Scientific Method Test Quiz

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Scientific Method Test Quiz - Quiz


This test covers what we have been learning in class.
"The Scientific Method".
If you need to, check your notes before you begin.
You will have 45 minutes to complete this test.
Please insert your name: First and Last
The password is: elibert
You are allowed to retry the test only once.
if you try it a third time, I may be forced to disqualify you.
You will receive your score when you see me.
GOOD LUCK!
Mr. Elibert. .


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In your research paper or science fair display this section includes your problem statement and hypothesis.

    • A.

      Purpose

    • B.

      Conclusion

    • C.

      Procedure

    • D.

      Result

    Correct Answer
    A. Purpose
    Explanation
    The purpose section of a research paper or science fair display explains the main objective or goal of the study. It outlines what the researcher aims to achieve or investigate through their research. This section provides a clear statement of the problem being addressed and sets the stage for the hypothesis, which is the proposed explanation or prediction for the problem. The purpose section helps the reader understand the motivation behind the study and the specific question or issue that the research aims to address.

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  • 2. 

    In your research paper or science fair display this section includes your observation discussion, data tables, graphs and illustrations.

    • A.

      Conclusion

    • B.

      Purpose

    • C.

      Result

    • D.

      Procedure

    Correct Answer
    C. Result
    Explanation
    This section in a research paper or science fair display includes the results of the experiment or study. It presents the data collected, data tables, graphs, and illustrations that support the findings. The result section is where the researcher discusses and analyzes the observations made during the experiment and presents the outcome of the study. It helps to draw conclusions and support the purpose of the research or science fair project.

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  • 3. 

    The responding variable that you look for during an experiment is called

    • A.

      Scientific factor

    • B.

      Dependent variable

    • C.

      Critical factor

    • D.

      Independent factor

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent variable
    Explanation
    The dependent variable is the responding variable that is measured or observed during an experiment. It is the variable that is expected to change as a result of manipulating the independent variable. In other words, it is the variable that depends on the independent variable. Therefore, the correct answer is dependent variable.

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  • 4. 

    Recording weather and bird data on your tally sheet corresponds to _______ in the scientific method.

    • A.

      Analyzing data

    • B.

      Experiment design

    • C.

      Drawing conclusion

    • D.

      Collecting data

    Correct Answer
    D. Collecting data
    Explanation
    Recording weather and bird data on a tally sheet is a crucial step in the scientific method known as collecting data. This involves systematically gathering information and observations that are relevant to the research question or hypothesis. By recording this data, scientists can later analyze it to identify patterns, trends, and relationships, which will ultimately help them draw conclusions and make informed decisions.

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  • 5. 

    Stating in advance the result that will be obtained from testing a hypothesis.

    • A.

      Modeling

    • B.

      Sequencing

    • C.

      Communicating

    • D.

      Predicting

    Correct Answer
    D. Predicting
    Explanation
    Predicting refers to stating in advance the result that will be obtained from testing a hypothesis. It involves using available information and data to make an educated guess or forecast about the outcome of a particular situation or experiment. This can be done by analyzing patterns, trends, and relationships in the data and making logical inferences based on that analysis. Predicting helps in making informed decisions and planning for the future based on the expected outcomes.

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  • 6. 

    During a controlled experiment this population does not receive the independent variable.

    • A.

      Control group

    • B.

      Lab population

    • C.

      Experimental group

    • D.

      Study variable

    Correct Answer
    A. Control group
    Explanation
    In a controlled experiment, the control group is a population that does not receive the independent variable. This group serves as a baseline for comparison, allowing researchers to determine the effects of the independent variable by comparing it to the control group. By not receiving the independent variable, any changes observed in the control group can be attributed to factors other than the variable being studied.

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  • 7. 

    The use of one or more of the five senses to perceive objects or events.

    • A.

      Observing

    • B.

      Collecting

    • C.

      Organizing

    • D.

      Experimenting

    Correct Answer
    A. Observing
    Explanation
    Observing refers to the act of using one or more of the five senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell) to perceive objects or events. It involves paying attention to details and gathering information through direct observation. This process helps in gaining knowledge and understanding about the world around us.

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  • 8. 

    The process of testing a hypothesis by carrying out data-gathering procedures.

    • A.

      Classifying

    • B.

      Modeling

    • C.

      Predicting

    • D.

      Experimenting

    Correct Answer
    D. Experimenting
    Explanation
    The process of testing a hypothesis by carrying out data-gathering procedures is referred to as experimenting. This involves conducting controlled experiments, collecting data, and analyzing the results to determine whether the hypothesis is supported or refuted. Experimenting allows researchers to systematically investigate a hypothesis and gather evidence to support their claims.

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  • 9. 

    The manipulated variable that you control during an experiment.

    • A.

      Scientific factor

    • B.

      Independent variable

    • C.

      Dependent variable

    • D.

      Experimental item

    Correct Answer
    B. Independent variable
    Explanation
    The independent variable is the manipulated variable that is controlled by the experimenter during an experiment. It is the variable that is intentionally changed or varied in order to observe its effect on the dependent variable. The independent variable is independent of any other factors and is used to determine the cause and effect relationship in an experiment.

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  • 10. 

    Examples of the skills used in science include ____ and ____.

    • A.

      Cholera and e. coli outbreaks

    • B.

      Clues and detectives

    • C.

      Facts and inferences

    • D.

      Observations and measurements

    Correct Answer
    D. Observations and measurements
    Explanation
    In science, observations and measurements are essential skills used to gather data and information. Observations involve using the senses to gather information about the natural world, while measurements involve quantifying or measuring different aspects of the observed phenomena. These skills are crucial in conducting scientific experiments, making accurate predictions, and drawing valid conclusions based on evidence. By making careful observations and precise measurements, scientists can collect reliable data that can be analyzed and used to understand and explain various scientific phenomena.

