RESNA Exam Terminology Part2

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Medical Science Quizzes & Trivia

RESNA terminology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Accumulation of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellulartissues, pericardial sac, pleural cavity, peritoneal cavity, or joint capsules.

    • A.

      Edema

    • B.

      Elasticity

    • C.

      Fibrosis

    • D.

      Flexion

    Correct Answer
    A. Edema
    Explanation
    Edema refers to the accumulation of abnormally large amounts of fluid in various parts of the body, such as the intercellular tissues, pericardial sac, pleural cavity, peritoneal cavity, or joint capsules. This condition can result from various causes, including inflammation, injury, or underlying medical conditions. Edema is characterized by swelling and can occur in different areas of the body, leading to discomfort and limited mobility. Treatment options for edema depend on the underlying cause and may include medication, lifestyle changes, or medical procedures to remove excess fluid.

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  • 2. 

    The neural, muscular, and skeletal elements of the human body that provide movement or motor output.

    • A.

      Flexiors

    • B.

      Effectors

    • C.

      Elasticity

    • D.

      Fulcrum

    Correct Answer
    B. Effectors
    Explanation
    Effectors are the neural, muscular, and skeletal elements of the human body that provide movement or motor output. They are responsible for carrying out the commands sent by the nervous system to produce physical actions. Effectors include muscles, which contract and relax to create movement, as well as other structures such as tendons and bones that contribute to the overall motor function of the body.

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  • 3. 

    The condition or quality of regaining the original shape and size after being stretched, compressed, or otherwise distorted.

    • A.

      Flaccid

    • B.

      Flexion

    • C.

      Elasticity

    • D.

      Eversion

    Correct Answer
    C. Elasticity
    Explanation
    Elasticity refers to the condition or quality of an object being able to regain its original shape and size after being stretched, compressed, or distorted. It is the ability of a material to return to its initial form when the force causing the deformation is removed. Elasticity is a property commonly observed in materials such as rubber bands or springs, which can stretch and then return to their original shape.

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  • 4. 

    Replacement of one type of computer input with another more accessible form.

    • A.

      Easy Access

    • B.

      Ergonomics

    • C.

      Frequency

    • D.

      Emulation

    Correct Answer
    D. Emulation
    Explanation
    Emulation refers to the process of imitating the behavior of one computer system on a different computer system. In the context of the given question, the replacement of one type of computer input with another more accessible form can be achieved through emulation. By emulating the original input method, the computer system can effectively interpret and respond to the new input method, making it easier and more accessible for users. This allows for compatibility and flexibility, ensuring that users can interact with the computer system using their preferred input method.

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  • 5. 

    A preprogrammed pattern of muscular activity represented centrally.

    • A.

      Engram

    • B.

      Flexion

    • C.

      Dysphasia

    • D.

      Dysarthria

    Correct Answer
    A. Engram
    Explanation
    The term "engram" refers to a preprogrammed pattern of muscular activity that is represented centrally. It is a concept used in neuroscience to describe the physical changes that occur in the brain when a memory is formed. This term is often used to explain how specific patterns of neural activity are associated with specific memories or learned behaviors. Therefore, the given answer "Engram" accurately describes the concept of a preprogrammed pattern of muscular activity represented centrally.

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  • 6. 

    The degree in which a person sinks in to a seating cushion and the degree to which the cushion surrounds the buttocks.

    • A.

      Flexion

    • B.

      Envelopment

    • C.

      Elasticity

    • D.

      Flaccid

    Correct Answer
    B. Envelopment
    Explanation
    Envelopment refers to the degree to which a cushion surrounds the buttocks and the person sinks into a seating cushion. This suggests that the cushion provides a high level of support and comfort, molding around the body and creating a snug fit. Flexion refers to the bending or movement of a joint, elasticity refers to the ability of a material to stretch and return to its original shape, and flaccid means lacking firmness or muscle tone. None of these terms accurately describe the specific concept of the cushion surrounding the buttocks, making envelopment the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    The situation in which the force generated by one object is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the force generated by another object.

