Mock Up Exam For Group Lanie!

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Are you an engineering or construction student and looking for an avenue to better understand different concepts related to the field? If yes, the quiz below is set to satisfy your needs. All the best as you attempt it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A foundation wall that encloses a usable area under the building.

    • A.

      Basement Wall

    • B.

      Footing

    • C.

      Columns

    • D.

      Retaining Wall

    Correct Answer
    A. Basement Wall
    Explanation
    A basement wall is a foundation wall that encloses a usable area under the building. It is designed to support the weight of the structure above and provide stability to the basement space. Basement walls are typically made of concrete or masonry and are built below ground level. They help to prevent water infiltration, provide insulation, and create a barrier between the interior space and the surrounding soil.

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  • 2. 

    A galvanize wire Basket filled with stones and used in constructing an abutment or retaining structure

    • A.

      Riprap

    • B.

      Retaining Wall

    • C.

      Gabion

    • D.

      Crib

    Correct Answer
    C. Gabion
    Explanation
    A gabion is a wire basket filled with stones that is commonly used in constructing abutments or retaining structures. It provides stability and reinforcement to the structure while allowing for water drainage. The stones inside the gabion act as a barrier against erosion and help to prevent soil movement. This makes gabions an effective solution for retaining walls and other structures that require strength and durability.

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  • 3. 

    A vertical Laminated wood beam made by fastening together 2 or more smaller members with bolts, lag screws, or spikes, equal in strength to the sum of the strength to the sum of the strengths of the individual pieces if none of the laminations are spliced.

    • A.

      Built-up Beam

    • B.

      Box beam

    • C.

      I-Beam

    • D.

      Flitch Beam

    Correct Answer
    A. Built-up Beam
    Explanation
    A built-up beam is a vertical laminated wood beam that is created by fastening together multiple smaller members using bolts, lag screws, or spikes. This type of beam is designed to have a strength equal to the sum of the strengths of the individual pieces, as long as none of the laminations are spliced. In other words, the combined strength of the smaller members creates a beam that can support the same amount of load as a single, solid piece of wood.

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  • 4. 

    A pitched truss having tension members extending from the foot of each top chord to an intermediate point of the opposite top chord

    • A.

      Scissors Truss

    • B.

      Fink Truss

    • C.

      Crescent Truss

    • D.

      Howe

    Correct Answer
    A. Scissors Truss
    Explanation
    A scissors truss is a type of pitched truss that has tension members extending from the foot of each top chord to an intermediate point of the opposite top chord. This design creates a unique scissor-like shape, which provides additional support and stability to the truss structure. The tension members help to distribute the load evenly across the truss, making it suitable for spanning large distances without the need for additional support columns or beams. This type of truss is commonly used in the construction of roofs for buildings with wide open spaces, such as warehouses or sports facilities.

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  • 5. 

    An imaginary line passing through the centroid of the cross section of a beam or other member subject to bending, along which no bending stress occur

    • A.

      Neutral Axis

    • B.

      Effective length

    • C.

      Kern

    • D.

      Span

    Correct Answer
    A. Neutral Axis
    Explanation
    The neutral axis is an imaginary line passing through the centroid of the cross section of a beam or member subject to bending, where no bending stress occurs. This means that the material above the neutral axis is under compression, while the material below is under tension. The neutral axis is important in determining the distribution of stresses and strains within a beam or member, and is used in calculations for designing and analyzing structures.

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  • 6. 

    A resting on a simple supports at both ends, which are free to rotate and have no moment resistance.

    • A.

      Girder

    • B.

      Continuous beam

    • C.

      Cantilever

    • D.

      Simple beam

    Correct Answer
    D. Simple beam
    Explanation
    A simple beam is a type of structural element that is supported at both ends and is free to rotate without any moment resistance. In other words, it is a beam that is not connected to any other structural elements and is only supported by simple supports at its ends. This type of beam is commonly used in construction projects where a basic and straightforward structural element is required.

