Quiz 1 Early Civilizations

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 2,299
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 1,651

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Quiz 1 Early Civilizations - Quiz

In this quiz, answer a whole host of questions on the world’s first societies and civilisations, including ancient Egypt. Do you know all there is to know about how humans ruled the land all those years ago?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A society is almost certainly a civilization if

    • A.

      It practices sedentary agriculture

    • B.

      It involves tool use

    • C.

      It has religious rituals

    • D.

      It has some political structure

    • E.

      It gathers food to survive

    Correct Answer
    A. It practices sedentary agriculture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "it practices sedentary agriculture." This is because sedentary agriculture is a defining characteristic of civilizations. It involves the cultivation of crops in a fixed location, which allows for the development of permanent settlements and the growth of complex social structures. Sedentary agriculture provides a stable food supply, which enables the society to support a larger population and engage in other activities such as trade, art, and governance. Therefore, the presence of sedentary agriculture indicates the existence of a civilization.

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  • 2. 

    "The bringer of food , rich in provisions, creator of all good, lord of majesty, sweet of fragrance" - Ancient Egyptian HymnWhat is this hymn referring to?

    • A.

      The Mediterranean Sea

    • B.

      The Nile River

    • C.

      The Tigris & Euphrates River

    • D.

      The Sinai Peninsula

    • E.

      Nubia

    Correct Answer
    B. The Nile River
    Explanation
    This hymn is referring to the Nile River. The Nile River was considered the bringer of food and was rich in provisions, as it provided fertile soil for agriculture. It was also seen as the creator of all good, as it brought life and sustenance to the ancient Egyptian civilization. The Nile River was associated with majesty and had a sweet fragrance, possibly referring to the flowers and vegetation that grew along its banks.

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  • 3. 

    Geographically, how was Lower Egypt distinct from Upper Egypt?

    • A.

      In Lower Egypt, the Nile branched out into a triangular-shaped delta

    • B.

      In Lower Egypt, the Nile flowed between bands of limestone hills.

    • C.

      In Upper Egypt, the Nile branched out into a triangular-shaped delta

    • D.

      Lower Egypt was a more arid environment because of the Eastern desert.

    • E.

      Once the Nile riverbed reaches lower Egypt, it is turned into rapids by a belt of granite

    Correct Answer
    A. In Lower Egypt, the Nile branched out into a triangular-shaped delta
    Explanation
    Lower Egypt was distinct from Upper Egypt geographically because in Lower Egypt, the Nile branched out into a triangular-shaped delta. This means that the Nile river split into multiple channels and formed a delta as it reached the Mediterranean Sea. This geographical feature was unique to Lower Egypt and not present in Upper Egypt, where the Nile flowed between bands of limestone hills.

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  • 4. 

    What effect did the Nile cataracts in the south deserts in the east and west of Egypt have on the early development of Egypt?

    • A.

      They served as natural barriers

    • B.

      They prevent Egypt from trading with other regions

    • C.

      They force Egypt to rely on local materials for building

    • D.

      The agricultural fields of Central Egypt benefited their economy

    • E.

      Vast city-states developed in Central Egypt

    Correct Answer
    A. They served as natural barriers
    Explanation
    The Nile cataracts in the south deserts in the east and west of Egypt served as natural barriers. These natural barriers provided protection and security for the early development of Egypt. They acted as a defense mechanism, making it difficult for invaders to penetrate into Egypt. The cataracts also helped to regulate the flow of the Nile River, which was crucial for agriculture and the development of a stable economy. Additionally, the cataracts prevented easy access to Egypt, which allowed the early Egyptians to maintain their independence and develop their own unique culture and civilization.

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  • 5. 

    Around 3100BCE, Menes, king of upper Egypt, did which of the following?

    • A.

      Created the first systems of laws in Egypt

    • B.

      Started a state religion based on the sun god, Re

    • C.

      Conquered the northern rulers to create a unified government.

    • D.

      Ordered the construction of the pyramids at Giza

    • E.

      Removed the Hyksos people from lower Egypt

    Correct Answer
    C. Conquered the northern rulers to create a unified government.
  • 6. 

    Where did the first cities emerge?

    • A.

      Along trade routes

    • B.

      Along the Mediterranean coast

    • C.

      In river valleys

    • D.

      In the Americas

    Correct Answer
    C. In river valleys
    Explanation
    The first cities emerged in river valleys because these areas provided fertile soil for agriculture, access to water for irrigation and transportation, and a reliable food source. The rivers allowed for the development of complex irrigation systems, which supported the growth of crops and allowed surplus food production. This surplus led to the development of specialized occupations and trade, which eventually led to the formation of cities. Additionally, the rivers provided a natural barrier for protection and facilitated communication and trade with neighboring communities.

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  • 7. 

    What are the 3 major periods of Egyptian history?

    • A.

      Super old, old, young

    • B.

      The Re Kingdom, the Menes Kingdom, and the Tut Kingdom

    • C.

      Osiris, Isis, Axum

    • D.

      The Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom

    Correct Answer
    D. The Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom. This answer accurately identifies the three major periods of Egyptian history. The Old Kingdom was a time of pyramid building and the establishment of a centralized government. The Middle Kingdom was a period of reunification and stability after a period of political fragmentation. The New Kingdom was a time of expansion and military conquest, with the pharaohs known for their wealth and power.

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  • 8. 

    Who was the first female pharaoh?

    • A.

      Nefertiti

    • B.

      Hatshepshut

    • C.

      Cleopatra

    • D.

      Hillary Clinton

    Correct Answer
    B. Hatshepshut
    Explanation
    Hatshepsut is the correct answer because she was the first female pharaoh in ancient Egypt. She ruled during the 18th dynasty and is known for her successful reign and architectural achievements, including the construction of the famous temple at Deir el-Bahri. Nefertiti and Cleopatra were also notable female figures in ancient Egypt, but they were not pharaohs. Hillary Clinton, on the other hand, is a politician and has no connection to ancient Egyptian history.

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  • 9. 

    Amenhotep IV was notable in Egyptian history for what?

    • A.

      Changing the Egyptian calender

    • B.

      Adopting monotheism

    • C.

      Migrating to Europe

    • D.

      Overthrowing the Pharaoh

    Correct Answer
    B. Adopting monotheism
    Explanation
    Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaten, was notable in Egyptian history for adopting monotheism. He introduced a new religious system that focused on the worship of one god, Aten, instead of the traditional polytheistic beliefs. This was a significant departure from the established religious practices of ancient Egypt and had a lasting impact on the country's history and culture.

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  • 10. 

    Who was credited for inventing the alphabet?

    • A.

      Assyrians

    • B.

      Babylonians

    • C.

      Phoenicians

    • D.

      Sumerians

    Correct Answer
    C. Phoenicians
    Explanation
    The Phoenicians are credited for inventing the alphabet. They developed a writing system that consisted of 22 consonant symbols, which was later adopted and modified by various civilizations. This alphabet was a significant advancement in communication and became the basis for many modern writing systems. The Phoenicians' contribution to the development of the alphabet is widely recognized and acknowledged.

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  • 11. 

    How were Mesopotamia and Egypt similar?

    • A.

      Developed along rivers

    • B.

      Used the zigguraut form for their temples

    • C.

      Established trade routes to China

    • D.

      Used a hieroglyphic writing system

    Correct Answer
    A. Developed along rivers
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in that they both developed along rivers. Mesopotamia developed along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, while Egypt developed along the Nile River. The presence of these rivers provided fertile land for agriculture and facilitated trade and transportation. The civilizations in both regions relied heavily on the rivers for their economic and social development.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 10, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Student1017
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