Principles In Practice: Science Research Ethics Quiz

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| By Swasti.snarayan
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Swasti.snarayan
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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 1,946

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Principles In Practice: Science Research Ethics Quiz - Quiz

Research ethics form the foundation of your research. This quiz on science research ethics will impart valuable information to you through which you can ensure your research papers remain highly valuable and plagiarism free. This quiz contains various questions that gauge your understanding of the topic. This quiz will be highly beneficial to those who are about to write their research paper. If you find the quiz helpful, share it with your friends. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    You find a backpack in an abandoned corner which contains an android tablet, a wallet (with $500) and a book. In the book you find the name, address and contact details of the owner. What would you do?

    • A.

      Leave the bag there thinking that the owner would come and take it.

    • B.

      Leave the book and bag, taking the wallet and tablet

    • C.

      Contact the owner of the items.

    • D.

      Take some cash, contact the owner and return the remaining items

    Correct Answer
    C. Contact the owner of the items.
    Explanation
    Contacting the owner of the items is the most ethical and responsible action to take. It shows honesty and integrity by attempting to return the lost belongings. Taking any of the items for personal gain would be considered theft, and leaving the bag there assumes that the owner will eventually retrieve it, which may not be the case. By contacting the owner and returning the remaining items, you are demonstrating good moral character and doing the right thing.

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  • 2. 

    You work in an office where you have printing privileges. Your son's assignment is due and he was not able to completely print his assignment at home as the printer's ink finished. What would you do?

    • A.

      Complete the remaining printing in a printing shop taking a break and covering for the time missed during the lunch period.

    • B.

      Complete the printing in a printing shop during office hours.

    • C.

      Use the office printer to print the remaining document.

    Correct Answer
    A. Complete the remaining printing in a printing shop taking a break and covering for the time missed during the lunch period.
    Explanation
    Since the son's assignment is due and he was unable to complete printing at home, the best option would be to complete the printing in a printing shop. Taking a break during the lunch period and covering for the missed time allows the employee to fulfill their office responsibilities while also helping their son with his assignment. Using the office printer may not be the best choice as it could be against office policies or disrupt other employees' work.

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  • 3. 

    For your research, you are using chemicals that are considered toxic. Upon completion of your research, you have to dispose the toxic waste which would need treatment prior to disposal to make it harmless. This procedure would cost you a lot of money. Which of the following procedures would you adapt?

    • A.

      Conduct partial treatment so that the toxic waste is not as harmful and then dispose it.

    • B.

      Treat the toxic waste making it harmless and then dispose it.

    • C.

      Do not conduct treatment and dispose the toxic waste in the landfill, saving your research funds.

    Correct Answer
    B. Treat the toxic waste making it harmless and then dispose it.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to treat the toxic waste making it harmless and then dispose of it. This is the most responsible and ethical approach to dealing with toxic waste. By treating the waste to make it harmless, you ensure that it does not pose a threat to the environment or human health. While this procedure may be costly, it is necessary to prevent any potential harm and maintain environmental sustainability.

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  • 4. 

    Suppose you're the sole breadwinner of the family and you've recently lost your job. Your house has been repossessed, your child is malnourished because of inadequate food and you are in desperate need for cash to buy food for your family.You find a backpack in an abandoned corner which contains an android tablet, a wallet (with $500) and a book. In the book you find the name, address and contact details of the owner. What would you do?

    • A.

      Leave the book and bag, taking the wallet and tablet

    • B.

      Contact the owner of the items. Explain him your situation and ask for help.

    • C.

      Take some cash, contact the owner and return the remaining items

    • D.

      Leave the bag there thinking that the owner would come and take it.

    Correct Answer
    B. Contact the owner of the items. Explain him your situation and ask for help.
    Explanation
    In this situation, the most ethical and responsible action would be to contact the owner of the items and explain your desperate situation. By doing so, you are giving the owner the opportunity to make an informed decision about what to do with their belongings. It also shows your integrity and honesty, as you are not taking advantage of the situation for personal gain. By explaining your situation and asking for help, you are opening up the possibility of receiving assistance in your time of need.

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  • 5. 

    You have recently published a paper in a high ranking journal in collaboration with another and lab. When your assistant goes to learn the procedure, she is suspicious of the technique and reports this to you. You send a control for analysis when the other lab was expecting your sample and you receive fabricated results. Your collaborator denies this and breaks the collaboration. What action would you now take?

    • A.

      Report the falsified data, work in collaboration with an established lab to validate the data for the published research to protect your labs future.

    • B.

