# Quiz #01 - Aerodynamics

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 3,332
Questions: 24 | Attempts: 3,200  Settings  This quiz covers the aerodynamics content from Lecture 1. You have 30 minutes to complete the quiz and only one attempt. You must use Firefox Mozilla to view this quiz without problems.
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• 1.

### Ambient Pressure is the pressure of the

• A.

Pressure of the surrounding medium such as a fluid or a gas which comes into contact with the object

• B.

Pressure of the atmosphere at the altitude at which the aircraft is flying

• C.

Pressure as the result of the velocity through a fluid or gas

• D.

The feeling in a restaurant or nightclub

A. Pressure of the surrounding medium such as a fluid or a gas which comes into contact with the object
Explanation
The correct answer is "Pressure of the surrounding medium such as a fluid or a gas which comes into contact with the object." Ambient pressure refers to the pressure exerted by the surrounding environment on an object. This can be a fluid or a gas that is in contact with the object. It is important to consider ambient pressure in various applications, such as in aviation where the pressure of the atmosphere at different altitudes affects the performance of aircraft.

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• 2.

### Dynamic Pressure is the

• A.

Pressure of the surrounding medium such as a fluid or a gas which comes into contact with the object

• B.

Pressure of the atmosphere at the altitude at which the aircraft is flying

• C.

Pressure as the result of the velocity through a fluid or gas

• D.

Result of Swedish Massage

C. Pressure as the result of the velocity through a fluid or gas
Explanation
Dynamic pressure is the pressure that is generated as a result of the velocity of a fluid or gas. When an object moves through a fluid or gas, it creates a force that is perpendicular to the direction of motion. This force is known as dynamic pressure and is directly related to the velocity of the fluid or gas. The faster the object moves, the higher the dynamic pressure. Therefore, the correct answer is "Pressure as the result of the velocity through a fluid or gas."

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• 3.

### Pressure Altitude

• A.

Pressure differential with respect to Pressure at Sea Level

• B.

Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. Sea Level)

• C.

Difference in density with International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) temperature

• D.

Distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth. Gravitational potential same on a surface

A. Pressure differential with respect to Pressure at Sea Level
Explanation
Pressure altitude refers to the altitude above a standard reference point, which is typically sea level. It is calculated by measuring the pressure differential with respect to the pressure at sea level. This means that pressure altitude is determined by comparing the atmospheric pressure at a given altitude with the standard atmospheric pressure at sea level. By using this reference point, pilots and meteorologists can accurately measure and compare altitudes regardless of the actual physical distance between the aircraft and the ground.

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• 4.

### Geometric Altitude

• A.

Pressure differential with respect to Pressure at Sea Level

• B.

Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. Sea Level)

• C.

Difference in density with International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) temperature

• D.

Distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth. Gravitational potential same on a surface

B. Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. Sea Level)
Explanation
Geometric altitude refers to the physical distance between an aircraft and a reference point, such as sea level. It is a measure of the vertical distance above the Earth's surface. This altitude is important in aviation as it helps determine the aircraft's position and provides crucial information for navigation and flight planning. By knowing the geometric altitude, pilots can accurately calculate factors such as air pressure, temperature, and density, which are essential for safe and efficient flight operations.

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• 5.

### Density Altitude

• A.

Pressure differential with respect to Pressure at Sea Level

• B.

Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. Sea Level)

• C.

Difference in density with International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) temperature

• D.

Distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth. Gravitational potential same on a surface

C. Difference in density with International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) temperature
Explanation
Density altitude is a measure of the density of the air in relation to the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) temperature. It is calculated by comparing the density of the air at a specific location to the density it would have at the ISA temperature. The density of the air affects the performance of aircraft, as it determines the amount of lift and thrust that can be generated. Therefore, the difference in density with the ISA temperature is the correct answer as it accurately describes the concept of density altitude.

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• 6.

### Geopotential Altitude

• A.

Pressure differential with respect to Pressure at Sea Level

• B.

Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. Sea Level)

• C.

Difference in density with International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) temperature

• D.

Distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth. Gravitational potential same on a surface

D. Distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth. Gravitational potential same on a surface
Explanation
Geopotential altitude refers to the distance between the center of the Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical Earth, where the gravitational potential is the same on each surface. This means that geopotential altitude is not based on physical distance or pressure differentials, but rather on the gravitational potential. It is a measure of the potential energy an aircraft has due to its position in the Earth's gravitational field.

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• 7.

### According to the ISA a decrease in temperature indicates

• A.

An increase in altitude

• B.

A decrease in altitude

• C.

An increase in pressure

• D.

