Med Surg Nursing - Vacular Disorders

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Med Surg Nursing - Vacular Disorders

Vascular disease is any abnormal condition of the arteries, veins, and capillaries that carry blood to and from the heart. People with diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or kidney failure can be more likely to have vessel problems. Take up this Med Surg Nursing quiz on vascular disorders to see just how much you know about them. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which disease is the most common cause of arterial obstruction?
    • A. 

      Distened arteries

    • B. 

      Varicose veins

    • C. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Hypertension

  • 2. 
    All of the following factors attribute to aterial injury EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Hypertension

    • B. 

      Elevated LDL levels

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Obesity

    • E. 

      Declining carbon monoxide levels

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Altering the diet to make sure 55% of the total caloric intake in made up of fat.

    • B. 

      Decrease the intake of saturated fats per meal.

    • C. 

      Decrease the amount of cigarettes smoked.

    • D. 

      Get 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise at least three to four times a week.

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Age greater than 40

    • B. 

      Having a father who has hypertension

    • C. 

      Eating a high fat, high carbohydrate meal five times a week.

    • D. 

      BMI of 37 or greater

  • 5. 
    Which is the least likely nursing diagnosis for an individual suffering from hypertension?
    • A. 

      Deficient Knowledge

    • B. 

      Risk for Ineffective Therapeutic Regime Management

    • C. 

      Acute Pain

    • D. 

      Potential for Retinal Hemorrage

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Increase fiber intake, sodium restriction, drink more fluids

    • B. 

      Weight reduction, relaxation techniques, moderation of alcohol intake

    • C. 

      Exercise, increasing physical activity, increasing fiber intake

    • D. 

      Sodium restriction, exercise, administering oxygen

  • 7. 
    Which diuretic is the most likely to cause hyperkalemia?
    • A. 

      Lasix

    • B. 

      Urozide

    • C. 

      Edecrin

    • D. 

      Aldactone

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Beta Blockers

    • B. 

      Alpha receptor antagonists

    • C. 

      Diuretics

    • D. 

      Proton Pump Inhibitors

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      They cause memory loss

    • B. 

      Fatigue

    • C. 

      The medications usually need to be taken for the rest of the patient's life.

    • D. 

      Hypertension medications are some of the most expensive prescriptions.

  • 10. 
    All are common symptoms in a hypertensive crisis EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Severe headache

    • B. 

      Disorientation

    • C. 

      Dizziness

    • D. 

      Severe bleeding

  • 11. 
    Which intervention is the least useful for a patient undergoing a HTN crisis?
    • A. 

      Placing the client in a semi-Fowler's position

    • B. 

      Administering oxygen

    • C. 

      Observe for neurological or cardiovascular complications

    • D. 

      Assessing vitals every 30-45 minutes

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Mottled skin

    • B. 

      Hair loss on the lower calf

    • C. 

      Shiny skin

    • D. 

      Thickened toenails

  • 13. 
    How should you position a client suffering from peripheral arterial disease to decrease swelling?
    • A. 

      Legs elevated above the head

    • B. 

      Supine

    • C. 

      With legs crossed

    • D. 

      Legs slightly elevated

  • 14. 
    After a graft surgery to treat PAD, what is the most important vital to monitor?
    • A. 

      Blood pressure

    • B. 

      BUN and creatinine levels

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide levels

    • D. 

      Level of consciousness

  • 15. 
    Where are most aneurysms found?
    • A. 

      Cerebral vessels

    • B. 

      Femoral artery

    • C. 

      Carotid artery

    • D. 

      Abdominal aorta

  • 16. 
    What is the most common complication of an aneurysm?
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Impaired digestion

    • C. 

      Rupture

    • D. 

      Increased size

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      A 25 y/o female nurse who execises once a week

    • B. 

      65 y/o female cashier at the local Target

    • C. 

      30 y/o male with CHF

    • D. 

      27 y/o secretary who is pregnant with twins