Regulating The Internal Environment

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| By Staylor98
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Staylor98
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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 12,761
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Regulating The Internal Environment - Quiz

To all the current biology students out there who are close to their exams and need practice, take this quiz. It is specifically designed to help you gauge your knowledge on internal environment regulation and more.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Contractile vacuoles most likely would be found in protists

    • A.

      In a freshwater environment.

    • B.

      In a marine environment.

    • C.

      That are internal parasites.

    • D.

      That are hypoosmotic to their environment.

    • E.

      That are isoosmotic to their environment.

    Correct Answer
    A. In a freshwater environment.
    Explanation
    Contractile vacuoles are specialized organelles found in protists that help regulate the water balance within the cell. They function to remove excess water from the cell, preventing it from bursting in a hypotonic environment. Freshwater environments are typically hypotonic to the internal environment of the protists, meaning that there is a higher concentration of water outside the cell. Therefore, protists living in freshwater environments are more likely to have contractile vacuoles to maintain osmotic balance and prevent cell lysis.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is incorrectly paired with its excretory system?

    • A.

      Insect--Malpighian tubules

    • B.

      Flatworm---flame cells

    • C.

      Earthworm--protonephridia

    • D.

      Amphibian--kidneys

    • E.

      Fish--kidneys

    Correct Answer
    C. Earthworm--protonephridia
    Explanation
    The given pair of "earthworm--protonephridia" is incorrectly paired with its excretory system. Earthworms actually have a different excretory system called metanephridia, not protonephridia. Protonephridia are found in flatworms, not earthworms.

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  • 3. 

    A freshwater fish would be expected to

    • A.

      Pump salt out through salt glands in its gills.

    • B.

      Produce large amounts of dilute urine.

    • C.

      Diffuse urea out across its gills.

    • D.

      Have scales to reduce water loss.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. Produce large amounts of dilute urine.
    Explanation
    A freshwater fish lives in a hypotonic environment, meaning that the concentration of solutes in its body is higher than in the surrounding water. To maintain osmotic balance, the fish needs to excrete excess water and regulate the concentration of solutes in its body. Producing large amounts of dilute urine allows the fish to remove excess water while conserving essential solutes. Pumping salt out through salt glands in its gills and diffusing urea out across its gills are adaptations seen in marine fish to deal with the opposite problem of living in a hypertonic environment. Having scales to reduce water loss is not directly related to osmoregulation in freshwater fish.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of the filtrate entering Bowman's capsule?

    • A.

      Water, salt, and electrolytes

    • B.

      Glucose

    • C.

      Urea

    • D.

      Proteins

    • E.

      Amino acids

    Correct Answer
    D. Proteins
    Explanation
    Proteins are not part of the filtrate entering Bowman's capsule. The filtration process in the kidneys involves the passage of small molecules such as water, salt, electrolytes, glucose, urea, and amino acids from the glomerulus into the Bowman's capsule. However, larger molecules like proteins are not able to pass through the filtration membrane and therefore do not enter the filtrate.

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  • 5. 

    What is the correct pathway for urine in vertebrates?

    • A.

      Collecting duct --> ureter --> bladder --> urethra

    • B.

      Renal vein --> renal ureter --> bladder --> urethra

    • C.

      Nephron --> urethra --> bladder --> ureter

    • D.

      Cortex --> medulla --> bladder --> ureter

    • E.

      Renal pelvis --> medulla --> bladder --> urethra

    Correct Answer
    A. Collecting duct --> ureter --> bladder --> urethra
    Explanation
    The correct pathway for urine in vertebrates is from the collecting duct, which collects urine from the nephrons in the kidney, to the ureter, which carries urine from the kidney to the bladder, and then to the urethra, which allows urine to be expelled from the body.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is NOT something your body controls to maintain homeostasis?

    • A.

      Blood volume

    • B.

      Body temperature

    • C.

      Invasion by pathogens

    • D.

      Blood pH

    • E.

      All of the above are conditions that the body attempts to keep constant.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above are conditions that the body attempts to keep constant.
    Explanation
    Homeostasis is the body's ability to maintain a stable internal environment. It involves regulating various factors such as body temperature, blood volume, blood pH, and defending against pathogens. The answer states that all of the given options are conditions that the body attempts to keep constant, indicating that none of them are something the body does not control to maintain homeostasis.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is the compound excreted by birds?

    • A.

      Urea

    • B.

      Uric acid

    • C.

      Ammonia

    • D.

      Salt water

    • E.

      Bicarbonate

    Correct Answer
    B. Uric acid
    Explanation
    Birds excrete uric acid as their main nitrogenous waste product. Uric acid is a compound that is relatively insoluble in water, which allows birds to conserve water. This is important for birds as they have a higher metabolic rate and produce more nitrogenous waste compared to other animals. Uric acid is excreted in the form of a white paste or solid, rather than a liquid, which helps birds to minimize water loss and maintain their water balance.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is used by terrestrial animals to dissipate heat?

    • A.

      Hibernation

    • B.

      Countercurrent exchange between blood vessels in the extremities

    • C.

      Fur or feathers

    • D.

      Vasodilation of surface vessels

    • E.

      Vasoconstriction of surface vessels

    Correct Answer
    D. Vasodilation of surface vessels
    Explanation
    Terrestrial animals use vasodilation of surface vessels to dissipate heat. Vasodilation refers to the widening of blood vessels, which allows for increased blood flow near the body's surface. This increased blood flow helps to transfer heat from the body's core to the skin, where it can be released into the environment. By dilating the surface vessels, animals are able to increase heat loss and regulate their body temperature.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following does NOT describe an endotherm?

    • A.

      Can sustain vigorous activity

    • B.

      High metabolic rate and retained metabolic heat

    • C.

      Efficient circulatory and gas exchange systems

    • D.

      Energetically efficient and relatively inexpensive, in terms of food requirements

    • E.

      Ability to deal with terrestrial temperature fluctuations

    Correct Answer
    D. Energetically efficient and relatively inexpensive, in terms of food requirements
    Explanation
    Endotherms are organisms that can generate and retain their own body heat. They have high metabolic rates and can sustain vigorous activity. They also have efficient circulatory and gas exchange systems, which help in maintaining their body temperature. Additionally, endotherms have the ability to deal with terrestrial temperature fluctuations. However, they are not energetically efficient and relatively inexpensive in terms of food requirements. Due to their high metabolic rates, endotherms require a significant amount of food to generate and maintain their body heat.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?

    • A.

      Detoxification of drugs and toxins

    • B.

      Synthesis of plasma proteins

    • C.

      Synthesis of urine

    • D.

      Synthesis of bile

    • E.

      Interconversion of glucose and glycogen

    Correct Answer
    C. Synthesis of urine
    Explanation
    The liver is responsible for many important functions in the body, including detoxification of drugs and toxins, synthesis of plasma proteins, synthesis of bile, and interconversion of glucose and glycogen. However, the synthesis of urine is not a function of the liver. Urine is produced by the kidneys, which filter waste products from the blood and excrete them in the form of urine. The liver plays a role in the production of urine indirectly by metabolizing certain substances that are eventually excreted in the urine, but it is not directly involved in the synthesis of urine itself.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 20, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Staylor98
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