Review Questions - Adjunct Techniques And Methods

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| By Mtagudin
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Mtagudin
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 5,125
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 158

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Technology Quizzes & Trivia

Review questions for the nationals test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     the movement of fluid from tissues in one part of the body to tissues in another area of the body is known as

    • A.

      Chemotaxis

    • B.

      Hydrostatic effect

    • C.

      Conversion

    • D.

      Thermal effect

    Correct Answer
    B. Hydrostatic effect
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hydrostatic effect. Hydrostatic effect refers to the movement of fluid from tissues in one part of the body to tissues in another area of the body. This movement is driven by the pressure exerted by the fluid, which causes it to flow from an area of higher pressure to an area of lower pressure. This process is important for maintaining fluid balance in the body and ensuring proper circulation of nutrients and oxygen to different tissues.

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  • 2. 

    When using a chemical pack (hydrocollator) the water temp in the tank should be approximately

    • A.

      125 - 135 F

    • B.

      140 - 180 F

    • C.

      150 - 160 F

    • D.

      105- 115 F

    Correct Answer
    C. 150 - 160 F
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 150 - 160 F. When using a chemical pack (hydrocollator), the water temperature in the tank should be set at this range. This temperature range ensures that the chemical pack is heated sufficiently to provide effective therapy without causing any harm or discomfort to the patient. It is important to maintain the correct temperature to ensure the desired therapeutic effects and prevent any potential injuries.

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  • 3. 

    One of the more common conditions for which a massage therapist might use the paraffin bath is

    • A.

      Acute sprains and strains

    • B.

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • C.

      Swelling

    • D.

      Malignant melanoma

    Correct Answer
    B. Rheumatoid arthritis
    Explanation
    A paraffin bath is a therapeutic treatment that involves immersing the affected body part in warm paraffin wax. It helps to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and improve joint mobility. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the joints, causing pain and stiffness. The use of a paraffin bath can provide relief for individuals with rheumatoid arthritis by reducing inflammation and promoting relaxation in the affected joints. Therefore, it is a common condition for which a massage therapist might use a paraffin bath.

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  • 4. 

    The most beneficial use of alternate hot/cold treatments is with

    • A.

      Acute muscle spasm

    • B.

      Chronic muscle spasm

    • C.

      Insulin dependent diabetes

    • D.

      Acute fibromyalgia

    Correct Answer
    B. Chronic muscle spasm
    Explanation
    Alternate hot/cold treatments are most beneficial for chronic muscle spasms. This is because the alternating temperatures can help to reduce inflammation, increase blood flow, and relax the muscles. Chronic muscle spasms are long-lasting and often caused by underlying conditions such as muscle imbalances or nerve damage. The hot/cold treatments can provide temporary relief and help to manage the symptoms of chronic muscle spasms. However, it is important to note that these treatments should be used in conjunction with other therapies and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

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  • 5. 

    Alternative methods of stress reduction and relaxation techniques include

    • A.

      Breathing techniques

    • B.

      Visualization

    • C.

      Biofeedback

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because all the mentioned techniques, including breathing techniques, visualization, and biofeedback, are alternative methods of stress reduction and relaxation. These techniques can help individuals manage and reduce their stress levels by promoting relaxation, mindfulness, and self-awareness.

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  • 6. 

    The name given in hydrotherapy to a local application of moist heat is

    • A.

      Steam bath

    • B.

      Infusion

    • C.

      Fomentation

    • D.

      Vaso pack

    Correct Answer
    C. Fomentation
    Explanation
    Fomentation is the name given in hydrotherapy to a local application of moist heat. It involves applying moist heat to a specific area of the body, usually using a hot towel or a hot water bottle wrapped in a moist cloth. This technique helps to increase blood flow to the area, relax muscles, and relieve pain or inflammation. It is commonly used in the treatment of muscle strains, joint stiffness, and other musculoskeletal conditions.

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  • 7. 

    Circle the incorrect statement regarding alternative ways to reduce pain and stress

    • A.

      Meditations purpose is to go within and quiet

    • B.

      Relaxation imagery does not contribute to stress or pain reduction

    • C.

      Techniques that manage pain include having clients scan their body, moving through the pain and relaxing into their discomfort

    • D.

