Socl Exam 2

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 126

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Cohabitating relationships of opposite or same sex couples would not be common without the increasing acceptance of sexual acitivity outside of marriage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The fact that sexual identities have only recently emerged as a concept suggests that:
    • A. 

      This is a new phenomenon

    • B. 

      We need to base everything on biology

    • C. 

      They are socially constructed

    • D. 

      This is a phenomenon not worthy of study

  • 3. 
    The queer theory tends to avoid the consideration of how children are raised.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Beginning in the late 1800's through 1973, homosexuality was thought to be
    • A. 

      A psychological illness

    • B. 

      A physical condition

    • C. 

      A result of environment

    • D. 

      A normal sexual activity

  • 5. 
    The major disagreement between social constructivist theory and integrative theory is whether society completely determines a person's sexual identity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The number of sex partners for women changed dramatically in the 1970s and 1980s.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    A person's sexual orientation is a result of
    • A. 

      Peer pressure

    • B. 

      Socialization

    • C. 

      Genetics

    • D. 

      Still undetermined

  • 8. 
    The _________________ put the country on its ear when it published the results about men's sexual behavior.
    • A. 

      National Survey for Family

    • B. 

      Kinsey Report

    • C. 

      Hite Report

    • D. 

      Martin Report

  • 9. 
    Today, in general, couples in a marriage are most likely to
    • A. 

      Practice sexual monogamy

    • B. 

      Be less likely to agree that extra marital sex was wrong than they were in 1972

    • C. 

      Have an "open marriage"

    • D. 

      Have at least one extramarital partner during their marriage

  • 10. 
    Changes in sexual activity in the US since the start of the century have served to:
    • A. 

      Decrease the incidence of sexually transmitted disease

    • B. 

      Reinforce the central focus of children as the core of family life

    • C. 

      Weaken the role of marriage as the core of family life

    • D. 

      Strengthen the role of marriage as the core of family life

  • 11. 
    Before the turn of the century, parents were able to __________________
    • A. 

      Negotiate with their children the terms of their prospective marriages

    • B. 

      None of the above

    • C. 

      Control the movements and monitor the behavior of their children

    • D. 

      Let their children have plenty of freedom with respect to independent living and recreation

  • 12. 
    Parents influence on the spousal choice of children ____________ when children can find ways of making an independent living.
    • A. 

      Increases

    • B. 

      Decreases

    • C. 

      Increases initially and then declines

    • D. 

      Remains unchanged

  • 13. 
    The institutional marriage refers to an emphasis on male authority, duty, and conformity to social norms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    2/3 of all births are listed to cohabitating couples.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Hooking up
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      Does not imply sexual intercourse

    • C. 

      Became common in the 2000's

    • D. 

      Is an imperial sexual encounter

  • 16. 
    Some recent trends with respect to first marriage are
    • A. 

      Typical age is lower and many people cohabitate before marriage

    • B. 

      People are spending less time looking for a partner

    • C. 

      Typical age is higher and many people cohabitate before marriage

    • D. 

      Unplanned pregnancies are a major contributor to young peoples decisions

  • 17. 
    Compared to women with less education and lower earnings, the specialized model predicts that women with more education and higher earnings are ________ likely to marry, while the income pooling model predicts they are _________.
    • A. 

      More; less

    • B. 

      Equally; more

    • C. 

      Less; more

    • D. 

      More; equally

  • 18. 
    With the emergence of adolescence as a recognized life stage for teenagers, the high school and college years give young people
    • A. 

      An incentive to marry young

    • B. 

      A protected time relatively free of parental involvement

    • C. 

      An incentive to help the family economically

    • D. 

      More restrictions from parents

  • 19. 
    Recent studies suggest that cohabitation is
    • A. 

      A testing ground for marriage

    • B. 

      All of the above

    • C. 

      An alternative way of being single

    • D. 

      An alternative to marriage

  • 20. 
    In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, companionship and sexual fulfillment became more important to a successful marriage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    At the beginning of the 21st century, __________ of married women work outside of the home in ______ jobs.
    • A. 

      A majority; part time

    • B. 

      A minority; full time

    • C. 

      A majority; full time

    • D. 

      A minority; part time

  • 22. 
    The percentage of Americans who work very long weeks (50 hours of more) is higher than in
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Germany

    • D. 

      The United Kingdom

  • 23. 
    When it comes to childcare, single employed mothers often
    • A. 

      Are adequately supported by government programs

    • B. 

      Tend to share the burden with their significant other or an employer

    • C. 

      Rely on relatives to help with their children

    • D. 

      Are forced to take children to work due to lack of alternatives

  • 24. 
    The state of having too many roles with conflicting demands is often referred to as 
    • A. 

      Role overload

    • B. 

      Multiple roles

    • C. 

      Mixed roles

    • D. 

      Role spillover

  • 25. 
    There is little class difference in how wives feel about working for pay.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Tronto (1993) and others believe that we overvalue individualism and ___________ and undervalue interdependence and _____________.
    • A. 

      Caring; autonomy

    • B. 

      Autonomy; caring

    • C. 

      Autonomy; work experience

    • D. 

      Caring; work experience

  • 27. 
    The proportion of housework done by husbands in the US went up dramatically as wives entered the labor market.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Time study diaries that covered almost 40 years compared the change in the amount of time women and men spent in household work, they found
    • A. 

      Men were spending more hours in housework

    • B. 

      All of the above

    • C. 

      Women were spending fewer hours in housework

    • D. 

      Women were spending 4 times as many minutes caring for children than were men

  • 29. 
    The US has been a frontrunner among industrialized nations in implementing family friendly policies for US workers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    The historic rise in women's labor participation seems to have peaked.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    The changing nature of adoption is also reflected in the fact that
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      A significant portion of adopted children are foreign born

    • C. 

      60% of foreign born children were from Asian countries

    • D. 

      2/3 of those adopted have a disability

  • 32. 
    Working parents with children in daycare tend to:
    • A. 

      Spend more time with their children than those whose children aren't in daycare

    • B. 

      Spend the same amount of time with their children as parents whose children aren't in daycare

    • C. 

      Spend little time with their children

    • D. 

      Sacrifice more of their free time to spend extra hours with children

  • 33. 
    The best parents (that is those who are most likely to produce children who are socially competent) perform 3 tasks well: they set clear standards, they enforce standards consistently without harsh punishment, and they _____________.
    • A. 

      Provide substantial emotional support

    • B. 

      Spend a lot of money on their children

    • C. 

      Reason with their children

    • D. 

      Put the marital relationship as a second priority to the parental relationship for many years

  • 34. 
    Fathers help children to learn to regulate their emotions and learn the limits of excitable behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    The major source of primary socialization for children in the US is
    • A. 

      Family

    • B. 

      Day care

    • C. 

      School

    • D. 

      Church

  • 36. 
    Based on sociological and psychological research, "sparing the rod" spoils the child.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    The different manner in which parents treat male and female children can be attributed to ___________, which have little to do with true biological differences.
    • A. 

      Gender roles

    • B. 

      Class roles

    • C. 

      Religious roles

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 38. 
    Of the three types of parenting styles that Baumrind researched, the _________ parenting style seems to produce children who are more socially competent.
    • A. 

      Authoritarian

    • B. 

      Permissive

    • C. 

      Good enough

    • D. 

      Authoritative

  • 39. 
    Based on current research, one can safely conclude that children raised in gay and lesbian homes do not exhibit any greater symptoms of mental distress than children raised in heterosexual homes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False