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  • 7. 

    A point at which a structure changes curvature from convex to concave or vise versa as it deflects under a transverse load; Theoretically an internal hinge and therefore a point of zero moment.

    • A.

      Inflection point

    • B.

      Deflection

    • C.

      Negative Moment

    • D.

      Camber

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflection point
    Explanation
    An inflection point is a point on a structure where the curvature changes from convex to concave or vice versa as it deflects under a transverse load. This point is theoretically an internal hinge, meaning that it experiences zero moment. In other words, at the inflection point, there is no bending moment acting on the structure.

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  • 8. 

    An upright, relatively slender shaft or structure, usually of brick or stone, used as a building support or standing alone as a monument

    • A.

      Column

    • B.

      Post

    • C.

      Pillar

    • D.

      Pier

    Correct Answer
    C. Pillar
    Explanation
    A pillar is an upright structure made of brick or stone that is used to support a building or stands alone as a monument. It is relatively slender and can be found in various architectural styles. Pillars are often used for decorative purposes and can be seen in historical buildings, temples, and other structures. They provide stability and strength to the overall structure and are an important element in architectural design.

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  • 9. 

    The lowest devision of a building or  other construction, partly or wholly below the surface of the ground, designed to support and anchor the superstructure and transmit its load directly to the earth

    • A.

      Substructure

    • B.

      Basement

    • C.

      Footing

    • D.

      Foundation

    Correct Answer
    D. Foundation
    Explanation
    A foundation is the lowest division of a building or other construction that is below the surface of the ground. It is designed to support and anchor the superstructure and transmit its load directly to the earth. The foundation provides stability and prevents the structure from sinking or shifting due to the weight and external forces acting upon it.

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  • 10. 

    The part of foundation bearing directly upon the supporting soil, set below the frostline and enlarged to distribute its load over a greater area

    • A.

      Footing

    • B.

      Tiebeam

    • C.

      Wall footing

    • D.

      Raft

    Correct Answer
    C. Wall footing
    Explanation
    A wall footing is a part of the foundation that is set below the frostline and is designed to bear directly on the supporting soil. It is enlarged to distribute the load of the wall over a larger area, providing stability and preventing settlement. This type of footing is commonly used in construction to support walls and ensure the structural integrity of the building.

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  • 11. 

    A reinforced concrete beam distributing the horizontal forces from an eccentrically load pile cap or spread footing to other pile caps or footings

    • A.

      Lintel

    • B.

      Wall footing

    • C.

      Tie beam

    • D.

      Footing foundation

    Correct Answer
    C. Tie beam
    Explanation
    A tie beam is a horizontal beam that is used to distribute the horizontal forces from an eccentrically loaded pile cap or spread footing to other pile caps or footings. It helps to provide stability and balance to the structure by transferring the forces evenly. Unlike a lintel, which is a horizontal beam that supports the load above an opening, a tie beam specifically serves the purpose of connecting and distributing forces between different structural elements. A wall footing is a type of foundation that supports a load-bearing wall, while a footing foundation refers to the overall foundation system that supports the entire structure.

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  • 12. 

    A foundation system that extends down through unsuitable soil to transfer building loads to a more appropriate bearing stratum well below the superstructure

    • A.

      Floating Foundation

    • B.

      Deep Foundation

    • C.

      Core Foundation

    • D.

      Footing Foundation

    Correct Answer
    B. Deep Foundation
    Explanation
    A deep foundation is a type of foundation system that is used when the soil near the surface is not suitable for supporting the building loads. It involves extending the foundation system down to a deeper, more stable layer of soil or rock that can bear the weight of the superstructure. This is done to ensure the stability and safety of the building. A deep foundation is typically used in situations where the soil near the surface is weak or unstable, such as in areas with soft clay or loose sand. It is different from other types of foundations, such as floating, core, or footing foundations, which are used in different soil conditions or for different purposes.

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  • 13. 

