Chapters 1-4 Matter, Atoms, & Periodic Table (41 Ques.)

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 1956

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Chapters 1-4 Matter, Atoms, & Periodic Table (41 Ques.)

The following test is aligned with VA SOLs PS. 1, PS. 2, PS. 3 and PS. 4 for 8th grade Physical Science. The student will plan and conduct investigations. The student will investigate and understand the basic nature of matter. The student will investigate and understand the modern and historical models of atomic structure. The student will investigate and understand the organization and use of the periodic table of elements to obtain information. References: Illustrations/clipart, Grade 8: Science (VDOE Released Items 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004), used for educational purposes.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a compound?
    • A. 

      Fe

    • B. 

      0

    • C. 

      N2

    • D. 

      CO

  • 2. 
    What causes the weight of an object?
    • A. 

      Volume

    • B. 

      Density

    • C. 

      Acceleration

    • D. 

      Pull of gravity

  • 3. 
    Which type of elements on the periodic table have some properties or characteristics of metals and some of nonmetals?
    • A. 

      Rare earth metals

    • B. 

      Metalloids

    • C. 

      Metals

    • D. 

      Nonmetals

  • 4. 
    What is the smallest particle of an element or the "building blocks of all matter"?
    • A. 

      Molecule

    • B. 

      Atom

    • C. 

      Compound

    • D. 

      Cell

  • 5. 
    What is the curved line of liquid that a person looks at eye level to measure volume (liquid) in a graduated cylinder?
    • A. 

      Low point

    • B. 

      Side view

    • C. 

      Meniscus

    • D. 

      Curve

  • 6. 
    What is an example of a chemical change?
    • A. 

      Ripping paper

    • B. 

      Water freezing

    • C. 

      Paper burning

    • D. 

      Ice melting

  • 7. 
    What are facts, figures, and other evidence recorded and learned through observation?
    • A. 

      Scientific theory

    • B. 

      Inferring

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Data

  • 8. 
    What are two or more elements that are chemically bonded?
    • A. 

      Compound

    • B. 

      Molecule

    • C. 

      Atom

    • D. 

      Proton

  • 9. 
    What is the current (most recent) model we use today of the atom?
    • A. 

      Dalton's Model

    • B. 

      Electron Cloud Model

    • C. 

      Thomson's Model

    • D. 

      Rutherford's Model

  • 10. 
    Which one illustrates a gas in the Particle Theory of Matter? A                                            B                                  C
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is not a compound?
    • A. 

      H2O

    • B. 

      CO2

    • C. 

      NaCl

    • D. 

      H2

  • 12. 
    What should students do first to practice safety in a science labortory?
    • A. 

      Taste of food items to identify them.

    • B. 

      Leave hair, shirt sleeves hanging down.

    • C. 

      Listen and follow your teachers instructions.

    • D. 

      Clean up all instruments after the experiment.

  • 13. 
    What appropriate tool would be used to measure "liters" in an experiment?
    • A. 

      Triple beam balance scale

    • B. 

      Metric stick

    • C. 

      Beaker

    • D. 

      Graduated cylinder

  • 14. 
      *REMEMBER THIS NUMBER IS USUALLY WRITTEN ON TOP OF THE SYMBOL.
    • A. 

      Atomic mass (tells how heavy it is)

    • B. 

      Symbol

    • C. 

      SI unit

    • D. 

      Atomic number (number of protons)

  • 15. 
    What causes "weight" of an object?
    • A. 

      People

    • B. 

      Gravity

    • C. 

      Mass

    • D. 

      Atoms

  • 16. 
    Which are the 18 vertical columns in the periodic table that have similar properties?
    • A. 

      Groups or families

    • B. 

      Periods

    • C. 

      Rows

    • D. 

      Columns

  • 17. 
    Which subatomic particle of an atom has a negative charge and is located outside the nucleus?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Proton

    • C. 

      Electron

    • D. 

      Neutron

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      Silicon

    • C. 

      Phosphorus

    • D. 

      Aluminum

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Sulfer

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Metalloids

    • D. 

      Hydrogen

  • 20. 
    Which state of matter is contained in the Particle Theory of Matter (which is the name of the three states -liquids, solids, gases) and has a definite shape and definite volume?
    • A. 

