      Free appropriate public education

    Correct Answer
    A. Least restrictive environment
    Explanation
    The premise of the statement "Services are to be delivered in settings that best meet the needs of the student and are closest to the typical general education setting" aligns with the concept of the least restrictive environment. This principle ensures that students with disabilities are educated alongside their non-disabled peers to the greatest extent possible, while still receiving the necessary supports and services. It emphasizes the importance of inclusion and providing opportunities for students with disabilities to participate in the general education curriculum and social interactions.

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  • 17. 

    The court case that determined that African American students who were required to attend segregated schools were not receiving an equal education is.....

    • A.

      PARC v. the commonwealth of Pennsylvania

    • B.

      Board of Education v. Rowley

    • C.

      Brown v. Board of Education

    • D.

      Mills v. Board of Education

    Correct Answer
    C. Brown v. Board of Education
    Explanation
    Brown v. Board of Education is the correct answer because this court case was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court in 1954. It declared that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, violating the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The ruling overturned the "separate but equal" doctrine established in Plessy v. Ferguson and paved the way for desegregation in schools and other public facilities. The case highlighted the inequality and injustice faced by African American students in segregated schools and emphasized the importance of providing an equal education for all.

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  • 18. 

    The court case that provides students with disabilities with access to a free appropriate public education and due process regardless of the school district's financial status is....

    • A.

      PARC v. the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

    • B.

      Board of Education v. Rowley

    • C.

      Brown v. Board of Education

    • D.

      MIlls v. Board of Education

    Correct Answer
    D. MIlls v. Board of Education
    Explanation
    Mills v. Board of Education is the correct answer because this court case established that students with disabilities have the right to a free appropriate public education and due process, regardless of the financial status of their school district. This case specifically addressed the issue of denying educational services to students with disabilities based on budgetary constraints, ensuring that all students have equal access to education.

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  • 19. 

    The variability of strengths and weaknesses within a student, which was first identified by Sam Kirk in 1963, is called?

    • A.

      Intraindividual differences

    • B.

      Interindividual differences

    • C.

      Intrapersonal relationships

    • D.

      Interpersonal relationships

    Correct Answer
    A. Intraindividual differences
    Explanation
    Intraindividual differences refer to the variability of strengths and weaknesses within a student. This concept was first identified by Sam Kirk in 1963. It recognizes that each student has unique abilities and areas for improvement, and emphasizes the importance of individualized instruction and support to cater to these differences. This term is used to describe the variations in academic, social, emotional, and cognitive skills that exist within a single individual.

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  • 20. 

    America is most importantly divided along              and education lines rather than race.

    • A.

      Economic

    • B.

      Cultural

    • C.

      Language

    • D.

      Gender

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic
    Explanation
    This explanation suggests that the division in America is primarily based on economic factors rather than race. It implies that the disparities in wealth, income, and opportunities play a more significant role in dividing the population than racial differences. This could be due to the unequal distribution of resources, social mobility, and access to education and employment opportunities.

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  • 21. 

    In terms of child abuse, which is defined as an act of omission of the absence of an action?

    • A.

      Physical abuse

    • B.

      Emotional abuse

    • C.

      Verbal abuse

    • D.

      Neglect

    Correct Answer
    D. Neglect
    Explanation
    Neglect is the correct answer because it refers to the act of omission or absence of action in terms of child abuse. Neglect occurs when a caregiver fails to provide the necessary care, supervision, or support for a child's physical, emotional, or developmental needs. This can include failing to provide food, shelter, clothing, medical care, or emotional support, which can have serious negative effects on a child's well-being and development.

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  • 22. 

    Students with disabilities are more likely to be which than are students in the general population?

    • A.

      Poor

    • B.

      Middle Class

    • C.

      Upper Class

    • D.

      Wealthy

    Correct Answer
    A. Poor
    Explanation
    Students with disabilities are more likely to be poor than students in the general population. This is because students with disabilities often face additional challenges in accessing education, employment, and support services, which can result in lower income levels. Additionally, the cost of accommodations and specialized services for students with disabilities can create financial strain for families, further contributing to a higher likelihood of poverty.

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  • 23. 

    Which race of students with disabilities are least likely to be educated in the general education classroom than students from any other race.

    • A.

      American Indian/ Pacific Island

    • B.

      African American

    • C.

      Asian American

    • D.

