Ch. 4: Social Interaction In Everyday Life.

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Ch. 4: Social Interaction In Everyday Life. - Quiz

Ch. 4: Social Interaction in Everyday Life.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     The surrounding area over which a person makes some claim to privacy.

    • A.

      Role Set

    • B.

      Social Construction of Reality

    • C.

      Personal Space

    Correct Answer
    C. Personal Space
    Explanation
    Personal space refers to the physical and emotional space surrounding an individual that they consider as their own and expect others to respect. It is the area where a person feels comfortable and safe, and where they have control over their personal boundaries. This concept is important for maintaining privacy and autonomy in social interactions. People may have different preferences for the size of their personal space, and it can vary across different cultures and situations. Understanding and respecting personal space is crucial for effective communication and building positive relationships with others.

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  • 2. 

    The process by which people act and react in relation to others.   

    • A.

      Social Interaction

    • B.

      Status

    • C.

      Role

    Correct Answer
    A. Social Interaction
    Explanation
    Social interaction refers to the process through which individuals engage and interact with others in society. It involves the exchange of information, ideas, and emotions between individuals, leading to the formation of social relationships and the development of social norms and behaviors. Social interaction plays a crucial role in shaping individuals' identities, beliefs, and values, and it is a fundamental aspect of human social life.

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  • 3. 

     Harold Garfunkel’s term for the study of the way people make sense of             their everyday surroundings.                    

    • A.

      Ethnomethodology

    • B.

      Dramaturgical Analysis

    • C.

      Social Construction of Reality

    Correct Answer
    A. Ethnomethodology
    Explanation
    Ethnomethodology is the term used by Harold Garfunkel to describe the study of how people make sense of their everyday surroundings. It focuses on the methods and practices individuals use to create and maintain social order and meaning in their interactions. Ethnomethodologists seek to uncover the hidden rules and assumptions that underlie social behavior and understand how individuals navigate and interpret the social world. This approach emphasizes the importance of studying the everyday practices and interactions of individuals in order to understand social order and reality.

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  • 4. 

     Communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech.          

    • A.

      Presentation of Self

    • B.

      Verbal communication

    • C.

      Nonverbal communication

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonverbal communication
    Explanation
    Nonverbal communication refers to the transmission of messages through body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than spoken language. It includes various forms of communication such as eye contact, hand gestures, posture, and facial expressions, which can convey emotions, attitudes, and intentions. Nonverbal cues often complement and reinforce verbal communication, providing additional meaning and context to the message being conveyed. Understanding and interpreting nonverbal communication is crucial in effective communication, as it helps to accurately interpret the speaker's intentions and emotions.

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  • 5. 

     The process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction.

    • A.

      Role Conflict

    • B.

      Social Construction of Reality

    • C.

      Presentation of Self

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Construction of Reality
    Explanation
    Social construction of reality refers to the process in which individuals collectively create and shape their understanding of the world through social interaction. It suggests that reality is not an objective truth, but rather a subjective and socially constructed concept. This concept emphasizes the role of culture, language, and social norms in shaping our perception of reality. It highlights how individuals interpret and give meaning to their experiences based on the social context in which they exist.

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  • 6. 

     A status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person’s entire life.

    • A.

      Master Status

    • B.

      Ascribed Status

    • C.

      Status

    Correct Answer
    A. Master Status
    Explanation
    A master status is a status that holds significant importance in shaping a person's identity and often determines their entire life. It is a dominant status that overrides other statuses a person may hold. This status can be based on various factors such as occupation, education, or social standing, and it influences how others perceive and interact with the individual. The concept of a master status highlights the significance of certain roles or positions in society and how they can define a person's social identity.

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  • 7. 

      A number of roles attached to a single status.

    • A.

      Status

    • B.

      Role

    • C.

      Role Set

    Correct Answer
    C. Role Set
    Explanation
    In this context, a "role set" refers to a collection or group of roles that are associated with a particular status. It implies that within a specific status, there can be multiple roles that an individual can fulfill. This concept recognizes that a status can encompass various responsibilities, duties, and expectations, which are represented by different roles within that status.

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  • 8. 

     Erving Goffman’s term for a person’s efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others.

    • A.

      Thomas Theorem

    • B.

      Role Strain

    • C.

      Presentation of Self

    Correct Answer
    C. Presentation of Self
    Explanation
    Erving Goffman coined the term "presentation of self" to describe the actions and behaviors individuals use to shape the way others perceive them. This concept emphasizes the idea that individuals actively manage their image and try to create specific impressions in the minds of others. It is a social interaction strategy where people strategically present themselves to others in order to influence how they are perceived and to gain social acceptance or achieve specific goals.

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  • 9. 

    A social position that a person holds.

    • A.

      Status

    • B.

      Social Interaction

    • C.

      Master Status

    Correct Answer
    A. Status
    Explanation
    Status refers to the social position that a person holds within a society. It is a position that is recognized and defined by others, and it can be based on various factors such as occupation, education, wealth, or social connections. Status influences an individual's social interactions and can determine their level of power, privilege, and prestige within a community. It can also shape the expectations and roles that are associated with a particular position.

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  • 10. 

       Behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status.

    • A.

      Role

    • B.

      Role Conflict

    • C.

      Role Set

    Correct Answer
    A. Role
    Explanation
    The term "role" refers to the behavior that is expected of someone who holds a particular status. It is the set of expected behaviors, rights, and obligations associated with a particular position in society. Therefore, "role" is the correct answer in this context. "Role Conflict" refers to the tension and conflict that arises when an individual is expected to fulfill multiple roles that have conflicting demands. "Role Set" refers to the different roles associated with a particular status.