    One of several piles or post for supporting a structure above the surface of land and water

    • A.

      Pier

    • B.

      Pole

    • C.

      Pile

    • D.

      Stilt

    Correct Answer
    D. Stilt
    Explanation
    A stilt is a type of structure that is used to support a building or platform above the ground or water. It consists of long, slender poles or posts that are driven into the ground or submerged in water to provide stability. Stilts are commonly used in areas with unstable or uneven terrain, or in coastal regions where the water level fluctuates. They are also used in construction to elevate buildings above flood-prone areas. Stilts are an effective and practical solution for supporting structures in these challenging environments.

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  • 14. 

    The forces exerted on a structure by an earthquake

    • A.

      Dead load

    • B.

      Wind load

    • C.

      Earth quake load

    • D.

      Live load

    Correct Answer
    C. Earth quake load
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "earthquake load" because during an earthquake, the ground shakes and the structure experiences dynamic forces. These forces, known as earthquake loads, can cause significant damage to a structure if it is not designed to withstand them. Earthquake loads are different from other loads such as dead load (the weight of the structure itself), wind load (the force of the wind on the structure), and live load (the weight of people, furniture, and other movable objects). Therefore, earthquake load is the most appropriate choice in this context.

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  • 15. 

    A reinforced concrete slab or mat joining the heads of a cluster of piles to distribute the load from a column or grade beam equally among piles

    • A.

      Footing

    • B.

      Pile cap

    • C.

      Joint

    • D.

      Intersection

    Correct Answer
    B. Pile cap
    Explanation
    A pile cap is a reinforced concrete slab or mat that connects the tops of a group of piles together. Its purpose is to evenly distribute the load from a column or grade beam among the piles. This helps to ensure that the weight and pressure exerted on the piles is distributed uniformly, preventing any one pile from being overloaded. The pile cap acts as a sturdy foundation for the structure above, providing stability and support.

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  • 16. 

    The length required for 135 deg. hook

    • A.

      12db

    • B.

      6db

    • C.

      4db

    • D.

      8 db

    Correct Answer
    B. 6db
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the length required for a 135-degree hook. The answer is 6db. However, without further context or information, it is unclear what "db" refers to in this context. Therefore, a complete and accurate explanation cannot be provided.

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  • 17. 

    The deformation of a body under the action of an applied force

    • A.

      Stress

    • B.

      Tension

    • C.

      Compression

    • D.

      Strain

    Correct Answer
    D. Strain
    Explanation
    Strain refers to the deformation of a body when an external force is applied to it. It is the measure of how much a material is stretched or compressed due to the applied force. Strain is a result of stress, which is the force per unit area acting on a material. When stress is applied, it causes the material to undergo strain, either in the form of tension (stretching) or compression (squeezing). Therefore, strain is the appropriate term to describe the deformation of a body under the action of an applied force.

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  • 18. 

    Any of the longitudinal bars serving as tension as tension reinforcement in the section of a concrete beam or slab subjected to a negative movement

    • A.

      Truss bar

    • B.

      Top bar

    • C.

      Web bar

    • D.

      Bottom bar

    Correct Answer
    B. Top bar
    Explanation
    The top bar is the correct answer because in a concrete beam or slab subjected to negative movement, the top bars serve as tension reinforcement. These bars are placed at the top of the section to resist the tensile forces that occur when the beam or slab is subjected to bending. The top bars help to prevent cracking and failure in the concrete due to the negative movement.

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  • 19. 

    The depth of the concrete section measured from the compression face to the centroid of the tension reinforcement

    • A.

      Bar Spacing

    • B.

      Effective Depth

    • C.

      Cover

    • D.

      Bond Strength

    Correct Answer
    B. Effective Depth
    Explanation
    Effective depth refers to the distance from the compression face of a concrete section to the centroid of the tension reinforcement. It is a crucial parameter in structural design as it determines the capacity of the section to resist bending and shear forces. By placing the tension reinforcement at an appropriate depth, the concrete section can effectively resist these forces and ensure the structural integrity of the element. Therefore, effective depth is an important consideration in designing safe and efficient concrete structures.