    • A.

      Emulation

    • B.

      Eversion

    • C.

      Equilibrium

    • D.

      Function

    Correct Answer
    C. Equilibrium
    Explanation
    Equilibrium refers to a state in which the forces generated by two objects are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. This balance of forces prevents any net movement or change in the system. In this situation, the objects are in a stable state, with no acceleration or change in velocity. Equilibrium is an important concept in physics and is often used to analyze the behavior of objects under the influence of forces.

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  • 8. 

    The study and analysis of human work, especially as it is affected by individual anatomy, physiology, psychology, and mechanics.

    • A.

      Equilibrium

    • B.

      Effectors

    • C.

      Economics

    • D.

      Ergonomics

    Correct Answer
    D. Ergonomics
    Explanation
    Ergonomics is the study and analysis of human work, taking into consideration factors such as individual anatomy, physiology, psychology, and mechanics. It focuses on designing and organizing work environments and tasks to optimize human performance and well-being. This field aims to ensure that the work environment is safe, comfortable, and efficient for individuals, leading to increased productivity and reduced risk of injuries or health issues.

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  • 9. 

    Turning outwards.

    • A.

      Eversion

    • B.

      Envelopment

    • C.

      Flexion

    • D.

      Frequency

    Correct Answer
    A. Eversion
    Explanation
    Eversion refers to the act of turning a body part outward or inside out. In this context, the term "turning outwards" perfectly describes the action of eversion. Eversion is the opposite of inversion, which is the act of turning a body part inward. Therefore, the correct answer is eversion.

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  • 10. 

    An increase in the seriousness of a disease or disorder, or in its signs and symptoms.

    • A.

      Essential

    • B.

      Exacerbation

    • C.

      Function

    • D.

      Friction

    Correct Answer
    B. Exacerbation
    Explanation
    Exacerbation refers to an increase in the seriousness of a disease or disorder, or in its signs and symptoms. It implies a worsening or intensification of the condition. This term is commonly used in medical contexts to describe a sudden flare-up or deterioration of a chronic illness or condition. It is important to monitor exacerbations closely and seek appropriate medical intervention to manage and treat the condition effectively.

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  • 11. 

    An equivalent term for assistive technology.

    • A.

      Group item scan

    • B.

      Graphical user interface

    • C.

      Extrinsic enablers

    • D.

      Input device

    Correct Answer
    C. Extrinsic enablers
    Explanation
    Extrinsic enablers refers to the external factors or tools that assist individuals with disabilities in performing tasks or activities. This term is synonymous with assistive technology as both concepts involve the use of external aids to enhance the abilities and independence of individuals with disabilities. Therefore, the correct answer is "Extrinsic enablers".

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  • 12. 

    The largest bone in the human body.

    • A.

      Sacrum

    • B.

      Fibula

    • C.

      Tibia

    • D.

      Femur

    Correct Answer
    D. Femur
    Explanation
    The femur is the largest bone in the human body. It is located in the thigh and is responsible for supporting the body's weight and facilitating movement. The femur is a long, strong bone that connects the hip to the knee joint. Its size and structure allow it to withstand the forces exerted on it during activities such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 13. 

    Inflammation of muscle and fibrous connective tissues; any of a group of disorders marked by such inflammation and by stiffness and pain in muscles and joints.

    • A.

      Fibromyositis

    • B.

      Dementia

    • C.

      Dysarthria

    • D.

      Dyslexia

    Correct Answer
    A. Fibromyositis
    Explanation
    Fibromyositis is the correct answer because it is a condition characterized by inflammation of the muscles and fibrous connective tissues. This inflammation causes stiffness and pain in the muscles and joints. Fibromyositis is a type of disorder that falls under the broader category of musculoskeletal disorders. It is important to note that dementia, dysarthria, and dyslexia are unrelated conditions and do not involve inflammation of muscle and fibrous connective tissues.

