Soal Tematik Kelas 5 Sd Tema 7 Subtema 1 Peristiwa Kebangsaan Masa Penjajahan

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Catherine Halcomb
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Soal Tematik Kelas 5 Sd Tema 7 Subtema 1 Peristiwa Kebangsaan Masa Penjajahan - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Penjajahan merupakan peristiwa yang menyedihkan karena rakyat yang dijajah mengalami ....

    • A.

      Pendidikan

    • B.

      Penindasan

    • C.

      Petualangan

    • D.

      Perjuangan

    Correct Answer
    B. Penindasan
    Explanation
    Penjajahan merupakan peristiwa yang menyedihkan karena rakyat yang dijajah mengalami penindasan. Selama masa penjajahan, rakyat yang dijajah seringkali diperlakukan dengan tidak adil dan kejam oleh penjajah. Mereka menghadapi penindasan fisik maupun psikologis, seperti pembunuhan, penyiksaan, penganiayaan, dan pemerasan. Penjajahan juga sering kali mengakibatkan hilangnya kebebasan dan hak-hak asasi rakyat yang dijajah. Oleh karena itu, penindasan adalah konsekuensi yang menyedihkan dari penjajahan.

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  • 2. 

    Dahulu banyak bangsa Eropa yang ingin menguasai Indonesia, antara lain dikarenakan ....

    • A.

      Indonesia mempunyai laut yang luas

    • B.

      Indonesia memiliki banyak harta karun di laut

    • C.

      Indonesia memiliki teknologi yang maju

    • D.

      Indonesia kaya akan rempah-rempah

    Correct Answer
    D. Indonesia kaya akan rempah-rempah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Indonesia kaya akan rempah-rempah" (Indonesia is rich in spices). This is because during the colonial era, spices were highly valued and sought after by European nations. Indonesia, specifically the Moluccas islands, was known as the "Spice Islands" and had a monopoly on valuable spices such as cloves, nutmeg, and pepper. The desire to control and profit from these spices was one of the main motivations for European powers to colonize Indonesia.

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  • 3. 

    Bangsa-bangsa di bawah ini pernah menjajah Indonesia, kecuali ....

    • A.

      Portugis

    • B.

      Belanda

    • C.

      Perancis

    • D.

      Jepang

    Correct Answer
    C. Perancis
    Explanation
    The given answer "Perancis" is correct because France did not colonize Indonesia. Portugal, the Netherlands, and Japan all had a history of colonization in Indonesia. However, France did not have any significant colonial presence in the country. Therefore, it can be concluded that France is the correct answer as it is the only option that did not colonize Indonesia.

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  • 4. 

    Kedatangan bangsa-bangsa eropa ke Indonesia pada awalnya untuk ....

    • A.

      Berdagang

    • B.

      Penelitian

    • C.

      Mengabdi

    • D.

      Mencari kerja

    Correct Answer
    A. Berdagang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Berdagang." The arrival of European nations to Indonesia initially was for trading purposes. This is supported by historical records that show the establishment of Dutch trading posts in Indonesia, such as the Dutch East India Company. These trading activities played a significant role in shaping the colonial history of Indonesia and the exploitation of its resources by European powers.

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  • 5. 

    Bangsa Belanda datang ke Indonesia pada tahun 1596 yang mendarat di Banten dipimpin oleh ....

    • A.

      Cornelis de Houtman

    • B.

      Vasso Da Gama

    • C.

      Pieter Both

    • D.

      Jan Pieterszoon

    Correct Answer
    A. Cornelis de Houtman
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cornelis de Houtman. This is because the question asks about the leader of the Dutch who arrived in Indonesia in 1596 and landed in Banten. Cornelis de Houtman was a Dutch explorer and merchant who led the first Dutch expedition to the East Indies. He arrived in Banten in 1596 and established trade relations with the Sultanate of Banten. Therefore, Cornelis de Houtman is the correct answer.

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  • 6. 

    Daerah Maluku menjadi daya tarik bangsa Portugis untuk dikuasai, karena daerah tersebut merupakan penghasil ....

    • A.

      Tebu dan kopi

    • B.

      Emas dan perak

    • C.

      Cendana dan Jati

    • D.

