Culture And Social Interaction Quiz Questions

80 Questions
Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Your studies of the patterns of relationships, culture and social interaction have all led you to this point in your quest for knowledge about society and its associated sciences. Has it been worth it? Let’s find out!

Please wait...
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following concepts refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share culture?
    • A. 

      Culture

    • B. 

      Society

    • C. 

      Nation

    • D. 

      State

  • 2. 
    Gerhard Lenski claimed that which of the following has the greatest power to shape a society?
    • A. 

      Technology

    • B. 

      Social conflict

    • C. 

      Human ideas

    • D. 

      Human desire for change

  • 3. 
    The Roman Empire at its peak power was what type of society?
    • A. 

      Hunting and gathering

    • B. 

      Horticultural and pastoral

    • C. 

      Agrarian

    • D. 

      Industrial

  • 4. 
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    • A. 

      Very productive

    • B. 

      Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.

    • C. 

      Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 5. 
    The driving force of social change, according to Marx, is:
    • A. 

      Advancing technology

    • B. 

      Social conflict between classes

    • C. 

      Dominant ideas

    • D. 

      The way in which society is held together

  • 6. 
    How did Weber describe traditional societies?
    • A. 

      People look open-mindedly to the future

    • B. 

      People pass the same values and beliefs from generation to generation

    • C. 

      People live in the present, paying littlee attention to the past or the future

    • D. 

      People strive to be more and more productive

  • 7. 
    Looking over the long course of history, Durkheim claimed that societiees change as...............gives away to...............
    • A. 

      Gesellschaft; Gemeinschaft

    • B. 

      Individualism; collective conscience

    • C. 

      Mechanical solodarity; organic solidarity

    • D. 

      Organic solidarity; mechanical solidarity

  • 8. 
    What concepts refers to a person's fairly consistent pattern of acting, thinking, and feeling?
    • A. 

      Socialization

    • B. 

      Behavior

    • C. 

      Human nature

    • D. 

      Personality

  • 9. 
    If you were to put together the lesson learned from the cases of Anna, Isabelle, and Genie, you would correctly conclude that:
    • A. 

      Social experience plays a crucial part in forming human personality.

    • B. 

      Both social experience and the persence of the birth mother are crucial to early development

    • C. 

      The effect of long-term social isolation can be overcome in a relatively short time.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 10. 
    Jean piaget's focus was on:
    • A. 

      How children develop their motor skills.

    • B. 

      How children are stimulated by their environment

    • C. 

      The role of heredity in shaping human behavior

    • D. 

      Cognition, or how people think and understand

  • 11. 
    Carol Gilligan extended Kohlberg's research, showing that:
    • A. 

      Girls and boys typically assess situations as right and wrong using different standards

    • B. 

      Girls are more interested in right and wrong than boys are

    • C. 

      Boys are more interested in right and wrong than girls are

    • D. 

      The ability to assess situations as right and wrong typically develops only as young people enter the teenage years.

  • 12. 
    According to Mead, children learn to take the role of the other as they model themseleves on important people in their lives =, such as parents. Mead referred to these people as:
    • A. 

      Role models

    • B. 

      Looking-glass models

    • C. 

      Significant others

    • D. 

      The generalized other

  • 13. 
    In her research, Elisabeth Kubler-Ross found that death:
    • A. 

      Is defined in much the same way in every society

    • B. 

      Is an orderly transition involving specific stages

    • C. 

      Is a topic that people in the United States have always been comfortable discussing

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 14. 
    At a given time you occupy a number of statuses. These statuses make up your:
    • A. 

      Master status

    • B. 

      Role set

    • C. 

      Achieved statuses

    • D. 

      Status set

  • 15. 
    What concept refers to a social position that is recieved at birth or involuntarily assumed later in life?
    • A. 

      Passive role

    • B. 

      Master status

    • C. 

      Ascribed status

    • D. 