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  • 14. 

    The outer bone of the lower leg, lateral to and smaller than the tibia.

    • A.

      Femur

    • B.

      Fibula

    • C.

      Calcaneus

    • D.

      Talus

    Correct Answer
    B. Fibula
    Explanation
    The fibula is the correct answer because it is the outer bone of the lower leg, located lateral to and smaller than the tibia. The tibia is the larger bone in the lower leg, while the fibula is thinner and runs parallel to it. The fibula provides support and stability to the leg, but its main function is to serve as an attachment point for muscles and ligaments.

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  • 15. 

    Relaxed, soft, and flabby; lacking muscle tone.

    • A.

      Abasia

    • B.

      Alopecia

    • C.

      Flaccid

    • D.

      Aphasia

    Correct Answer
    C. Flaccid
    Explanation
    Flaccid means lacking muscle tone, which aligns with the given description of being relaxed, soft, and flabby. This term is often used to describe muscles that are weak or lacking firmness. The other options, abasia, alopecia, and aphasia, do not relate to the given description and are therefore incorrect.

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  • 16. 

    Bending of a joint between two bones of the skeleton that decrease the angle between the bones.

    • A.

      Force

    • B.

      Pressure

    • C.

      Range

    • D.

      Flexion

    Correct Answer
    D. Flexion
    Explanation
    Flexion is the correct answer because it refers to the bending of a joint between two bones of the skeleton that decreases the angle between the bones. This movement is commonly observed in joints such as the elbow or knee when the joint angle decreases, bringing the bones closer together. Flexion is an important movement that allows for various activities such as bending the arm or leg, bringing the hand or foot closer to the body.

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  • 17. 

    Anything that acts on a body to change its rate of acceleration or alter its momentum.

    • A.

      Force

    • B.

      Pressure

    • C.

      Friction

    • D.

      Torque

    Correct Answer
    A. Force
    Explanation
    Force is the correct answer because it is defined as anything that acts on a body to change its rate of acceleration or alter its momentum. Force can be exerted in various forms, such as pushing, pulling, or gravitational force. It is a fundamental concept in physics and is responsible for causing objects to move, stop, or change direction. Pressure, friction, and torque are related concepts but do not encompass the broad definition of force.

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  • 18. 

    A traumatic injury leading to a break or rupture in a bone; classified according to the bone involved, the part of the bone, and the nature of the break.

    • A.

      Strain

    • B.

      Fracture

    • C.

      Stress

    • D.

      Tension

    Correct Answer
    B. Fracture
    Explanation
    A fracture is a break or rupture in a bone caused by a traumatic injury. It can be classified based on the bone involved, the specific part of the bone affected, and the nature of the break. This can include different types of fractures such as a complete break, a partial break, or a hairline fracture. Strain, stress, and tension are not related to fractures and do not involve a break or rupture in a bone.

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  • 19. 

    The number of occurrences of any recurrent phenomenon within a fixed period, as the number of heartbeast per minute.

    • A.

      Function

    • B.

      Force

    • C.

      Frequency

    • D.

      Eversion

    Correct Answer
    C. Frequency
    Explanation
    Frequency refers to the number of occurrences of a recurrent phenomenon within a fixed period. In this context, it can be understood as the number of heartbeats per minute. The other options, function, force, and eversion, do not accurately describe the concept of the number of occurrences within a fixed period. Therefore, frequency is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 20. 

    The act of one surface rubbing against another.

    • A.

      Pressure

    • B.

      Function

    • C.

      Force

    • D.

      Friction

    Correct Answer
    D. Friction
    Explanation
    Friction is the resistance that occurs when two surfaces come into contact and move against each other. It is caused by irregularities in the surfaces which interlock and create resistance. Friction can be observed in everyday activities such as walking, driving a car, or even when rubbing hands together. It is an essential force that helps us to grip objects, walk without slipping, and control the movement of objects.

