Science Test: Types Of Heat And Their Properties

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Science Test: Types Of Heat And Their Properties - Quiz

Heat is the transfer of energy from a hot object to one with lover temperature. Heat occurs in different types, and we got to cover all of them and how they move from one object to another. How well did you understand the topic? Take up this test and see if you may need to get a science tutor. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is a tool that is used to measure temperature?

    • A.

      Scale

    • B.

      Thermometer

    • C.

      Conductor

    • D.

      Friction

    Correct Answer
    B. Thermometer
    Explanation
    A thermometer is a tool that is specifically designed and used to measure temperature. It typically consists of a glass tube filled with a liquid (such as mercury or alcohol) that expands or contracts based on the temperature. The liquid rises or falls within the tube, indicating the temperature. Thermometers are commonly used in various settings, including homes, laboratories, and medical facilities, to accurately measure and monitor temperature.

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  • 2. 

    What kind of material that allows heat to move through it easily?

    • A.

      Conductor

    • B.

      Thermometer

    • C.

      Friction

    • D.

      Insulator

    Correct Answer
    A. Conductor
    Explanation
    A conductor is a material that allows heat to move through it easily. This is because conductors have free electrons that can easily transfer heat energy by colliding with each other and transferring the energy. Examples of conductors include metals like copper and aluminum.

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  • 3. 

    What is aforce that occurs wen one object rubs against another object?

    • A.

      Thermal energy

    • B.

      Solar energy

    • C.

      Friction

    • D.

      Conduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Friction
    Explanation
    Friction is the force that occurs when one object rubs against another object. It is the resistance encountered when two surfaces come into contact and move relative to each other. Friction is responsible for slowing down or stopping the motion of objects and is caused by the interaction between the microscopic irregularities on the surfaces of the objects.

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  • 4. 

    Which energy is the energy of moving particles in matter?

    • A.

      Solar energy

    • B.

      Thermal energy

    • C.

      Conduction

    • D.

      Friction

    Correct Answer
    B. Thermal energy
    Explanation
    Thermal energy is the energy of moving particles in matter. It is related to the temperature of the substance and is a result of the random motion of particles. When particles move faster, they have more thermal energy. This energy can be transferred through conduction, convection, or radiation. Solar energy is the energy from the sun, which is not directly related to the motion of particles in matter. Conduction and friction are processes by which thermal energy can be transferred, but they are not the actual energy itself. Therefore, the correct answer is thermal energy.

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  • 5. 

    What is energy from the sun called?

    • A.

      Sun Energy

    • B.

      Sun Burn

    • C.

      Thermal Energy

    • D.

      Solar Energy

    Correct Answer
    D. Solar Energy
    Explanation
    Solar energy refers to the energy that is derived from the sun. It is the radiant heat and light energy emitted by the sun, which can be harnessed and converted into usable forms of energy such as electricity or heat. Solar energy is a renewable and clean source of energy that is abundant and widely available. It is used for various purposes including generating electricity through solar panels, heating water, and powering devices.

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  • 6. 

    What material does not allow heat to pass through it easily?

    • A.

      Insulator

    • B.

      Insulation

    • C.

      Conductor

    • D.

      Friction

    Correct Answer
    A. Insulator
    Explanation
    Insulator is the correct answer because it is a material that does not allow heat to pass through it easily. Insulators have low thermal conductivity, which means they have a high resistance to the flow of heat. This property makes them useful for preventing heat loss or gain in various applications, such as in the insulation of buildings or in the design of thermal barriers.

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  • 7. 

    What is the movement of heat within a solid or from one solid to another?

    • A.

      Transfer of Energy

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Insulation

    • D.

      Conductor

    Correct Answer
    B. Conduction
    Explanation
    Conduction is the movement of heat within a solid or from one solid to another. It occurs through direct contact between particles or molecules in the material. When there is a temperature difference between two objects in contact, heat energy is transferred from the hotter object to the cooler one through conduction. This process continues until thermal equilibrium is reached, with both objects having the same temperature. Conduction is an important mechanism for heat transfer in solids and is responsible for the transfer of heat through objects like metal rods or cooking utensils.

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  • 8. 

    Rubbing your hands together generates heat because of __________________.

    • A.

      Solar Energy

    • B.

      Friction

    • C.

      Thermal

    • D.

      Conduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Friction
    Explanation
    Rubbing your hands together generates heat due to the friction between your palms. This heat energy is produced by the conversion of mechanical energy into thermal energy. Therefore, rubbing your hands together is an example of frictional energy.

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  • 9. 

    Cooking is an example of which type of energy?

    • A.

      Thermometer

    • B.

      Solar Energy

    • C.

      Insulator

    • D.

      Conduction

    Correct Answer
    D. Conduction
    Explanation
    Cooking involves the transfer of heat energy from a heat source to the food being cooked through direct contact. This process is known as conduction. Conduction is the transfer of heat energy through direct contact between particles or objects. In the case of cooking, the heat energy is transferred from the heat source (such as a stove or oven) to the cooking utensil and then to the food through conduction. Therefore, cooking is an example of conduction of energy.

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  • 10. 

    What is the way heat moves through liquids and gases called?

    • A.

      Convection

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Radiation

    • D.

      Thermal Energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Convection
    Explanation
    Convection is the process by which heat is transferred through liquids and gases. It occurs when the warmer particles in a substance move and mix with the cooler particles, causing the heat to be distributed throughout the substance. This transfer of heat is different from conduction, which is the direct transfer of heat between objects in contact, and radiation, which is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves. Convection is an important mechanism in many natural phenomena, such as the movement of air in the atmosphere and the circulation of water in oceans and lakes.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the examples below is an example of Convection?

    • A.

      Rubbing your hands together

    • B.

      Heating a fish tank

    • C.

      Basking in the sun

    • D.

      Striking a match

    Correct Answer
    B. Heating a fish tank
    Explanation
    Heating a fish tank is an example of convection because it involves the transfer of heat through the movement of a fluid. In this case, the fluid is the water in the fish tank. When the heater warms up the water, it causes the water molecules to move faster and spread out. The warm water then rises to the top of the tank, while the cooler water sinks to the bottom. This creates a convection current, where heat is transferred from the heater to the rest of the tank.

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  • 12. 

    What is the movement of energy by waves called?

    • A.

      Thermal Energy

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Radiation

    • D.

      Solar Energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Radiation
    Explanation
    Radiation refers to the movement of energy by waves. It involves the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves, such as infrared radiation or light. Unlike conduction, which requires direct contact between objects, radiation can occur through empty space. Solar energy, on the other hand, specifically refers to the energy from the sun that is transmitted through radiation. Therefore, radiation is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 13. 

    Being warmed by fire is an example of which type of energy?

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      When you cool down your hot chocolate by putting cold milk in it.

    • C.

      Rubbing sticks

    • D.

      Clapping your hands

    Correct Answer
    A. Radiation
    Explanation
    When you are warmed by fire, the heat energy is transferred through radiation. Radiation is the transfer of heat energy through electromagnetic waves, without the need for a medium. In this case, the fire emits thermal radiation in the form of infrared waves, which are absorbed by your body, causing you to feel warm.

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  • 14. 

    What are the 3 kinds of conductors?

    • A.

      Styrofoam, glass, plastic

    • B.

      Metal, glass, ceramic

    • C.

      Glass, wood, liquid

    • D.

      Wood, plastic, paper

    Correct Answer
    B. Metal, glass, ceramic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is metal, glass, ceramic. Conductors are materials that allow the flow of electric current. Metal is a good conductor due to the presence of free electrons that can easily move. Glass and ceramic are also conductors, although not as good as metal, as they have some level of electrical conductivity. Styrofoam, plastic, wood, and paper are insulators, meaning they do not allow the flow of electric current. Liquid is a broad category and can include both conductors and insulators, so it is not a specific type of conductor.

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  • 15. 

    What colors reflect solar energy better?

    • A.

      Light colors, example: snow

    • B.

      Dark colors: A black shirt

    • C.

      Neon colors

    • D.

      Primary colors, the color blue

    Correct Answer
    A. Light colors, example: snow
    Explanation
    Light colors, such as snow, reflect solar energy better because they have a higher albedo, meaning they reflect more sunlight back into the atmosphere. Dark colors, like a black shirt, absorb more solar energy and convert it into heat. Neon colors and primary colors like blue do not necessarily have a significant impact on reflecting solar energy.

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  • 16. 

    What colors asborb solar energy better?

    • A.

      Dark colors

    • B.

      Light colors

    • C.