      Do not report the falsified data fearing retraction of paper and credibility of your lab.

    Correct Answer
    A. Report the falsified data, work in collaboration with an established lab to validate the data for the published research to protect your labs future.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to report the falsified data and work with an established lab to validate the data for the published research in order to protect your lab's future. This action is necessary to maintain scientific integrity and ensure that accurate and reliable information is available to the scientific community. By reporting the falsified data, you are taking a responsible and ethical approach, which will help maintain the credibility of your lab and prevent any potential harm to future research collaborations.

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  • 6. 

    You are the advisor to the chief of a traditional village in a Pacific island nation. For a traditional ceremony, offerings of food made from turtle meat to the chiefs is required for the successful completion of the ritual. You are aware of the endangered status of turtles. However, not including turtle meat would be thought of as bad omen. There are fifty guests who are invited to the ceremony. What would your advice be to the chief?

    • A.

      Let's ignore the endangered status of the turtles and slaughter the turtles to feed all the invited guests.

    • B.

      Convince the chief to slaughter only one turtle so that the ritual is complete and include other food for the guests.

    Correct Answer
    B. Convince the chief to slaughter only one turtle so that the ritual is complete and include other food for the guests.
    Explanation
    My advice to the chief would be to slaughter only one turtle for the ritual and include other food options for the guests. This approach acknowledges the importance of the traditional ceremony while also considering the endangered status of turtles. By limiting the number of turtles sacrificed, we can still fulfill the ritual requirements while minimizing the negative impact on the turtle population. Including other food options ensures that all the guests are fed without solely relying on turtle meat. This solution strikes a balance between cultural traditions and conservation efforts.

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  • 7. 

    You are creating a bio-sensor as part of your research. You need to test the sensor using mice. Which of the following procedures would you employ?

    • A.

      Use one mice and fake the results for the required number of tests.

    • B.

      Use as many mice as you can get so that you have good results.

    • C.

      Outline the required number of mice that you need for validation, use extra mice just for precautionary measures.

    • D.

      Outline the required number of mice that you need for validation and use that number only with careful procedures.

    Correct Answer
    D. Outline the required number of mice that you need for validation and use that number only with careful procedures.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to outline the required number of mice needed for validation and use only that number with careful procedures. This approach ensures that the experiment is conducted with a sufficient sample size to obtain reliable results, while also minimizing the use of animals and adhering to ethical considerations. Using as many mice as possible may lead to unnecessary animal use and potentially compromise the validity of the results. Faking the results with only one mouse is unethical and scientifically invalid. Using extra mice for precautionary measures without a specific purpose is also unnecessary and may result in unnecessary animal use.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following factors make the compliance of research ethics difficult?

    • A.

      Societal norms 

    • B.

      Respect for confidentiality 

    • C.

      Lack of Checks 

    • D.

      Self-check

    Correct Answer
    C. Lack of Checks 
    Explanation
    Lack of checks refers to the absence or inadequate implementation of mechanisms to ensure compliance with research ethics. Without proper checks and monitoring, researchers may not feel accountable for their actions, leading to ethical violations. This could include not obtaining informed consent, conducting research without proper approvals, or disregarding participant confidentiality. The lack of checks creates a challenging environment for maintaining research ethics and upholding the rights and well-being of research participants.

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  • 9. 

    The final aim of every research is?

    • A.

      Ethical research

    • B.

      Research report

    • C.

      Sponsorship

    • D.

      Future research

    Correct Answer
    A. Ethical research
    Explanation
    The final aim of every research is ethical research. This means that the primary goal of any research study is to ensure that it is conducted in a morally responsible and socially acceptable manner. Ethical research involves protecting the rights and welfare of participants, maintaining integrity in data collection and analysis, and adhering to ethical guidelines and regulations. The ultimate objective is to produce reliable and valid results that can be used to benefit society and contribute to knowledge in a responsible and ethical manner.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not a kind of plagiarism?

    • A.

      Patch writing

    • B.

      Untained plagiarism

    • C.

      Indirect plagiarism

    • D.

      Direct plagiarism

    Correct Answer
    B. Untained plagiarism
    Explanation
    The term "untained plagiarism" does not exist and is not recognized as a kind of plagiarism. Plagiarism refers to the act of using someone else's work or ideas without giving them proper credit. Patch writing, indirect plagiarism, and direct plagiarism are all recognized forms of plagiarism, where the extent of copying or lack of proper citation may vary. However, untained plagiarism is not a valid term and therefore cannot be considered as a kind of plagiarism.

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