      European American

    Correct Answer
    B. African American
    Explanation
    African American students with disabilities are least likely to be educated in the general education classroom compared to students from other races. This could be due to various factors such as systemic inequalities, lack of resources and support, implicit bias, and disproportionate placement in special education programs. It is important to address these disparities and ensure equal opportunities and inclusion for all students, regardless of their race or disability.

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  • 24. 

    Which type of students with disabilities are at the highest risk of dropping out of school?

    • A.

      Cultural and linguistically diverse

    • B.

      Hispanic

    • C.

      Asian

    • D.

      European Americans

    Correct Answer
    A. Cultural and linguistically diverse
    Explanation
    Cultural and linguistically diverse students with disabilities are at the highest risk of dropping out of school. This is because these students face additional challenges due to language barriers, cultural differences, and limited access to resources and support services. These factors can result in lower academic achievement, difficulty in navigating the education system, and a lack of understanding and accommodation for their specific needs. As a result, cultural and linguistically diverse students with disabilities may feel marginalized and unsupported, leading to a higher likelihood of dropping out of school.

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  • 25. 

    Another factor that contributes to the achievement gap is the lack of what from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds?

    • A.

      Resources

    • B.

      Other Students

    • C.

      Teachers

    • D.

      Curriculum

    Correct Answer
    C. Teachers
    Explanation
    The lack of teachers from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds contributes to the achievement gap. This is because students from diverse backgrounds may face unique challenges and have different learning needs that are better understood and addressed by teachers who share their cultural and linguistic background. When teachers are not representative of the student population, it can lead to a lack of cultural understanding, ineffective instruction, and limited support for these students, ultimately widening the achievement gap.

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  • 26. 

    Being able to sit and listen for extended periods of time, completing paper and pencil tests with minimal assistance, taking turns speaking, using a logical sequential communication style, and having parents who help with homework are characteristics of which of the following?

    • A.

      Special Education students

    • B.

      Normal

    • C.

      European American students

    • D.

      Asian students

    Correct Answer
    B. Normal
    Explanation
    The given characteristics such as being able to sit and listen for extended periods of time, completing tests independently, taking turns speaking, using a logical sequential communication style, and having parental assistance with homework are typically associated with students who are considered "normal" or neurotypical. This means that they do not have any specific learning disabilities or exceptionalities that would require special education services.

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  • 27. 

    Teachers often lack familiarity and/or comfort with the norms of other what?

    • A.

      Schools

    • B.

      Cultures

    • C.

      Families

    • D.

      Languages

    Correct Answer
    B. Cultures
    Explanation
    Teachers often lack familiarity and/or comfort with the norms of other cultures. This can be due to limited exposure or understanding of different cultural practices, beliefs, and values. As a result, teachers may struggle to effectively communicate and engage with students from diverse cultural backgrounds. It is important for teachers to actively seek out opportunities to learn about and appreciate different cultures in order to create inclusive and supportive learning environments for all students.

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  • 28. 

    Which influence how people view disability?

    • A.

      Cultural values and beliefs

    • B.

      Teacher training and education

    • C.

      School culture

    • D.

      Parent education

    Correct Answer
    A. Cultural values and beliefs
    Explanation
    Cultural values and beliefs play a significant role in shaping how people view disability. Different cultures have varying perspectives on disability, which can influence attitudes, treatment, and inclusion of individuals with disabilities. Cultural values and beliefs can either promote acceptance, understanding, and support for people with disabilities or perpetuate stigma, discrimination, and exclusion. These values and beliefs are often deeply ingrained in society and can impact how individuals, communities, and institutions interact with and respond to disability.

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  • 29. 

    Becoming a student of culture and difference, developing a vision of students who succeed, and learning not to judge are guidelines for which of the following?

    • A.

      Creating a positive classroom environment

    • B.

      Culturally responsive teaching

    • C.

      Guiding student behavior

    • D.

      Working with parents

    Correct Answer
    B. Culturally responsive teaching
    Explanation
    The guidelines of becoming a student of culture and difference, developing a vision of students who succeed, and learning not to judge align with the principles of culturally responsive teaching. Culturally responsive teaching focuses on understanding and valuing the diverse backgrounds and experiences of students, and adapting instructional strategies to meet their needs. By embracing cultural differences and avoiding judgment, teachers can create a positive classroom environment that promotes inclusivity and supports the success of all students.

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  • 30. 

    Never giving up on a child, providing explicit instruction, and insisting on completion and quality are guidelines for which of the following?

    • A.

      Working with parents

    • B.

      Caring for students

    • C.