Transition to the ionosphere

A. An increase in altitude
Explanation
A decrease in temperature indicates an increase in altitude because as one goes higher in the atmosphere, the temperature tends to decrease. This is due to the decrease in air pressure at higher altitudes, which causes the air molecules to spread out and lose heat more quickly. Therefore, when temperature decreases, it suggests that the altitude is increasing.

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• 8.

### Indicated Airspeed

• A.

Airspeed measurement from difference in pressures

• B.

Airspeed correcting for instrument errors

• C.

Airspeed corrected for Compressibility effects

• D.

Actual relative speed between aircraft and airmass, corrected for difference in density at different altitudes

A. Airspeed measurement from difference in pressures
Explanation
The correct answer is "airspeed measurement from difference in pressures." Indicated airspeed is determined by measuring the difference in pressures between the pitot tube and static ports on an aircraft. This measurement is used to calculate the dynamic pressure, which is then converted to airspeed. This method accounts for the impact pressure caused by the forward motion of the aircraft.

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• 9.

### Calibrated Airspeed is

• A.

Airspeed measurement from difference in pressures

• B.

Airspeed correcting for instrument errors

• C.

Airspeed corrected for Compressibility effects

• D.

Actual relative speed between aircraft and airmass, corrected for difference in density at different altitudes

B. Airspeed correcting for instrument errors
Explanation
Calibrated Airspeed refers to the airspeed measurement that takes into account and corrects for any errors or inaccuracies in the aircraft's instruments. This ensures that the airspeed reading provided is as accurate as possible, allowing for more precise control and navigation of the aircraft. By correcting for instrument errors, the pilot can rely on the calibrated airspeed to make informed decisions during flight.

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• 10.

### Equivalent Airspeed is

• A.

Airspeed measurement from difference in pressures

• B.

Airspeed correcting for instrument errors

• C.

Airspeed corrected for Compressibility effects

• D.

Actual relative speed between aircraft and airmass, corrected for difference in density at different altitudes

C. Airspeed corrected for Compressibility effects
Explanation
Equivalent Airspeed is a type of airspeed that is corrected for compressibility effects. As an aircraft moves through the air at high speeds, the air compresses in front of it, causing the airspeed to be higher than indicated. This correction is necessary to accurately measure the true airspeed of the aircraft. Therefore, the correct answer is "airspeed corrected for Compressibility effects."

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• 11.

### True Airspeed is

• A.

Airspeed measurement from difference in pressures

• B.

Airspeed correcting for instrument errors

• C.

Airspeed corrected for Compressibility effects

• D.

Actual relative speed between aircraft and air mass, corrected for difference in density at different altitudes

D. Actual relative speed between aircraft and air mass, corrected for difference in density at different altitudes
Explanation
True Airspeed is the actual relative speed between an aircraft and the surrounding air mass. It is corrected for the difference in density at different altitudes. This means that as an aircraft climbs to higher altitudes where the air density decreases, the true airspeed will be higher than the indicated airspeed. True Airspeed is important for accurate navigation and performance calculations. It is different from indicated airspeed, which is the airspeed measurement from the difference in pressures, and from calibrated airspeed, which corrects for instrument errors. Additionally, true airspeed takes into account compressibility effects caused by high speeds.

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• 12.

### Angle-of-attack is represented by letter

• A.

A

• B.

F

• C.

B

• D.

E

• E.

C

B. F
Explanation
In the given options, "F" is the letter that represents angle-of-attack.

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• 13.

### The Leading Edge is represented by letter

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

A. A
Explanation
The leading edge is represented by letter A.

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• 14.

### The Meanline is represented by letter

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

C. C
Explanation
The correct answer is C because in the given options, C is the only letter that represents the Meanline. The Meanline is a line that represents the average value of a set of data points. Therefore, C is the correct representation for the Meanline in this context.

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• 15.

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

E. E
• 16.

### Chord is represented by letter

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

D. D
Explanation
The chord is represented by the letter D because it is the fourth letter in the given sequence.

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• 17.

### Trailing Edge is represented by letter

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

B. B
Explanation
The correct answer is B. The trailing edge is represented by the letter B in the given representation.

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• 18.

### Which parameter CANNOT be computed if the pitot tube (dynamic pressure sensor) becomes clogged?

• A.

Airspeed

• B.

Vertical speed

• C.

Altitude

A. Airspeed
Explanation
If the pitot tube, which measures the dynamic pressure of the air, becomes clogged, it would not be able to accurately measure the airspeed of the aircraft. The pitot tube is crucial in determining the airspeed as it measures the difference between the static pressure and the dynamic pressure. Therefore, if it becomes clogged, the airspeed parameter cannot be computed accurately.

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• 19.

