Family Medicine: Diagnostic Labs

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Family Medicine: Diagnostic Labs - Quiz

This section tests your knowledge of diagnostic labs.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Chemistry Metabolic Panel (CMP) is an example of what type of lab?

    • A.

      Routine labs

    • B.

      Specialty labs

    • C.

      Specific labs

    • D.

      Regular labs

    Correct Answer
    A. Routine labs
    Explanation
    CMP, which stands for Chemistry Metabolic Panel, is a commonly performed laboratory test that measures various chemicals and substances in the blood. It is used to assess the overall health and functioning of organs such as the liver, kidneys, and pancreas. Since CMP is a standard test that is frequently ordered for general health screening purposes, it falls under the category of routine labs. These labs are commonly performed and provide a broad range of information about a person's health status.

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  • 2. 

    A patient with a history of type II diabetes presents today for a follow up visit. What type of lab will most likely be ordered?

    Correct Answer
    Hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c, hemoglobin a1c
    Explanation
    The most likely lab that will be ordered for a patient with a history of type II diabetes is the Hemoglobin A1c test. This test measures the average blood sugar levels over a period of 2-3 months, providing an indication of the patient's long-term blood sugar control. It is a commonly used test for monitoring and managing diabetes. The different variations of the term "Hemoglobin A1c" refer to the same test.

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  • 3. 

    A Lipid Panel is ordered to check a patient's:

    • A.

      White Blood Cells (WBCs)

    • B.

      Blood sugar levels

    • C.

      Cholesterol levels

    • D.

      Liver function

    Correct Answer
    C. Cholesterol levels
    Explanation
    A Lipid Panel is a blood test that specifically measures the levels of different types of lipids (including cholesterol) in the bloodstream. It helps to assess the patient's risk for heart disease and to monitor the effectiveness of lipid-lowering medications. By measuring cholesterol levels, the Lipid Panel provides important information about the patient's overall cardiovascular health.

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  • 4. 

    Which diagnostic lab is performed annually for diabetics to screen for kidney disorder?

    • A.

      Microalbumin

    • B.

      Liver Function Test (LFT)

    • C.

      Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)

    • D.

      C-Reactive Protein (CRP)

    Correct Answer
    A. Microalbumin
    Explanation
    Microalbumin is a diagnostic lab test performed annually for diabetics to screen for kidney disorder. Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of developing kidney problems, and microalbumin test helps in detecting the presence of small amounts of albumin in the urine, which can be an early sign of kidney damage. Monitoring microalbumin levels is crucial in managing and preventing further complications associated with diabetic kidney disease.

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  • 5. 

    Robert presents for a routine follow up. He states he has been taking a daily baby aspirin for the past year. What lab will the doctor most likely order?

    • A.

      Uric Acid

    • B.

      PSA

    • C.

      PT

    • D.

      Urinalysis

    Correct Answer
    C. PT
    Explanation
    The doctor is most likely to order a PT (prothrombin time) lab test. This is because Robert has been taking a daily baby aspirin, which is a blood thinner. The PT test measures how long it takes for blood to clot and helps determine if the blood-thinning medication is working effectively and within the desired range. It is a common test to monitor patients who are on blood thinners.

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  • 6. 

    Which lab is ordered to detect liver damage or disease?

    Correct Answer
    Liver Function Test (LFT)
    Explanation
    The Liver Function Test (LFT) is ordered to detect liver damage or disease. LFT is a panel of blood tests that measures various enzymes, proteins, and substances in the blood that are produced or processed by the liver. These tests help in evaluating the liver's overall function and detecting any abnormalities that may indicate liver damage or disease. By analyzing the levels of these markers, doctors can diagnose liver conditions such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, or liver cancer. Therefore, LFT is the appropriate lab test to detect liver damage or disease.

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  • 7. 

    Thomas presents complaining of generalized muscle aches and pains. What lab will be ordered for him?

    • A.

      CBC

    • B.

      PT

    • C.

      PSA

    • D.

      C-Reactive Protein (CRP)

    Correct Answer
    D. C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
    Explanation
    C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a blood test that measures the level of inflammation in the body. Thomas is experiencing generalized muscle aches and pains, which could be indicative of inflammation. Therefore, ordering a CRP test would help determine if there is an underlying inflammatory condition causing his symptoms. The other options - CBC (Complete Blood Count), PT (Prothrombin Time), and PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) - are not directly related to muscle aches and pains, and would not provide information about inflammation.

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  • 8. 

    Sarah presents to establish care and reports a prior history of anemia. Which lab will most certainly be ordered today?

    • A.

      Microalbumin

    • B.

      Thyroid Panel

    • C.

      Complete Blood Count (CBC)

    • D.

      Uric Acid

    Correct Answer
    C. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
    Explanation
    The Complete Blood Count (CBC) is the most likely lab test to be ordered in this scenario because the patient has a prior history of anemia. A CBC provides information about the different types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It can help determine if the patient's anemia is still present or if there are any other abnormalities in their blood cell counts. The other lab tests listed (Microalbumin, Thyroid Panel, and Uric Acid) are not directly related to anemia and would not be the most appropriate tests to order in this case.

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  • 9. 

    What lab should be ordered for a patient who is currently taking levothyroxine 50 mg daily?

    • A.

      PSA

    • B.

      CMP

    • C.

      CBC

    • D.

      Thyroid Panel (TSH, T4)

    Correct Answer
    D. Thyroid Panel (TSH, T4)
    Explanation
    A patient who is currently taking levothyroxine 50 mg daily is likely being treated for hypothyroidism. The Thyroid Panel (TSH, T4) is the most appropriate lab test to order in this case as it measures the levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxine (T4) in the blood. These tests can help determine if the patient's levothyroxine dosage is appropriate and if their thyroid function is well-controlled. The other options (PSA, CMP, and CBC) are not specifically related to thyroid function and would not provide relevant information in this context.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 13, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Susan

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