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  • 20. 

    A joint between two successive placement of concrete, often keyed or doweled to provide lateral stability across the joint

    • A.

      Expansion joint

    • B.

      Isolation joints

    • C.

      Contraction joint

    • D.

      Construction joint

    Correct Answer
    D. Construction joint
    Explanation
    A construction joint is a joint between two successive placements of concrete that provides lateral stability across the joint. It is often keyed or doweled to ensure proper connection and prevent any movement or separation between the two concrete placements. This type of joint is commonly used in construction projects to allow for the pouring of concrete in separate sections or stages, while still maintaining structural integrity and stability.

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  • 21. 

    Length required for 90 deg. hook

    • A.

      40 db

    • B.

      16 db

    • C.

      12 db

    • D.

      4 db

    Correct Answer
    C. 12 db
  • 22. 

    ACI Code: minimum gross area of a column

    • A.

      40000 sq.mm

    • B.

      50000 sq.mm.

    • C.

      60000 sq.mm.

    • D.

      90000 sq.mm.

    Correct Answer
    C. 60000 sq.mm.
    Explanation
    The minimum gross area of a column according to the ACI Code is 60000 sq.mm. This means that any column built according to the ACI Code must have a gross area of at least 60000 sq.mm. This requirement ensures that the column has enough strength and stability to withstand the loads and forces it will be subjected to. Columns with a smaller gross area may not be able to support the intended loads, leading to structural failure. Therefore, it is important to adhere to the minimum gross area requirement specified by the ACI Code to ensure the safety and stability of the structure.

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  • 23. 

    The minimum concrete cover of a column exposed in air and atmosphere

    • A.

      20mm

    • B.

      60mm

    • C.

      40mm

    • D.

      70mm

    Correct Answer
    C. 40mm
    Explanation
    The minimum concrete cover of a column exposed in air and atmosphere is 40mm. This means that the column must be covered with at least 40mm of concrete to protect it from the effects of the surrounding air and atmosphere. This cover helps prevent corrosion of the reinforcement inside the column and ensures the structural integrity and durability of the column over time.

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  • 24. 

    Minimum concrete cover of column pedestal exposed in underground soil

    • A.

      40mm

    • B.

      20mm

    • C.

      50mm

    • D.

      70mm

    Correct Answer
    C. 50mm
    Explanation
    The minimum concrete cover of a column pedestal exposed in underground soil should be 50mm. This is necessary to protect the reinforcement bars from corrosion and ensure the structural integrity of the pedestal. A concrete cover of 50mm provides sufficient protection against the harsh underground environment and potential damage from moisture and chemicals in the soil. A cover less than 50mm may lead to corrosion of the reinforcement, compromising the strength and durability of the column pedestal.

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  • 25. 

    A graphical representation of the variation in magnitude of the bending moments present in a structure for given set of transverse loads and support conditions

    • A.

      Moment Diagram

    • B.

      Shear Diagram

    • C.

      Transverse shear

    • D.

      Stress trajectories

    Correct Answer
    A. Moment Diagram
    Explanation
    A moment diagram is a graphical representation of the variation in magnitude of the bending moments present in a structure for a given set of transverse loads and support conditions. It shows how the bending moments change along the length of the structure, allowing engineers to analyze and design the structure accordingly. By plotting the bending moments at different sections of the structure, the moment diagram provides a visual representation of the distribution of forces and moments, helping engineers understand the structural behavior and make informed decisions.

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  • 26. 

    The perpendicular distance a spanning member deviated from true course under transverse loading increasing with load and span, and decreasing with an increasing in the moment of inertia of the section or modulus of elasticity of the material

    • A.

      Deflection

    • B.

      Camber

    • C.

      Inflection Point

    • D.

