Chapter 4 Social Structure And Social Interaction: Quick Quiz

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| By Sociology101
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Sociology101
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Quizzes Created: 12 | Total Attempts: 74,194
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Chapter 4 Social Structure And Social Interaction: Quick Quiz - Quiz

Chapter 4 Quick Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

      Which of the following is a building block of society?

    • A.

      Institutions

    • B.

      Statuses and roles

    • C.

      Groups

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed, including institutions, statuses and roles, and groups, are building blocks of society. Institutions refer to the established systems and organizations that govern social behavior, such as government, education, and religion. Statuses and roles are the positions and behaviors that individuals occupy and perform within society, such as being a parent, a teacher, or a citizen. Groups are collections of individuals with shared interests, goals, or characteristics, which play a crucial role in shaping social interactions and relationships. Therefore, all of these elements contribute to the functioning and structure of society.

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  • 2. 

    Achieved statuses are always positive.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Achieved statuses can be positive or negative. Achieved statuses are those that an individual acquires through their own efforts and actions, such as education, occupation, or marital status. These statuses can be positive, such as achieving a high level of education or a successful career, or negative, such as being divorced or unemployed. Therefore, the statement that achieved statuses are always positive is incorrect.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is not an ascribed status?

    • A.

      Race

    • B.

      Gender

    • C.

      Social class of our parents

    • D.

      One’s education

    Correct Answer
    D. One’s education
    Explanation
    Education is not an ascribed status because it is not something that is assigned to an individual at birth or based on their inherent characteristics. Instead, education is achieved through personal effort and choice. Ascribed statuses, on the other hand, are attributes that are assigned to individuals at birth or based on factors beyond their control, such as race, gender, and social class of parents.

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  • 4. 

         ______ refers to the expectations required of a role.

    • A.

      Role expectation

    • B.

      Role performance

    • C.

      Role set

    • D.

      Role conflict

    Correct Answer
    A. Role expectation
    Explanation
    Role expectation refers to the expectations required of a role. It represents the specific behaviors, skills, and responsibilities that individuals are expected to fulfill in a particular role or position. These expectations are often determined by societal norms, organizational requirements, and the nature of the role itself. Meeting role expectations is crucial for individuals to effectively perform their roles and contribute to the overall functioning of the organization or group.

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  • 5. 

     When a person disengages from a role this is known as:  

    • A.

      Role expectation

    • B.

      Role performance

    • C.

      Role exit

    • D.

      Role strain

    Correct Answer
    C. Role exit
    Explanation
    Role exit refers to the process of disengaging from a role. It occurs when an individual no longer identifies with or performs the duties associated with a particular role. This can happen due to various reasons such as career changes, retirement, or personal growth. Role exit involves a psychological and social adjustment as individuals transition from one role to another or leave a role altogether.

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  • 6. 

    Dramaturgical analysis is a perspective of social interaction that compares real life to a dramatic presentation in a theatre, as if everyone in real life was performing on a stage.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Dramaturgical analysis is a theoretical perspective that views social interactions as akin to a theatrical performance. It suggests that individuals present themselves in different roles and use various strategies to manage the impressions they make on others. This perspective assumes that individuals are constantly aware of their social surroundings and adapt their behavior accordingly, much like actors on a stage. Therefore, the statement that dramaturgical analysis compares real life to a dramatic presentation in a theatre is accurate, making the answer "True."

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  • 7. 

    Genderlects are:

    • A.

      How we should act as males and females

    • B.

      The biological and physiological characteristics of sexual identity

    • C.

      The linguistic styles that reflect the different worlds of women and men

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The linguistic styles that reflect the different worlds of women and men
    Explanation
    Genderlects refer to the linguistic styles that reflect the different worlds of women and men. It is about the way in which language and communication patterns vary between genders, reflecting their different experiences, social roles, and cultural expectations. This concept recognizes that men and women often have distinct ways of speaking, using different vocabulary, tones, and conversational styles. Genderlects help to shape and reinforce gender identities and can contribute to misunderstandings or miscommunications between genders.

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  • 8. 

    The amount of personal space an individual maintains is constant, regardless of the circumstances.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the amount of personal space an individual maintains can vary depending on the circumstances. For example, in crowded places, individuals may feel the need to reduce their personal space to accommodate others. On the other hand, in more private or intimate settings, individuals may prefer to have more personal space. Therefore, personal space is not constant and can change based on the situation.

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  • 9. 

    Supportive interactions are based on:

    • A.

      Exchange

    • B.

      Cooperation

    • C.

      Both a and b

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both a and b
    Explanation
    Supportive interactions are based on both exchange and cooperation. In supportive interactions, individuals engage in a mutual exchange of resources, information, or assistance to help each other. This exchange is driven by cooperation, where individuals work together towards a common goal or benefit. Therefore, both exchange and cooperation are essential components of supportive interactions.

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  • 10. 

    Our onstage presentation of self often includes:  

    • A.

      Costumes

    • B.

      Props

    • C.

      Our mannerisms

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Our onstage presentation of self often includes costumes, props, and our mannerisms. Costumes help us create a visual representation of the character we are portraying, while props enhance the storytelling and add depth to our performance. Our mannerisms, such as body language, gestures, and facial expressions, also play a crucial role in conveying the emotions and intentions of our character. Therefore, all of the options mentioned contribute to our onstage presentation of self.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 23, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Sociology101
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