      Cengkih dan Pala

    Correct Answer
    D. Cengkih dan Pala
    Explanation
    The Maluku region was attractive to the Portuguese because it was a producer of cloves and nutmeg. These spices were highly valued and in high demand in Europe during that time. The Portuguese sought to control the spice trade in order to gain economic power and wealth.

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  • 7. 

    Latar belakang bangsa-bangsa eropa ke Indonesia memiliki semboyan 3G, yaitu ....

    • A.

      God, Globe, Glory

    • B.

      Gold, Gospel, Glory

    • C.

      God, Gospel, Glory

    • D.

      God, Gold, Gospel

    Correct Answer
    B. Gold, Gospel, Glory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Gold, Gospel, Glory". This is because during the European countries' colonization of Indonesia, their main motives were driven by the pursuit of wealth (Gold), the spread of Christianity (Gospel), and the desire for power and prestige (Glory). These motives influenced their actions and policies in Indonesia during that time.

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  • 8. 

    Penjajahan harus dihapuskan di dunia karena ....

    • A.

      Menyengsarakan rakyat

    • B.

      Membuat banyak negara baru

    • C.

      Menimbulkan budaya moder

    • D.

      Membuat negara yang dijajah cepat kaya

    Correct Answer
    A. Menyengsarakan rakyat
    Explanation
    Penjajahan harus dihapuskan di dunia karena menyengsarakan rakyat. Penjajahan sering kali mengakibatkan penderitaan dan eksploitasi terhadap rakyat yang dijajah. Negara-negara penjajah sering memanfaatkan sumber daya alam dan tenaga kerja dari negara yang dijajah tanpa memberikan manfaat yang adil bagi penduduk setempat. Selain itu, penjajahan juga sering kali menyebabkan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia, penghilangan budaya, dan kehilangan kemerdekaan bagi bangsa yang dijajah. Oleh karena itu, penjajahan harus dihapuskan untuk menciptakan dunia yang lebih adil dan menghormati hak-hak setiap individu dan bangsa.

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  • 9. 

    Benda-benda di bumi ini digolongkan menjadi 3 jenis berdasarkan sifatnya yaitu ....

    • A.

      Padat, angin dan panas

    • B.

      Padat, cair dan gas

    • C.

      Cair, beku dan uap

    • D.

      Padat, uap dan air

    Correct Answer
    B. Padat, cair dan gas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Padat, cair dan gas". This answer categorizes objects on Earth into three types based on their properties: solid, liquid, and gas. Solids have a fixed shape and volume, liquids have a fixed volume but can change shape, and gases have neither a fixed shape nor volume. This classification system is commonly used in science to describe the different states of matter.

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  • 10. 

    Benda yang memiliki sifat tidak mudah berubah bentuk jika dipindahkan adalah benda ....

    • A.

      Padat

    • B.

      Cair

    • C.

      Panas

    • D.

      Uap

    Correct Answer
    A. Padat
    Explanation
    A solid object has a fixed shape and volume, which means it does not easily change its form when moved or transferred. Unlike liquids or gases, solids have strong intermolecular forces that hold their particles closely together, making them more resistant to deformation. Therefore, the correct answer is "Padat".

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  • 11. 

    Benda cair akan memiliki bentuk sesuai dengan ....

    • A.

      Warnanya

    • B.

      Rasanya

    • C.

      Wadahnya

    • D.

      Volumenya

    Correct Answer
    C. Wadahnya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Wadahnya" because the shape of a liquid object depends on the container it is in. When a liquid is poured into a container, it takes the shape of that container. The container acts as a mold for the liquid, determining its form. Therefore, the shape of a liquid is influenced by the container or "wadahnya" in Indonesian.

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  • 12. 

    Benda cair bisa merambat melalui serat-serat halus seperti pada benda yang berbahan ....

    • A.

      Besi

    • B.

      Emas

    • C.

      Kain

    • D.

      Kaca

    Correct Answer
    C. Kain
    Explanation
    Objects can flow or propagate through fine fibers, such as those found in fabric. This is because the spaces between the fibers allow for the movement of the object. In the case of the other options, such as iron, gold, and glass, these materials do not have the same porous structure as fabric and therefore do not allow for the flow or propagation of objects through them.

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  • 13. 

    Di bawah ini yang termasuk benda gas adalah ....

    • A.

      Oksigen 

    • B.

      Detergen

    • C.

      Agar-agar

    • D.

