Residential Energy Audit - Chapter 1

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Residential Energy Audit - Chapter 1 - Quiz

Questions in this quiz are based on material in the following book:
Residential Energy: Cost savings and comfort for existing buildings
Authors: John Krigger & Chris Dorsi


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the first law of thermodynamics?

    • A.

      Kinetic energy is transitional energy.

    • B.

      Heat moves from low to high temperature regions.

    • C.

      Energy can not be created or destroyed.

    Correct Answer
    C. Energy can not be created or destroyed.
    Explanation
    The first law of thermodynamics, also known as the law of conservation of energy, states that energy cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system. It can only be transferred or converted from one form to another. This principle is based on the understanding that energy is a fundamental quantity that remains constant in any physical process. Therefore, the correct answer is "Energy can not be created or destroyed."

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  • 2. 

    What is the second law of thermodynamics?

    • A.

      Energy can not be created or destroyed.

    • B.

      Heat moves from high to low temperature regions - without additional energy from an external source.

    • C.

      Kinetic energy is transitional energy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Heat moves from high to low temperature regions - without additional energy from an external source.
    Explanation
    The second law of thermodynamics states that heat naturally flows from regions of high temperature to regions of low temperature, without the need for any additional energy from an external source. This principle is known as the law of heat transfer or the law of entropy. It explains why hot coffee cools down in a cold room and why ice melts when left at room temperature. The law also implies that it is impossible to have a completely efficient heat engine, as some energy will always be lost as waste heat.

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  • 3. 

    __________________ is a measure of how fast molecules in a substance are moving or vibrating.

    Correct Answer
    temperature
    temperture
    tempereture
    Explanation
    Temperature is a measure of how fast molecules in a substance are moving or vibrating. It is a physical quantity that indicates the degree of hotness or coldness of an object or environment. The correct spelling of the word is "temperature," and the other two options, "temperture" and "tempereture," are misspellings of the word.

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  • 4. 

    Choose the best definition of a BTU:

    • A.

      Heat is measured in BTU's. It is the amount required to raise a pound of water's temperature 1deg Fahrenheit.

    • B.

      Unexpected heat.

    • C.

      BTU's cool materials.

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat is measured in BTU's. It is the amount required to raise a pound of water's temperature 1deg Fahrenheit.
    Explanation
    A BTU (British Thermal Unit) is a unit of measurement used to quantify heat. Specifically, it represents the amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.

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  • 5. 

    Choose the correct statement

    • A.

      The heat content is equal in each of the water containers.

    • B.

      The heat content is directly related to the mass of the water.

    Correct Answer
    B. The heat content is directly related to the mass of the water.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The heat content is directly related to the mass of the water." This means that the amount of heat energy stored in a given amount of water is directly proportional to the mass of the water. In other words, the more water there is, the more heat energy it can hold. This is because heat energy is transferred and stored in the water molecules, and the more molecules there are, the more heat energy can be absorbed.

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  • 6. 

    What is latent heat?

    • A.

      Latent heat is heat that can not be used.

    • B.

      Latent heat is the heat released or absorbed when a material changes phase between a solid and a liquid or between a liquid and a gas.

    Correct Answer
    B. Latent heat is the heat released or absorbed when a material changes phase between a solid and a liquid or between a liquid and a gas.
    Explanation
    Latent heat refers to the heat that is released or absorbed during a phase change, such as when a substance changes from a solid to a liquid or from a liquid to a gas. This heat is not available for use because it is involved in the process of changing the state of matter rather than raising the temperature.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following uses latent heat to carry energy from one place to another?

    • A.

      Steam-heating systems

    • B.

      Air conditioning

    • C.

      Refrigerators

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Steam-heating systems
    B. Air conditioning
    C. Refrigerators
    Explanation
    Steam-heating systems, air conditioning, and refrigerators all use latent heat to carry energy from one place to another. Latent heat is the heat energy that is absorbed or released during a phase change, such as the transformation of water into steam or the condensation of vapor into liquid. In steam-heating systems, water is heated to produce steam, which is then used to heat buildings. Air conditioning systems use refrigerants that undergo phase changes to absorb heat from indoor air and release it outside. Similarly, refrigerators use refrigerants to absorb heat from the food inside and release it outside, keeping the food cool.