      Primary colors

    • D.

      Neon colors

    Correct Answer
    A. Dark colors
    Explanation
    Dark colors absorb solar energy better because they have a higher level of pigmentation, which allows them to absorb more light. When light hits an object, it is either absorbed, reflected, or transmitted. Dark colors, such as black, absorb most of the light that hits them, converting it into heat energy. Light colors, on the other hand, reflect more light, resulting in less absorption of solar energy. Primary colors and neon colors do not necessarily have a higher level of pigmentation, so they may not absorb solar energy as efficiently as dark colors.

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  • 17. 

    What keeps thermal energy from moving?

    • A.

      When one item is hot and the other is cold

    • B.

      When the items are the same temperature

    • C.

      When one item is glass and the other is plastic

    Correct Answer
    B. When the items are the same temperature
    Explanation
    When the items are the same temperature, thermal energy does not move because there is no temperature difference between them. Thermal energy naturally flows from a hotter object to a colder object in an attempt to reach equilibrium. However, when both items have the same temperature, there is no temperature gradient to drive the transfer of thermal energy. Therefore, the thermal energy remains stagnant and does not move.

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  • 18. 

    What is an example of thermal energy?

    • A.

      Putting a spoon in hot grits and the spoon gets hot

    • B.

      Rubbing your hands together

    • C.

      Basking in the sun

    Correct Answer
    A. Putting a spoon in hot grits and the spoon gets hot
    Explanation
    When a spoon is put in hot grits, the transfer of heat from the hot grits to the spoon causes the spoon to become hot. This transfer of heat is an example of thermal energy. Thermal energy is the energy that is generated and transferred in the form of heat. In this case, the hot grits have thermal energy, and when the spoon comes into contact with them, the thermal energy is transferred to the spoon, causing it to heat up.

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  • 19. 

    Why does the liquid in a thermometer rise on a hot day and drop down on a cold day?

    • A.

      On a hot day, the particles in the liquid move slow and take up less space. On a cold day the particles in the liquid move fast and take up more space.

    • B.

      On a hot day, the particles in the liquid move fast and take up more space. On a cold day the particles in the liquid move slowly and take up less space.

    • C.

      On a hot day, the particles in the liquid move slow and take up less space. On a cold day the particles in the liquid don't move and take no space.

    Correct Answer
    B. On a hot day, the particles in the liquid move fast and take up more space. On a cold day the particles in the liquid move slowly and take up less space.
    Explanation
    On a hot day, the particles in the liquid gain more energy and move faster, causing them to spread out and take up more space. This expansion of the liquid leads to an increase in its volume, causing the liquid in the thermometer to rise. On a cold day, the particles in the liquid lose energy and move slower, causing them to come closer together and take up less space. This contraction of the liquid leads to a decrease in its volume, causing the liquid in the thermometer to drop down.

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  • 20. 

    What happens when a hot thing touches a cold thing and the heat from the hot thing makes the cold particles speed up?

    • A.

      Convection

    • B.

      Conduciton

    • C.

      Radiation

    Correct Answer
    B. Conduciton
    Explanation
    When a hot thing touches a cold thing, the heat from the hot thing transfers to the cold thing through conduction. Conduction is the process of heat transfer between objects that are in direct contact with each other. In this case, the heat energy from the hot thing causes the particles of the cold thing to speed up, resulting in an increase in temperature.

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  • 21. 

    What happens when heat warm up the air particles around it and the hot air rises and pushes the cold air down?

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Convection

    Correct Answer
    C. Convection
    Explanation
    When heat warms up the air particles around it, the hot air becomes less dense and rises, while the cold air, which is denser, sinks down. This process is known as convection. Convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of fluid (in this case, air) due to the differences in density caused by temperature variations. As the hot air rises and the cold air sinks, it creates a continuous circulation of air, transferring heat energy from one area to another.

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  • 22. 

    What happens when heat moves around radiation and the heat waves that some from a het source travel to an object and are absorbed by that object?

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      Convection

    • C.

      Conduction

    Correct Answer
    A. Radiation
    Explanation
    When heat moves around through radiation, heat waves are emitted from a heat source and travel to an object. These heat waves are then absorbed by the object, causing an increase in its temperature. Radiation is the process by which heat is transferred through electromagnetic waves, without the need for any medium or direct contact between objects.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 06, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 25, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Sleary
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