      Yoga can change a clients body language and physical posture, which in turn can change attitudes and feelings

    Correct Answer
    B. Relaxation imagery does not contribute to stress or pain reduction
    Explanation
    Relaxation imagery does contribute to stress and pain reduction. It involves using the power of imagination to create mental images that promote relaxation and reduce stress and pain. By visualizing calming scenes or engaging in guided imagery exercises, individuals can shift their focus away from pain and stress, promoting relaxation and a sense of well-being.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not indicated as form of treatment for an acute sprain or strain

    • A.

      Ice

    • B.

      Elevation

    • C.

      Compression

    • D.

      Fomentation

    Correct Answer
    D. Fomentation
    Explanation
    Fomentation is not indicated as a form of treatment for an acute sprain or strain. Fomentation involves applying warm or hot substances to the affected area, which can increase blood flow and promote inflammation. However, in the case of an acute sprain or strain, it is recommended to use ice, elevation, and compression to reduce swelling and pain. Ice helps to numb the area and reduce inflammation, while elevation and compression help to limit swelling and provide support to the injured area. Therefore, fomentation is not a suitable treatment option for an acute sprain or strain.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not an indication for the hot whirlpool bath

    • A.

      Peripheral nerve damage

    • B.

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • C.

      Non acute sprains/strains

    • D.

      Prior to massage

    Correct Answer
    A. Peripheral nerve damage
    Explanation
    Peripheral nerve damage is not an indication for a hot whirlpool bath because hot water can worsen the symptoms of nerve damage and potentially cause further injury. Heat can increase inflammation and sensitivity in damaged nerves, leading to increased pain and discomfort. Therefore, it is important to avoid hot whirlpool baths in individuals with peripheral nerve damage to prevent exacerbation of symptoms and promote healing.

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  • 10. 

    Joint mobility and range of motion are increased by which of the following

    • A.

      Hydrocollator packs

    • B.

      Hot whirlpool baths

    • C.

      Russian bath

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above options, including hydrocollator packs, hot whirlpool baths, and Russian bath, can increase joint mobility and range of motion. Hydrocollator packs provide moist heat therapy, which helps to relax muscles and increase blood flow to the joints, promoting flexibility. Hot whirlpool baths also provide heat therapy, which can help to reduce stiffness and increase joint mobility. Russian bath, also known as a banya, involves alternating between hot and cold temperatures, which can improve circulation and promote joint flexibility. Therefore, all of these options can contribute to increased joint mobility and range of motion.

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  • 11. 

    Contraindications for heat therapy would include all of the following except

    • A.

      Cancer

    • B.

      Diabetes

    • C.

      Edema

    • D.

      Spastic colon

    Correct Answer
    D. Spastic colon
    Explanation
    Heat therapy is generally contraindicated for conditions that involve inflammation or increased blood flow, as heat can exacerbate these symptoms. Cancer, diabetes, and edema all involve inflammation or increased blood flow, making heat therapy potentially harmful. However, spastic colon does not involve inflammation or increased blood flow, so heat therapy would not be contraindicated for this condition.

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  • 12. 

    Hyperstimulation of cold and pressure receptors as explained by the Gate theory in the treatment of muscle spasms, is best faciliated by the use of the following therapy

    • A.

      Hydrocollator pack

    • B.

      Neutral bath

    • C.

      Contrast bath

    • D.

      Ice massage

    Correct Answer
    D. Ice massage
    Explanation
    Ice massage is the best therapy for hyperstimulation of cold and pressure receptors as explained by the Gate theory in the treatment of muscle spasms. Ice massage involves applying ice directly to the skin and massaging it in a circular motion. The cold temperature and pressure from the ice help to numb the area and reduce inflammation, which can help alleviate muscle spasms. This therapy works by "closing the gate" on the pain signals being sent to the brain, effectively blocking the sensation of pain. The use of ice massage provides a targeted and effective treatment for muscle spasms.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is not a general contraindication for hydrotherapy

    • A.

      Diabetes

    • B.

      Acute trauma

    • C.

      Cancer

    • D.