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  • 8. 

    What is the boiling point of water?

    • A.

      212 deg Fahrenheit or 100 deg Celsius

    • B.

      100 deg Fahrenheit or 212 deg Celsius

    Correct Answer
    A. 212 deg Fahrenheit or 100 deg Celsius
    Explanation
    Water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit or 100 degrees Celsius. This is the temperature at which water changes from a liquid to a gas and forms bubbles. The boiling point of water is influenced by factors such as atmospheric pressure, altitude, and impurities in the water. In the Fahrenheit scale, 212 degrees is the boiling point, while in the Celsius scale, 100 degrees is the boiling point of water.

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  • 9. 

    778 foot-pounds is equal to how many BTU(s)?

    • A.

      100

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      1

    Correct Answer
    C. 1
    Explanation
    One BTU (British Thermal Unit) is defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit. 778 foot-pounds is equal to the amount of work done when a force of one pound is applied over a distance of 778 feet. Since one BTU is equivalent to the work done by one pound over one foot, 778 foot-pounds is equal to 1 BTU.

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  • 10. 

    Three measures of energy are:

    • A.

      BTU

    • B.

      Foot-pounds

    • C.

      PSI

    • D.

      Gallons per minute

    • E.

      Kilowatt-hours

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. BTU
    B. Foot-pounds
    E. Kilowatt-hours
    Explanation
    The given answer lists three measures of energy: BTU (British Thermal Unit), Foot-pounds, and Kilowatt-hours. These are commonly used units to quantify energy. BTU is a measure of heat energy, often used in heating and cooling systems. Foot-pounds is a measure of work or mechanical energy, representing the amount of energy needed to move one pound one foot. Kilowatt-hours is a unit of electrical energy, commonly used to measure electricity consumption. These three measures cover different aspects of energy and are widely used in various fields.

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  • 11. 

    Wind moves air from a high pressure region to a low pressure region until the pressure difference between the regions are equalized.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement is true because wind is caused by the movement of air from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. The air moves in order to equalize the pressure difference between these regions. This movement of air creates wind, which can be felt as a breeze or a strong gust depending on the pressure difference.

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  • 12. 

    Energy can not be destroyed or created. Energy can be converted into another form.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement is based on the law of conservation of energy, which states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only converted from one form to another. This means that the total amount of energy in a closed system remains constant. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 13. 

    Some of the heating energy flowing through pipes and ducts is lost by _________,_________, and ___________  from heated pipes and ducts to their surrounding and also by ai, steam or water escaping from their conduits.  

    • A.

      Transmission

    • B.

      Gravity

    • C.

      Conduction

    • D.

      Radiation

    • E.

      Convection

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Conduction
    D. Radiation
    E. Convection
    Explanation
    Heating energy flowing through pipes and ducts can be lost through different mechanisms. One of these mechanisms is conduction, which occurs when heat is transferred through direct contact between the heated pipes/ducts and their surroundings. Another mechanism is radiation, which involves the emission of heat energy in the form of electromagnetic waves from the surfaces of the pipes/ducts. Lastly, convection is another way in which heat can be lost, as it involves the transfer of heat through the movement of air or fluid around the pipes/ducts.

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  • 14. 

    Conduction happens when 

    • A.

      Heat is transferred by a moving liquid such as air.

    • B.

      Heat conducts through solid objects.

    • C.

      Heat flies through space from one object to another.

    Correct Answer
    B. Heat conducts through solid objects.
    Explanation
    Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between particles of a substance. In this case, the correct answer states that heat conducts through solid objects. This means that when there is a temperature difference between two objects in contact, heat energy will flow from the warmer object to the cooler one through the solid material. This process occurs due to the vibration and collision of the particles within the solid, allowing the transfer of thermal energy.

