Schools Of Thought: Psychodynamic And Behaviourism

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 137

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What is psychodynamic theory? What is behaviourism?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which school of thought currently guides psychology?
    • A. 

      CBT

    • B. 

      Behaviourism

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic theory

    • D. 

      Humanistic Approach

    • E. 

      Not one of the above

  • 2. 
    The psychodynamic perspective does not emphasize the role of:
    • A. 

      The unconscious mind

    • B. 

      Early childhood experiences

    • C. 

      Interpersonal relationships to explain human behaviour

    • D. 

      The environment

  • 3. 
    The psychodynamic perspective does not propose that our actions reflect the associations of:
    • A. 

      Unconscious

    • B. 

      Thoughts

    • C. 

      Wishes

    • D. 

      Feelings

  • 4. 
    The _________motivation in OCD to gain a feeling of control leads to _________behaviour which gives ________ feeling of control.
    • A. 

      Unconscious, compulsive, temporary

    • B. 

      Conscious, compulsive, temporary

    • C. 

      Conscious, obsessive, temporary

    • D. 

      Conscious, compulsive, permanent

  • 5. 
    According to the psychodynamic principle one of the dominant unconscious forces driving human behaviour is the: 
    • A. 

      Libido

    • B. 

      Pleasure principle

    • C. 

      Psyche

    • D. 

      Drive to experience pain

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    The Pleasure Principle is:
    • A. 

      The constant drive to experience pain and avoid pleasure

    • B. 

      The constant drive to experience pleasure alone

    • C. 

      The constant drive to experience pleasure and avoid pain

    • D. 

      The constant drive to always experience pleasure

  • 7. 
    Psychodynamic clinicians DO NOT observe the patients:
    • A. 

      Dreams

    • B. 

      Fantasies

    • C. 

      Posture and body language

    • D. 

      Behaviour toward the therapist

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    The psychodynamic perspective DOES NOT:
    • A. 

      Say people reveal themselves in everything they do

    • B. 

      Say that gathering all information available about the pt will help the clinician better understand unconcsious motivations

    • C. 

      Rely heavily on clinical data

    • D. 

      Never uses a case study approach

    • E. 

      Believe people who repress negative thoughts have a greater propensity to dev disease

  • 9. 
    The psychodynamic perspective emphasizes _______ and behaviourism focuses on the influence of _______ events.
    • A. 

      Experience, internal

    • B. 

      Internal, external

    • C. 

      External, internal

    • D. 

      Internal, experience

  • 10. 
    Behaviourists argue the external world shapes our behaviour via:
    • A. 

      Rehearsal

    • B. 

      Modelling

    • C. 

      Learning

    • D. 

      Study

    • E. 

      Experience

  • 11. 
    Behaviour is analogous to a reflex: a ______elicits a _____.
    • A. 

      Response, stimulus

    • B. 

      Change, response

    • C. 

      Stimulus, change

    • D. 

      Stimulus, response

    • E. 

      Response, change

  • 12. 
    The stimulus could be any object in the ______ environment or any _____ in the physiology of the animal and the ______ is the behaviour the animal produces.
    • A. 

      Internal, change, response

    • B. 

      External, change, response

    • C. 

      Internal, response, change

    • D. 

      External, response, change

  • 13. 
    Equipotentiality applies to:
    • A. 

      Behaviourism

    • B. 

      Fundamentalism

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic theory

    • D. 

      Structuralism

    • E. 

      Humanism

  • 14. 
    Learning or ______ is documented by observable change in behaviour.
    • A. 

      Responding

    • B. 

      Experiencing

    • C. 

      Conditioning

    • D. 

      Observing

    • E. 

      Triggering

  • 15. 
    Certain stimuli automatically trigger certain (typically physical) responses is the basis for:
    • A. 

      Operant conditioning

    • B. 

      Classical conditioning

    • C. 

      Learning

    • D. 

      Conditioning

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Behaviourism is purely:
    • A. 

      Experimental

    • B. 

      Observational

    • C. 

      Theoretical

    • D. 

      Predictable

    • E. 

      Controllable

  • 17. 
    In the Little Albert example, the white rat is the _____ whilst the frightening noise is the _____and Little Albert had a _____ to the rat.
    • A. 

      CR, US, CR

    • B. 

      UR, US, CR

    • C. 

      CR, CS, CR

    • D. 

      UR, CS, CR

  • 18. 
    Radical Behaviourism was dev by:
    • A. 

      Watson

    • B. 

      Skinner

    • C. 

      Pavlov

    • D. 

      Freud

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 19. 
    Skinner noted that beh can be controlled by 2 types of environmental consequences:
    • A. 

      +ve reinf, punishers

    • B. 

      -ve reinf, punishers

    • C. 

      +ve and -ve reinf, punish

    • D. 

      +ve and -ve reinf only

    • E. 

      Only punishers

  • 20. 
    Skinner wasn't studying learning, rather the gradual ______ of behaviour VIA re-inforcement.
    • A. 

      Conditioning

    • B. 

      Modelling

    • C. 

      Shaping

    • D. 

      Developing

    • E. 

      None of the above

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