Rome Early Christianity

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Rome Early Christianity - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What role did religion play in the decline of the Roman Empire?

    • A.

      Monotheistic religions in areas of Roman expansion believed in an authority higher than the emperor.

    • B.

      Pagan festivals bankrupted the treasury.

    • C.

      Soldiers in the army adopted religion and refused to fight.

    • D.

      Construction of new Christian churches bankrupted the treasury.

    Correct Answer
    A. Monotheistic religions in areas of Roman expansion believed in an authority higher than the emperor.
    Explanation
    Monotheistic religions in areas of Roman expansion posed a challenge to the authority of the emperor. As these religions believed in a higher authority, it undermined the emperor's power and control over the people. This could have led to a decline in the loyalty and obedience of the citizens towards the emperor, weakening the overall stability of the empire.

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  • 2. 

    What do Judaism and Christianity have in common? 

    • A.

      Both are monotheistic religions.

    • B.

      Both have their roots in Jewish traditions.

    • C.

      Jesus was Jewish.

    • D.

      Both believe Jesus is the savior.

    • E.

      Both believe that Jesus is the son of God

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Both are monotheistic religions.
    B. Both have their roots in Jewish traditions.
    C. Jesus was Jewish.
    Explanation
    Judaism and Christianity have several commonalities. Firstly, both are monotheistic religions, meaning they believe in the existence of only one God. Additionally, both religions have their origins in Jewish traditions, as Christianity emerged from Judaism. Jesus, who is a central figure in Christianity, was Jewish himself. Furthermore, both religions believe in the significance of Jesus, considering him as the savior and the son of God. These shared elements highlight the historical and theological connections between Judaism and Christianity.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is NOT one of the ways Jews responded to Roman rule? 

    • A.

      Avoided the Romans.

    • B.

      Fought against the Romans.

    • C.

      Set up their own communities and lived apart from the Romans.

    • D.

      They elected their own governor, separate from the Roman governor.

    Correct Answer
    D. They elected their own governor, separate from the Roman governor.
    Explanation
    During the Roman rule, Jews responded to the situation in various ways. Some Jews avoided the Romans, trying to distance themselves from their rule. Others fought against the Romans, engaging in armed resistance. Additionally, some Jews set up their own communities and lived separately from the Romans, maintaining their own cultural and religious practices. However, the statement that Jews elected their own governor, separate from the Roman governor, is not true. Jews did not have the autonomy to elect their own governor and were subject to the authority of the Roman governor.

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  • 4. 

    The twelve men that followed Jesus were called _____________. 

    • A.

      Three wise men

    • B.

      Parables

    • C.

      Gladiators

    • D.

      Apostles

    Correct Answer
    D. Apostles
    Explanation
    The twelve men that followed Jesus were called apostles. This term is commonly used to refer to the twelve disciples chosen by Jesus to spread his teachings and carry out his mission. The apostles played a significant role in the early Christian church and were instrumental in spreading the message of Jesus to the world. They were witnesses to his ministry, miracles, death, and resurrection, and were entrusted with the task of continuing his work after his ascension.

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  • 5. 

    What events led to the Jewish diaspora?

    • A.

      In 132 CE, the Romans forced the Jews out of Jerusalem and told them they could never return.

    • B.

      A series of military defeats at the hands of the Roman army led to the Jewish diaspora.​

    • C.

      Roman expansion led to overcrowding in the cities and that led to the Jewish diaspora.

    • D.

      The rise of Islam in the middle east led to the Jewish diaspora.

    • E.

      The Jews were tired of Roman rule and high taxes.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. In 132 CE, the Romans forced the Jews out of Jerusalem and told them they could never return.
    B. A series of military defeats at the hands of the Roman army led to the Jewish diaspora.​
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that the events leading to the Jewish diaspora were the Romans forcing the Jews out of Jerusalem in 132 CE and informing them that they could never return. It further states that a series of military defeats at the hands of the Roman army also contributed to the diaspora. This suggests that the Jews were forced to leave their homeland due to the actions of the Romans and the military conflicts they faced.

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  • 6. 

    Jesus often used simple stories called ________ to give messages. 

    • A.

      Augustus

    • B.

      Gospels

    • C.

      Patricians

    • D.

      Parables

    Correct Answer
    D. Parables
    Explanation
    Jesus often used simple stories called parables to give messages. Parables are short narratives that use everyday events and objects to convey deeper spiritual or moral lessons. Jesus used parables to engage his audience and make complex concepts more accessible and relatable. These stories allowed people to connect with the teachings on a personal level and understand the deeper meaning behind them. Through parables, Jesus communicated important truths about God's kingdom, love, forgiveness, and other spiritual principles.

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  • 7. 

    The bishop of Rome has the title of __________.

    • A.

      Pope

    • B.

      Christ

    • C.