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  • 15. 

    Radiation happens when

    • A.

      Heat flies through space from one object to another.

    • B.

      Heat conducts through solid objects.

    • C.

      Heat is transferred by a moving liquid such as air.

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat flies through space from one object to another.
    Explanation
    Radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves, such as infrared radiation, without the need for a medium to conduct it. Unlike conduction (heat transfer through solid objects) and convection (heat transfer through a moving liquid), radiation can occur in a vacuum or through empty space. Therefore, the correct answer is "heat flies through space from one object to another."

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  • 16. 

    Convection happens when

    • A.

      Heat conducts through solid objects.

    • B.

      Heat is transferred by a moving liquid such as air.

    • C.

      Heat flies through space from one object to another.

    Correct Answer
    B. Heat is transferred by a moving liquid such as air.
    Explanation
    Convection occurs when heat is transferred by a moving liquid such as air. In this process, the heated particles in the liquid become less dense and rise, while the cooler particles sink. This creates a continuous circulation of the liquid, allowing the heat to be transferred from one area to another. This phenomenon is commonly observed in everyday life, such as when hot air rises and cool air sinks, creating air currents and breezes.

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  • 17. 

    Bright white and polished metal objects reflect _________ to ___________ of incoming solar energy.

    • A.

      10% to 49%

    • B.

      80% to 98%

    • C.

      50% to 63%

    Correct Answer
    B. 80% to 98%
    Explanation
    Bright white and polished metal objects have a high reflectivity, meaning they reflect a large percentage of incoming solar energy. The answer, 80% to 98%, indicates that these objects reflect a significant amount of the solar energy that reaches them, helping to reduce the amount of heat absorbed and keeping them cooler.

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  • 18. 

    Darker colors absorb a lower percentage of incoming solar energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Darker colors actually absorb a higher percentage of incoming solar energy. Dark colors tend to absorb more light and heat, while lighter colors reflect more light and heat. This is why wearing lighter colored clothing in hot weather can help keep you cooler, as it reflects more sunlight away from your body.

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  • 19. 

    Glass reflect or absorb only 10% to 20% of the incident solar.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Glass is known to be transparent, allowing most of the incident solar radiation to pass through it. Only a small portion of the solar radiation is reflected or absorbed by the glass. This is why glass is commonly used in windows and other applications where we want natural light to enter a space. Therefore, it is true that glass reflects or absorbs only 10% to 20% of the incident solar radiation.

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  • 20. 

    Glass reflect or absorb 50% to 100% of the incident solar.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Glass does not reflect or absorb 50% to 100% of the incident solar energy. Instead, glass allows a significant amount of solar energy to pass through it, making it transparent to sunlight. Some portion of the solar energy may be absorbed or reflected by the glass, but it is typically a small percentage. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 21. 

    Glass transmit around 80% to 90% of incident solar radiation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Glass is known for its transparency and ability to allow light to pass through it. This property also applies to solar radiation, which is a form of light. Therefore, it is true that glass can transmit around 80% to 90% of incident solar radiation.

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  • 22. 

    Why is heat trapped within a greenhouse? (choose the most correct)

    • A.

      Glass' solar transmittance and infrared absorbency.

    • B.

      Lack of ventilation

    Correct Answer
    A. Glass' solar transmittance and infrared absorbency.
    Explanation
    Heat is trapped within a greenhouse due to the combination of glass' solar transmittance and infrared absorbency. Glass allows solar radiation to enter the greenhouse, which warms up the interior. However, the glass also absorbs and re-emits the infrared radiation that is emitted by the warm objects inside the greenhouse. This trapped infrared radiation cannot easily escape, leading to an increase in temperature within the greenhouse. The lack of ventilation further prevents the escape of heat, contributing to the greenhouse effect.

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  • 23. 