      Effective length

    Correct Answer
    A. Deflection
    Explanation
    The given explanation states that the perpendicular distance a spanning member deviates from its true course under transverse loading increases with the load and span, but decreases with an increase in the moment of inertia of the section or modulus of elasticity of the material. This phenomenon is known as deflection, which refers to the bending or sagging of a structural member under load. Therefore, the correct answer is deflection.

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  • 27. 

    Any of the u-shaped or closed-loop bars placed perpendicular to the longitudinal reinforcement of a concrete beam to resist the vertical component of diagonal section

    • A.

      Web bar

    • B.

      Tie bar

    • C.

      Stirrup

    • D.

      Reinforce bar

    Correct Answer
    C. Stirrup
    Explanation
    Stirrups are used in concrete beams to resist the vertical component of diagonal sections. They are u-shaped or closed-loop bars that are placed perpendicular to the longitudinal reinforcement. Stirrups provide additional support and prevent the concrete from cracking or failing under vertical loads. They help in distributing the load evenly and enhancing the overall strength and stability of the beam.

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  • 28. 

    A structural frame based on the geometric rigidity of the triangle and composed of linear members subject only to axial tension or compression

    • A.

      Truss

    • B.

      Vault

    • C.

      Teepee

    • D.

      Arch

    Correct Answer
    A. Truss
    Explanation
    A truss is a structural frame that is based on the geometric rigidity of the triangle and is composed of linear members that are subject only to axial tension or compression. This means that the truss is designed to efficiently transfer loads and forces through its members, allowing it to support heavy loads and provide stability. Trusses are commonly used in construction and engineering projects where strength and stability are important factors.

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  • 29. 

    The potential high-shearing developed by the reactive force of a column on reinforce slab

    • A.

      Punching shear

    • B.

      Drop panel

    • C.

      High shear

    • D.

      Max shear

    Correct Answer
    A. Punching shear
    Explanation
    The term "punching shear" refers to the phenomenon of a concentrated load causing a slab to fail by punching through it. In this context, the reactive force of a column on a reinforced slab can generate a high shearing force, known as punching shear. This occurs when the column's load is not adequately transferred to the surrounding slab, resulting in localized failure. Therefore, the given correct answer, "punching shear," is a logical explanation for the potential high shearing force caused by the reactive force of a column on a reinforced slab.

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  • 30. 

    A wall supporting no load other than its own weight

    • A.

      Non bearing wall

    • B.

      Retaining wall

    • C.

      Party wall

    • D.

      Bearing wall

    Correct Answer
    A. Non bearing wall
    Explanation
    A non-bearing wall is a wall that does not support any load other than its own weight. It is not responsible for carrying the weight of the structure above it or any other loads. Non-bearing walls are typically used to divide spaces or for aesthetic purposes, rather than providing structural support.

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  • 31. 

    A means for binding a structural member to another or to its foundation, often to resist uplifting and horizontal forces

    • A.

      Fixed connection

    • B.

      Anchorage

    • C.

      Pin

    • D.

      Welding

    Correct Answer
    B. Anchorage
    Explanation
    Anchorage refers to a means of binding a structural member to another or to its foundation, typically used to resist uplifting and horizontal forces. This involves securing the structural member firmly in place to prevent it from moving or being displaced. Anchorage can be achieved through various methods such as using bolts, screws, or other fasteners to connect the structural member to its foundation. This ensures stability and structural integrity, especially in situations where there may be external forces acting on the member.

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  • 32. 

    A major spatial division usually one of a series marked or partitioned off by principal vertical supports of s structure.

    • A.

      Transition structure

    • B.

      Effective span

    • C.

      Structural grid

    • D.

      Bay

    Correct Answer
    D. Bay
    Explanation
    A bay refers to a major spatial division in a structure that is marked or partitioned off by principal vertical supports. It is a defined area within a building that is usually separated by columns or walls. Bays help to organize and divide the space within a structure, allowing for efficient and effective use of the area.