      Liquid

    • B. 

      Solid

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Gas

  • 21. 
    Which state of matter in the Particle Theory of Matter have the particles packed tightly together and the particles move by vibrating?
    • A. 

      Gas

    • B. 

      Liquid

    • C. 

      Solid

    • D. 

      Plasma

  • 22. 
    Which is the third element in group 2? (You must know the location of periods and groups on the periodical table). (Use this question-Ignore question below) . IGNORE THIS QUESTION
    • A. 

      Potassium (K)

    • B. 

      Calcium (Ca)

    • C. 

      Magnisium (Mg)

    • D. 

      Helium (He)

  • 23. 
    Identify the subatomical particle in an atom that has a neutral charge? : :
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Proton

    • C. 

      Neutron

    • D. 

      Electron

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      9

    • C. 

      6

    • D. 

      3

  • 25. 
    In the following formula for rust, how many atoms are in proportion to the atoms: Fe2O3
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      8

  • 26. 
    Which example is a compound?
    • A. 

      Mg

    • B. 

      CO

    • C. 

      Fe

    • D. 

      C

  • 27. 
    USE PAPER AND PENCIL TO FIGURE OUT ANSWER: ***Find the height of each group by subtracting the average height before and the average height after. You must use paper and figure out answers to each one. Then compare answers.
    • A. 

      Group 1

    • B. 

      Group 2

    • C. 

      Group 3

    • D. 

      Group 4

  • 28. 
    Which is the manipulated variable (independent variable) of an "vary inversely" graph when the temperature is on the "y axis" and the time is on the "x axis"?
    • A. 

      Temperature

    • B. 

      Time

    • C. 

      Neither

    • D. 

      Y axis

  • 29. 
    THIS GRAPH SHOWS THE CHANGES IN THE PHASES OF MATTER.
    • A. 

      Melting

    • B. 

      Freezing

    • C. 

      Vaporization

    • D. 

      Heat

  • 30. 
    What is the total mass on the triple balance scale?
    • A. 

      300 liters

    • B. 

      354.6 meters

    • C. 

      354.6 grams

    • D. 

      354 ounces

  • 31. 
    What does the mass weigh on the triple beam balance?
    • A. 

      70 g

    • B. 

      17 g

    • C. 

      170 mL

    • D. 

      1.7 g

  • 32. 
    How is heat released when dissolving sugar or salt?
    • A. 

      Cold to warm

    • B. 

      Warm to cold

    • C. 

      Cold to cold

    • D. 

      Hot to hot

  • 33. 
    What are you trying to solve or find when you have mass and volume?    ? = M          V
    • A. 

      Mass

    • B. 

      Density

    • C. 

      Volume

    • D. 

      Space

  • 34. 
    Which scientist's model of the atom looks like a solid ball or billard ball and is known as the "Father of Atomic Theory"?
    • A. 

      Democritus

    • B. 

      Dalton

    • C. 

      Daniels

    • D. 

      Bohr

  • 35. 
    Which subatomic particle of the atom tells how many "protons" are in each element?                                  
    • A. 

      Neutron

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Proton

    • D. 

      Electron

  • 36. 
    What state of matter has definite shape and definite volume?
    • A. 

      Plasma

    • B. 

      Liquid

    • C. 

      Solid

    • D. 

      Gas

  • 37. 
    What has mass and takes up space?
    • A. 

      Volume

    • B. 

      Density

    • C. 

      Matter

    • D. 

      Air

  • 38. 
    Which state of matter has no definite shape and no definite volume?
    • A. 

      Plasma

    • B. 

      Gas

    • C. 

      Liquid

    • D. 

      Solid

  • 39. 
    40. Which state of matter has definite volume and no definite shape?
    • A. 

      Liquid

    • B. 

      Solid

    • C. 

      Gas

    • D. 

      Plasma

  • 40. 
    What is the basic unit of measurement for a liquid?
    • A. 

      Ounces

    • B. 

      Cups

    • C. 

      Grams

    • D. 

      Liters

  • 41. 
    What should a student do first when getting ready to do an experiment?
    • A. 

      Roll up your sleeves.

    • B. 

      Pick up any broken glass.

    • C. 

      Follow your teacher's instruction and directions.

    • D. 

      Tie hair back.