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  • 11. 

    ____________ claim that situations defined as real are real in their consequences.

    • A.

      Social Construction of Reality

    • B.

      Presentation of Self

    • C.

      Thomas Theorem

    Correct Answer
    C. Thomas Theorem
    Explanation
    The Thomas Theorem states that if individuals define situations as real, then they are real in their consequences. This means that our subjective interpretations of situations can have real and tangible effects on our actions and behavior. It emphasizes the role of perception and interpretation in shaping our reality.

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  • 12. 

      All the statuses a person holds at a given time.

    • A.

      Status Set

    • B.

      Status

    • C.

      Status Conflict

    Correct Answer
    A. Status Set
    Explanation
    Status set refers to all the statuses that a person holds at a given time. It includes all the roles and positions that an individual occupies in different social groups or institutions. These statuses can be ascribed (involuntary) or achieved (voluntary). For example, a person may hold the statuses of a student, employee, parent, and volunteer simultaneously. The concept of status set helps in understanding the complexity of an individual's social identity and the various roles they play in society.

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  • 13. 

      A social position a person takes on voluntarily that reflects personal ability and effort. 

    • A.

      Ascribed Status

    • B.

      Social Status

    • C.

      Achieved Status

    Correct Answer
    C. Achieved Status
    Explanation
    Achieved status refers to a social position that an individual attains through their own abilities and efforts. Unlike ascribed status, which is assigned at birth or based on characteristics beyond one's control, achieved status is earned through hard work, skills, and personal achievements. It reflects the individual's talents, qualifications, and accomplishments. This status can change over time as individuals strive to improve their position in society through education, career advancements, or other accomplishments.

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  • 14. 

    A social position a person receives at birth or takes on involuntarily later in life.

    • A.

      Master Status

    • B.

      Achieved Status

    • C.

      Ascribed Status

    Correct Answer
    C. Ascribed Status
    Explanation
    An ascribed status refers to a social position that is assigned to an individual at birth or later in life without any effort or choice on their part. This status is typically based on factors such as gender, race, or family background. Unlike achieved status, which is acquired through personal accomplishments or efforts, an ascribed status is not earned or chosen by the individual. Instead, it is determined by societal norms and expectations. This concept helps explain how certain privileges or disadvantages can be attributed to individuals based on factors beyond their control.

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  • 15. 

     Tension among the roles connected to a single status.

    • A.

      Role Strain

    • B.

      Social Construction of Reality

    • C.

      Role Exit

    Correct Answer
    A. Role Strain
    Explanation
    Role strain refers to the tension or stress that arises when an individual experiences conflicting demands or expectations within a single role. In this context, the correct answer suggests that the tension is specifically among the roles connected to a single status. This implies that the individual is facing difficulties in meeting the expectations and demands of different roles associated with their particular status, leading to role strain.

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  • 16. 

     Harold Garfunkel’s term for the study of the way people make sense of             their everyday surroundings.                    

    • A.

      Presentation of Self

    • B.

      Demeanor

    • C.

      Ethnomethodology

    Correct Answer
    C. Ethnomethodology
    Explanation
    Ethnomethodology is the correct answer because it refers to the study of how people make sense of their everyday surroundings. This field of study focuses on the methods and practices that individuals use to create and maintain social order in their interactions with others. Ethnomethodologists examine the ways in which people interpret and interpret the world around them, including the social norms, rules, and expectations that guide their behavior. Through this study, researchers gain insight into the underlying structures and processes that shape social interactions and the construction of reality.

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  • 17. 

    Process by which people disengage from important social roles.

    • A.

      Role Strain

    • B.

      Role Set

    • C.

      Role Exit

    Correct Answer
    C. Role Exit
    Explanation
    Role Exit refers to the process by which people disengage from important social roles. This involves a transition or departure from a specific role, such as leaving a job, ending a relationship, or retiring. Role Exit is a complex process that often involves a series of stages, including questioning and evaluating the role, searching for alternatives, and ultimately disengaging from the role. It can be a challenging and transformative experience for individuals as they navigate the social and psychological aspects of leaving a role behind.

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  • 18. 

    The way we act and carry ourselves is a clue to social power.

    • A.

      Demeanor

    • B.

      Presentation of Self

    • C.

      Personal Space

    Correct Answer
    A. Demeanor
    Explanation
    Demeanor refers to the way we act and carry ourselves, which can be seen as a clue to our social power. Our demeanor includes our body language, facial expressions, and overall behavior, all of which can convey confidence, assertiveness, and authority. People with a strong and commanding demeanor are often perceived as having more social power, as they are able to influence and command attention from others. Therefore, demeanor is a key factor in determining social power.

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  • 19. 

    Erving Goffman’s term for the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance.

    • A.

      Social Construction of Reality

    • B.

      Dramaturgical Analysis-

    • C.

      Thomas Theorem

    Correct Answer
    B. Dramaturgical Analysis-
    Explanation
    Dramaturgical analysis is the correct answer because it refers to Erving Goffman's term for studying social interaction in terms of theatrical performance. This concept suggests that individuals present themselves differently in different social situations, much like actors playing different roles on a stage. Goffman believed that individuals strategically manage their impressions to create a desired image in the eyes of others, just like actors do on a stage. By studying social interactions in this way, we can gain insights into how individuals construct and present their identities in different social contexts.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 16, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Verdun
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