      Following ethical standards

    • D.

      Having high expectations for student achievement

    Correct Answer
    D. Having high expectations for student achievement
    Explanation
    Having high expectations for student achievement means never giving up on a child, providing explicit instruction, and insisting on completion and quality. This implies that when educators have high expectations for their students, they believe in their potential and are committed to helping them succeed. They provide clear and specific instruction, encourage students to complete tasks to the best of their ability, and prioritize quality in their work. This approach fosters a positive learning environment and helps students reach their full potential.

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  • 31. 

    One important way to connect culturally and linguistically diverse students to the school context is to do which of the following?

    • A.

      Talk to parents

    • B.

      Talk to the students

    • C.

      Use children literature that reflects their cultural background

    • D.

      Use culturally diverse standards

    Correct Answer
    C. Use children literature that reflects their cultural background
    Explanation
    Using children's literature that reflects the cultural background of culturally and linguistically diverse students is an important way to connect them to the school context. By incorporating literature that reflects their culture, students can see themselves represented and feel a sense of belonging. This can help them engage with the material, develop a positive self-identity, and foster a sense of pride in their cultural heritage. Additionally, it can promote cross-cultural understanding and empathy among all students in the classroom.

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  • 32. 

    Currently, how many U.S. students come from homes in which a language other than English is spoken?

    • A.

      One in five

    • B.

      One in ten

    • C.

      One in fifty

    • D.

      One in one hundred

    Correct Answer
    A. One in five
    Explanation
    One in five U.S. students come from homes in which a language other than English is spoken. This means that 20% of U.S. students have a primary language at home that is not English. This statistic highlights the linguistic diversity within the U.S. student population and the importance of supporting and accommodating students who are learning English as a second language.

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  • 33. 

    Linking children's interests, experiences, families, and home cultures; empowering students to seek equity and social justice; and ensuring understand what equity means are ways of doing which of the following?

    • A.

      Meeting state standards

    • B.

      Connecting pedagogy to students

    • C.

      Creating an ethos of care

    • D.

      Using culturally relevant curriculum

    Correct Answer
    C. Creating an ethos of care
    Explanation
    Linking children's interests, experiences, families, and home cultures, empowering students to seek equity and social justice, and ensuring understanding of what equity means are all ways of creating an ethos of care. By incorporating these elements into the curriculum, educators can demonstrate care and respect for their students, fostering a positive and inclusive learning environment. This approach acknowledges and values the diverse backgrounds and experiences of the students, promoting a sense of belonging and emotional well-being.

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  • 34. 

    Which promotes its own cultural values, practices, and perceptions; psychological, social, economic, and political needs; and elevated status within the larger society.

    • A.

      The school district

    • B.

      The school curriculum

    • C.

      The state standards

    • D.

      Federal law

    Correct Answer
    A. The school district
    Explanation
    The school district promotes its own cultural values, practices, and perceptions, as well as caters to the psychological, social, economic, and political needs of the community it serves. Additionally, the school district strives to maintain an elevated status within the larger society by providing quality education and meeting the specific needs of its students.

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  • 35. 

    Creating a sense of community in the classroom; teaching classroom rules, routines, and procedures; and protecting the classroom community through teacher insistence are guidelines for which of the following?

    • A.

      Meeting state standards

    • B.

      Ensuring classroom management

    • C.

      Creating an ethos of care

    • D.

      Using culturally relevant curriculum

    Correct Answer
    C. Creating an ethos of care
    Explanation
    Creating an ethos of care involves establishing a supportive and inclusive classroom environment where students feel valued, respected, and safe. This includes creating a sense of community through activities that promote collaboration and social interaction, teaching classroom rules and procedures to ensure order and consistency, and protecting the classroom community by upholding these expectations through teacher insistence. By doing so, teachers can foster positive relationships, enhance student engagement, and promote a caring and nurturing atmosphere conducive to learning.

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  • 36. 

    If students know and remember what a teacher expects from them, it can lead us to the following assumption:

    • A.

      Students will behave appropriately

    • B.

      All students will achieve

    • C.

      Students can tell their parents the expectations

    • D.

      Teachers will receive good evalutations

    Correct Answer
    B. All students will achieve
    Explanation
    If students know and remember what a teacher expects from them, it can lead us to the assumption that all students will achieve. This is because when students are aware of the expectations set by their teacher, they are more likely to align their actions and efforts towards meeting those expectations, which can ultimately lead to their success and achievement in their academic pursuits.

