Chapter 5 Social Interaction And Social Structure

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 212

Chapter 5 Social Interaction And Social Structure - Quiz

Chapter 5

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An organized pattern of behavior that governs people’s relationships. Gives us the feeling that life is orderly and predictable rather than random because it guides our actions. Limits personal choices. Encompasses statuses, roles, groups, organizations, and institutions.
  • 2. 
    Refers to a social position that an individual occupies in a society.  (Social statuses include executive, secretary, physician, nurse etc.)  Refers to ANY societal position within a culture.
  • 3. 
    A social position that a person is born into. Can’t control, change or choose our ascribed statues, which includes sex, age, race, ethnicity, and family relationships.(Prince henry ascribed as prince).   
  • 4. 
    A social position that a person attains through personal effort or assumes voluntarily. ( highschool graduate, husband, wife, etc.) Can be controlled and changed.
  • 5. 
    An ascribed or achieved status can be a master status that determines a person’s identity.  (Sex, Age, Physical ability, and race are all master statuses because they are very visible.) 
  • 6. 
    Refers to the conflict that arises from occupying social positions that are ranked differently. (computer programmer who works hard as a bartender, or a welder who stocks at walmart because they cant find jobs in a weak economy.) 
  • 7. 
    Display one’s status. (medal- Olympian, Lamborghini – rich etc.)
  • 8. 
    Is the behavior expected of a person who has a particular status. (role is the dynamic aspect of the status). Formal and informal behaviors. Ex: college student. Formal – studying, class, assignments, exams. Informal- partying, clubs, friends, football games. 
  • 9. 
    The frustrations and uncertainties a person experiences when confronted with the requirements of two or more statuses. (college students with a full time job).
  • 10. 
    A technique that examines social interaction as if occurring on a stage where people play different roles and act out scenes for the “audiences” with whom they interact. (were all actors and performing, presenting different versions of ourselves to people in different settings). Ex: meeting parents.
  • 11. 
    A process of suppressing unfavorable traits and stressing favorable ones. Often rely on props to reinforce particular image. Ex: decorating homes with art giving impression their art collectors.
  • 12. 
    Attempting to prevent embaressment for someone.
  • 13. 
    The perspective whose fundamental premise is that any social interaction between two people is based on each person’s trying to masximize rewards (or benefits) and minimize punishments (or costs).
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