      Bensin

    Correct Answer
    A. Oksigen 
    Explanation
    Oksigen termasuk benda gas karena oksigen berada dalam bentuk gas pada suhu dan tekanan normal. Oksigen adalah salah satu gas yang paling umum di atmosfer bumi dan digunakan oleh makhluk hidup untuk bernapas.

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  • 14. 

    Balon yang ditiup akan mengembang lebih besar, hal ini menandakan bahwa benda gas ....

    • A.

      Tidak dapat berubah bentuk

    • B.

      Hanya bisa berada dalam balon

    • C.

      Dapat menempati ruang

    • D.

      Bertambah banyak jika ditiup

    Correct Answer
    C. Dapat menempati ruang
    Explanation
    When a balloon is blown up, it expands and becomes larger. This indicates that the gas inside the balloon is able to occupy space. Therefore, the correct answer is "Dapat menempati ruang" which means "Can occupy space" in English.

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  • 15. 

    Sistem tanam paksa yang diberlakukan Belanda pada rakyat Indonesia dinamakan ....

    • A.

      Rodi

    • B.

      Romusa

    • C.

      Land-Rente

    • D.

      Cultuurstelsel

    Correct Answer
    D. Cultuurstelsel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cultuurstelsel. Cultuurstelsel refers to the forced cultivation system imposed by the Dutch on the people of Indonesia during the colonial period. Under this system, the Indonesian peasants were required to cultivate export crops, such as coffee, sugar, and indigo, on a portion of their land for the Dutch colonial government. This system resulted in exploitation and impoverishment of the Indonesian people while benefiting the Dutch colonial rulers.

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  • 16. 

    Pemerintahan kolonial Inggris mengangkat Thomas Stamford Rafles sebagai Letnan Gubernur di Indonesia, kedmuan ia membuat kebijakan bahwa setiap tanah adalah milik negara. Sehingga setiap rakyat diharuskan untuk ....

    • A.

      Menjual sawahnya

    • B.

      Membayar pajak

    • C.

      Bercocok tanam

    • D.

      Membeli tanah

    Correct Answer
    B. Membayar pajak
    Explanation
    Thomas Stamford Raffles, as the Lieutenant Governor of Indonesia under British colonial rule, implemented the policy that all land belonged to the state. As a result, every citizen was required to pay taxes. This suggests that the correct answer is "Membayar pajak" (Pay taxes).

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  • 17. 

    Berikut ini yang merupakan peristiwa membeku adalah ....

    • A.

      Perubahan kapur barus yang lama-lama menghilang

    • B.

      Air yang menguap karena dipanaskan

    • C.

      Air yang menjadi es di dalam kulkas

    • D.

      Mentega yang meleleh di atas wajan

    Correct Answer
    C. Air yang menjadi es di dalam kulkas
    Explanation
    Air yang menjadi es di dalam kulkas adalah peristiwa membeku karena air berubah dari bentuk cair menjadi bentuk padat saat suhu turun di bawah titik beku air.

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  • 18. 

    Proses perubahan benda cair menjadi gas dinamakan ....

    • A.

      Menyublim

    • B.

      Menguap

    • C.

      Membeku

    • D.

      Mengembun

    Correct Answer
    B. Menguap
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Menguap". Menguap is the process of a liquid changing into a gas due to the absorption of heat energy. This process occurs when the molecules of the liquid gain enough energy to overcome the forces of attraction between them and escape into the surrounding environment as gas molecules.

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  • 19. 

    Santi mempunyai es krim, ia lupa meletakkannya di atas meja. Setelah berapa lama es krim tersebut sudah lumer dan meleleh. Hal ini termasuk peristiwa ....

    • A.

      Membeku

    • B.

      Menyublim

    • C.

      Mencair

    • D.

      Menguap

    Correct Answer
    C. Mencair
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes a situation where Santi forgets to put her ice cream on the table. Over time, the ice cream melts and becomes liquid. Therefore, the correct answer is "Mencair," which means "to melt" in English.

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  • 20. 

    Salah satu tokoh Belanda yang menentang adanya tanam paksa adalah ....

    • A.

      Van Den Bosch

    • B.

      Herman W. Daendels

    • C.

      Douwes Dekker

    • D.

