Social Ethics/philosophy 226: Ch 12 (e&d) Considerations

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Social Ethics/philosophy 226: Ch 12 (e&d) Considerations

Social Ethics/Philosophy 226: Ch 12 Ethics and Discrimination: Nonconsequentialist or Consequentialist considerations. Label the following examples of arguments regarding Preferential Treatment as appealing to:(N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations- Do it just because it's right; act out of duty, according to duty, or as duty requires. or to:(C) Consequentialist considerations - Utilitarianism. (Greatest good for the greatest number)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If we hire people according to their sex or race, they will have less self-esteem than if they are hired on competence.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 2. 
    By using race or sex to favor some groups we are using an irrelevant characteristic and this is not right.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 3. 
    If these programs could be designed so that they would achieve the goal of equality, then they ought to be supported.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 4. 
    The fact that some people because of past discrimination are now in a socially disadvantaged position is a relevant reason to treat them differently but now in ways that advantage them.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 5. 
    It is not fair to prefer a woman or minority group member over a more well qualified applicant for this is to use an irrelevant difference as a basis for differential treatment.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 6. 
    We ought to make it up to those who have been victims of discrimination by giving them special consideration in hiring and admissions.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 7. 
    Simply trying to get rid of overt unjust discrimination has not had the desired effect of bringing certain groups into the mainstream, and thus more drastic measures are necessary.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 9. 
    We ought to realize that if we continue with programs of preferential treatment there will likely be a white male backlash and this will make it even more difficult to achieve racial or sexual equality.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations

  • 10. 
    If young girls and blacks, for example, have more role models in certain professions, they will be more likely to seek those positions, and if this is possible only through affirmative action programs, then we ought to support such programs.
    • A. 

      (N) Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) considerations

    • B. 

      (C) Consequentialist considerations