      Patron

    • D.

      Sole Mio

    Correct Answer
    A. Pope
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pope. The bishop of Rome is commonly referred to as the Pope. This title is given to the head of the Roman Catholic Church and is considered to be the successor of Saint Peter, who was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. The Pope holds significant religious authority and is responsible for leading and guiding the Catholic Church worldwide.

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  • 8. 

    Why did Augustine call the church a “city of God?” 

    • A.

      He believed the church was a place that one could take refuge and find security and peace.

    • B.

      He believed the church should be at the center of daily life.

    • C.

      He believed every city should have a church in its town center.

    • D.

      He called the church a "city of god" because church leaders were called "mayors."

    Correct Answer
    A. He believed the church was a place that one could take refuge and find security and peace.
    Explanation
    Augustine called the church a "city of God" because he believed it was a place where individuals could seek refuge and find security and peace. This suggests that he saw the church as a sanctuary or a safe haven for people, where they could find solace and protection from the troubles of the world. By referring to the church as a "city of God," Augustine emphasized its importance and the role it played in providing spiritual guidance and support to its members.

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  • 9. 

    What role did Paul and Augustine play in the early Christian church?  

    • A.

      Both writers explained and defended the teachings of Christianity.

    • B.

      Both writers founded monastic orders.

    • C.

      Both writers became martyrs.

    • D.

      Both writers had their work published in the Bible.

    Correct Answer
    A. Both writers explained and defended the teachings of Christianity.
    Explanation
    Paul and Augustine played a significant role in the early Christian church by explaining and defending the teachings of Christianity. They wrote extensively on various theological topics, addressing key issues and clarifying Christian doctrines. Their writings helped to establish and solidify the foundations of the faith, providing guidance and intellectual support to believers. While they made important contributions to the development of Christianity, neither Paul nor Augustine founded monastic orders, became martyrs, nor had their work published in the Bible.

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  • 10. 

    Which emperor outlawed pagan religions and made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire?       

    • A.

      Theodosius.

    • B.

      Plutonium

    • C.

      Constantine

    • D.

      Severus

    Correct Answer
    A. Theodosius.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Theodosius. Theodosius was the emperor who outlawed pagan religions and made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire. He issued a series of edicts in the late 4th century that banned pagan rituals and closed temples, effectively ending the practice of paganism in the empire. He also declared Christianity as the state religion and promoted its growth and influence. Theodosius' actions had a significant impact on the religious landscape of the Roman Empire and shaped the course of Christianity in the following centuries.

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  • 11. 

    Which Roman emperor declared religious freedom throughout the empire?     

    • A.

      Theodosius

    • B.

      Liberta

    • C.

      Severus

    • D.

      Constantine

    Correct Answer
    D. Constantine
    Explanation
    Constantine is the correct answer because he issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, which granted religious freedom to all citizens of the Roman Empire. This edict ended the persecution of Christians and allowed them to practice their faith openly. Constantine's decision to grant religious freedom had a significant impact on the spread and acceptance of Christianity throughout the empire.

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  • 12. 

    Where did early Christian meetings take place? 

    • A.

      Early Christian meetings took place in the homes of the worshipers.

    • B.

      Early Christian meetings took place near rivers

    • C.

      Early Christian meetings took place in cathedrals.

    • D.

      Early Christian meetings took place in synagogues.

    Correct Answer
    A. Early Christian meetings took place in the homes of the worshipers.
    Explanation
    Early Christian meetings took place in the homes of the worshipers because during the early years of Christianity, believers did not have dedicated church buildings. They would gather in small groups in private homes to worship, pray, and study the scriptures. This was a practical and safe option for them, as it allowed them to gather discreetly and avoid persecution from the Roman authorities. Additionally, meeting in homes fostered a sense of intimacy and community among the early Christians, as they could fellowship closely with one another and support each other in their faith.

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  • 13. 

    Who were the disciples?

    • A.

      The disciples were the first professional ultimate player.

    • B.

      The disciples were the inventors of frisbee golf.

    • C.

      The disciples were the early followers who traveled with Jesus.

    • D.

      The disciples were the Roman guards who arrested Jesus.

    Correct Answer
    C. The disciples were the early followers who traveled with Jesus.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the disciples were the early followers who traveled with Jesus. This is a well-known fact in Christian history and is documented in the New Testament of the Bible. The disciples were a group of individuals who were chosen by Jesus to learn from him, witness his teachings and miracles, and spread his message after his death. They played a crucial role in the establishment and spread of Christianity.

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  • 14. 

    What are some reasons that Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire in the centuries following the death of Jesus?

    • A.

      The empire had a system of good roads.

    • B.

      Most people in the empire spoke a common language.

    • C.

      Christianity offered its followers hope of a better life.

    • D.