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  • 37. 

    Teaching expectations using multiple strategies include all of the following except:

    • A.

      Providing models and demonstrations

    • B.

      Have students copy the expectations in notebooks

    • C.

      Providing opportunities for practice

    • D.

      Reminding students of expectations

    Correct Answer
    B. Have students copy the expectations in notebooks
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Have students copy the expectations in notebooks." This is because copying expectations in notebooks does not actively engage students in understanding and internalizing the expectations. While providing models and demonstrations, providing opportunities for practice, and reminding students of expectations are all effective strategies for teaching expectations, simply copying them does not promote deep understanding or application of the expectations.

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  • 38. 

    According to the Wehmeyer, Palmer, Agran, Mithaug, and Martin reading, "to teach self-determination is teaching students to take greater control over their own.....what?"

    • A.

      Education

    • B.

      Learning

    • C.

      Destinies

    • D.

      Futures

    Correct Answer
    A. Education
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Education. According to the reading, teaching self-determination means teaching students to take greater control over their own education. This includes making decisions about their learning goals, planning their own learning activities, and advocating for their own needs and preferences. By teaching self-determination, educators empower students to become active participants in their education and take ownership of their learning journey.

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  • 39. 

    Students with which disability have an intelligence level in the normal range and unexpectedly low achievement in one or more academic areas?

    • A.

      Mental retardation

    • B.

      Autism spectrum disorders

    • C.

      Learning disabilities

    • D.

      Emotional disorders

    Correct Answer
    C. Learning disabilities
    Explanation
    Learning disabilities refer to a condition where students have normal intelligence but struggle with academic achievement in one or more areas. This means that despite having the potential to perform well academically, they face difficulties in learning and acquiring skills in specific subjects. These difficulties can include reading, writing, math, or other areas. Therefore, the answer "Learning disabilities" is the most appropriate choice for students who have normal intelligence but unexpectedly low achievement in one or more academic areas.

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  • 40. 

    Due to the differences across states in the identification rates of students with learning disabilities, the practice of identifying these students has been called which of the following?

    • A.

      Easy but unfair

    • B.

      Confusing but unfair

    • C.

      Easy and fair

    • D.

      Confusing and fair

    Correct Answer
    B. Confusing but unfair
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Confusing but unfair". This answer accurately reflects the situation described in the question. The identification rates of students with learning disabilities vary across states, indicating that the process of identifying these students is confusing. Additionally, the term "unfair" suggests that there may be inconsistencies or biases in the identification process, further supporting the chosen answer.

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  • 41. 

    Learning disability is commonly referred to as what?

    • A.

      Low-incidence disability

    • B.

      High-incidence disability

    • C.

      Autism spectrum disorder

    • D.

      Other health impairment

    Correct Answer
    B. High-incidence disability
    Explanation
    A learning disability is commonly referred to as a high-incidence disability because it is a condition that affects a significant number of individuals. High-incidence disabilities are more prevalent in the population compared to low-incidence disabilities. Autism spectrum disorder and other health impairments are specific conditions that fall under the broader category of high-incidence disabilities.

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  • 42. 

    Young children who are at risk for learning disabilities because of language problems benefit from            that include rich experiences with oral language.

    • A.

      Behavior management plans

    • B.

      Speech language therapy

    • C.

      Early intervention programs

    • D.

      Differentiated instruction

    Correct Answer
    C. Early intervention programs
    Explanation
    Young children who are at risk for learning disabilities because of language problems benefit from early intervention programs that include rich experiences with oral language. These programs provide support and intervention at an early stage, helping children develop their language skills and preventing further learning difficulties. By exposing children to a variety of oral language experiences, such as conversations, storytelling, and vocabulary-building activities, early intervention programs aim to enhance their language abilities and improve their overall learning outcomes.

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  • 43. 

    Providing opportunities to practice or apply information that was previously taught are called which of the following?

    • A.

      Conspicuous strategies

    • B.

      Mediated scaffolding

    • C.

      Strategic integration

    • D.

      Judicious review

    Correct Answer
    D. Judicious review
    Explanation
    Judicious review refers to providing opportunities for students to practice or apply information that was previously taught. This allows students to reinforce their learning, consolidate their understanding, and develop their skills. By engaging in judicious review, students can actively recall and apply knowledge, which enhances their retention and mastery of the material. This approach promotes deeper learning and helps students transfer their knowledge to real-world situations.

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  • 44. 