### Which parameter(s) CANNOT be computed if the static vents (static pressure sensors) become clogged?

• A.

Airspeed only

• B.

Airspeed and altitude

• C.

Altitude only

B. Airspeed and altitude
Explanation
If the static vents (static pressure sensors) become clogged, the airspeed and altitude parameters cannot be computed. This is because airspeed is determined by measuring the difference between the total pressure and static pressure, and altitude is determined by measuring the static pressure. If the static pressure sensors are clogged, accurate measurements of static pressure cannot be obtained, leading to the inability to compute airspeed and altitude.

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• 20.

### Geometric Altitude is defined as

• A.

Vertical distance measured by comparison of pressure at aircraft altitude with pressure at reference (e.g. 29.92’ Hg, or local pressure at an airport)

• B.

Vertical distance measured by comparison of temperature at aircraft altitude with ISA standard temperature reference

• C.

Vertical distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth.

• D.

Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. mountain top)

D. Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. mountain top)
Explanation
Geometric Altitude refers to the physical distance between the aircraft and a reference point, such as a mountain top. It is not related to pressure or temperature comparisons, or the distance between the Earth's center and parallel surfaces. This answer choice accurately describes the definition of Geometric Altitude.

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• 21.

### Density altitude is defined as

• A.

Vertical distance measured by comparison of pressure at aircraft altitude with pressure at reference (e.g. 29.92’ Hg, or local pressure at an airport).

• B.

Vertical distance measured by comparison of temperature at aircraft altitude with ISA standard temperature reference

• C.

Vertical distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth.

• D.

Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. mountain top)

B. Vertical distance measured by comparison of temperature at aircraft altitude with ISA standard temperature reference
Explanation
Density altitude is a measure of the density of the air at a particular altitude compared to the standard atmosphere. It is calculated by comparing the temperature at a given altitude with the standard temperature at that altitude. This is because as temperature increases, air density decreases, and vice versa. So, the correct answer is "Vertical distance measured by comparison of temperature at aircraft altitude with ISA standard temperature reference."

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• 22.

### Geopotential Altitude is defined as

• A.

Vertical distance measured by comparison of pressure at aircraft altitude with pressure at reference (e.g. 29.92’ Hg, or local pressure at an airport)

• B.

Vertical distance measured by comparison of temperature at aircraft altitude with ISA standard temperature reference

• C.

Vertical distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth

• D.

Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. mountain top)

C. Vertical distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth
Explanation
Geopotential altitude is the vertical distance between the center of the Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical Earth. This means that it is a measure of the distance above the Earth's surface, taking into account the variation in gravitational pull due to the Earth's shape and mass distribution. It is a more accurate measure of altitude compared to physical distance between the aircraft and a reference point, as it accounts for the Earth's curvature and the variation in gravity.

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• 23.

### Pressure altitude is defined as

• A.

Vertical distance measured by comparison of pressure at aircraft altitude with pressure at reference (e.g. 29.92’ Hg, or local pressure at an airport)

• B.

Vertical distance measured by comparison of temperature at aircraft altitude with ISA standard temperature reference

• C.

Vertical distance between Center of Earth and parallel surfaces around the spherical earth.

• D.

Physical distance between aircraft and reference (e.g. mountain top)

A. Vertical distance measured by comparison of pressure at aircraft altitude with pressure at reference (e.g. 29.92’ Hg, or local pressure at an airport)
Explanation
Pressure altitude is a measure of vertical distance that is calculated by comparing the pressure at the aircraft's altitude with a reference pressure, such as 29.92 inches of mercury (Hg) or the local pressure at an airport. It is independent of temperature and is used to determine an aircraft's performance and altitude above sea level. By comparing the pressure at the aircraft's altitude with a known reference pressure, pilots can accurately determine their altitude and make necessary adjustments for safe and efficient flight.

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• 24.

### Which combination of atmospheric conditions will reduce aircraft takeoff and climb performance (i.e. longer takeoff roll and lower rate of climb)?

• A.

High temperature, high relative humidity, and high altitude (e.g. Denver on hot humid day).

• B.

High temperature, low relative humidity, and low altitude (e.g. Phoenix on a hot summer day).

• C.

Low temperature, low relative humidity, and low altitude.

A. High temperature, high relative humidity, and high altitude (e.g. Denver on hot humid day).
Explanation
High temperature, high relative humidity, and high altitude will reduce aircraft takeoff and climb performance. High temperature reduces air density, making it harder for the aircraft to generate lift. High humidity further decreases air density, making the air less conducive to lift generation. High altitude also reduces air density, which further hampers the aircraft's ability to generate lift. Therefore, these atmospheric conditions combined will result in longer takeoff rolls and lower rates of climb for aircraft.

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