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  • 11. 

    After scientists analyze the results of their experiments, they ____.

    • A.

      Form a hypothesis

    • B.

      Include a control

    • C.

      Communicate results

    • D.

      Choose variables

    Correct Answer
    C. Communicate results
    Explanation
    After scientists analyze the results of their experiments, they communicate the results. This is an important step in the scientific process as it allows scientists to share their findings with the scientific community and the general public. By communicating the results, scientists can contribute to the collective knowledge and understanding of a particular topic or phenomenon. This can lead to further research, discussions, and advancements in the field.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following steps to solve a problem must be completed first?

    • A.

      Analyzing data

    • B.

      Identifying the problem

    • C.

      Forming a hypothesis

    • D.

      Testing a hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Identifying the problem
    Explanation
    Identifying the problem must be completed first in order to solve a problem. Before any analysis, hypothesis formation, or testing can occur, it is essential to clearly understand and define the problem at hand. Without identifying the problem, it would be impossible to effectively analyze data or develop and test hypotheses. Therefore, this step is a crucial starting point in the problem-solving process.

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  • 13. 

                 Which of the following steps to solve a problem is completed last

    • A.

      Analyzing data

    • B.

      Recognize the problem

    • C.

      Drawing conclusions

    • D.

      Testing a hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    C. Drawing conclusions
    Explanation
    Drawing conclusions is completed last because it is the final step in the problem-solving process. Before drawing conclusions, one must first recognize the problem, analyze the data, and test a hypothesis. Drawing conclusions involves synthesizing the information gathered and making a decision or forming a final understanding based on the analysis.

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  • 14. 

               A prediction or statement that can be tested is a(n)____.

    • A.

      Conclusion

    • B.

      Observation

    • C.

      Control

    • D.

      Hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Hypothesis
    Explanation
    A hypothesis is a prediction or statement that can be tested. It is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon or a scientific question that can be supported or refuted through experimentation or observation. A hypothesis is an essential part of the scientific method as it allows scientists to make predictions and design experiments to gather evidence and draw conclusions about the natural world.

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  • 15. 

    A factor in an experiment that can change is a(n)____.

    • A.

      Observation

    • B.

      Variable

    • C.

      Control

    • D.

      Hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Variable
    Explanation
    In an experiment, a factor that can change is referred to as a variable. Variables are the elements or factors that can be manipulated or measured in an experiment. They are the aspects of the experiment that are expected to have an effect on the outcome or results. By manipulating and measuring variables, scientists are able to investigate cause and effect relationships and draw conclusions about the experiment.

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  • 16. 

                 One tool that can be used to display your data is a ____.

    • A.

      Balance

    • B.

      Spring scale

    • C.

      Microscope

    • D.

      Computer

    Correct Answer
    D. Computer
    Explanation
    A computer can be used to display data because it has a screen or monitor that can visually represent information. It can process and organize data, allowing users to view and analyze it in various formats such as charts, graphs, or tables. Computers also provide the capability to manipulate and interact with data, making it a versatile tool for displaying and working with information.

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  • 17. 

                A good way to organize and record your results and observations is ____.

    • A.

      In a data table

    • B.

      By using a calculator

    • C.

      With a balance or a spring scale

    • D.

      By having a hypothesis before you begin your experiment

    Correct Answer
    A. In a data table
    Explanation
    Organizing and recording results and observations in a data table is a good way to keep track of the data collected during an experiment. A data table allows for easy comparison and analysis of the data, making it easier to identify patterns and draw conclusions. It provides a systematic and organized way to record data, ensuring that no information is missed or forgotten. Using a calculator, a balance or a spring scale, or having a hypothesis before starting the experiment are all important aspects of conducting an experiment, but they do not specifically address the organization and recording of results and observations.

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  • 18. 

    In a controlled experiment, a scientist is studying how long it takes parachutes of different sizes to fall to the ground. What is the independent variable?

    • A.

      The size of the parachute

    • B.

      The height from which the parachute is dropped

    • C.

      The size of the object carried by the parachute

    • D.

      The time it takes for the parachute to drop

    Correct Answer
    A. The size of the parachute
    Explanation
    The independent variable in this experiment is the size of the parachute. The scientist is specifically studying how the different sizes of parachutes affect the time it takes for them to fall to the ground. By manipulating the size of the parachute, the scientist can observe and measure the impact it has on the time taken for the parachute to drop.

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  • 19. 

              What skill is a scientist using when she listens to the sounds that whales make?

    • A.

      Interpreting data

    • B.

      Developing a hypothesis

    • C.

      Making observations

    • D.

      Drawing conclusions

    Correct Answer
    C. Making observations
    Explanation
    The scientist is using the skill of making observations when she listens to the sounds that whales make. By actively listening and paying attention to the sounds produced by whales, the scientist is gathering data and information about their behavior and communication patterns. This observation-based approach allows the scientist to gather evidence and gain insights into the behavior of whales.

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  • 20. 

                A series of logical steps that is followed in order to solve a problem is called the

    • A.

      Experimental process

    • B.

      Scientific theory

    • C.

      Scientific method

    • D.

      Model method

    Correct Answer
    C. Scientific method
    Explanation
    The correct answer is scientific method. The scientific method is a series of logical steps that scientists follow in order to solve a problem or answer a question. It involves making observations, formulating a hypothesis, conducting experiments to test the hypothesis, analyzing the data, and drawing conclusions. This method is used in various scientific disciplines to ensure that research is conducted in a systematic and objective manner.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 15, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Swingmysword
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