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  • 33. 

    Any condition as fracturing, buckling, or plastic deformation, that renders a structural assembly , element, or joint incapable of sustaining the load carrying function for which it was designed

    • A.

      Fatigue

    • B.

      Fracture

    • C.

      Structural failure

    • D.

      Lateral stability

    Correct Answer
    C. Structural failure
    Explanation
    Structural failure refers to any condition, such as fracturing, buckling, or plastic deformation, that causes a structural assembly, element, or joint to become unable to support the load carrying function for which it was originally designed. This means that the structure is no longer able to withstand the forces and stresses it was intended to handle, resulting in a failure of the structure.

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  • 34. 

    A finish or protective cap or course to an exterior wall usually sloped or curved to shed water

    • A.

      Coping

    • B.

      Parapet

    • C.

      Pile cap

    • D.

      Roof

    Correct Answer
    A. Coping
    Explanation
    Coping refers to a finish or protective cap or course to an exterior wall that is usually sloped or curved to shed water. It is commonly used to prevent water from penetrating the top of a wall or parapet and causing damage. Coping can also enhance the aesthetic appearance of a building and provide additional protection against weather elements.

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  • 35. 

    Yard lumber 5" or more in the least dimension

    • A.

      Timbers

    • B.

      Dimension lumbers

    • C.

      Boards

    • D.

      Yard lumber

    Correct Answer
    A. Timbers
    Explanation
    Timbers are large, heavy, and strong pieces of wood that are typically used for construction purposes. They are usually larger than dimension lumber and boards, which are smaller and thinner. Yard lumber refers to any type of lumber that is sold by the yard, regardless of its dimensions. Therefore, the correct answer is timbers, as they are specifically mentioned as being 5" or more in the least dimension.

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  • 36. 

    Yard lumber less than 2" THICK AND 2" or more wide

    • A.

      Dimension lumber

    • B.

      Boards

    • C.

      Timber

    • D.

      Yard lumber

    Correct Answer
    B. Boards
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Boards," is the correct choice because it fits the criteria stated in the question. The question specifies that the yard lumber should be less than 2" thick and 2" or more wide. Among the options provided, "Boards" is the only one that meets this requirement. Dimension lumber, timber, and yard lumber do not necessarily have these specific dimensions. Therefore, "Boards" is the most appropriate answer.

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  • 37. 

    A long slender column of wood, steel or reinforced concrete driven, or hammered vertically into the earth to form part of a foundation system

    • A.

      Column

    • B.

      Pile

    • C.

      Post

    • D.

      Pier

    Correct Answer
    B. Pile
    Explanation
    A pile is a long slender column of wood, steel, or reinforced concrete that is driven or hammered vertically into the earth. It is used as part of a foundation system to provide support and stability for structures. Piles are commonly used in construction to transfer the load of a building or structure to deeper, more stable layers of soil or rock.

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  • 38. 

    The minimum outside diameter of pip piles when used must be

    • A.

      300

    • B.

      400

    • C.

      250

    • D.

      450

    Correct Answer
    C. 250
    Explanation
    The minimum outside diameter of pipe piles when used must be 250. This means that the diameter of the pipe piles cannot be smaller than 250 units.

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  • 39. 

    It is a structural system without complete vertical local carrying space frame. (NSCP 208.20)

    • A.

      Braced frame

    • B.

      Bearing wall system

    • C.

      Concentric Braced frame

    • D.

      Flexible system

    Correct Answer
    B. Bearing wall system
    Explanation
    A bearing wall system refers to a structural system where the walls themselves provide the primary vertical support for the building. In this system, the walls bear the load of the floors and roof, transferring the weight to the foundation. Unlike other systems, such as braced frames or flexible systems, which rely on additional elements like columns or braces for support, a bearing wall system does not require a complete vertical local carrying space frame. Therefore, based on the given information, the correct answer is a bearing wall system.

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