    Glass abosrbs earthly infrared radiation better than many plastic glazings, which transmit much of this radiation rather than absorbing it, resulting in greater heat loss from greenhouses glazed with plastic

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Glass is a better absorber of infrared radiation compared to many plastic glazings. Plastic glazings tend to transmit a significant amount of this radiation instead of absorbing it. This leads to higher heat loss from greenhouses that are glazed with plastic, as the absorbed radiation helps in retaining heat. Therefore, the statement that glass absorbs earthly infrared radiation better than plastic glazings, resulting in greater heat loss from plastic-glazed greenhouses, is true.

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  • 24. 

    Metalized glass coatings are also called

    • A.

      Metal glass

    • B.

      Low-e glass

    • C.

      Carbon glass

    Correct Answer
    B. Low-e glass
    Explanation
    Metalized glass coatings are commonly known as low-e glass. Low-e glass, or low emissivity glass, is a type of glass that has a thin metallic coating applied to its surface. This coating helps to reflect heat and reduce the amount of ultraviolet and infrared light that can pass through the glass. This improves the energy efficiency of the glass, making it a popular choice for windows and other applications where thermal insulation is important. The term "metal glass" and "carbon glass" are not commonly used to refer to metalized glass coatings.

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  • 25. 

    Why are metalized coatings used on glass?

    • A.

      Makes glass flexible.

    • B.

      Makes glass shatterproof

    • C.

      Reduces the glass' solar transmittance by reflecting some solar radiation.

    Correct Answer
    C. Reduces the glass' solar transmittance by reflecting some solar radiation.
    Explanation
    Metalized coatings are used on glass to reduce its solar transmittance by reflecting some solar radiation. This helps to control the amount of heat and light that passes through the glass, making it more energy-efficient and reducing the need for cooling systems. By reflecting solar radiation, the metalized coating also helps to protect the interior of buildings from harmful UV rays, which can cause fading and damage to furniture and other objects. Additionally, the metalized coating can enhance the appearance of the glass by giving it a reflective or tinted finish.

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  • 26. 

    Why is the sun's rays more intense when directly overhead?

    • A.

      They travel trough less of the earth atmosphere.

    • B.

      Because of the earth's oval shape.

    • C.

      The sun radiates more heat at mid day.

    Correct Answer
    A. They travel trough less of the earth atmosphere.
    Explanation
    The sun's rays are more intense when directly overhead because they travel through less of the Earth's atmosphere. When the sun is directly overhead, the rays have to pass through a shorter distance of the atmosphere, resulting in less scattering and absorption of the sunlight. This allows more of the sun's energy to reach the surface, leading to higher intensity.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following affects the comfort of people outside?

    • A.

      Temperature

    • B.

      Relative humidity

    • C.

      Solar radiation

    • D.

      Precipitation

    • E.

      Wind effect

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Temperature
    B. Relative humidity
    C. Solar radiation
    D. Precipitation
    E. Wind effect
    Explanation
    Temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, precipitation, and wind effect all affect the comfort of people outside. Temperature refers to the level of heat or coldness in the environment, which can impact how comfortable individuals feel. Relative humidity is the amount of moisture present in the air, and excessive humidity can make it feel hotter and more uncomfortable. Solar radiation refers to the energy from the sun, which can cause discomfort if it is too intense. Precipitation, such as rain or snow, can also affect comfort levels. Finally, wind effect can make it feel cooler or warmer depending on its intensity.

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  • 28. 

    What outdoor conditions effects the space-conditioning needs of a home?

    • A.

      Temperature

    • B.

      Relative humidity

    • C.

      Solar radiation

    • D.

      Precipitation

    • E.

      Wind effect

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Temperature
    B. Relative humidity
    C. Solar radiation
    D. Precipitation
    E. Wind effect
    Explanation
    The outdoor conditions that affect the space-conditioning needs of a home include temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, precipitation, and wind effect. Temperature plays a crucial role in determining the heating or cooling requirements of a space. Relative humidity affects the comfort level and can impact the efficiency of cooling systems. Solar radiation determines the amount of heat gain from the sun, which can increase the cooling load. Precipitation can affect the moisture levels in the air and the potential for water damage. Wind effect can impact the heat transfer through convection and increase the cooling or heating load.