    The explicit combining of what has already been learned with new learning so that a relationship between old and new learning is clear is called which of the following?

    • A.

      Big ideas

    • B.

      Strategic integration

    • C.

      Scaffolding

    • D.

      Mnemonic devices

    Correct Answer
    B. Strategic integration
    Explanation
    Strategic integration refers to the process of combining previously learned information with new knowledge in a way that highlights the relationship between the old and new material. This approach helps learners make connections and see the bigger picture, allowing them to better understand and apply the new information. It involves consciously and purposefully linking new concepts to existing knowledge, thereby enhancing comprehension and retention. Strategic integration is an effective strategy for promoting deep understanding and facilitating meaningful learning experiences.

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  • 45. 

    Vocational support and support in higher education are components of which of the following?

    • A.

      Transition to adult life

    • B.

      Vocational high schools

    • C.

      College learning support

    • D.

      Job Coaches

    Correct Answer
    A. Transition to adult life
    Explanation
    Vocational support and support in higher education are components of the transition to adult life. This means that when individuals are transitioning from adolescence to adulthood, they may require assistance and guidance in terms of vocational training and pursuing higher education. These components are important in helping individuals successfully navigate the challenges and opportunities that come with adulthood, such as finding suitable employment and furthering their education.

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  • 46. 

    Discrepancy criteria used to identify students are not educationally sound, children wait to fail before a severe discrepancy exists, and the number of students identified has grown much more rapidly than the general population are major problems with which of the following?

    • A.

      Response to intervention

    • B.

      The ADHD category

    • C.

      The learning disability category

    • D.

      Early intervening services

    Correct Answer
    C. The learning disability category
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is the learning disability category. This is because the statement mentions that the discrepancy criteria used to identify students with learning disabilities are not educationally sound. It also states that children have to wait to fail before a severe discrepancy exists, which suggests that the identification process is flawed. Additionally, it mentions that the number of students identified with learning disabilities has grown more rapidly than the general population, indicating a problem with the category.

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  • 47. 

    National data regarding the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom reveal which of the following?

    • A.

      Most states are educating these students in the resource room

    • B.

      Most states are educating these students in general education classroom

    • C.

      Most states are educating these students in special classrooms

    • D.

      Most states are educating these students via home schooling

    Correct Answer
    B. Most states are educating these students in general education classroom
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that most states are educating students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom. This means that these students are being included and taught alongside their peers without disabilities, rather than being separated into special classrooms or resource rooms. This approach promotes inclusivity and provides opportunities for students with learning disabilities to learn and interact with their peers in a mainstream educational setting.

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  • 48. 

    The term "learning disabilities" does not include a learning problem that is primarily the result of visual, hearing, motor disabilities, or

    • A.

      Dyslexia

    • B.

      Dysgraphia

    • C.

      Intellectual Disability/Mental Retardation

    • D.

      Dyscalculia

    Correct Answer
    C. Intellectual Disability/Mental Retardation
    Explanation
    The term "learning disabilities" refers to difficulties in acquiring and using skills in reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, or mathematical abilities. It does not include learning problems that are primarily caused by visual, hearing, or motor disabilities. Dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia are specific learning disabilities that affect reading, writing, and mathematical abilities respectively. However, intellectual disability or mental retardation is not considered a learning disability as it is a broader cognitive impairment that affects overall intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following tend to become more severe as students with learning disabilities move through school?

    • A.

      Reading problems

    • B.

      Social problems

    • C.

      Behavior problems

    • D.

      Emotional problems

    Correct Answer
    A. Reading problems
    Explanation
    As students with learning disabilities progress through school, their reading problems tend to become more severe. This can be attributed to the increasing complexity of reading materials and the higher academic expectations placed on them. As the curriculum becomes more challenging, students with learning disabilities may struggle to comprehend and process information, leading to difficulties in reading and understanding texts. This can further hinder their academic progress and overall educational experience.

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  • 50. 

    Students with EBD are how much more likely than all others with disabilities to be educated in separate facilities?

    • A.

      Two times

    • B.

      Four times

    • C.

      Ten times

    • D.

      Fifty times

    Correct Answer
    B. Four times
    Explanation
    Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are four times more likely than all other students with disabilities to be educated in separate facilities. This means that compared to students with other disabilities, those with EBD are four times more likely to be placed in special education settings or alternative schools specifically designed to address their unique needs. This suggests that students with EBD may require more intensive support and interventions that are best provided in separate educational environments.

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