      Achieved status

  • 16. 
    Which concept refers to a status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person's entire life?
    • A. 

      Social status

    • B. 

      Master status

    • C. 

      Ascribed status

    • D. 

      Achieved status

  • 17. 
    Sociologist use what concept to refer to behavior people expect of someone who holds a particular status?
    • A. 

      Role

    • B. 

      Master status

    • C. 

      Status set

    • D. 

      Role set

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is involved when a surgeon chooses not to operate on her own son because the personal involvement of motherhood could impair her professional objectivity as a physician?
    • A. 

      Role conflict

    • B. 

      Role strain

    • C. 

      Role ambiguity

    • D. 

      Role exit

  • 19. 
    What is the term for the process by which people disengage from important social roles?
    • A. 

      Role rejection

    • B. 

      Role reversal

    • C. 

      Role loss

    • D. 

      Role exit

  • 20. 
    The Thomas theorem states that:
    • A. 

      A role is as a role does

    • B. 

      People rise to their level of incompetence

    • C. 

      Situations defined as real are real in their consequences

    • D. 

      People know the world only through their language

  • 21. 
    What is the correct sociological term for all people with a common status, such as "college students"
    • A. 

      A crowd

    • B. 

      A group

    • C. 

      A category

    • D. 

      A network

  • 22. 
    A temporary, loosely formed collection of people who may or may not interact is a:
    • A. 

      Crowd

    • B. 

      Group

    • C. 

      Category

    • D. 

      Population

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is every society's most important primary group?
    • A. 

      The peer group

    • B. 

      The work group

    • C. 

      The family

    • D. 

      The play group

  • 24. 
    What is the term for group leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks?
    • A. 

      Democratic leadership

    • B. 

      Authoritarian leadership

    • C. 

      Expressive leadership

    • D. 

      Instumental leadership

  • 25. 
    What type of leaders downplay their own power, letting the group function more or less on its own?
    • A. 

      Authoritarian leaders

    • B. 

      Democratic leaders

    • C. 

      Laissez-faire leaders

    • D. 

      Instrumental leaders

  • 26. 
    Solomon Asch's research, in which subjects were asked to match lines, showed:
    • A. 

      People seek out friends with whom they tend to agree

    • B. 

      People defined as "leaders" have great power over their subjects

    • C. 

      People tend to see most things differently

    • D. 

      Group membership has the power to generate conformity

  • 27. 
    If your a prisoner, a maximum -security prison would be which of the following types of organization from your point of view?
    • A. 

      A normative-organization

    • B. 

      A coercive organization

    • C. 

      A utilitarian organization

    • D. 

      A voluntary organization

  • 28. 
    Read the four statement below. which one of these statements about stratification is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Social stratification is a trait of society

    • B. 

      Social stratification is universal and also variable.

    • C. 

      A family's social standing typically changes a great deal from generation to generation

    • D. 

      Social stratification is a matter of inequality and also beliefs about why people should be unequal

  • 29. 
    A caste system is defined as:
    • A. 

      Social stratification based on ascription or birth

    • B. 

      Social stratification based on personal achievement

    • C. 

      A meritocracy

    • D. 

      Any social system in which categories of people are unequal

  • 30. 
    If you were born into a traditional caste system, you would expect that, based on birth, you would be:
    • A. 

      Raised to do a certain type of job.

    • B. 

      Required to marry someone of your own social category

    • C. 

      Encouraged to socialize with other people within your own category

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 31. 
    The historical replacement of caste systems with class systems:
    • A. 

      Brings an end to most social inequality

    • B. 

      Replaces one kind of inequality with another

    • C. 

      Means that individuals experience less social mobility

    • D. 

      Means that categories of people become more clearly unequal

  • 32. 
    A college professor with advanced degrees, moderate salary, and little power to shape national events can be described as having:
    • A. 

      High status consistency

    • B. 

      Horizontal social mobility

    • C. 

      Downward social mobility

    • D. 