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  • 29. 

    What does thermal equilibrium refer to?

    • A.

      The inside is the same as the outside temperature.

    • B.

      The temperature is at 65 deg Fahrenheit

    • C.

      We feel comfortable within our environment without having to sweat or shiver.

    Correct Answer
    C. We feel comfortable within our environment without having to sweat or shiver.
    Explanation
    Thermal equilibrium refers to the state where the temperature of an object or system is balanced and constant, resulting in a comfortable environment where we do not need to sweat or shiver. It implies that the heat transfer between the object and its surroundings is in equilibrium, maintaining a stable temperature. This concept is essential for understanding how heat flows and is distributed in various systems.

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  • 30. 

    Heating engineers use  a unit of measurement called a _______________ to describe how long the temperature  is below 65 deg Fahrenheit during each day, month or year.

    Correct Answer
    HDD
    Heating degree day
    Explanation
    Heating engineers use a unit of measurement called a heating degree day (HDD) to describe how long the temperature is below 65 degrees Fahrenheit during each day, month, or year. The HDD is a useful metric for determining the heating requirements of a building or a region, as it quantifies the severity and duration of cold weather conditions. By calculating the HDD, heating engineers can accurately estimate energy consumption and determine the appropriate heating system size and capacity needed to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature.

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  • 31. 

    Which is the correct cooling balance point?

    • A.

      50 Deg F

    • B.

      68 Deg F

    • C.

      65 Deg F

    • D.

      78 Deg F

    Correct Answer
    D. 78 Deg F
  • 32. 

    To find cooling degree days, calculate how long the average temperature was above the _________________ _____________ _________ of 78 degrees F by totaling up the daily degree-day values.

    Correct Answer
    cooling balance point
    Explanation
    To find cooling degree days, you need to calculate the total number of degree-days by adding up the daily degree-day values. The degree-day values are determined by subtracting the cooling balance point, which is a specific temperature (in this case, 78 degrees F), from the average temperature. This calculation helps estimate the amount of cooling needed to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature.

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  • 33. 

    Cooling degree days are less reliable  as a predictor of summer  cooling costs than heating degree days are for winter heating costs, because amount of shade and relative humidity are often more important than the outdoor air temperature in determining comfort..

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cooling degree days are less reliable as a predictor of summer cooling costs than heating degree days are for winter heating costs. This is because the amount of shade and relative humidity play a significant role in determining comfort during the summer, in addition to the outdoor air temperature. Therefore, relying solely on cooling degree days may not accurately estimate cooling costs.

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  • 34. 

    __________ _____________ are often more important than the outdoor air temperature in determining comfort.

    Correct Answer
    relative humidity
    Explanation
    Relative humidity refers to the amount of moisture present in the air compared to the maximum amount it can hold at a given temperature. The level of relative humidity can greatly affect how comfortable individuals feel in a particular environment. High relative humidity can make the air feel heavy and sticky, while low relative humidity can result in dryness and discomfort. Therefore, relative humidity is often more important than the outdoor air temperature in determining comfort as it directly impacts how the air feels and affects the body's ability to regulate temperature through sweat evaporation.

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  • 35. 

    What does relative humidity measure?

    • A.

      How wet the soil is.

    • B.

      How saturated the air is with a percentage of water vapor.

    • C.

      The ratio of water vapor in wooden structures.

    Correct Answer
    B. How saturated the air is with a percentage of water vapor.
    Explanation
    Relative humidity measures how saturated the air is with a percentage of water vapor. It is a measurement of the amount of moisture in the air compared to the maximum amount of moisture the air can hold at a given temperature. A higher relative humidity indicates that the air is holding more moisture, while a lower relative humidity indicates that the air is drier. This measurement is important in understanding weather patterns, as well as for various applications such as agriculture, HVAC systems, and human comfort.

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  • 36. 

    Completely saturated air has a  rh percentage value of _______________

    • A.