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  • 21. 

    The axis around which rotational movements occur.

    • A.

      Fulcrum

    • B.

      Lever arm

    • C.

      Gravity

    • D.

      Plannar

    Correct Answer
    A. Fulcrum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is fulcrum because a fulcrum is the point or axis around which rotational movements occur. It is the fixed point on which a lever pivots, allowing for the transmission of force and motion. In other words, the fulcrum is the support or center point of a lever system that enables it to move and exert a mechanical advantage.

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  • 22. 

    The normal physiologic activity of an organ or body part.

    • A.

      Friction

    • B.

      Function

    • C.

      Force

    • D.

      Flexion

    Correct Answer
    B. Function
    Explanation
    The term "function" refers to the normal physiologic activity of an organ or body part. It implies that the organ or body part is performing its intended purpose or role in the body. In this context, "friction," "force," and "flexion" do not specifically relate to the normal physiologic activity of an organ or body part.

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  • 23. 

    The operative consolidation of a joint.

    • A.

      Function

    • B.

      Flexion

    • C.

      Fusion

    • D.

      Friction

    Correct Answer
    C. Fusion
    Explanation
    The term "operative consolidation" suggests a surgical procedure that aims to combine or unite two or more separate parts. In this context, "a joint" refers to the connection between two bones. Therefore, the correct answer "Fusion" is the most suitable option as it accurately describes the process of surgically joining two bones together, typically to eliminate movement and promote healing.

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  • 24. 

    Death of tissue, usually resulting from ischemia followed by bacterial invasion and putrefaction.

    • A.

      Ulcer

    • B.

      Presbyopia

    • C.

      Prognosis

    • D.

      Gangrene

    Correct Answer
    D. Gangrene
    Explanation
    Gangrene refers to the death of tissue, typically caused by a lack of blood supply (ischemia) followed by bacterial infection and decay (putrefaction). This condition occurs when the tissue does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients, leading to tissue death. Bacterial invasion further worsens the condition, causing the tissue to decay and turn black. Gangrene can occur in various parts of the body and requires immediate medical attention to prevent further complications.

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  • 25. 

    A condition characterized by abnormal stature or overgrowth of the body or any of its parts; caused most frequently by oversecretion of pituitary growth hormone.

    • A.

      Gigantism

    • B.

      Growth

    • C.

      Eversion

    • D.

      Flexible deformity

    Correct Answer
    A. Gigantism
    Explanation
    Gigantism is a condition characterized by abnormal stature or overgrowth of the body or any of its parts. It is caused most frequently by oversecretion of pituitary growth hormone. This hormone stimulates the growth of bones and tissues, leading to excessive growth in individuals with gigantism. The condition usually occurs during childhood or adolescence before the growth plates close. People with gigantism tend to be much taller than average and may also have other associated symptoms such as enlarged hands and feet.

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  • 26. 

    A group of eye diseases characterized by abnormally elevated pressure within the eye due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor.

    • A.

      Glaucoma

    • B.

      Inflammation

    • C.

      Iris

    • D.

      Ophthalmic

    Correct Answer
    A. Glaucoma
    Explanation
    Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that is characterized by abnormally elevated pressure within the eye. This increased pressure occurs due to the obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor, which is the fluid that fills the front part of the eye. This condition can lead to damage to the optic nerve and loss of vision if left untreated.

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  • 27. 

    A group of disorders associated with inborn errors of metabolism that affect purine and pyrimidine use; results in increased production of uric acid or interferes with its excretion.

    • A.

      Gait

    • B.

      Gout

    • C.

      Fibrosis

    • D.

      Dysarthria

    Correct Answer
    B. Gout
    Explanation
    Gout is a disorder associated with inborn errors of metabolism that affects purine and pyrimidine use. This leads to increased production of uric acid or interference with its excretion. Gout is characterized by the deposition of uric acid crystals in joints, causing inflammation and severe pain.