      Low status consistency

  • 33. 
    At lowest level of social stratification in ancient Japan were the: 
    • A. 

      Shogun

    • B. 

      Burakumin or ''outcasts''

    • C. 

      Samurai or ''warriors''

    • D. 

      Shudra

  • 34. 
    According to Davis-Moore thesis;
    • A. 

      Equality is functional for society

    • B. 

      The more inequality a society has, the more productive it is

    • C. 

      More important jobs must provide enough rewards to attract the talent necessary to perform them

    • D. 

      Meritocracy is less productive than a caste system

  • 35. 
    Which of the following concepts refers to ''the recognized violation of cultural norms''
    • A. 

      Deviance

    • B. 

      Crime

    • C. 

      Legal infraction

    • D. 

      Juvenile delinquency

  • 36. 
    Walter Reckless and Simon Dinitz claimed that ''good boys'' have the ability to rein in deviant impluses. They called their analysis:
    • A. 

      Differential opportunity theory

    • B. 

      Containment theory

    • C. 

      Libido theory

    • D. 

      Differential association theory

  • 37. 
    Using Robert Merton's strain theory, how would you classify a low-paid, yet compulsively conforming bank teller who never seems to want to get ahead but nevers seems to do anything wrong?
    • A. 

      Innovator

    • B. 

      Ritualist

    • C. 

      Retreatist

    • D. 

      Rebel

  • 38. 
    Cloward and Ohlin extended the Merton's theory of deviance, stating that crime;
    • A. 

      Reflects both limited legitimate opportunity as well as accessible illegitimate opportunity

    • B. 

      Is more common among the rich who have more opportunity

    • C. 

      Is defined in such ways as to overly criminalize the poor

    • D. 

      Is typically a result of drug dependence or other substance addiction

  • 39. 
    Edwin Lemert described ''primary deviance'' as; 
    • A. 

      The most serious episodes of deviance

    • B. 

      Actions that parents define as deviant

    • C. 

      A passing episode of deviance that has little effect on the person's self-concept

    • D. 

      The experience of deviance early in life

  • 40. 
    What concept did Erving Goffman use to refer to a powerful and negative label that greatly changes a person's self-concept and social identity?
    • A. 

      A deviant ritual

    • B. 

      A degraduation ceremony

    • C. 

      Stigmata

    • D. 

      Stigma

  • 41. 
    Globalization of the economy means that:
    • A. 

      World regions specialize in one sector of the economic activity

    • B. 

      More and more products pass through several nations

    • C. 

      A small number of businesses represent a large share of the planet's economic output

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 42. 
    In capitalist economic system, ''justice'' amounts to:
    • A. 

      Doing what is best for society's poorest members

    • B. 

      Everyone being more or less socially equal

    • C. 

      Freedom of the marketplace where a person can follow self-interest

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 43. 
    Which of the following DO NOT descirbe the operation of a socialist economy?
    • A. 

      Collective orientation

    • B. 

      Government control of production

    • C. 

      Laissez-faire economy

    • D. 

      Command economy

  • 44. 
    Which if the following concepts refers to a politicak and economic system that combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs?
    • A. 

      Capitalism

    • B. 

      Socialism

    • C. 

      Welfare capitalism

    • D. 

      Communism

  • 45. 
    Contrated to socialist economic systems, capitalist economic systems are typically:
    • A. 

      Equally productive

    • B. 

      More productive

    • C. 

      Less productive

    • D. 

      Not concerned with productivity

  • 46. 
    Concerning the issue of personal freedom, capitalist systems emphasize people's ................., while socialists systems emphasize people's.................
    • A. 

      Collective needs; personal needs

    • B. 

      Freedom form basic want; freedom to pursue their self-interest

    • C. 

      Freedom to pursue their self-interest; freedom from basic want

    • D. 

      Social needs; material needs

  • 47. 
    The concept ''primary labor market'' refers to:
    • A. 