      Christians did not have to pay taxes.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The empire had a system of good roads.
    B. Most people in the empire spoke a common language.
    C. Christianity offered its followers hope of a better life.
    Explanation
    Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire in the centuries following the death of Jesus for several reasons. Firstly, the empire had a system of good roads, which facilitated communication and travel, allowing the message of Christianity to reach different regions. Secondly, most people in the empire spoke a common language, making it easier for the teachings of Christianity to be understood and shared. Lastly, Christianity offered its followers hope of a better life, which appealed to many individuals seeking solace and purpose in a time of political and social unrest.

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  • 15. 

    Early followers of Jesus were Jewish.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The early followers of Jesus were predominantly Jewish because Jesus himself was a Jewish man who preached within the Jewish community. His teachings and message initially resonated with Jewish individuals who were awaiting the arrival of the Messiah. As a result, many Jews became the first disciples and followers of Jesus, forming the foundation of the early Christian movement. This historical context highlights the strong Jewish influence in the early stages of Christianity.

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  • 16. 

    Why did the Romans try to stop Christianity from spreading?

    • A.

      Rome saw the new religion as a dangerous threat to its empire.

    • B.

      Christians refused to worship the emperor as a god.

    • C.

      Christians refused to serve in the Roman army and were against war as a way to solve problems.

    • D.

      Christians refused to pay taxes.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Rome saw the new religion as a dangerous threat to its empire.
    B. Christians refused to worship the emperor as a god.
    C. Christians refused to serve in the Roman army and were against war as a way to solve problems.
    Explanation
    The Romans tried to stop Christianity from spreading because they saw it as a dangerous threat to their empire. Additionally, Christians refused to worship the emperor as a god, which went against the Roman religious beliefs and undermined the emperor's authority. Furthermore, Christians refused to serve in the Roman army and were against war as a way to solve problems, which challenged the Roman military and political structure.

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  • 17. 

    What event led Constantine to loosen the laws related to Christianity?     

    • A.

      He had a vision of a cross before winning an important battle.

    • B.

      His wife was a Christian.

    • C.

      His mother was a Christian.

    • D.

      His son dreamed in which Constantine was crucified.

    Correct Answer
    A. He had a vision of a cross before winning an important battle.
    Explanation
    Constantine's vision of a cross before winning an important battle led him to loosen the laws related to Christianity. This event is known as the Battle of Milvian Bridge, where Constantine saw a vision of a cross in the sky with the words "In this sign, conquer." Inspired by this vision, Constantine converted to Christianity and ended the persecution of Christians. He issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, which granted religious tolerance to Christians and paved the way for the eventual establishment of Christianity as the state religion of the Roman Empire.

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  • 18. 

    Which of Constantine's actions led to greater acceptance of Christianity.       

    • A.

      He built more churches.

    • B.

      He outlawed pagan religions.

    • C.

      He allowed Christians to work in government and serve in the army.

    • D.

      He allowed Christians to stop paying taxes.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. He built more churches.
    C. He allowed Christians to work in government and serve in the army.
    D. He allowed Christians to stop paying taxes.
    Explanation
    Constantine's actions of building more churches, allowing Christians to work in government and serve in the army, and allowing Christians to stop paying taxes all contributed to greater acceptance of Christianity. By building more churches, Constantine provided more physical spaces for Christians to gather and worship, which helped to legitimize and promote the faith. Allowing Christians to work in government and serve in the army increased their social status and influence, further normalizing Christianity within society. Additionally, exempting Christians from paying taxes would have incentivized more people to convert to Christianity, as it provided a tangible benefit for doing so.

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  • 19. 

    What does the word "Christ" mean in Greek?

    • A.

      In Greek, Christ means Jesus.

    • B.

      In Greek, Christ means "chosen one."

    • C.

      In Greek, Christ means "teacher."

    • D.

      In Greek, Christ means "body of god."

    Correct Answer
    B. In Greek, Christ means "chosen one."
    Explanation
    In Greek, the word "Christ" means "chosen one." This term is used to refer to Jesus as the chosen one, the anointed one, or the Messiah. It signifies his special role and purpose as the savior and leader of the Christian faith.

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  • 20. 

    What crime did the Romans charge Jesus with?

    • A.

      Skipping out on the tab for the last supper.

    • B.

      Disloyalty to the Roman government.

    • C.

      Operating a church without a license.

    • D.

      Witchcraft for performing miracles.

    Correct Answer
    B. Disloyalty to the Roman government.
    Explanation
    The Romans charged Jesus with disloyalty to the Roman government. This is evident from historical accounts that state Jesus was accused of claiming to be the King of the Jews, which was seen as a direct challenge to Roman authority. The charge of disloyalty ultimately led to his crucifixion as a political threat to the Roman Empire.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 02, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 16, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    SAASHistory6
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