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  • 28. 

    A reflex induced by stroking palm or sole; the finger or toes flex in a grasping motion.

    • A.

      Light reflex

    • B.

      Palmar reflex

    • C.

      Grasp reflex

    • D.

      Patellar reflex

    Correct Answer
    C. Grasp reflex
    Explanation
    The grasp reflex is a reflex induced by stroking the palm or sole. When the palm or sole is stroked, the fingers or toes flex in a grasping motion. This reflex is commonly seen in infants and is an automatic response. It is believed to be a primitive reflex that helps infants in gripping objects and holding onto their caregivers.

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  • 29. 

    The force of attraction at the surface of the earth or other object.

    • A.

      Pressure

    • B.

      Torque

    • C.

      Force

    • D.

      Gravity

    Correct Answer
    D. Gravity
    Explanation
    Gravity is the force of attraction that exists between any two objects with mass. It is responsible for keeping objects grounded on the surface of the earth and is also the force that keeps planets in orbit around the sun. The force of gravity is strongest at the surface of the earth and decreases as you move further away from it. Therefore, gravity is the correct answer to the question as it accurately describes the force of attraction at the surface of the earth or any other object.

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  • 30. 

    Results when the individual with an impairment or disability is unable to fulfill his or her normal role.

    • A.

      Handicap

    • B.

      Impairment

    • C.

      Disability

    • D.

      Challenge

    Correct Answer
    A. Handicap
    Explanation
    When an individual with an impairment or disability is unable to fulfill their normal role, it is referred to as a handicap. A handicap is a disadvantage or limitation that results from an impairment or disability, hindering the person's ability to perform certain tasks or participate fully in society. It is important to note that a handicap is not inherent to the person's impairment or disability, but rather a result of the barriers and obstacles present in their environment.

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  • 31. 

    A procedure, most commonly used in treating patients with defective or absent kidney functions, in which chemical substances or wastes are removed from the blood.

    • A.

      Homeostasis

    • B.

      Hemodialysis

    • C.

      Lordosis

    • D.

      Spondylosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Hemodialysis
    Explanation
    Hemodialysis is a procedure used to remove chemical substances or wastes from the blood, particularly in patients with defective or absent kidney functions. It involves filtering the blood through a machine called a dialyzer, which acts as an artificial kidney. The dialyzer removes excess fluids, electrolytes, and waste products from the blood, helping to maintain the body's balance of chemicals and fluids. This procedure is commonly used in the treatment of kidney failure or chronic kidney disease, allowing patients to manage their condition and maintain a more stable internal environment.

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  • 32. 

    The transmission from ancestors to descendants, through the genes, or realized or potential traits or characteristics.

    • A.

      Acquired

    • B.

      Extrinsic

    • C.

      Heredity

    • D.

      External

    Correct Answer
    C. Heredity
    Explanation
    Heredity refers to the transmission of traits or characteristics from ancestors to descendants through genes. It involves the passing on of genetic information from one generation to the next. This process is responsible for the inheritance of physical traits, such as eye color or height, as well as certain genetic conditions or predispositions. Heredity plays a crucial role in shaping an individual's biological makeup and can influence various aspects of their development and health.

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  • 33. 

    A state of equilibrium in bodily functions and in the chemical composition of the fluids and tissues.

    • A.

      Hemodialysis

    • B.

      Fibrosis

    • C.

      Lordosis

    • D.

      Homeostasis

    Correct Answer
    D. Homeostasis
    Explanation
    Homeostasis refers to the state of balance and stability in the body's functions and chemical composition of fluids and tissues. It is the ability of the body to regulate and maintain internal conditions within a narrow range, despite external changes. This process involves various mechanisms that work together to monitor and adjust factors such as temperature, pH levels, and hormone levels. Homeostasis is essential for the proper functioning of the body and ensures that cells can carry out their functions optimally.

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  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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