      Jobs that provide extensive benefits to workers

    • B. 

      Jobs typically taken by teenagers

    • C. 

      Jobs that require no particular training or experience

    • D. 

      Jobs that offer little pay and loe security

  • 48. 
    Read the four descriptions below. Which of them DOES NOT apply to a profession?
    • A. 

      Having theoretical knowledge of a field

    • B. 

      Working for a large, well-established company

    • C. 

      Having authority over clients

    • D. 

      Professing a community rather than individual orientation

  • 49. 
    The concept ''oligopoly'' refers to:
    • A. 

      Any corporation with more than $ 1 billion in sales

    • B. 

      The largest company in a particular field

    • C. 

      Domination of a market by a few companies

    • D. 

      A large company operating in all three economic sectors

  • 50. 
    In the United States, the Amish would be an example of a:
    • A. 

      State church

    • B. 

      Cult

    • C. 

      Sect

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 51. 
    Which of the following typically forms as a breakaway group from some established religious organization?
    • A. 

      Sect

    • B. 

      Church

    • C. 

      Cult

    • D. 

      State church

  • 52. 
    Which of the following refers to a religious organization that is largely outside a society's cultural traditions?
    • A. 

      Church

    • B. 

      Sect

    • C. 

      Cult

    • D. 

      Denomination

  • 53. 
    Which of the following would you expect to be the least stable type of religious organization?
    • A. 

      Cult

    • B. 

      Church

    • C. 

      Denomination

    • D. 

      State church

  • 54. 
    Animism is the belief that:
    • A. 

      God has a plan for the entire world

    • B. 

      Everything in the world is a conscious, living force that able to affect us

    • C. 

      Nothing is sacred

    • D. 

      People can find little meaning in their everyday lives

  • 55. 
    Polytheism refers to:
    • A. 

      Acceptance of many religons as true

    • B. 

      Belief that all things in the world are sacred

    • C. 

      Belief in many gods

    • D. 

      Openess to religious experience

  • 56. 
    Which of the following is the oldest of religion disucssed in the text?
    • A. 

      Hinduism

    • B. 

      Judaism

    • C. 

      Christianity

    • D. 

      Islam

  • 57. 
    The concept ''Karma'' refers to:
    • A. 

      The Christian belief in salvation

    • B. 

      The Hindu religion in the process of the human soul

    • C. 

      The Muslim's desire to do God's will

    • D. 

      The first five books of the Jewish Bible

  • 58. 
    Confucianism is closely linked to the traditional culture of:
    • A. 

      India

    • B. 

      China

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      Iran

  • 59. 
    Read the four statements below. Which of the following is NOT  a trait of religious fundamentalism?
    • A. 

      Endorsing conservative political goals

    • B. 

      Seeking the personal experience of God's presence

    • C. 

      Interpreting religious texts literally

    • D. 

      Accepting religious pluralism

  • 60. 
    Which of the following nations stands out as the most religious of all high-income countries?
    • A. 

      Japan

    • B. 

      Sweden

    • C. 

      The United States

    • D. 

      France

  • 61. 
    Which discipline defines itself as ''the systematic study of human society''?
    • A. 

      Sociology

    • B. 

      Psychology

    • C. 

      Economics

    • D. 

      History

  • 62. 
    The term ''sociology'' was coined in 1838 by?
    • A. 

      Karl Marx

    • B. 

      Herbert Spencer

    • C. 

      Adam Smith

    • D. 

      Auguste Comte

  • 63. 
    A statement of how and why specific facts are related is called a:
    • A. 

      Approach

    • B. 

      Precept

    • C. 

      Concept

    • D. 

      Theory

  • 64. 
    Social structures sometimes have negative consequences for the operation of society as a whole. What is the term for these negative consequences?
    • A. 

      Social structure

    • B. 

      Eufunctions

    • C. 

      Social finctions

    • D. 

      Social dysfunction

  • 65. 
    The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as:
    • A. 