      Jan Pieterszoon

    Correct Answer
    C. Douwes Dekker
    Explanation
    Douwes Dekker adalah salah satu tokoh Belanda yang menentang adanya tanam paksa. Tanam paksa adalah sistem yang diterapkan oleh pemerintah kolonial Belanda di Indonesia pada abad ke-19, di mana penduduk pribumi dipaksa untuk menanam tanaman komersial seperti kopi dan nila. Douwes Dekker, juga dikenal dengan nama Multatuli, adalah seorang penulis dan aktivis sosial Belanda yang menentang penindasan kolonialisme Belanda di Indonesia. Ia menulis buku "Max Havelaar" yang mengungkapkan kekejaman dan penindasan yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah kolonial Belanda di Indonesia, termasuk sistem tanam paksa.

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  • 21. 

    Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah adalah salah satu tokoh yang berhasil membebaskan rakyat dari usaha penguasaan bangsa Portugis di daerah ....

    • A.

      Banten

    • B.

      Cirebon

    • C.

      Tidore

    • D.

      Aceh

    Correct Answer
    D. Aceh
    Explanation
    Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah is known for successfully liberating the people from Portuguese colonization in the region of Aceh. He played a crucial role in resisting and driving out the Portuguese forces, thereby freeing the Acehnese people from their control. Aceh, located on the northern tip of Sumatra, was a strategic location for trade and was coveted by the Portuguese. Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah's efforts and leadership were instrumental in preserving the independence and autonomy of Aceh.

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  • 22. 

    Tanggal 20 Mei diperingati sebagai Hari Kebangkitan Nasional, pemilihan tanggal tersebut bertepatan dengan lahirnya sebuah organisasi di awal pergerakan nasional yaitu organisasi ....

    • A.

      Perhimpunan Indonesia

    • B.

      Sarekat Islam

    • C.

      Indische Parti

    • D.

      Budi Utomo

    Correct Answer
    D. Budi Utomo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Budi Utomo. Tanggal 20 Mei is commemorated as National Awakening Day, which coincides with the establishment of the Budi Utomo organization at the beginning of the national movement in Indonesia.

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  • 23. 

    Hal-hal berikut ini merupakan faktor internal adanya pergerakan nasional yang dilakukan rakyat Indonesia, kecuali ....

    • A.

      Kemenangan Jepang atas Rusia

    • B.

      Lahirnya golongan pelajar

    • C.

      Kesengsaraan rakyat yang berkepanjangan

    • D.

      Sejarah gemilang di masa lampau

    Correct Answer
    A. Kemenangan Jepang atas Rusia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kemenangan Jepang atas Rusia". This is because the victory of Japan over Russia is not an internal factor that contributed to the national movement of the Indonesian people. The other options, such as the emergence of student groups, prolonged suffering of the people, and glorious history in the past, are all internal factors that played a role in the national movement.

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  • 24. 

    Peristiwa sumpah pemuda terjadi pada tanggal ....

    • A.

      27 Nopember 1908

    • B.

      20 Mei 1908

    • C.

      28 Oktober 1928

    • D.

      17 Agustus 1945

    Correct Answer
    C. 28 Oktober 1928
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 28 Oktober 1928. The Sumpah Pemuda, or Youth Pledge, was an important event in Indonesian history that took place on October 28, 1928. It marked the unity and determination of Indonesian youth from different ethnic backgrounds to fight for independence and establish a united Indonesian nation. During the event, the youth pledged to uphold the Indonesian language, unite as one nation, and uphold the principles of one homeland, one nation, and one language. This event played a significant role in the Indonesian independence movement and is still commemorated annually in Indonesia.

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  • 25. 

    Di bawah ini yang bukan merupakan isi dari sumpah pemuda adalah ....

    • A.

      Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengakui bertumpah darah yang satu, tanah air Indonesia

    • B.

      Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengakui bernegara yang sama, negara Indonesia

    • C.

      Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengakui berbangsa satu, bangsa Indonesia

    • D.

      Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, menjunjung tinggi bahasa persatuan, bahasa Indonesia

    Correct Answer
    B. Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengakui bernegara yang sama, negara Indonesia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengakui bernegara yang sama, negara Indonesia" because it is not a part of the Sumpah Pemuda. The Sumpah Pemuda is a historical pledge made by Indonesian youth in 1928, and it emphasizes unity among the Indonesian people, recognizing their shared bloodline, homeland, nation, and language. However, it does not specifically mention recognizing the same country, which is why this statement is not part of the Sumpah Pemuda.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 09, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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