      212%

    • B.

      112%

    • C.

      100%

    • D.

      0%

    Correct Answer
    C. 100%
    Explanation
    Completely saturated air means that it is holding the maximum amount of water vapor it can hold at a given temperature. When air is saturated, its relative humidity (rh) is 100%. This means that the air is holding all the moisture it can hold and any additional moisture will result in condensation or precipitation.

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  • 37. 

    Relative humidity determines how effective sweat can evaporate from the skin.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Relative humidity is a measure of the amount of moisture present in the air compared to the maximum amount the air could hold at that temperature. When relative humidity is high, the air is already saturated with moisture, making it difficult for sweat to evaporate from the skin. This is because evaporation is the process by which sweat cools the body, and if the air is already saturated, the sweat cannot evaporate effectively. Therefore, a high relative humidity reduces the effectiveness of sweat evaporation, leading to discomfort and potentially heat-related illnesses.

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  • 38. 

    Humid air has a profound heating-energy advantage to higher relative humidity because heat flow does not depend on temperature difference.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Page 37

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  • 39. 

    Warmer air can not hold more moisture than cooler air.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Warmer air can actually hold more moisture than cooler air. As the temperature increases, the air molecules move faster, creating more space between them. This increased space allows for more water vapor to be present in the air. Conversely, cooler air has slower-moving molecules and less space, resulting in a lower capacity for moisture. Therefore, the statement that warmer air cannot hold more moisture than cooler air is false.

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  • 40. 

    The outside air is 91 deg F and 51% rh. If it were to cool down to 70 deg F, the relative humidity value may change to _______.

    • A.

      151% rh

    • B.

      100% rh

    • C.

      14 % rh

    • D.

      10 % rh

    • E.

      1% rh

    Correct Answer
    B. 100% rh
    Explanation
    When air cools down, its capacity to hold moisture decreases. If the outside air cools down to 70 deg F, it will reach its dew point temperature, which means the air is saturated with moisture. At this point, the relative humidity is at 100% because the air cannot hold any more moisture. Therefore, the relative humidity value may change to 100% rh.

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  • 41. 

    Indoor humidity  is governed by _______________ and _____________ __ __________ _____.

    • A.

      Temperature and humidity of outdoor air

    • B.

      Appliances and shower habits

    • C.

      Ventilation and windows

    Correct Answer
    A. Temperature and humidity of outdoor air
    Explanation
    Indoor humidity is influenced by the temperature and humidity of outdoor air. The outdoor air conditions can directly affect the moisture levels inside a building. If the outdoor air is warm and humid, it can increase the indoor humidity. Similarly, if the outdoor air is cold and dry, it can lower the indoor humidity. Therefore, the temperature and humidity of outdoor air play a significant role in determining the indoor humidity levels.

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  • 42. 

    When warm air moves near cool objects, tiny beads of water called ______________ begins to form on its surface ( or frost on a freezing cold surface).

    • A.

      Condensation

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Acclimatization

    Correct Answer
    A. Condensation
    Explanation
    When warm air comes into contact with cool objects, the temperature difference causes the warm air to cool down. As the air cools, it loses its ability to hold moisture, resulting in the formation of tiny beads of water on the surface of the cool objects. This process is known as condensation. It is responsible for the formation of dew on grass in the morning or frost on a freezing cold surface.

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  • 43. 

    Condensation formation on a window is undesirable because it fosters the growth of ________________ & __________________.

    • A.

      Insects

    • B.

      Microbes

    • C.

      Ice

    • D.

      Plants

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Insects
    B. Microbes
    Explanation
    Condensation formation on a window is undesirable because it creates a moist environment, which is favorable for the growth of insects and microbes. Insects such as mosquitoes and flies are attracted to the water droplets and can become a nuisance indoors. Additionally, microbes such as mold and mildew thrive in damp conditions and can cause health issues and damage to the window frame and surrounding areas. Therefore, it is important to prevent condensation on windows to avoid the growth of insects and microbes.

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  • 44. 