      Congestive heart failure

    Correct Answer
    B. Acute trauma
    Explanation
    Acute trauma is not a general contraindication for hydrotherapy. Hydrotherapy, which involves the use of water for therapeutic purposes, can actually be beneficial for individuals with acute trauma. It can help reduce pain and inflammation, promote healing, and improve range of motion. However, diabetes, cancer, and congestive heart failure are general contraindications for hydrotherapy due to the potential risks and complications associated with these conditions.

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  • 14. 

    The application of moist heat is superior to that of dry heat because of

    • A.

      Convection

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Conversion

    • D.

      The greenhouse effect

    Correct Answer
    B. Conduction
    Explanation
    Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between two objects or substances. In the context of moist heat and dry heat, conduction plays a crucial role. When moist heat is applied, the water present in the heat source helps in transferring heat to the body through direct contact, resulting in better and more efficient heat transfer. On the other hand, dry heat lacks the presence of water, making the conduction process less effective. Therefore, the application of moist heat is superior to dry heat due to the enhanced conduction process.

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  • 15. 

    The hubbard tank is used to administer underwater exercises with the use of

    • A.

      Very cold water

    • B.

      Alcohol rub

    • C.

      Steam

    • D.

      Neutral or mild heat

    Correct Answer
    D. Neutral or mild heat
    Explanation
    The Hubbard tank is used to administer underwater exercises, and the correct answer is neutral or mild heat. This is because neutral or mild heat helps to relax muscles and promote blood circulation, making it easier for patients to perform exercises in the water. Very cold water would be uncomfortable and could cause muscle stiffness, alcohol rub is not typically used in the Hubbard tank, and steam would create a humid environment that may not be suitable for exercising.

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  • 16. 

    Which is true regarding the local effect of cold therapy

    • A.

      Vasodilation

    • B.

      Increases circulation

    • C.

      Vaso constriction

    • D.

      Increases local metabolism

    Correct Answer
    C. Vaso constriction
    Explanation
    Vasoconstriction refers to the narrowing of blood vessels, which is the true local effect of cold therapy. When cold is applied to an area, it causes the blood vessels to constrict, reducing blood flow to the area. This can help to reduce swelling, inflammation, and pain. Vasoconstriction also helps to decrease bleeding and bruising by restricting the flow of blood.

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  • 17. 

    Which treatment would be used for a patient with Multiple Sclerosis

    • A.

      Hot sitz bath

    • B.

      Hot whirlpool bath

    • C.

      Neutral whirlpool

    • D.

      Cold packs

    Correct Answer
    C. Neutral whirlpool
    Explanation
    A neutral whirlpool treatment would be used for a patient with Multiple Sclerosis. This treatment involves immersing the body in a warm water bath that is neither too hot nor too cold. It helps to relax the muscles and reduce pain, stiffness, and inflammation associated with Multiple Sclerosis. The warm water also promotes circulation and improves mobility. Cold packs may provide temporary relief for symptoms like muscle spasms, but they are not a long-term treatment for Multiple Sclerosis. Hot sitz bath and hot whirlpool bath can potentially worsen symptoms and should be avoided.

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  • 18. 

    Which treatment would you use prior to massage with your patient who has fibromyalgia

    • A.

      Cold packs

    • B.

      Hydrocollator

    • C.

      Neutral bath

    • D.

      Contract hot/cold

    Correct Answer
    B. Hydrocollator
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hydrocollator. Prior to massage with a patient who has fibromyalgia, using a hydrocollator would be beneficial. A hydrocollator is a device that heats and stores moist heat packs. The heat from the hydrocollator can help relax muscles, reduce pain, and increase blood flow to the affected areas. This can help prepare the patient's muscles for the massage and enhance the therapeutic effects of the treatment.

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  • 19. 

    What effect would systemic heat treatments have on a patient with diabetes

    • A.

      Increase blood sugar

    • B.

      Cause hemorrage

    • C.

      Decrease blood sugar

    • D.

      No effect

    Correct Answer
    C. Decrease blood sugar
    Explanation
    Systemic heat treatments can potentially lead to a decrease in blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes. Heat can increase blood flow and enhance insulin sensitivity, allowing cells to better absorb glucose from the bloodstream. This increased glucose uptake by cells can result in a decrease in blood sugar levels. However, it is important for individuals with diabetes to monitor their blood sugar levels closely during heat treatments and adjust their medication or insulin doses accordingly to prevent hypoglycemia.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 11, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Mtagudin
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