      Latent functions

    • B. 

      Manifest functions

    • C. 

      Eufunctions

    • D. 

      Dysfunctions

  • 66. 
    Science can be defined as:
    • A. 

      A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation

    • B. 

      Belief based on faith in ultimate truth

    • C. 

      Belief based on a society's traditions

    • D. 

      A logical system that bases truth on political goals

  • 67. 
    Imagine that you were going to measure the age of a number of respondents taking part in a survey. As you record the data, you are using the concept ''age'' as:
    • A. 

      A theory

    • B. 

      A hypothesis

    • C. 

      A variable

    • D. 

      An axiom

  • 68. 
    In the process of measurement, reliability refers to:
    • A. 

      Whether you are really measuring what you want to measure

    • B. 

      How dependable the research is

    • C. 

      Whether or not everyone agrees with the study's results

    • D. 

      Whether repaeating the measurement yeilds consistent results

  • 69. 
    A theory states that increasing a person's formal education results in increased earnings over a lifetime. In this theory, ''higher education'' is the:
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Correlation

    • D. 

      Effect

  • 70. 
    Two variables are said to display correlation if:
    • A. 

      They are caused by the same factor

    • B. 

      One occur before the other

    • C. 

      Both measure the same thing

    • D. 

      They vary together

  • 71. 
    Three of the following statements below are apart of the definition of a cause-and-effect relationship. One is not. Which one is not? ASK JOE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1
    • A. 

      Both variables must be shown to be independent

    • B. 

      The independent variable must come before the dependent variable in time

    • C. 

      The twp variables must display correlation.

    • D. 

      There must be no evidence that the correlation is spurious

  • 72. 
    The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society is referred to as:
    • A. 

      High culture

    • B. 

      Material culture

    • C. 

      Norms

    • D. 

      Nonmaterial culture

  • 73. 
    Sociologists define a symbol as;
    • A. 

      Anything that carries meaning to people who share a culture

    • B. 

      Any material cultural trait

    • C. 

      Any gesture that conveys insult to others

    • D. 

      Social patterns that cause culture shock

  • 74. 
    Cultural transmission refers to the process of:
    • A. 

      Cultural patterns moving from one society to another

    • B. 

      Using the oral tradition

    • C. 

      Passing cultural patterns from one generation to another

    • D. 

      Usong writing to enshrine cultural patterns

  • 75. 
    Which of the following most closely conveys the point of the Sapir-Whorf thesis?
    • A. 

      Language involves attaching labels to the real world

    • B. 

      People see the world through the cultural lens of their language

    • C. 

      Most words have the same meaning if spoken in different languages

    • D. 

      Every word exists in all known language

  • 76. 
    Standards by which people share culture define what is desirable, good, and beautiful are called:
    • A. 

      Folkways

    • B. 

      Norms

    • C. 

      Mores

    • D. 

      Values

  • 77. 
    Low-income countries have cultures that vale ehich of the following?
    • A. 

      Economic survival

    • B. 

      Equal standing for women and men

    • C. 

      Self-expression

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 78. 
    .....................are rules about everyday, casual living;.....................are rules with great moral significance.
    • A. 

      Mores; folkways

    • B. 

      Folkways; mores

    • C. 

      Proscriptive norms; prescriptive norms

    • D. 

      Prescriptive norms; proscriptive norms

  • 79. 
    Cultural patterns that are widespread among society's population are referred to as:
    • A. 

      High culture

    • B. 

      Popular culture

    • C. 

      Elite culture

    • D. 

      Established culture

  • 80. 
    Which of the following statements is a good example of cultural lag?
    • A. 

      Gaining the abiltiy to modify genetic patterns before understanding the possible social consequences of this kind of work

    • B. 

      A slowing in the rate of invention in the computer industry

    • C. 

      Older people trying to make younger people respect tradition

    • D. 

      Virtual culture repalcing traditonal culture