    Moving air is integral for summer comfort; rapidly moving air increases bodily heat losses through ________________.

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      Convection

    • C.

      Conduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Convection
    Explanation
    Moving air increases bodily heat losses through convection. Convection is the transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid, in this case, air. When air is in motion, it carries away heat from our bodies, resulting in a cooling effect. This is why a breeze or a fan can make us feel more comfortable in hot weather. Conduction, on the other hand, is the transfer of heat through direct contact, and radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves. While both conduction and radiation play a role in heat transfer, it is the movement of air (convection) that is specifically mentioned in the question.

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  • 45. 

    For the best indoor comfort during the summer, rh  should be less than ______%

    • A.

      100

    • B.

      90

    • C.

      80

    • D.

      70

    • E.

      60

    Correct Answer
    E. 60
    Explanation
    For the best indoor comfort during the summer, the relative humidity (rh) should be less than 60%. High humidity levels can make the air feel hotter and more uncomfortable, as the moisture in the air hampers the evaporation of sweat from our bodies. Lower humidity levels help to facilitate sweat evaporation, making us feel cooler. Additionally, high humidity can promote the growth of mold and mildew, leading to potential health issues and damage to the indoor environment. Therefore, maintaining a relative humidity below 60% is ideal for optimal indoor comfort during the summer.

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  • 46. 

    The chemical chain reaction  we call burning begins when

    • A.

      Oxygen is available.

    • B.

      Oxygen is not available.

    • C.

      Carbon & hydrogen atoms in fuel molecules mix with oxygen and a flame.

    • D.

      Hydrogen atoms in fuel molecules mix with oxygen and a flame.

    • E.

      Carbon, boron & hydrogen atoms in fuel molecules mix with oxygen and a flame.

    Correct Answer
    C. Carbon & hydrogen atoms in fuel molecules mix with oxygen and a flame.
    Explanation
    page 38

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  • 47. 

    There is no efficiency loss the further the heat travels trough the air duct distribution system away from the heat exchanger

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because there is efficiency loss the further the heat travels through the air duct distribution system away from the heat exchanger. As the heat travels through the ducts, it encounters friction with the walls of the ducts, which leads to heat loss. Additionally, there may be leaks in the ducts, further contributing to heat loss. Therefore, the efficiency of heat transfer decreases as the heat travels further away from the heat exchanger.

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  • 48. 

    The transfer of chemical energy into heat at the flame is usually  more than _____% efficient. (choose the best answer)

    • A.

      99

    • B.

      90

    • C.

      89

    • D.

      80

    Correct Answer
    A. 99
    Explanation
    The transfer of chemical energy into heat at the flame is usually more than 99% efficient. This means that a very small amount of energy is lost as waste and the majority of the chemical energy is converted into heat. This high level of efficiency is desirable as it allows for maximum utilization of the energy source and minimizes energy wastage.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following are needed for combustion?

    • A.

      Oxygen

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Flame

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Oxygen
    B. Carbon
    C. Hydrogen
    D. Flame
    Explanation
    Combustion is a chemical reaction that occurs when a fuel combines with oxygen to produce heat and light. Oxygen is necessary for combustion as it acts as the oxidizer, allowing the fuel to burn. Carbon and hydrogen are commonly found in fuels and are essential components for combustion. The flame is the visible result of the combustion process, as it is produced when the fuel reacts with oxygen and releases energy in the form of heat and light.

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  • 50. 

    Electrical heaters perform their heating trough ________________ & _________________.

    • A.

      Convection

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Radiation

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Convection
    C. Radiation
    Explanation
    Electrical heaters perform their heating through convection and radiation. Convection refers to the transfer of heat through the movement of fluids or gases, such as air. In electrical heaters, the hot air rises and circulates, distributing the heat throughout the room. Radiation, on the other hand, is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves. Electrical heaters emit infrared radiation, which directly heats objects and people in its path. Together, convection and radiation ensure efficient heating in electrical heaters.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 12, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jacoventer
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